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Access to Pediatric Ophthalmological Care by Geographic Distribution and US Population ...
https://doi.org/10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.6010
JAMA Ophthalmology; Walsh HL, Parrish A et. al.

Jan 27th, 2023 - The geographic distribution of pediatric ophthalmological care has not been reported on since 2007; understanding this distribution could shed light on potential avenues to increase access, which is a necessary first step in addressing the pediatric ophthalmological needs of underserved areas. To analyze the number and location (ie, geographic distribution) of pediatric ophthalmologists in rela...

Systolic reverse flow derived from 4D flow cardiovascular magnetic resonance in bicuspi...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12968-022-00906-9
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance : Official J... Weiss EK, Jarvis K et. al.

Jan 26th, 2023 - Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) disease is associated with increased risk of aortopathy. In addition to current intervention guidelines, BAV mediated changes in aortic 3D hemodynamics have been considered as risk stratification measures. We aimed to evaluate the association of 4D flow cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) derived voxel-wise aortic reverse flow with aortic dilation and to investig...

Endovascular Technique for Ascending Aorta Repair Based on TEVAR and TAVI Procedures.
https://doi.org/10.1177/15266028221148383
Journal of Endovascular Therapy : an Official Journal of ... Garrido JM, Ferreiro-Marzal A et. al.

Jan 22nd, 2023 - Ascending aorta (AAo) acute pathology still has an open-surgery indication with a high mortality rate associated to cardiopulmonary bypass and circulatory arrest. In these cases, the endovascular aortic approach could be an excellent option. The aim of the present study is to detail an optimized technique for the endovascular treatment of AAo diseases, based on thoracic endovascular aortic repa...

Emulating VIEW 1 and VIEW 2 Clinical Trial Outcome Data Using the American Academy of O...
https://doi.org/10.3928/23258160-20221214-01
Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina; Gallivan MD, Garcia KM et. al.

Jan 11th, 2023 - A retrospective, noninterventional cohort study of the American Academy of Ophthalmology IRIS Registry, an electronic health record (EHR)-based comprehensive eye disease and condition registry, intended to assess whether the IRIS® Registry (Intelligent Research in Sight) could emulate the VIEW randomized clinical trials (VIEW RCTs) eligibility criteria, treatment protocol regimen, and primary e...

Proliferative Retinal Detachment
https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1226426-overview

Jan 10th, 2023 - Background Proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) is the most common cause of failure in retinal detachment surgery. [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11] It can occur in untreated eyes or occur after pneumatic retinopexy, cryotherapy, laser retinopexy, scleral buckling, or vitrectomy. [6, 9, 10] Because excessive retinopexy and operating on inflamed eyes can cause proliferative vitreoretinopathy,...

Proliferative Retinal Detachment
http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1226426-overview

Jan 10th, 2023 - Background Proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) is the most common cause of failure in retinal detachment surgery. [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11] It can occur in untreated eyes or occur after pneumatic retinopexy, cryotherapy, laser retinopexy, scleral buckling, or vitrectomy. [6, 9, 10] Because excessive retinopexy and operating on inflamed eyes can cause proliferative vitreoretinopathy,...

Proliferative Retinal Detachment
https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1226426-print

Jan 10th, 2023 - Background Proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) is the most common cause of failure in retinal detachment surgery.[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11] It can occur in untreated eyes or occur after pneumatic retinopexy, cryotherapy, laser retinopexy, scleral buckling, or vitrectomy.[6, 9, 10] Because excessive retinopexy and operating on inflamed eyes can cause proliferative vitreoretinopathy, s...

Gene associated with vision loss also linked to COVID: Study
https://www.mdedge.com/internalmedicine/article/260509/geriatrics/gene-associated-vision-loss-also-linked-covid-study
Lisa O’Mary

Jan 6th, 2023 - Researchers have found a genetic link between the risk for COVID-19 infection and the leading cause of vision loss among people age 50 and older, age-related macular degeneration. The findings show that COVID and AMD were associated with variations in what is called the PDGFB gene, which has a role in new blood vessel formation and is linked to abnormal blood vessel changes that occur in AMD.

Corneal Hysteresis for the Diagnosis of Glaucoma and Assessment of Progression Risk: A ...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2022.11.009
Ophthalmology Sit AJ, Chen TC et. al.

Dec 19th, 2022 - To review the current published literature on the utility of corneal hysteresis (CH) to assist the clinician in the diagnosis of glaucoma or in the assessment of risk for disease progression in existing glaucoma patients. Searches of the peer-reviewed literature in the PubMed database were performed through July 2022. The abstracts of 423 identified articles were examined to exclude reviews and...

Factors associated with hearing outcomes after a middle fossa approach in 131 consecuti...
https://doi.org/10.3171/2022.10.JNS221525
Journal of Neurosurgery; Budohoski KP, Rennert RC et. al.

Dec 4th, 2022 - The middle fossa approach is an effective option for the treatment of small (Koos grade I and II) vestibular schwannomas (VSs) when the goal is hearing preservation. The authors evaluated the rates of hearing preservation and examined the factors associated with improved hearing outcomes after the middle fossa approach for VSs. In this retrospective, single-center cohort study evaluating the cl...

Effectiveness of an EHR Interface to Reduce Dosage of Hydroxychloroquine
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04310462

Dec 1st, 2022 - Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is a disease-modifying, anti-rheumatic drug that regulates immune system activity and is typically prescribed to treat rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus, as well as other immune conditions. Although generally well tolerated, study data have demonstrated that long-term use of HCQ may lead to irreversible and potentially vision-threatening retinal toxi...

Multimodal Analysis of the Visual Pathways in Friedreich's Ataxia Reveals Novel Biomark...
https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.29277
Movement Disorders : Official Journal of the Movement Dis... Thomas-Black G, Altmann DR et. al.

Nov 27th, 2022 - Optic neuropathy is a near ubiquitous feature of Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA). Previous studies have examined varying aspects of the anterior and posterior visual pathways but none so far have comprehensively evaluated the heterogeneity of degeneration across different areas of the retina, changes to the macula layers and combined these with volumetric MRI studies of the visual cortex and frataxi...

Surgical Treatments to Improve Visual Acuity in Infantile Nystagmus Syndrome: A Report ...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2022.10.006
Ophthalmology Chang MY, Binenbaum G et. al.

Nov 27th, 2022 - To review the literature on the efficacy of surgical procedures to improve visual acuity (VA) in patients with infantile nystagmus syndrome (INS). Literature searches were last conducted in January 2022 in the PubMed database for English-language studies with no date restrictions. The combined searches yielded 354 abstracts, of which 46 were reviewed in full text. Twenty-three of these were con...

Clinical decision making in paediatric otitis media: A pilot quality improvement study.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2022.111395
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology; Cleere EF, Crotty TJ et. al.

Nov 27th, 2022 - This study aimed to improve local management of paediatric otitis media using the 2022 American-Academy of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Clinical Practice Guideline for Tympanostomy Tubes in Children. A SQUIRE 2.0 compliant quality improvement study was carried out within the outpatient department of our otolaryngology tertiary referral centre. Local outpatient management of pa...

Improving Eye Screening Compliance in Patients Taking Hydroxychloroquine in a Community Hospital Setting
https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/improving-eye-screening-compliance-in-patients-taking-hydroxychloroquine-in-a-community-hospital-setting/
George Gennaoui, Sana Kang2 and J. Patricia Dhar, Ascension St. John Hospital et. al.

Nov 12th, 2022 - Background/Purpose: Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is a medication used in most patients with systematic lupus erythematous (SLE). It is generally a safe; however, it can cause retinal toxicity and lead to blindness. A study published in JAMA in 2014 reported a prevalence of 7.5% of HCQ related eye disease (Melles and Marmor, 2014). Screening guidelines were then updated in 2016 by the American Acade...

Plasmonic distributed feedback lasing in an anodic aluminum oxide/silver/polymer hybrid...
https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.461117
Optics Express; Feng C, Tong J et. al.

Oct 28th, 2022 - A hybrid membrane is employed as a high-order plasmonic distributed feedback (DFB) cavity to reduce the lasing threshold of polymer lasers. The hybrid membrane consists of an anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membrane, a 25 nm thick silver layer and a free-standing polymer membrane. The AAO membrane is fabricated by a low-cost, single chemical etching method. Then, a layer of silver with a thickness ...

Fetal 4D flow MRI of the great thoracic vessels at 3 Tesla using Doppler-ultrasound gat...
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00330-022-09167-7
European Radiology; Knapp J, Tavares de Sousa M et. al.

Oct 23rd, 2022 - To evaluate the feasibility of Doppler-ultrasound (DUS)-gated 4D flow MRI of the fetal great thoracic vessels at 3T in a clinical setting. Sixteen consecutive fetuses (range 30+4-38+5 weeks) with (n = 11) and without (n = 5) cardiovascular anomalies underwent 4D flow MRI of the great thoracic vessels at 3T. Direct fetal cardiac gating was obtained using a MR-compatible DUS device. 4D flow MRI-b...

Artificial intelligence for automated evaluation of aortic measurements in 2D echocardi...
https://doi.org/10.1111/echo.15475
Echocardiography (Mount Kisco, N.Y.); Karužas A, Balčiūnas J et. al.

Oct 22nd, 2022 - This study sought to examine the feasibility, accuracy and reproducibility of a novel, fully automated 2D transthoracic echocardiography (2D TTE) parasternal long axis (PLAX) view aortic measurements quantification software compared to board-certified cardiologists in controlled clinical setting. Aortic Annulus (AoA), Aortic Sinus (AoS), Sinotubular Junction (STJ) and Proximal Ascending Aorta (...

Ophthalmologists Win Eye Surgery Scope of Practice Battle
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/982694

Oct 19th, 2022 - California optometrists lost their latest bid to expand their scope of practice when the state's governor recently vetoed a bill that would have allowed them to perform laser and scalpel eye surgeries, long the domain of ophthalmologists. Assembly Bill 2236 sought to permit optometrists who treat glaucoma to perform advanced procedures, including excision and drainage of small lesions, corneal ...

Primary Care Provider Familiarity and Compliance With Preferred Practice Patterns for C...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2022.10.003
American Journal of Ophthalmology; Moustafa GA, Liebman DL et. al.

Oct 18th, 2022 - To assess primary care practitioners' (PCPs) familiarity with American Academy of Ophthalmology Preferred Practice Pattern (PPP) guidelines on the frequency of comprehensive eye examinations (CEEs), and to explore their opinions and practices on counseling and referring patients for CEEs. Cross-sectional study. Between February 1, 2019, and June 25, 2019, an anonymous survey was emailed to clin...