Joint GI society message: COVID-19 clinical insights for our community of gastroenterologists and gastroenterology care providers

The situation involving the COVID-19 pandemic continues to evolve. There is recent evidence suggesting the potential for coronavirus transmission through droplets and perhaps fecal shedding1,2 posing potential risks during endoscopy and colonoscopy to other patients, endoscopy personnel and ourselves. We provide below important information as well as recommendations to consider in your insti...

Expert Perspective on ASCO20 Gastrointestinal Cancers Research

Jul 1st, 2020 - Donafenib, a deuterated derivative of sorafenib, was tested against sorafenib in the frontline setting in hepatitis B– associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in a large, multi-institutional study in China (Abstract 4506).

COVID-19 and Food Safety: Risk Management and Future Considerations

COVID-19, also known as the “novel coronavirus disease 2019,” is a respiratory illness, and the causative pathogen is officially named as “SARS-CoV-2.” Infections with SARS-CoV-2 have now been amplified to a global pandemic—as of April 3, 2020, nearly 1 018 000 cases have been confirmed in more than 195 countries, including more than 300 000 cases within the United States. Public safety guideli...

European guidelines on chronic mesenteric ischaemia – joint United European Gastroenterology, European Association for Gastroenterology, Endoscopy and Nutrition, European Society of Gastrointestina...
United European Gastroenterology Journal;

Chronic mesenteric ischaemia is a severe and incapacitating disease, causing complaints of post-prandial pain, fear of eating and weight loss. Even though chronic mesenteric ischaemia may progress to acute mesenteric ischaemia, chronic mesenteric ischaemia remains an underappreciated and undertreated disease entity. Probable explanations are the lack of knowledge and awareness among physicians ...

Top 20 Research Studies of 2019 for Primary Care Physicians

In 2019, regular surveillance of 110 English-language research journals identified 254 studies that met the criteria to become POEMs (patient-oriented evidence that matters). Physician members of the Canadian Medical Association rated these POEMs for their relevance to patients in their practices. This article summarizes the clinical questions and bottom-line answers from the top 20 POEMs of 20...

Longer-term imatinib treatment extends OS among patients with GIST

May 30th, 2020 - An extended course of imatinib increased OS among patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors, or GIST, according to long-term study results presented during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program.

Three Years of Imatinib Improves OS in High-Risk Operable GIST

May 28th, 2020 - Approximately half of deaths can be avoided with the use of 3 years of adjuvant imatinib in the first decade after surgery for high-risk gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST), according to long-term data from the Scandinavian Sarcoma Group XVIII/German trial (Abstract 11503).

OncLive News Network On Location: ASCO 2020 Day 1

May 29th, 2020 - We are recapping some of the top news that have been presented during the conference—and soon we’ll speak with Dr Melissa Johnson on some of the practice-changing lung cancer data being presented, Dr Milind Javle on some pivotal gastrointestinal cancer abstracts, and Dr Hope Rugo on the biggest studies in breast cancer.

Health Maintenance in Women

The health maintenance examination is an opportunity to focus on disease prevention and health promotion. The patient history should include screening for tobacco use, alcohol misuse, intimate partner violence, and depression. Premenopausal women should receive preconception counseling and contraception as needed, and all women planning or capable of pregnancy should take 400 to 800 mcg of foli...

The Adult Well-Male Examination

The adult well-male examination should provide evidence-based guidance toward the promotion of optimal health and well-being. The medical history should focus on tobacco and alcohol use, risk of human immunodeficiency virus and other sexually transmitted infections, and diet and exercise habits. The physical examination should include blood pressure screening, and height and weight measurements...

AGA Clinical Practice Guidelines on the Role of Probiotics in the Management of Gastrointestinal Disorders

This document presents the official recommendations of the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) on the role of probiotics in the management of gastrointestinal disorders. The guideline was developed by the AGA Institute’s Clinical Guidelines Committee and approved by the AGA Governing Board. It is accompanied by a technical review that provides a detailed synthesis of the evidence ...

Why the Stress-Disease Connection Matters and How to Respond

Family physicians are experts in caring for patients with chronic diseases and recognizing how stress impacts health. These skills naturally complement one another, as attested by research into the connection between chronic disease and stress. Stressors often include adverse childhood experiences, which are traumatic events or chronic stressors experienced in childhood, such as physical or sex...

AGA Institute Rapid Review of the GI and Liver Manifestations of COVID-19, Meta-Analysis of International Data, and Recommendations for the Consultative Management of Patients with COVID-19

Multiple gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms including diarrhea, nausea/vomiting, and abdominal pain, as well liver enzyme abnormalities have been variably reported in patients with COVID-19. The AGA) Institute Clinical Guideline Committee and Clinical Practice Updates Committee performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of international data on GI and liver manifestations of COVID-19.

Chamomile - Common Names: chamomile, German chamomile
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)

There are two types of chamomile: German chamomile and Roman chamomile. This fact sheet focuses on German chamomile. Chamomile was described in ancient medical writings and was an important medicinal herb in ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome. Today, chamomile is promoted for sleeplessness, anxiety, and gastrointestinal conditions such as upset stomach, gas, and diarrhea. It is also used topical...

NEJM Journal Watch Oncology and Hematology Top Stories of 2020
NEJM Journal Watch; Gradishar WJ.

This year, our list of NEJM Journal Watch Oncology and Hematology top stories includes coverage of studies on breast, gastrointestinal, genitourinary, and lung cancers as well as malignant and benign hematology. These summaries underscore our goal of identifying the most clinically relevant trials and highlighting their key findings and implications. We look forward to continuing to bring you c...

Potential effects of SARS-CoV-2 on the gastrointestinal tract and liver
Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy; Lei HY, Ding YH et. al.

Nov 27th, 2020 - COVID-19 is a pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Early reported symptoms include fever, cough, and respiratory symptoms. There were few reports of digestive symptoms. However, with COVID-19 spreading worldwide, symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhoea, and abdominal pain have gained increasing attention.

Food texture influences on satiety: systematic review and meta-analysis
Scientific Reports; Stribiţcaia E, Evans CEL et. al.

Jul 20th, 2020 - Obesity is one of the leading causes of preventable deaths. Development of satiety-enhancing foods is considered as a promising strategy to reduce food intake and promote weight management. Food texture may influence satiety through differences in appetite sensations, gastrointestinal peptide release and food intake, but the degree to which it does remains unclear.