×
A clinical prediction model to estimate the risk for coarctation of the aorta: From fet...
https://doi.org/10.1111/jog.15341
The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research; Wang HH, Wang XM et. al.

Jun 27th, 2022 - A prenatal diagnosis of coarctation of the aorta (CoA) is challenging. This study aimed to develop a coarctation probability model incorporating prenatal cardiac sonographic markers to estimate the probability of an antenatal diagnosis of CoA. We reviewed 89 fetuses as an investigation cohort with prenatal suspicion for CoA and categorized them into three subgroups: severe CoA: symptomatic CoA ...

Exogenous Zeaxanthin Alleviates Low Temperature Combined with Low Light Induced Photosy...
https://doi.org/10.3390/cimb44060168
Current Issues in Molecular Biology; Ding D, Li J et. al.

Jun 24th, 2022 - Low temperature combined with low light (LL) affects crop production, especially the yield and quality of peppers, in northwest China during the winter and spring seasons. Zeaxanthin (Z) is a known lipid protectant and active oxygen scavenger. However, whether exogenous Z can mitigate LL-induced inhibition of photosynthesis and oxidative stress in peppers remains unclear. In this study, we inve...

Using Behavioral Economics to Reduce Low-Value Care
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04104256

Jun 24th, 2022 - There is strong consensus - based on robust randomized trial data - that routine pre-operative (pre-op) testing for cataract surgery is inappropriate (Keay et al, 2009; Keay et al, 2012; Schein et al, 2000; Chen et al, 2015). Because pre-op testing provides no benefit to patients, the American Academy of Ophthalmology named reducing routine pre-op testing for cataract surgery the #1 issue that ...

Evolution of Clinical-Pathological Correlations in Early-Onset Alzheimer's Disease Over...
https://doi.org/10.3233/JAD-220045
Journal of Alzheimer's Disease : JAD; Sarto J, Mayà G et. al.

Jun 21st, 2022 - Early onset Alzheimer's disease (EOAD) represents a diagnostic challenge and is associated with a high diagnostic delay and misdiagnosis. To describe clinical and pathological data from a pathologically confirmed EOAD cohort and evaluate evolving trends in clinical-pathological correlation accuracy. Retrospective review of clinical and neuropathological data of pathologically confirmed EOAD pat...

Impact of an Electronic Decision Support Tool to Improve Ophthalmic Safety in Hydroxych...
https://doi.org/10.3928/23258160-20220601-02
Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina; Chen RI, Kuo BL et. al.

Jun 21st, 2022 - The purpose of this study was to implement a clinical decision support tool (CDS) and assess its impact on adherence to 2016 American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) hydroxychloroquine dosing recommendations. This retrospective, interventional study implemented an automated alert to calculate maximum daily hydroxychloroquine dose based on 2016 AAO recommendations and flag noncompliant orders. Pr...

"Your heart keeps bleeding": lived experiences of parents with a perinatal death in Nor...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-022-04788-8 10.1080/16549716.2020.1859823 10.1186/s12963-020-00244-x 10.1186/s12889-019-7151-0 10.1186/s12884-017-1420-7 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)00837-5 10.1371/journal.pone.0019674 10.1017/S0033291796004151 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)00836-3 10.3390/ijerph17103421 10.1080/01674820600870327 10.1080/074811800200469 10.1080/07481187.2013.766656 10.1177/0884217505280000 10.3402/gha.v8.24011 10.1186/s12884-018-1742-0 10.1080/10522150802451667 10.1371/journal.pone.0240270 10.1186/s12884-016-0806-2 10.1111/j.1467-9566.2004.00393.x 10.1111/j.1552-6909.2006.00017.x 10.1093/bjsw/bch063 10.1111/jan.12119 10.1111/1471-0528.16413 10.1371/journal.pone.0240409 10.1111/j.1523-536X.2008.00258.x 10.1089/jwh.2015.5284 10.1136/bmjopen-2013-003323 10.1001/archpsyc.1997.01830130062013 10.1136/bmj.318.7200.1721 10.1192/bjp.188.2.165 10.1186/1472-6874-12-15 10.1111/1469-7610.00776 10.1016/0277-9536(93)90435-7 10.1080/09589236.2012.723359 10.1046/j.1365-2648.1995.21061123.x 10.1177/0898010106295172 10.1037/h0079288 10.1186/s12904-018-0375-4 10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2006.11.004 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2007.04569.x 10.1191/1478088706qp063oa 10.1186/1471-2393-12-137 10.1016/j.midw.2021.103007 10.5897/IJNM2020.0420 10.1111/j.1547-5069.1998.tb01276.x 10.1111/jmwh.12156 10.1186/s12884-019-2677-9 10.1186/s12884-020-03514-6 10.1080/15524256.2011.593152 10.1097/NJH.0000000000000417 10.1371/journal.pone.0191635
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth; Arach AAO, Kiguli J et. al.

Jun 16th, 2022 - Worldwide, two million babies are stillborn and 1.8 million babies die before completing seven days of life. Approximately 4% of pregnant women in Uganda experience perinatal death. The response following a perinatal death tends to be socio-culturally constructed. Investigating the unique personal experiences of parents from a low-income setting with unique cultural beliefs and practices is cru...

Onset and temporal sequencing patterns of comorbidity between lifetime major depression...
https://doi.org/10.55563/clinexprheumatol/ryp027
Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology; Alciati A, Atzeni F et. al.

Jun 15th, 2022 - Fibromyalgia (FM) is a syndrome of unknown aetiology characterised by chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain and associated with high rates of psychiatric comorbidities, mainly mood and anxiety disorders.This study aims to determine the age at onset (AAO) and temporal sequencing patterns of FM and its frequent and distinguishable psychiatric comorbidities, the major depressive episode/s (MDE),...

The association between educational attainment and SCA 3 age of onset and disease course.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.parkreldis.2022.02.025
Parkinsonism & Related Disorders; Iannuzzelli K, Shi R et. al.

Jun 1st, 2022 - The number of trinucleotide CAG repeats is inversely correlated with the age at onset (AAO) of motor symptoms in individuals with Spinocerebellar Ataxia type 3 (SCA 3) and may be responsible for 50%-60% of the variability in AAO. Drawing from a social determinants of health model, we sought to determine if educational attainment further contributes to the AAO and motor symptom progression of SC...

Genome-wide Association and Meta-analysis of Age-at-Onset in Parkinson Disease: Evidenc...
https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000200699
Neurology Grover S, Ashwin AKS et. al.

May 27th, 2022 - Considerable heterogeneity exists in the literature concerning genetic determinants of the age of onset (AAO) of Parkinson's disease (PD), which could be attributed to lack of well-powered replication cohorts. The previous largest GWAS identified SNCA and TMEM175 loci on chromosome (Chr) 4 with a significant influence on AAO of PD, these have not been independently replicated. The present study...

Gender Representation Among Presenters in Ophthalmology Subspecialties in 2019: A Retro...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2022.05.016
American Journal of Ophthalmology; Burton E, Jebaraj A et. al.

May 27th, 2022 - To describe gender representation at eight national ophthalmology conferences, stratified by role, session category, and sub-specialty. Retrospective cross-sectional study. 3,817 presenters at the 2019 American Academy of Ophthalmology subspecialty days, American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, American Glaucoma Society, American Society of Retina Specialists, American Society of Op...

Reducing Topical Drug Waste in Ophthalmic Surgery: Multi-society Position Paper.
https://doi.org/10.1097/j.jcrs.0000000000000975
Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery; Palmer DJ, Robin AL et. al.

May 25th, 2022 - This position paper on reducing topical drug waste with ophthalmic surgery was written by the Ophthalmic Instrument Cleaning and Sterilization task force, comprised of representatives of the American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, the American Academy of Ophthalmology, the American Glaucoma Society, and the Outpatient Ophthalmic Surgery Society. Drug waste significantly increases t...

Femtosecond Laser-Assisted Cataract Surgery: A Report by the American Academy of Ophtha...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2022.04.003
Ophthalmology Lin CC, Rose-Nussbaumer JR et. al.

May 16th, 2022 - To evaluate refractive outcomes, safety, and cost-effectiveness of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) compared with phacoemulsification cataract surgery (PCS). A PubMed search of FLACS was conducted in August 2020. A total of 727 abstracts were reviewed and 33 were selected for full-text review. Twelve articles met inclusion criteria and were included in this assessment. The pa...

In vitro fertilization and preimplantation genetic diagnosis outcomes in mosaic Turner'...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jogoh.2022.102405
Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction; Acet F, Sahin G et. al.

May 16th, 2022 - Patients with mosaic Turner syndrome who have normal phenotype and pubertal development may be diagnosed based on karyotype examination which is performed due to recurrent abortion or recurrent implantation failure; but according to the literature review, reproductive and obstetric consequences of these cases are based on case reports. There are contradictory publications on this subject recomm...

Variants in the Niemann-pick type C genes are not associated with Alzheimer's disease: ...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2022.04.008
Neurobiology of Aging; Xiao X, Liao X et. al.

May 15th, 2022 - Despite the similar clinical and pathological features between Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) disease and Alzheimer's disease (AD), few studies have investigated the role of NPC genes in AD. To elucidate the role of NPC genes in AD, we sequenced NPC1 and NPC2 in 1192 AD patients and 2412 controls. Variants were divided into common variants and rare variants according to minor allele frequency (MAF)....

White People Receive More Macular Degeneration Treatment
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/973605

May 6th, 2022 - DENVER, Colorado — White, non-Hispanic people get more injections than people of other races and ethnicities to treat neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD), according to an analysis of a large database analysis. Black, Asian, and Hispanic people in the study were more likely than White people to receive "insufficient" treatment, according to the definition used by the researchers....

Association Between Geographic Distribution of Eye Care Clinicians and Visual Impairmen...
https://doi.org/10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.1001
JAMA Ophthalmology; Wang KM, Tseng VL et. al.

May 6th, 2022 - The association between availability of eye care clinicians and visual impairment, a condition presenting with increased morbidity and health care costs, has not been thoroughly studied. To examine associations between the geographic distribution of eye care clinicians and visual impairment in California. This survey-based cross-sectional study included ophthalmologists and optometrists license...

Genetic variants in the SHISA6 gene are associated with delayed cognitive impairment in...
https://doi.org/10.1002/alz.12686
Alzheimer's & Dementia : the Journal of the Alzheimer's A... Ramos J, Caywood LJ et. al.

May 2nd, 2022 - Studies of cognitive impairment (CI) in Amish communities have identified sibships containing CI and cognitively unimpaired (CU) individuals. We hypothesize that CU individuals may carry protective alleles delaying age at onset (AAO) of CI. A total of 1522 individuals screened for CI were genotyped. The outcome studied was AAO for CI individuals or age at last normal exam for CU individuals. Co...

Mosaic divergent repeat interruptions in XDP influence repeat stability and disease onset.
https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/awac160
Brain : a Journal of Neurology; Trinh J, Lüth T et. al.

Apr 29th, 2022 - While many genetic causes of movement disorders have been identified, modifiers of disease expression are largely unknown. X-linked dystonia-parkinsonism (XDP) is a neurodegenerative disease caused by a SINE-VNTR-Alu(AGAGGG)n retrotransposon insertion in TAF1, with an expanded (AGAGGG)n. Repeat length and variants in MSH3 and PMS2, explain ∼65% of the variance in age at onset (AAO) in XDP. Howe...

An IRIS® Registry-Based Assessment of Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma Practice Patterns in ...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2022.04.006
American Journal of Ophthalmology; Skuta GL, Ding K et. al.

Apr 27th, 2022 - To compare patient demographic data; level of severity; and clinical, diagnostic, and surgical practice patterns in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) in an academic setting (AS) versus non-academic setting (NAS) using the American Academy of Ophthalmology IRIS® Registry (Intelligent Research in Sight). A retrospective cohort study of IRIS® Registry data that included patients wit...

More Evidence That Fenofibrate Slows Diabetic Eye Disease
https://www.medpagetoday.com/ophthalmology/generalophthalmology/98408

Apr 26th, 2022 - Use of the cholesterol-lowering drug fenofibrate had a modest but statistically significant association with reduced risk of vision-threatening diabetic retinopathy (VTDR), according to results of a large multicenter cohort study. For the composite endpoint of VTDR, a fully adjusted model showed that fenofibrate use was associated with an 8% lower risk of progression versus non-use (HR 0.92, 95...