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Researchers gain insight into factors influencing immunotherapy response in kidney cancer
https://www.healio.com/news/hematology-oncology/20200710/researchers-gain-insight-into-factors-influencing-immunotherapy-response-in-kidney-cancer

Jul 9th, 2020 - Tumor mutational burden is considered a hallmark indicator of a tumor’s potential for response to immunotherapy. PD-1 checkpoint inhibitors such as pembrolizumab (Keytruda, Merck) and nivolumab (Opdivo, Bristol-Myers Squibb) have been shown to be more effective in treating tumors with high mutational burden. However, despite having only a moderate number of mutations, advanced clear cell ren...

Expert Perspective on ASCO20 Quality Research
https://dailynews.ascopubs.org/do/10.1200/ADN.20.200237/full/

Jul 6th, 2020 - This essential study (Abstract 2003) highlights that health policy impacts cancer survival. It showed that age-adjusted mortality from cancer is worse in states that have not expanded access to Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act. There were 758 fewer cancer deaths in expansion states in 2017, and Hispanic populations had the greatest decrease in mortality under Medicaid expansion. This stud...

Expert Perspectives on the ASCO20 Plenary Session
https://dailynews.ascopubs.org/do/10.1200/ADN.20.200236/full/

Jul 5th, 2020 - The JAVELIN Bladder 100 study (LBA1) investigated the efficacy of maintenance avelumab following platinum-based chemotherapy compared to best supportive care for patients with metastatic urothelial cancer. In the trial, avelumab improved median overall survival by 21.4 months compared to 14.3 months with best supportive care. These data are practice changing, and the degree of benefit to this a...

Lisocabtagene maraleucel CAR T shows durable response in large B-cell NHL
https://www.healio.com/news/hematology-oncology/20200709/lisocabtagene-maraleucel-car-t-shows-durable-response-in-large-bcell-nhl

Jul 8th, 2020 - In updated results of the pilot study, presented during the ASCO2020 Virtual Scientific Program, researchers showed that lisocabtagene maraleucel induced durable response as a second-line treatment in large B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Olaparib shows 1-year survival benefit in recurrent ovarian cancer, BRCA mutations
https://www.healio.com/news/hematology-oncology/20200707/olaparib-shows-1year-survival-benefit-in-recurrent-ovarian-cancer-brca-mutations

Jul 6th, 2020 - Overall survival results from SOLO-2 showed patients with recurrent ovarian cancer and germline BRCA mutations added a year of life when treated with olaparib only, Ursula A. Matulonis, MD, of Dana Farber Cancer Institute, told Healio.

Retreatment with CAR-T therapy shows clinical efficacy in lymphoma
https://www.healio.com/news/hematology-oncology/20200708/retreatment-with-cart-therapy-shows-clinical-efficacy-in-lymphoma

Jul 7th, 2020 - In a small sample, retreatment of patients with large B-cell lymphoma showed good response, notably in patients who had complete response on initial treatment, according to a poster presented at ASCO 2020 Virtual Scientific Program.

Patient survival greatly impacted by selection for ovarian cancer relapse surgery
https://www.healio.com/news/hematology-oncology/20200707/patient-survival-greatly-impacted-by-selection-for-ovarian-cancer-relapse-surgery

Jul 6th, 2020 - Studies presented during the ASCO2020 Virtual Scientific Program showed the benefit of validated selection tools in pursuing surgical measures for ovarian cancer relapse, Ursula A. Matulonis, MD, of Dana Farber Cancer Institute, told Healio.

Dual target CAR T-cell therapy effective, durable, less toxic in lymphoma
https://www.healio.com/news/hematology-oncology/20200706/dual-target-car-tcell-therapy-effective-durable-less-toxic-in-lymphoma

Jul 5th, 2020 - A novel CAR T-cell therapy targeting both CD19 and CD22 showed less toxicities than current CAR T-cell therapies while producing complete response with accepted regimens, according to a study presented at ASCO2020 Virtual Scientific Program.

Avelumab ‘opens up the door’ for immunotherapy in trophoblastic disease
https://www.healio.com/news/hematology-oncology/20200707/avelumab-opens-up-the-door-for-immunotherapy-in-trophoblastic-disease

Jul 6th, 2020 - A study presented during the ASCO2020 Virtual Scientific Program showed ‘impressive’ use of immunotherapy for gestational trophoblastic disease, Ursula A. Matulonis, MD, of Dana Farber Cancer Institute, told Healio.

Expert Perspective on ASCO20 Genitourinary Cancers Research
https://dailynews.ascopubs.org/do/10.1200/ADN.20.200232/full/

Jul 2nd, 2020 - The phase III HERO trial (Abstract 5602) investigated the results of relugolix, an orally bioavailable GnRH receptor antagonist, for patients with advanced prostate cancer. Treatment with relugolix resulted in superiority over leuprolide in achieving sustained testosterone suppression. Additionally, treatment was associated with faster testosterone recovery and decreased major adverse cardiovas...

Expert Perspective on ASCO20 Gynecologic Oncology Research
https://dailynews.ascopubs.org/do/10.1200/ADN.20.200233/full/

Jul 2nd, 2020 - DESKTOP III (Abstract 6000) is a prospective, multicenter, randomized phase III study of > 400 patients with platinum-sensitive, recurrent ovarian cancer that demonstrated a clinically meaningful 7.7 month improvement in median overall survival with secondary cytoreductive surgery (53.7 months) compared with no surgery (46 months).

Immunotherapy and Beyond: Treatment Options and Potential Markers in Recurrent/Metastatic Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma
https://dailynews.ascopubs.org/do/10.1200/ADN.20.200227/full/

Jul 2nd, 2020 - Head and neck cancers account for approximately 4% of all cancers in the United States1 and are the eighth most common cancer affecting men in the United States.2 The diagnosis of recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (R/M HNSCC) carries a poor prognosis, with an overall survival (OS) of approximately 1 year.

Expert Perspective on ASCO20 Immunotherapy Research
https://dailynews.ascopubs.org/do/10.1200/ADN.20.200234/full/

Jul 1st, 2020 - CAR T-cell therapy with BCMA-targeting idecabtagene-vicleucel (ide-cel) has emerged to be a game-changer as shown by this first pivotal phase II trial of CAR T-cell therapy in multiple myeloma (MM). Ide-cel is a first-in-class BCMA-directed CAR T-cell therapy, with 4-1BB costimulatory domain and CD3Z T-cell activation domain.

Expert Perspective on ASCO20 Gastrointestinal Cancers Research
https://dailynews.ascopubs.org/do/10.1200/ADN.20.200231/full/

Jul 1st, 2020 - Donafenib, a deuterated derivative of sorafenib, was tested against sorafenib in the frontline setting in hepatitis B– associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in a large, multi-institutional study in China (Abstract 4506).

ECOG-ACRIN Trial Reassures Clinicians, Patients That Locoregional Therapy Is Not Beneficial for Stage IV Metastatic Breast Cancer
https://dailynews.ascopubs.org/do/10.1200/ADN.20.200218/full/

Jun 23rd, 2020 - For patients with stage IV metastatic breast cancer and an intact primary tumor (ITP), the early initiation of locoregional treatment (LRT) was not associated with longer survival or improvements in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) compared with systemic therapy alone, according to a phase III clinical trial (Abstract LBA2). These findings appear to add to a robust evidence base that sugg...

Switch Maintenance With Avelumab Changes Treatment Paradigm for Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma
https://dailynews.ascopubs.org/do/10.1200/ADN.20.200217/full/

Jun 23rd, 2020 - A switch maintenance therapy approach using the immune checkpoint inhibitor avelumab in patients with advanced urothelial carcinoma (UC) who had not progressed after induction platinum-based chemotherapy offered significantly improved survival outcomes, according to results of the JAVELIN Bladder 100 trial (Abstract LBA1). The study, which was the first UC study ever presented during an ASCO An...

Will DFS Benefit Translate Into Survival Benefit in ADAURA?
https://dailynews.ascopubs.org/do/10.1200/ADN.20.200221/full/

Jun 23rd, 2020 - The report on ADAURA during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program Plenary Session surprised many, first because the initial data readout for the phase III trial was not planned until 2022 and second because of the strength of the disclosed data (Abstract LBA5). Early unblinding of the results revealed an 83% reduction in the risk of disease recurrence or death with use of adjuvant osimertinib c...

Clinical Implications of First-Line Pembro for MSI-High mCRC
https://dailynews.ascopubs.org/do/10.1200/ADN.20.200220/full/

Jun 23rd, 2020 - Long-awaited results from the randomized, phase III KEYNOTE-177 trial provide strong support for using single-agent pembrolizumab instead of a chemotherapy-based regimen in patients newly diagnosed with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) featuring high-level microsatellite instability (MSI-H) or deficient mismatch repair (dMMR; Abstract LBA4).

KRd, VRd Equivalency in Multiple Myeloma ‘Reassuring’ to Hematologists
https://dailynews.ascopubs.org/do/10.1200/ADN.20.200219/full/

Jun 23rd, 2020 - Awaited results of the ENDURANCE trial showed equivalency between a regimen of carfilzomib plus lenalidomide and dexamethasone (KRd) and bortezomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone (VRd) as an initial therapy for patients with standard- or intermediate-risk multiple myeloma (Abstract LBA3). KRd failed to improve progression-free survival compared with VRd, according to data presented by Shaji K...

Breast Cancer Research at ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program Highlights New Avenues and Better Outcomes
https://dailynews.ascopubs.org/do/10.1200/ADN.20.200222/full/

Jun 24th, 2020 - The ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program featured a variety of important and innovative breast cancer research. The following are some of the studies with potential to significantly impact clinical practice and patient outcomes, as selected by ASCO Daily News Expert Panel member Arielle Heeke, MD, of the Levine Cancer Institute.

Top Lung Cancer Research Presented at the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program Has Implications for Clinical Practice
https://dailynews.ascopubs.org/do/10.1200/ADN.20.200223/full/

Jun 24th, 2020 - Although the ASCO Annual Meeting felt much different this year given the virtual format, the quality of research presented at the meeting was undiminished, particularly in the field of lung cancer. ASCO Daily News Expert Panel member Jared Weiss, MD, of the University of North Carolina School of Medicine, reviewed the most influential lung cancer research presented during the ASCO20 Virtual Sci...

Trastuzumab Achieves Slight Reduction in Recurrence for Women With HER2-Positive DCIS
https://ascopost.com/news/june-2020/trastuzumab-achieves-slight-reduction-in-recurrence-for-women-with-her2-positive-dcis/

Jun 7th, 2020 - The addition of trastuzumab to radiotherapy did not reach the protocol objective of a 36% reduction in the ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence rate for women with HER2-positive ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) in the NRG Oncology clinical trial NSABP B-43. The trial did find a modest (19%) reduction in the rate of recurrence among women who received trastuzumab, but this difference was not stati...

Remote Pre- and Posttest Genetic Counseling for Breast and Ovarian Cancer Risk
https://ascopost.com/news/june-2020/remote-pre-and-post-test-genetic-counseling-for-breast-and-ovarian-cancer-risk/

Jun 1st, 2020 - Genetic testing for cancer risk can significantly improve the prevention or treatment of hereditary cancers, but studies have shown that people who might have a genetic risk often don't get tested. A collaborative team of researchers have tested a possible solution through a clinical trial aimed at making genetic testing more accessible. The trial, called MAGENTA (Making GENetic Testing Accessi...

Androgen Deprivation With Oral Relugolix vs Leuprolide in Advanced Prostate Cancer: HERO Trial
https://ascopost.com/news/june-2020/androgen-deprivation-with-oral-relugolix-vs-leuprolide-in-advanced-prostate-cancer-hero-trial/

Jun 3rd, 2020 - As reported at the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program (Abstract 5602) and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Shore et al, the phase III HERO trial showed sustained castrate testosterone levels and lower risk of major cardiovascular events with the oral gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist relugolix given daily vs the injectable luteinizing hormone–releasing hormone agonist leuprolide...

Cediranib/Olaparib vs Standard-of-Care Chemotherapy for Platinum-Sensitive Ovarian Cancer
https://ascopost.com/news/june-2020/cediranibolaparib-vs-standard-of-care-chemotherapy-for-platinum-sensitive-ovarian-cancer/

Jun 1st, 2020 - Results of the NRG Oncology phase III clinical trial NRG-GY004 indicated that the addition of the investigational agent cediranib to olaparib and standard platinum-based chemotherapy did not improve progression-free survival outcomes for women with platinum-sensitive ovarian cancer; however, activity between the treatments was similar in patients. These results were recently presented by Joyce ...

Final Overall Survival Analysis of the PROSPER Trial in Nonmetastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer
https://ascopost.com/news/june-2020/final-overall-survival-analysis-of-the-prosper-trial-in-nonmetastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer/

Jun 1st, 2020 - In the final overall survival analysis of the phase III PROSPER trial reported at the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program (Abstract 5515) and published in The New England Journal of Medicine, Cora N. Sternberg, MD, and colleagues found that enzalutamide plus androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) significantly improved overall survival vs placebo plus ADT in men with nonmetastatic castration-resistan...

Results From an Oncology Hospital-at-Home Evaluation
https://ascopost.com/news/june-2020/results-from-an-oncology-hospital-at-home-evaluation/

Jun 4th, 2020 - Researchers at Huntsman Cancer Institute (HCI) at the University of Utah presented the first outcomes evaluation of an adult oncology hospital-at-home program during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program (Abstract 7000). The study evaluated patients participating in HCI's Huntsman at Home program. The data demonstrated strong evidence for the benefits of this care model, showing improved patien...

RET Kinase Inhibitor for Patients With Solid Tumors and RET Genetic Fusions
https://ascopost.com/news/june-2020/ret-kinase-inhibitor-for-patients-with-solid-tumors-and-ret-genetic-fusions/

Jun 4th, 2020 - The RET inhibitor pralsetinib showed activity in patients with a broad variety of tumors harboring RET gene fusions, according to results from the phase I/II ARROW trial, presented by Vivek Subbiah, MD, and colleagues during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program (Abstract 109).