Oct 23rd, 2019 - Melinta Therapeutics, Inc. (NASDAQ: MLNT), a commercial-stage company focused on the development and commercialization of novel antibiotics to treat serious bacterial infections, today announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved BAXDELA® (delafloxacin) for the treatment of adult patients with community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP) caused by designated susceptible b...
The New England Journal of Medicine; Dransfield, M. et. al.
Oct 19th, 2019 - Observational studies suggest that beta-blockers may reduce the risk of exacerbations and death in patients with moderate or severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but these findings have not been confirmed in randomized trials.
American Family Physician;
Oct 14th, 2019 - The incidence of pulmonary complications following major surgery is estimated to be 1% to 23%, with the risk varying based on patient factors and the type of surgery.1 Postoperative pulmonary complications include pneumonia, tracheobronchitis, pulmonary edema, pulmonary embolism, atelectasis, pleural effusion, pneumothorax, bronchospasm, aspiration, respiratory failure, and acute respiratory di...
Sep 15th, 2019 - BACKGROUND: Donepezil, rivastigmine and galantamine are popular cholinesterase inhibitors used to manage the symptoms of Alzheimer disease and other dementias; regulatory agencies in several countries warn about a possible risk of rhabdomyolysis with donepezil, based on information from case reports. Our goal was to investigate the 30-day risk of admission to hospital with rhabdomyolysis associ...
Aug 18th, 2019 - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Xenleta (lefamulin) to treat adults with community-acquired bacterial pneumonia. “This new drug provides another option for the treatment of patients with community-acquired bacterial pneumonia, a serious disease,” said Ed Cox, M.D., M.P.H., director of FDA’s Office of Antimicrobial Products. “For managing this serious disease, it is impor...
Anesthesiology Putzu, A. et. al.
Jun 26th, 2019 - Background: Sepsis and septic shock are severe inflammatory conditions related to high morbidity and mortality. We performed a systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized trials to assess whether extracorporeal blood purification reduces mortality in this setting. Methods: Electronic databases were searched for pertinent studies up to January 2019. We included randomized controlled tr...
Jun 2nd, 2019 - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved a new indication for the previously FDA-approved drug, Zerbaxa (ceftolozane and tazobactam) for the treatment of hospital-acquired bacterial pneumonia and ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia (HABP/VABP) in patients 18 years and older. The FDA initially approved Zerbaxa in 2014 to treat complicated intra-abdominal infections and for comp...
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews; Threapleton, C. et. al.
May 23rd, 2019 - Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD; including chronic bronchitis and emphysema) is a chronic respiratory condition characterised by shortness of breath, cough and recurrent exacerbations. Long‐term antibiotic use may reduce both bacterial load and inflammation in the airways. Studies have shown a reduction of exacerbations with antibiotics in comparison to placebo in people with COPD, ...
Apr 7th, 2019 - The quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) tool performs poorly in comparison to Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) as a diagnostic tool for Emergency Department (ED) patients who may have sepsis or septic shock. However, qSOFA is a good prognostic indicator in ED patients diagnosed with sepsis or septic shock.
Mar 31st, 2019 - Circassia Pharmaceuticals plc (“Circassia” or “the Company”; LSE: CIR), a specialty pharmaceutical company focused on respiratory disease, today announces the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Duaklir® for the maintenance treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Duaklir® is a fixed-dose combination of the long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) aclidinium bro...
Mar 14th, 2019 - Drowning can be silent and quick, and it kills nearly 1,000 children every year. To refocus the attention of parents and physicians on one of the leading causes of death among children, the American Academy of Pediatrics is publishing updated recommendations on water safety.
Mar 14th, 2019 - Drowning is a leading cause of injury-related death in children. In 2017, drowning claimed the lives of almost 1000 US children younger than 20 years. A number of strategies are available to prevent these tragedies. As educators and advocates, pediatricians can play an important role in the prevention of drowning.
Battisti, A. et. al.
Mar 11th, 2019 - Barotrauma is physical tissue damage caused by a pressure difference between an unvented space inside the body and surrounding gas or fluid. The damage is due to shear or overstretching of tissues. As a gas-filled space expands or contracts, it can cause damage to the local tissue. Occasionally, tears in tissue can allow gas to enter the body through the initial trauma site. This causes potenti...
Kosten, T. et. al.
Jan 30th, 2019 - The opioid crisis has taken an immense toll in the United States. On average, five lives are lost to an opioid overdose every hour of the day; estimated costs associated with opioid misuse exceed $500 billion annually. Illicit opioid discontinuation is the first step in the treatment of opioid use disorder (OUD), and transition to an opioid agonist may initiate treatment. However, discontinuati...
Reuben, A. et. al.
Jan 22nd, 2019 - Question: Is childhood lead exposure associated with the risk of mental illness or difficult personality traits in adulthood? Findings: In this longitudinal cohort study of 579 New Zealand children followed up for more than 30 years, greater lead exposure in childhood was significantly associated with greater psychopathology across the life course and with difficult personality traits in adulth...
Nov 17th, 2018 - Cholera is a well-known disease caused by intestinal infection with the toxin-producing bacteria Vibrio cholerae. This potentially fatal diarrheal disease results in large volumes of watery stool, causing rapid dehydration that can progress to hypovolemic shock and metabolic acidosis.
Nov 14th, 2018 - Bacteremia in the strictest sense refers to viable bacteria in the blood. Asymptomatic bacteremia can occur in normal daily activities such as conducting oral hygiene and after minor medical procedures. In a healthy person, these clinically benign infections are transient and cause no further sequelae. However, when immune response mechanisms fail or become overwhelmed, bacteremia becomes a blo...
Nov 13th, 2018 - Acetaminophen (N-acetyl-para-aminophenol, paracetamol, APAP) toxicity is common primarily because the medication is so readily available and there is a perception that it is very safe. More than 60 million Americans consume acetaminophen on a weekly basis. Acetaminophen is used in many products in combination with other preparations, especially with opioids and diphenhydramine. Many people are ...
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews; Lewis, S. et. al.
Aug 2nd, 2018 - Critically ill people may lose fluid because of serious conditions, infections (e.g. sepsis), trauma, or burns, and need additional fluids urgently to prevent dehydration or kidney failure. Colloid or crystalloid solutions may be used for this purpose. Crystalloids have small molecules, are cheap, easy to use, and provide immediate fluid resuscitation, but may increase oedema. Colloids have lar...
Apr 30th, 2018 - In 2016, synthetic opioids (primarily illegal fentanyl) passed prescription opioids as the most common drugs involved in overdose deaths in the United States.