Long-term Clinical and Economic Benefits of a Short-term Physical Activity Intervention Among Inactive Knee Osteoarthritis Patients in US: A Model-based Evaluation
Genevieve Silva, James Sullivan, Jeffrey Katz et. al.

Nov 13th, 2019 - Background/Purpose: The United States (US) knee osteoarthritis (OA) population has low levels of physical activity (PA), despite its well-defined health benefits. Interventions to promote PA are often stymied by concerns of lack of sustainability of intervention efficacy. We sought to evaluate lifetime benefits and cost-effectiveness of a short term (3-year) PA intervention in this population. ...

Serum Interferon Score Predicts Clinical Outcome at 12 Months in Diffuse Cutaneous Systemic Sclerosis as Measured by Global Ranked Composite Score (GRCS) and Composite Response Index in SSc (CRISS)
Antonio Carriero, Giuseppina Abignano, MIchelle Hutchinson et. al.

Nov 13th, 2019 - Background/Purpose: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a highly heterogeneous disease orphan of effective disease modifying agents. The diffuse cutaneous clinical subset (dcSSc) is currently targeted in most clinical trials. Nevertheless, there is still high variability in clinical outcome within dcSSc, which is limiting effective clinical trial design and interpretation. Global Ranked Composite Score...

Comparison of Malignancy and Mortality Rates Between Tofacitinib and Biologic DMARDs in Clinical Practice: Five-Year Results from a US-Based Rheumatoid Arthritis Registry
Joel Kremer, Clifton Bingham, Laura Cappelli et. al.

Nov 13th, 2019 - Background/Purpose: Real-world evidence (RWE) is key to understanding post-approval long-term safety of medications. Tofacitinib is an oral Janus kinase inhibitor for the treatment of RA. A prospective observational 5-year study, embedded within the US Corrona RA registry, was initiated to evaluate the safety of tofacitinib after US Food and Drug Administration approval on Nov 6, 2012. The obje...

CD6-ALCAM Signaling Is Upregulated in Kidneys with Lupus Nephritis and Is Associated with Disease Activity
Evan Der, Ting Zhang, Chi Chiu Mok et. al.

Nov 13th, 2019 - Background/Purpose: Lupus nephritis (LN) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. However, the pathogenesis of renal disease in lupus patients is not yet fully understood. CD6 is a co-stimulatory receptor, predominantly expressed on T cells, that binds to activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule (ALCAM), a ligand expressed on antigen presen...

Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndrome Treated with Canakinumab – Long-Term Follow-up Data Documents Sustained Safety and Remission
Jasmin Kuemmerle-Deschner, Norbert Blank, Michael Borte et. al.

Nov 13th, 2019 - Background/Purpose: Targeting the interleukin(IL)-1 pathway with anti-IL-1 drugs is a treatment option in patients with autoinflammatory diseases like monogenic periodic fever syndromes. The study aims to gain further insights into long-term effectiveness and safety of canakinumab (CAN), an anti-IL1 inhibitor, under routine clinical practice conditions in pediatric and adult patients with CAPS ...

Combined Trajectories of Fatigue and Disease Activity in an Inception Cohort of Lupus Patients over 10 Years
Mitra Moazzami, Vibeke Strand, Jiandong Su 3 and Zahi Touma et. al.

Nov 13th, 2019 - Background/Purpose: Fatigue is very common in SLE patients. We aim to: 1) determine if different trajectories of fatigue associate with specific latent classes of disease activity and 2) define the patient characteristics and associated factors in different latent classes. Methods: This is a retrospective analysis on a prospectively collected dataset from an inception cohort and followed from 1...

Clinical Subsets in Giant Cell Arteritis
K Bates Gribbons, Cristina Ponte, Anthea Craven et. al.

Nov 13th, 2019 - Background/Purpose: Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a clinically heterogeneous disease.  Disease subsets based upon cranial versus extracranial artery involvement have been proposed.  The study objective was to determine if GCA subsets are associated with distinct clinical profiles or merely reflective of differential diagnostic assessment. Methods: Patients were included from a large internation...

Complement Protein CL-K1 at High Concentrations Protects Against the Development of Lupus Nephritis
Anne Troldborg, Anne Voss, Søren Werner Karlsjov Hansen et. al.

Nov 13th, 2019 - Background/Purpose: Nephritis is a severe manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) that develops in 30 to 50 percent of the patients. At the time of diagnosis, it is not possible to predict which patients will develop nephritis. CL-K1 (collectin kidney-1, collectin-11) is a soluble C-type lectin, with collagenous stalks like C1q, that through recognition of suitably spaced patterns o...

Citrulline Reactive B Cells Are Present in the Lungs of Early Untreated RA
Vijay Joshua, Malena Loberg-Haarhaus, Heidi Wähämaa et. al.

Nov 13th, 2019 - Background/Purpose: Structural changes, increased tissue citrullination, signs of local inflammation and anti-citrullinated protein autoantibodies (ACPA) are present in the pulmonary compartment of early untreated seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA). These findings provide evidence of a potential role for the lungs in generation and initiation of RA-associated autoimmunity. Here we aimed to ...

Comparison of Arterial Patterns of Disease in Takayasu’s Arteritis and Giant Cell Arteritis
K Bates Gribbons, Cristina Ponte, Anthea Craven et. al.

Nov 13th, 2019 - Background/Purpose: Current classification criteria differentiate between Takayasu’s arteritis (TAK) and giant cell arteritis (GCA), the two most common forms of large-vessel vasculitis, based primarily on clinical assessment, yet patients with TAK and GCA may differ in patterns of arterial disease.  This study aimed to use computer-based algorithms to determine if patterns of arterial disease ...

Cell-bound Complement Activation Products in Combination with Low Complement C3 or C4 Have Superior Diagnostic Performance in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Sonali Narain, Daniel Wallace, Chaim Putterman et. al.

Nov 13th, 2019 - Background/Purpose: Cell-bound complement activation products (CB-CAPs) are stable forms of classical complement activation ex-vivo, with high sensitivity and specificity for systemic lupus erythematosus  (SLE). We sought to compare the performance of CB-CAPs to the gold standard low complement C3 or C4 in distinguishing SLE from other rheumatic diseases and healthy individuals. Methods: Multip...

Dietary Patterns and Symptomatic Progression of Knee Osteoarthritis: Data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative
Chang Xu, Nathalie Marchand, Jeffrey Driban et. al.

Nov 13th, 2019 - Background/Purpose: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a major source of disability worldwide yet dietary exposures that might be associated with its progression have not received significant research attention. We aimed to examine the prospective association of major dietary patterns derived by principal component analysis (PCA) with symptomatic progression of knee OA. Methods: From the Osteoarthritis Ini...

Dual Neutralization of IL-17A and IL-17F with Bimekizumab in Patients with Active Psoriatic Arthritis: Disease Activity and Remission in a 48-Week Phase 2b, Randomized, Double‑Blind, Placebo-Contro...
Philip Mease, Laure Gossec, Laura Coates et. al.

Nov 13th, 2019 - Background/Purpose: The ultimate goal of therapy in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is clinical remission, defined as ‘the absence of clinical and laboratory evidence of significant inflammatory disease activity’.1,2 Since many patients with PsA may not achieve clinical remission, treatment recommendations recognise minimal or low disease activity as an important alternative treatment t...

Does the Degree of Decline in Walking Speed Predict Mortality Risk Beyond the Present Level of Walking Speed in Knee Osteoarthritis?
Hiral Master, Tuhina Neogi, Lavalley Michael et. al.

Nov 13th, 2019 - Background/Purpose: Slow walking speed (WS) is a risk factor for mortality in well-functioning older adults and speeds slower than (< ) 1.22 meters per second (m/s) are a risk factor for poor health outcomes in knee osteoarthritis (OA). WS is known to decline with age, with some declining faster than other, though it is unclear if the rate of decline in WS is additionally relevant for mortality...

Deriving Accurate Prednisone Dosing from Electronic Health Records: Analysis of a Natural Language Processing Tool for Complex Prescription Instructions
Francine Castillo, Adrienne Strait, Michael Evans et. al.

Nov 13th, 2019 - Background/Purpose: Prednisone is commonly used to treat rheumatic diseases, yet few comparative effectiveness studies on different dosing regimens are available. Electronic health records (EHR) and prescriptions are potential data sources for such research. However, a barrier to this work is organizing non-standardized prednisone “sigs”, or free-text instructions within a prescription, into a ...

DMARD-free Remission in Established Rheumatoid Arthritis: 2 Year Results of the TARA Trial
Elise van Mulligen, Angelique Weel, Martijn Kuijper et. al.

Nov 13th, 2019 - Background/Purpose: In rheumatoid arthritis (RA) disease outcomes  have improved enormously in the last  decades. Due to early initiation of therapy, a treat-to-target approach and a growing arsenal of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and biologicals, RA patients are in sustained remission more often. This raises the subsequent questions whether treatment should be continued, tape...

Application of Bayesian Statistics to Support Approval of Intravenous Belimumab in Children with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus in the United States
Ginto Pottackal, James Travis, Rosemarie Neuner et. al.

Nov 13th, 2019 - Background/Purpose: In April 2019, FDA approved the first treatment, intravenous (IV) belimumab (BEL), specifically for children 5 to 17 years of age with active, seropositive SLE receiving standard care (SOC). The approval was supported by a single post-marketing required randomized, controlled trial (NCT01649765) that evaluated the efficacy, safety and pharmacokinetics (PK) of 10 mg/kg IV BEL...

Access to Care and Diagnostic Delays in Juvenile Dermatomyositis
Jessica Neely, Susan Kim, Hugh Sturrock 2 and Julia Shalen et. al.

Nov 13th, 2019 - Background/Purpose: Factors associated with diagnostic delay in Juvenile Dermatomyositis (JDM) are not known.  We hypothesized that limited access to pediatric rheumatologists can lead to delay in the diagnosis of JDM and worse outcomes. We investigated demographic factors, including access to care, associated with diagnostic delays and clinical outcomes of subjects with JDM in the Childhood Ar...

An Integrated Gut Microbiomic and Plasma Metabolomic Analysis in Patients with Four Systemic Autoimmune Diseases
Chiara Bellocchi, Álvaro Fernández-Ochoa, Gaia Montanelli et. al.

Nov 13th, 2019 - Background/Purpose: Gut microbiota may be relevant in the regulation of immune processes and in the development of systemic autoimmune diseases (SADs). A reduction of microbiota diversity and a selective decrease of commensal pro-regolatory bacteria have been observed in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), Sjogren syndrome (SJS) and primary anti-phosholipid syndrome (PAPS). None studies have be...

Antimicrobial Use Is High in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis, and Further Increases with First-Line TNFi Therapy – Nationwide Results from Iceland
Aron H Bjornsson, Olafur Palsson, Mar Kristjansson et. al.

Nov 13th, 2019 - Background/Purpose: Severe infections, frequently resulting in hospitalization, are a well-known adverse effects of tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi). However, studies regarding outpatient treated infections are needed. Our objective was to investigate the use of antimicrobials (antibiotics, antifungals and antivirals; excluding antimycobacterials) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (R...