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ALLMedicine™ Detailed topics Center - Patient Education

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/plantar-warts/symptoms-causes/syc-20352691?p=1

ew Plantar warts are small growths that usually appear on the heels or other weight-bearing areas of your feet. This pressure may also cause plantar warts to grow inward beneath a hard, thick layer of skin (callus). Plantar warts are caused by HPV. The virus enters your body through tiny cuts, breaks or other weak spots on the bottom of your feet. Most plantar warts aren't a serious health conc...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/metachromatic-leukodystrophy/symptoms-causes/syc-20354733?p=1

ew Metachromatic leukodystrophy is a rare hereditary (genetic) disorder that causes fatty substances (lipids) to build up in your brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerves. This buildup is caused by a deficiency of an enzyme that helps break down lipids. Your brain and nervous system progressively lose function. Rarely, a deficiency in another kind of protein (activator protein) causes metachrom...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/malignant-hyperthermia/symptoms-causes/syc-20353750?p=1

ew Malignant hyperthermia is a condition that triggers a severe reaction to certain drugs used as part of anesthesia for surgery. Without prompt treatment, the disease can be fatal. The genes that cause malignant hyperthermia are inherited. In most cases, no signs or symptoms of the condition exist until you are exposed to anesthesia. Treatments for the condition include medication and ice pack...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sore-throat/symptoms-causes/syc-20351635?p=1

ew A sore throat is pain, scratchiness or irritation of the throat that often worsens when you swallow. The most common cause of a sore throat (pharyngitis) is a viral infection, such as a cold or the flu. A sore throat caused by a virus resolves on its own. Strep throat (streptococcal infection), a less common type of sore throat caused by bacteria, requires treatment with antibiotics to preve...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/balance-problems/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350477?p=1

sis Your doctor will start by reviewing your medical history and conducting a physical and neurological examination. To determine if your symptoms are caused by problems in the balance function in your inner ear, your doctor is likely to recommend tests. They might include: Hearing tests. Difficulties with hearing are frequently associated with balance problems. Posturography test. Wearing a sa...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cystic-fibrosis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353706?p=1

sis To diagnose cystic fibrosis, doctors may conduct several tests. Newborn screening and diagnosis Every state in the U.S. now routinely screens newborns for cystic fibrosis. Early diagnosis means treatment can begin immediately. In one screening test, a blood sample is checked for higher than normal levels of a chemical (immunoreactive trypsinogen, or IRT) released by the pancreas. A newborn'...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/uterine-prolapse/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20353467?p=1

e prolapse care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic's uterine prolapse team includes specialists trained in female pelvic floor medicine (urogynecologists). Urogynecologists undergo three years of training in women's pelvic health and pelvic reconstructive surgery after completing four years of general obstetrics and gynecology training. Having all of this subspecialized exper...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/polycystic-kidney-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352825?p=1

sis For polycystic kidney disease, certain tests can detect the size and number of kidney cysts you have and evaluate the amount of healthy kidney tissue, including: Ultrasound. During an ultrasound, a wandlike device called a transducer is placed on your body. It emits sound waves that are reflected back to the transducer — like sonar. A computer translates the reflected sound waves into image...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/earwax-blockage/symptoms-causes/syc-20353004?p=1

ew Earwax blockage occurs when earwax (cerumen) accumulates in your ear or becomes too hard to wash away naturally. Earwax is a helpful and natural part of your body's defenses. It cleans, lubricates and protects your ear canal by trapping dirt and slowing the growth of bacteria. If earwax blockage becomes a problem, you or your doctor can take simple steps to remove the wax safely. Symptoms Si...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/mesenteric-lymphadenitis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353803?p=1

sis To diagnosis your child's condition, your doctor is likely to: Perform an exam and take your child's medical history. Your doctor will give your child a physical exam and gather details about his or her signs and symptoms. Your doctor likely will ask about any other medical conditions for which your child has been treated. Request laboratory tests. Certain blood tests can help determine whe...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/vitiligo/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355916?p=1

sis Medical history and exam If your doctor suspects you have vitiligo, he or she will ask about your medical history, examine you and try to rule out other medical problems, such as dermatitis or psoriasis. He or she may use a special lamp to shine ultraviolet light onto the skin to determine whether you have vitiligo. Skin biopsy and blood draw In addition to gathering your personal and famil...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/persistent-depressive-disorder/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350935?p=1

sis If your doctor suspects you have persistent depressive disorder, exams and tests may include Physical exam. The doctor may do a physical exam and ask in-depth questions about your health to determine what may be causing your depression. In some cases, it may be linked to an underlying physical health problem. Lab tests. Your doctor may order lab tests to rule out other medical conditions th...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/mood-disorders/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20365060?p=1

isorders care at Mayo Clinic Experience. Mental health specialists at Mayo Clinic treat more than 10,000 people with mood disorders every year, including people with treatment-resistant mood disorders. Multispecialty team approach. Mayo Clinic experts in psychiatry and psychology services use a team approach to evaluate and diagnose mood disorders. Compassionate psychiatrists, psychologists and...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/blepharitis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20370148?p=1

sis Tests and procedures used to diagnose blepharitis include: Examining your eyelids. Your doctor will carefully examine your eyelids and your eyes. He or she may use a special magnifying instrument during the examination. Swabbing skin for testing. In certain cases, your doctor may use a swab to collect a sample of the oil or crust that forms on your eyelid. This sample can be analyzed for ba...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tachycardia/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20355137?p=1

ardia care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team At Mayo Clinic, an integrated team of doctors trained in heart diseases, heart rhythm disorders and heart surgery (cardiologists, electrophysiologists, and cardiac and cardiovascular surgeons) works together to provide your care. Mayo Clinic doctors have extensive experience in diagnosing and treating tachycardia and treat about 11,000 people...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/thoracic-aortic-aneurysm/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350193?p=1

sis Thoracic aortic aneurysms are often found during routine medical tests, such as a chest X-ray, CT scan, or ultrasound of the heart or abdomen, sometimes ordered for a different reason. If your doctor suspects that you have an aortic aneurysm, specialized tests can confirm it. These tests might include: Chest X-ray Your doctor may first suspect you have a thoracic aortic aneurysm by looking ...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/colon-polyps/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20352883?p=1

polyps care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Doctors specializing in gastroenterology and hepatology evaluate and treat colon polyps at Mayo Clinic. If you have Crohn's disease or another medical condition, Mayo Clinic specialists will collaborate with your primary care doctor to form the best treatment plan. Having all this expertise in a single place means that your care is discussed...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/nonallergic-rhinitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20351229?p=1

ew Nonallergic rhinitis involves chronic sneezing or a congested, drippy nose with no apparent cause. The symptoms of nonallergic rhinitis are similar to those of hay fever (allergic rhinitis), but none of the usual evidence of an allergic reaction is present. Nonallergic rhinitis can affect children and adults, but is more common after age 20. Triggers of nonallergic rhinitis symptoms vary and...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gangrene/symptoms-causes/syc-20352567?p=1

ew Gangrene refers to the death of body tissue due to either a lack of blood flow or a serious bacterial infection. Gangrene commonly affects the extremities, including your toes, fingers and limbs, but it can also occur in your muscles and internal organs. Your chances of developing gangrene are higher if you have an underlying condition that can damage your blood vessels and affect blood flow...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chondrosarcoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354197?p=1

sis Because most chondrosarcoma tumors grow so slowly, they may not be diagnosed for years. In some cases, tumors are discovered during imaging tests for unrelated problems. A biopsy may be needed to confirm the diagnosis. Imaging tests An X-ray may identify a suspicious area of bone for further examination. Other imaging tests, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computerized tomograp...