ALLMedicine™ Noninvasive Ventilation Center - News
Dec 10th, 2017 - NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) improves cardiac structure and function to a greater extent than CPAP in patients with obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS), according to findings from the Spanish Sleep Network. "We knew from shorter non-controlled studies that NIV can decrease the pulmonary hypertension, but the most surprising and interesting finding is the reductio...
Jun 9th, 2011 - Action Points Explain that noninvasive ventilation (NIV) to help wean patients off mechanical ventilation was as effective as more conventional strategies and was associated with higher weaning success rates. Note that reintubation rates were not significantly improved with NIV compared with the other strategies. Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) to help wean patients off mechanical ventilation was...
Oct 21st, 2011 - Action Points Explain that use of noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation for COPD more than quadrupled over a decade nationwide, improving outcomes for most patients. Point out that the only exception was a small subset of patients who had to be transitioned to invasive mechanical ventilation. Note, too, that the transitioned patients had a higher mortality rate than those who were treated b...
Aug 12th, 2009 - Action Points Explain to interested patients that this study suggests noninvasive mechanical ventilation may help prevent complications after they are weaned from intubation. Also explain that patients in this study with chronic lung disease given this treatment had a lower risk of 90-day mortality compared with patients treated with conventional oxygen therapy. Early, noninvasive mechanical ve...
Jul 9th, 2008 - Action Points Explain to patients who ask that noninvasive ventilation for patients with cardiogenic pulmonary edema relieved breathing distress and avoided tracheal intubation, but did not improve survival. EDINBURGH, Scotland, July 9 -- Noninvasive ventilation was more effective than standard oxygen therapy for patients with acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema, a study found. However, the treat...
Aug 14th, 2013 - Action Points In this study, extremely preterm infants didn't benefit more from noninvasive ventilation using intermittent rather than continuous positive airway pressure. Note that the study suggests that although limiting mechanical injury to the lungs is important, additional therapeutic strategies are needed for infants with extremely immature lungs. Extremely preterm infants got no more be...
Oct 6th, 2009 - Action Points Explain to interested patients that there is little data for or against use of noninvasive ventilation support for patients with respiratory failure resulting from respiratory infection. Note that the World Health Organization recommends that healthcare workers in aerosol-generating situations take contact, droplet, and standard precautions, as well as wearing full personal protec...
Mary Jo M. Dales
SAN DIEGO — Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation should “absolutely” be used for nearly every patient hospitalized for an acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, said Dr. Daniel D.
Mary Ann Moon
Both continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and noninvasive intermittent positive-pressure ventilation (NIPPV) yield earlier resolution of dyspnea, respiratory distress, and metabolic abnormalities than does standard oxygen therapy in patients hospitalized with acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema, according to a report. However, those treatments did not affect short-term mortality, the primar.
Mar 1st, 2008 - TORONTO — Noninvasive mechanical ventilation alleviated respiratory distress in end-stage cancer patients in a randomized study that compared this palliative modality with the administration of oxygen, Dr. Stefano Nava reported at an international conference of the American Thoracic Society.
Apr 9th, 2019 - Michelle Cao, DO, FCCP Dr. Michelle Cao Dr.
Sep 20th, 2019 - Long-term home noninvasive ventilation (LTH-NIV) has conditional value for patients with chronic hypercapnic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a new guideline from a European Respiratory Society task force. “Our recommendations, based on the best available evidence, can guide the management of chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure in COPD patients aimed at improving p.
Ricki Lewis, PhD
Mar 11th, 2020 - Patients who did not survive hospitalization for COVID-19 in Wuhan were more likely to be older, have comorbidities, and elevated D-dimer, according to the first study to examine risk factors associated with death among adults hospitalized with COVID-19. “Older age, showing signs of sepsis on admission, underlying diseases like high blood pressure and diabetes, and the prolonged use of noninvas.
Ashima Sahni, MD, Lisa Wolfe, MD
Sep 6th, 2019 - Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) supports patient’s breathing without the immediate need for tracheotomy or intubation. The Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) defines respiratory assist devices (RAD) as bi-level devices with back-up respiratory rate capability, which provide noninvasive modes of ventilation for respiratory insufficiency or sleep-related respiratory disorders in a home.
Naresh A. Dewan MD, FCCP
Nov 14th, 2019 - The conventional approach to treat hypoventilation has been to use noninvasive ventilation (NIV), while continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) that does not augment alveolar ventilation improves gas exchange by maintaining upper airway patency and increasing functional residual capacity. Why, then, are we debating the use of CPAP vs NIV in the treatment of obesity hypoventilation syndrome (.
Feb 27th, 2013 - "Patients with CAP treated with NIV have a high likelihood of requiring intubation and developing significant complications. Patients started on NIV for severe CAP should be considered for early intubation if found to require vasopressor or have persistent hypoxemia/acidosis," Dr.
Mary Ann Moon
Jan 19th, 2017 - Hospitals that frequently treat acute COPD exacerbations using noninvasive ventilation – a practice known to reduce mortality, length of stay, and the need for more invasive treatment – did not have better patient outcomes than did hospitals that used noninvasive ventilation less frequently, according to a report published in Annals of the American Thoracic Society. Acute COPD exacerbations are.
Sep 15th, 2016 - LONDON – Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and persistent hypercapnia were half as likely to be readmitted to hospital 1 year after an acute hypercapnic exacerbation if they had received home mechanical ventilation (HMV) in addition to home oxygen therapy (HOT) than if they had not. The median admission-free survival time in the HOT-HMV U.
Oct 7th, 2015 - Early noninvasive ventilation, compared with oxygen therapy alone, did not reduce 28-day all-cause mortality in critically ill immunocompromised patients with acute respiratory failure, based on a randomized, parallel-group study of 374 patients conducted in 28 ICUs in France and Belgium. Overall, 46 of 191 patients (24%) in the noninvasive ventilation group died, compared with 50 of 183 (27%).