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About 2,428 results

ALLMedicine™ Noninvasive Ventilation Center - Research & Reviews

High-Flow Nasal Oxygen vs Noninvasive Positive Airway Pressure in Hypoxemic Patients Af...
https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2015.5213
JAMA Stéphan F, Barrucand B et. al.

May 19th, 2015 - Noninvasive ventilation delivered as bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP) is often used to avoid reintubation and improve outcomes of patients with hypoxemia after cardiothoracic surgery. High-flow nasal oxygen therapy is increasingly used to improve oxygenation because of its ease of implementation, tolerance, and clinical effectiveness. To determine whether high-flow nasal oxygen therapy ...

Effect of Noninvasive Ventilation vs Oxygen Therapy on Mortality Among Immunocompromise...
https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2015.12402
JAMA Lemiale V, Mokart D et. al.

Oct 7th, 2015 - Noninvasive ventilation has been recommended to decrease mortality among immunocompromised patients with hypoxemic acute respiratory failure. However, its effectiveness for this indication remains unclear. To determine whether early noninvasive ventilation improved survival in immunocompromised patients with nonhypercapnic acute hypoxemic respiratory failure. Multicenter randomized trial conduc...

Effect of Noninvasive Ventilation on Tracheal Reintubation Among Patients With Hypoxemi...
https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2016.2706
JAMA Jaber S, Lescot T et. al.

Mar 15th, 2016 - It has not been established whether noninvasive ventilation (NIV) reduces the need for invasive mechanical ventilation in patients who develop hypoxemic acute respiratory failure after abdominal surgery. To evaluate whether noninvasive ventilation improves outcomes among patients developing hypoxemic acute respiratory failure after abdominal surgery. Multicenter, randomized, parallel-group clin...

Effect of Postextubation High-Flow Nasal Cannula vs Noninvasive Ventilation on Reintuba...
https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2016.14194
JAMA Hernández G, Vaquero C et. al.

Oct 18th, 2016 - High-flow conditioned oxygen therapy delivered through nasal cannulae and noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) may reduce the need for reintubation. Among the advantages of high-flow oxygen therapy are comfort, availability, lower costs, and additional physiopathological mechanisms. To test if high-flow conditioned oxygen therapy is noninferior to NIV for preventing postextubation respirato...

Effect of Noninvasive Ventilation Delivered by Helmet vs Face Mask on the Rate of Endot...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4967560
JAMA Patel BK, Wolfe KS et. al.

May 17th, 2016 - Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) with a face mask is relatively ineffective at preventing endotracheal intubation in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Delivery of NIV with a helmet may be a superior strategy for these patients. To determine whether NIV delivered by helmet improves intubation rate among patients with ARDS. Single-center randomized clinical trial of 83 patien...

Efficacy and safety of early dexmedetomidine during noninvasive ventilation for patient...
https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.13-1448
Chest Devlin JW, Al-Qadheeb NS et. al.

Feb 28th, 2014 - Successful application of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) for acute respiratory failure (ARF) requires patient cooperation and comfort. The efficacy and safety of early IV dexmedetomidine when added to protocolized, as-needed IV midazolam and fentanyl remain unclear. Adults with ARF and within 8 h of starting NIV were randomized to receive IV dexmedetomidine (0.2 μg/kg/h titrated every 30 min to ...

Ultrasound-assessed diaphragmatic impairment is a predictor of outcomes in patients wit...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5921560
Critical Care (London, England); Marchioni A, Castaniere I et. al.

Apr 28th, 2018 - Ultrasound (US) evaluation of diaphragmatic dysfunction (DD) has proved to be a reliable technique in critical care. In this single-center prospective study, we investigated the impact of US-assessed DD on noninvasive ventilation (NIV) failure in patients with acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) and its correlation with the transdiaphragmatic pressure assessed ...

Outcomes associated with invasive and noninvasive ventilation among patients hospitaliz...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4501470
JAMA Internal Medicine; Lindenauer PK, Stefan MS et. al.

Oct 27th, 2014 - Small clinical trials have shown that noninvasive ventilation (NIV) is efficacious in reducing the need for intubation and improving short-term survival among patients with severe exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Little is known, however, about the effectiveness of NIV in routine clinical practice. To compare the outcomes of patients with COPD treated with NIV to t...

High-flow oxygen through nasal cannula in acute hypoxemic respiratory failure.
https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1503326
The New England Journal of Medicine; Frat JP, Thille AW et. al.

May 19th, 2015 - Whether noninvasive ventilation should be administered in patients with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure is debated. Therapy with high-flow oxygen through a nasal cannula may offer an alternative in patients with hypoxemia. We performed a multicenter, open-label trial in which we randomly assigned patients without hypercapnia who had acute hypoxemic respiratory failure and a ratio of the par...

Assessment of heart rate, acidosis, consciousness, oxygenation, and respiratory rate to...
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00134-016-4601-3
Intensive Care Medicine; Duan J, Han X et. al.

Nov 4th, 2016 - To develop and validate a scale using variables easily obtained at the bedside for prediction of failure of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in hypoxemic patients. The test cohort comprised 449 patients with hypoxemia who were receiving NIV. This cohort was used to develop a scale that considers heart rate, acidosis, consciousness, oxygenation, and respiratory rate (referred to as the HACOR scale)...

Association of Noninvasive Ventilation Strategies With Mortality and Bronchopulmonary D...
https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2016.10708
JAMA Isayama T, Iwami H et. al.

Aug 17th, 2016 - Various noninvasive ventilation strategies are used to prevent bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) of preterm infants; however, the best mode is uncertain. To compare 7 ventilation strategies for preterm infants including nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) alone, intubation and surfactant administration followed by immediate extubation (INSURE), less invasive surfactant administratio...

Respiratory Parameters in Patients With COVID-19 After Using Noninvasive Ventilation in...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7229533
JAMA Sartini C, Tresoldi M et. al.

May 15th, 2020 - Respiratory Parameters in Patients With COVID-19 After Using Noninvasive Ventilation in the Prone Position Outside the Intensive Care Unit.|2020|Sartini C,Tresoldi M,Scarpellini P,Tettamanti A,Carcò F,|physiopathology,therapy,blood,physiopathology,therapy,

Effect of Postextubation High-Flow Nasal Oxygen With Noninvasive Ventilation vs High-Fl...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6802261
JAMA Thille AW, Muller G et. al.

Oct 2nd, 2019 - High-flow nasal oxygen may prevent postextubation respiratory failure in the intensive care unit (ICU). The combination of high-flow nasal oxygen with noninvasive ventilation (NIV) may be an optimal strategy of ventilation to avoid reintubation. To determine whether high-flow nasal oxygen with prophylactic NIV applied immediately after extubation could reduce the rate of reintubation, compared ...

Added Benefit of Noninvasive Ventilation to High-Flow Nasal Oxygen to Prevent Reintubat...
https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2019.14609
JAMA Telias I, Ferguson ND

Oct 1st, 2019 - Added Benefit of Noninvasive Ventilation to High-Flow Nasal Oxygen to Prevent Reintubation in Higher-Risk Patients.|2019|Telias I,Ferguson ND,|

Effect of Home Noninvasive Ventilation With Oxygen Therapy vs Oxygen Therapy Alone on H...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5710342
JAMA Murphy PB, Rehal S et. al.

May 21st, 2017 - Outcomes after exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) requiring acute noninvasive ventilation (NIV) are poor and there are few treatments to prevent hospital readmission and death. To investigate the effect of home NIV plus oxygen on time to readmission or death in patients with persistent hypercapnia after an acute COPD exacerbation. A randomized clinical trial of patien...

Discontinuing noninvasive ventilation in severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease e...
https://doi.org/10.1183/13993003.01448-2016
The European Respiratory Journal; Sellares J, Ferrer M et. al.

Jul 6th, 2017 - We assessed whether prolongation of nocturnal noninvasive ventilation (NIV) after recovery from acute hypercapnic respiratory failure (AHRF) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with NIV could prevent subsequent relapse of AHRF.A randomised controlled trial was performed in 120 COPD patients without previous domiciliary ventilation, admitted for AHRF and treated with NIV. Wh...

Trends in Noninvasive and Invasive Mechanical Ventilation Among Medicare Beneficiaries ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7573799
JAMA Internal Medicine; Sullivan DR, Kim H et. al.

Oct 19th, 2020 - End-of-life care is costly, and decedents often experience overtreatment or low-quality care. Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) may be a palliative approach to avoid invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) among select patients who are hospitalized at the end of life. To examine the trends in NIV and IMV use among decedents with a hospitalization in the last 30 days of life. This population-based coh...

Association of Noninvasive Oxygenation Strategies With All-Cause Mortality in Adults Wi...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7273316
JAMA Ferreyro BL, Angriman F et. al.

Jun 4th, 2020 - Treatment with noninvasive oxygenation strategies such as noninvasive ventilation and high-flow nasal oxygen may be more effective than standard oxygen therapy alone in patients with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure. To compare the association of noninvasive oxygenation strategies with mortality and endotracheal intubation in adults with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure. The following bib...

Noninvasive ventilation in pediatric intensive care.
https://doi.org/10.1097/MOP.0b013e328360dbdf
Current Opinion in Pediatrics; Marohn K, Panisello JM

May 8th, 2013 - The use of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has become increasingly popular in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) over the last decade. This review intends to assess our current knowledge on the utilization of noninvasive support in children, especially focusing on its efficacy and safety profile. Recent studies endorse the use of this therapy in the pediatric intensive care setting. NIV app...

Predictors of noninvasive ventilation failure in patients with hematologic malignancy a...
https://doi.org/10.1097/CCM.0b013e31818699f6
Critical Care Medicine; Adda M, Coquet I et. al.

Sep 3rd, 2008 - The current trend to manage critically ill hematologic patients admitted with acute respiratory failure is to perform noninvasive ventilation to avoid endotracheal intubation. However, failure of noninvasive ventilation may lead to an increased mortality. Retrospective study to determine the frequency of noninvasive ventilation failure and identify its determinants. Medical intensive care unit ...