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ALLMedicine™ Aortitis Center - Research & Reviews

Varicella Zoster Virus Infection in Granulomatous Arteritis of the Aorta.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4878728
The Journal of Infectious Diseases; Gilden D, White T et. al.

Apr 2nd, 2016 - Granulomatous arteritis characterizes the pathology of giant cell arteritis, granulomatous aortitis, and intracerebral varicella zoster virus (VZV) vasculopathy. Because intracerebral VZV vasculopathy and giant cell arteritis are strongly associated with productive VZV infection in cerebral and temporal arteries, respectively, we evaluated human aortas for VZV antigen and VZV DNA. Using 3 diffe...

Capnocytophaga canimorsus prosthetic aortitis in an HIV-positive woman.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3719637
Journal of Clinical Microbiology; Rougemont M, Ratib O et. al.

May 23rd, 2013 - A 49-year-old woman with a 15-year history of HIV-hepatitis C virus coinfection had aortic valve and ascending aorta replacement in 2007. She presented with abdominal pain, episodic diarrhea, and profuse sweating in 2010. Thoracoabdominal positron emission tomography-computed tomography finally suggested infectious aortitis, a diagnosis confirmed by a blood culture positive for Capnocytophaga c...

Aortitis, periaortitis, and retroperitoneal fibrosis, as manifestations of IgG4-related...
https://doi.org/10.1097/BOR.0b013e3283412f7c
Current Opinion in Rheumatology; Stone JR

Nov 2nd, 2010 - In last few years, there have been significant advances in our understanding of a newly recognized condition known as IgG4-related systemic disease. This review will focus on IgG4-related systemic disease as a cause of thoracic aortitis, inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm or periaortitis, and retroperitoneal fibrosis. A significant fraction of thoracic lymphoplasmacytic aortitis cases, abou...

Incidence, etiology, histologic findings, and course of thoracic inflammatory aortopath...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2008.07.039
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery; Pacini D, Leone O et. al.

Dec 3rd, 2008 - The aims of this study were to detect the incidence of thoracic histologically proven aortitis in a large series of 788 patients operated on for thoracic aortic disease, to describe the surgical and histologic features of inflammatory thoracic aortopathies, and to evaluate the frequency of postsurgical complications and mortality. Thirty-nine patients (4.9%) were affected by aortitis (mean age,...

Comparison of the structure of the aortic valve and ascending aorta in adults having ao...
https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.110.972406
Circulation Roberts WC, Vowels TJ et. al.

Feb 15th, 2011 - There is debate concerning whether an aneurysmal ascending aorta should be replaced when associated with a dysfunctioning aortic valve that is to be replaced. To examine this issue, we divided the patients by type of aortic valve dysfunction-either aortic stenosis (AS) or pure aortic regurgitation (AR)-something not previously undertaken. Of 122 patients with ascending aortic aneurysm (unassoci...

Role of Interleukin-1 Signaling in a Mouse Model of Kawasaki Disease-Associated Abdomin...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4850105
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology; Wakita D, Kurashima Y et. al.

Mar 4th, 2016 - Kawasaki disease (KD) is the most common cause of acquired cardiac disease in US children. In addition to coronary artery abnormalities and aneurysms, it can be associated with systemic arterial aneurysms. We evaluated the development of systemic arterial dilatation and aneurysms, including abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in the Lactobacillus casei cell-wall extract (LCWE)-induced KD vasculitis...

Report of a case of Streptococcus agalactiae mycotic aneurysm and review of the literat...
https://doi.org/10.1177/1066896907310304
International Journal of Surgical Pathology; Chandrikakumari K, Giot JB et. al.

Jun 24th, 2008 - A unique case of mycotic aneurysm of the abdominal aorta caused by Streptococcus agalactiae in an afebrile patient presenting with abdominal pain is described. Although this bacterium is associated with a variety of infections in human beings, aortitis is uncommon. Chronic alcoholism and diabetes mellitus are the 2 major predisposing conditions for group B Streptococci infection and both were p...

Aortic Arch Mycotic Aneurysm Due to Scedosporium Apiospermum Reconstructed With Homogra...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2014.08.067
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery; Blasco-Lucas A, Reyes-Juárez JL et. al.

Jun 5th, 2015 - A 39-year-old female, active parenteral drug user was diagnosed of spondylodiscitis. A computed tomography (CT) scan showed an extensive aortic arch aneurysm. A positron emission tomography (PET)-CT scan, showing significant aortic wall uptake of the tracer through the whole aortic arch and the D8-D9 intervertebral disc, allowed us to suspect an aortitis despite negative blood cultures. The ane...

Abdominal infectious aortitis caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae: a case report and lit...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2010.07.014
Annals of Vascular Surgery; Cartery C, Astudillo L et. al.

Oct 11th, 2010 - We report a case of a 75-year-old man who had been complaining of fever and pelvic pain for 3 weeks. First angio-computed tomography (CT) characteristics and blood culture led to suspicion of a pneumococcal-infected aortic aneurysm, which however was not confirmed by the surgeon. The abdominal infectious aortitis caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae was affirmed by a second angio-CT performed 7 d...

Non-infectious aortitis: a report of 32 cases from a single tertiary centre in a 4-year...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25437450
Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology; Loricera J, Blanco R et. al.

Dec 1st, 2014 - Non-infectious aortitis often presents with non-specific symptoms leading to inappropriate diagnostic delay. We intend to describe the clinical spectrum and outcome of patients with aortitis diagnosed at a single centre. We reviewed the clinical charts of patients diagnosed with non-infectious aortitis between January 2010 and December 2013 at the Rheumatology Division from a 1.000-bed tertiary...

Abdominal aortic aneurysm secondary to infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa: a rare ca...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2010.02.003
Annals of Vascular Surgery; Dick J, Tiwari A et. al.

Apr 22nd, 2010 - Infection is a cause of rapidly enlarging aortic aneurysms. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an uncommon pathogen affecting blood vessels and has mainly been seen following invasive procedures in immunosuppressed patients. Pseudomonas aortitis has a high mortality. We describe a case of a rapidly enlarging juxta-renal aortic aneurysm in an immunocompetent patient who was treated with open surgery. In ...

Clostridium septicum aortitis: Report of two cases and review of the literature.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2008.11.058
Journal of Vascular Surgery; Seder CW, Kramer M et. al.

Mar 24th, 2009 - Clostridium septicum aortitis is a rare infection that has a strong association with occult colonic malignancy. To our knowledge, we report the 25th and 26th cases of C septicum aortitis in the English literature and make recommendations for its management. The first patient was a 75-year-old man who presented with abdominal pain. Computed tomography showed the presence of periaortic gas. He un...

A clinicopathologic study of immunoglobulin G4-related sclerosing disease of the thorac...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2010.06.072
Journal of Vascular Surgery; Kasashima S, Zen Y et. al.

Aug 3rd, 2010 - Immunoglobulin G4-related sclerosing disease (IgG4-SD) has recently been reported to occur in the cardiovascular system and manifest as inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm. Thoracic aortic lesions are often associated with aortitis in several divergent etiologies. Thus, this study was performed to review thoracic aortic lesions from the aspect of IgG4-SD and to elucidate the clinicopathologi...

Extended replacement of the thoracic aorta.
https://doi.org/10.1093/ejcts/ezs200
European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery : Official Jo... Hino Y, Okada K et. al.

Jun 22nd, 2012 - We present our experience of total aortic arch replacement. Twenty-nine patients (21 males and 8 females; mean age 63.3 ± 13.3 years) with extended thoracic aortic aneurysms underwent graft replacement. The pathology of the diseased aorta was non-dissecting aneurysm in 11 patients, including one aortitis and aortic dissection in 18 patients (acute type A: one, chronic type A: 11, chronic type B...

Primary aortoenteric fistula due to septic aortitis.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2010.02.030
Annals of Vascular Surgery; Skourtis G, Papacharalambous G et. al.

May 17th, 2010 - Primary aortoenteric fistula is most commonly caused from erosion of the bowel wall by an abdominal aortic aneurysm. Septic aortitis with pseudoaneurysm formation and finally erosion into the duodenum represents a rare cause that has been described in very few patients in the literature. We present a rare clinical case of Salmonella aortitis and associated infrarenal aortic pseudoaneurysm that ...

Multimodality imaging of aortitis.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcmg.2014.04.002
JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging; Hartlage GR, Palios J et. al.

Jun 13th, 2014 - Multimodality imaging of aortitis is useful for identification of acute and chronic mural changes due to inflammation, edema, and fibrosis, as well as characterization of structural luminal changes including aneurysm and stenosis or occlusion. Identification of related complications such as dissection, hematoma, ulceration, rupture, and thrombosis is also important. Imaging is often vital for o...

Predictors for pathologically confirmed aortitis after resection of the ascending aorta...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3218902
Arthritis Research & Therapy; Schmidt J, Sunesen K et. al.

Jun 16th, 2011 - Assessing the prevalence of, and predictors for, pathologically-confirmed inflammation of the aorta in Denmark, using a nationwide population-based study design. We identified all adults with first-time surgery on the ascending aorta between January 1, 1997 and March 1, 2009 in Denmark. Presence of aortic inflammation was ascertained through linkage to a nationwide pathology registry. We used l...

Aortitis and spondyloarthritis--an unusual presentation: case report and review of the ...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.semarthrit.2008.11.004
Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism; Eder L, Sadek M et. al.

Feb 16th, 2009 - To report a patient with aortic regurgitation (AR) and aortitis, who failed to respond to multiple attempts at surgical replacement of the affected valve and adjacent aorta, and in whom a late diagnosis of spondyloarthritis (SpA) was made. The relevant literature on the association of SpA and aortitis is reviewed. Descriptive case report of a patient with AR secondary to aortic dilation and aor...

Asymptomatic Takayasu Aortitis Complicated by Type B Dissection.
https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.115.017962
Circulation Barison A, Nugara C et. al.

Dec 1st, 2015 - Asymptomatic Takayasu Aortitis Complicated by Type B Dissection.|2015|Barison A,Nugara C,Barletta V,Todiere G,Montebello E,|complications,diagnosis,complications,diagnosis,complications,diagnosis,

Large artery inflammation in systemic lupus erythematosus.
https://doi.org/10.1177/0961203313492241
Lupus Sokalski DG, Copsey Spring TR et. al.

Jun 13th, 2013 - A 23-year-old African-American woman with a history of recurrent pneumonias presented to the hospital with 2 weeks of shortness of breath, chest pain, fevers, and lightheadedness. The histologic diagnosis proved to be lupus aortitis. Optimal Framingham risk factor management by itself may not be a completely successful approach in diminishing the extra risk of atherosclerosis conferred by syste...