About 580 results
Home use of interdental cleaning devices, in addition to toothbrushing, for preventing and controlling periodontal diseases and dental caries
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews; Worthington, H. et. al.

Apr 9th, 2019 - Dental caries (tooth decay) and periodontal diseases (gingivitis and periodontitis) affect the majority of people worldwide, and treatment costs place a significant burden on health services. Decay and gum disease can cause pain, eating and speaking difficulties, low self‐esteem, and even tooth loss and the need for surgery. As dental plaque is the primary cause, self‐administered daily mechani...

Oral Health Topics- Toothpastes

Aug 6th, 2018 - All toothpastes with the ADA Seal of Acceptance must contain fluoride. In addition to fluoride, toothpastes may contain active ingredients to help in ways such as lessening tooth sensitivity, whitening teeth, reducing gingivitis or tartar build-up, or preventing enamel erosion or bad breath.

Effect of deep pressure input on parasympathetic system in patients with wisdom tooth surgery

Aug 20th, 2016 - Deep pressure therapy is used to normalize physiological arousal due to stress. Wisdom tooth surgery is an invasive dental procedure with high stress levels, and an alleviation strategy is rarely applied during extraction. In this study, we investigated the effects of deep pressure input on autonomic responses to wisdom tooth extraction in healthy adults. Deep pressure therapy Methods A ran...

Diagnosis and management of xerostomia and hyposalivation

Dec 21st, 2014 - Xerostomia, the subjective complaint of dry mouth, and hyposalivation remain a significant burden for many individuals. Diagnosis of xerostomia and salivary gland hypofunction is dependent upon a careful and detailed history and thorough oral examination. There exist many options for treatment and symptom management: salivary stimulants, topical agents, saliva substitutes, and systemic sialogog...

Drug-Induced Dry Mouth

Nov 8th, 2011 - Dry mouth (xerostomia) can change speech patterns, allow dentures to rub, and contribute to dental caries. It also changes dietary preferences: who wants to eat peanut butter or saltines with a dry mouth? It may alter the sufferer’s nutritional status, causing vitamin deficiencies and caloric insufficiency—once salivary flow is reduced by half, chewing and swallowing become problematic.

Risk factors and symptoms associated with xerostomia: a cross‐sectional study
Australian Dental Journal; Villa, A. et. al.

Aug 27th, 2011 - Background: The aim of this study was to examine the symptoms and risk factors associated with self‐reported xerostomia. Methods: Data were collected from 601 self‐administered questionnaires among dental clinic attendees. Logistic regression models to estimate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were used to investigate the association for exposures of interest, such as socio‐demograph...

Fissured tongue
Satvinder Singh Bakshi, MS, DNB

Nov 1st, 2019 - A 43-year-old man presented with a 3-week history of halitosis. He was also concerned about the irregular appearance of his tongue, which he had noticed over the past 3 years.

HPV Vaccine Linked to Lower Likelihood of Oral Infection

Oct 30th, 2019 - NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Oral human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is significantly less frequent among sexually active female adolescents who have received the quadrivalent vaccine than among their unvaccinated peers, according to new research. "This study provided real-world evidence of the potential benefits of vaccination in a population of sexually active adolescent women, which was ref...

Presentation is key to diagnosing salivary gland disorders
MDedge Family Medicine;

Oct 7th, 2019 - The precise etiology of recurrent parotitis of childhood is unclear; possibly, saliva aggregates to form obstructive mucous plugs, thus causing stasis and swelling of the gland. As pressure builds, spontaneous plug extrusion occurs and symptoms resolve, provided infection is not a factor.

Race, Income May Impact U.S. Oral Cancer Screening Rates

Sep 16th, 2019 - (Reuters Health) - Only about 1 in 3 U.S. adults say a dentist has ever examined them for oral cancer - and most of those who remember getting such exams are non-Hispanic whites, a new study suggests. The American Dental Association says dentists should routinely look for oral cancer. But the study, published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, found that screening rates were low ov...

Race, income may impact U.S. oral cancer screening rates

Sep 16th, 2019 - Only about 1 in 3 U.S. adults say a dentist has ever examined them for oral cancer - and most of those who remember getting such exams are non-Hispanic whites, a new study suggests. The American Dental Association says dentists should routinely look for oral cancer. But the study, published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, found that screening rates were low overall and that raci...

Red patches on the tongue with white borders • history of geographic tongue • incompletely treated celiac disease • Dx?
MDedge Family Medicine;

Sep 6th, 2019 - Other oral and dental manifestations of celiac disease include enamel defects, delayed tooth eruption, recurrent aphthous ulcers, cheilosis, oral lichen planus, and atrophic glossitis. 10 Our patient also reported anxiety, “foggy mind,” diffuse arthralgia, and abdominal pain, which are symptoms of uncontrolled celiac disease.

Gum bacteria and Alzheimer’s: A hypothesis inches forward
Jennie Smith

Jul 18th, 2019 - LOS ANGELES – Scientists testing an unusual hypothesis about the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease say that use of an experimental antimicrobial drug to target a common oral infection was associated with biomarker improvements in people with the disease. At the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference, Michael Detke, MD, PhD, of Cortexyme in South San Francisco, Calif.

Antimalarial may be effective, safe for erosive oral lichen planus
Andrew D. Bowser

Jun 21st, 2019 - MILAN – Hydroxychloroquine sulfate may be an effective and relatively safe treatment option for moderate to severe oral lichen planus, an investigator reported at the World Congress of Dermatology. Andrew Bowser/MDedge News Dr.

Good Nutrition Essential for Healthy Aging

May 7th, 2019 - "Healthy eating is one key determinant of health, and as geriatricians, we can provide patients with the tools they need to maintain their health," said Marissa Black, MD, at the American Geriatrics Society 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting in Portland, Oregon. For seniors, eating well can be a challenge. They might live in a neighborhood with plenty of fast-food chains but no grocery store, they ...

ASCO: Deintensified treatment in p16+ oropharyngeal cancer needs evaluation
Caleb Rans

May 2nd, 2019 - Treatment deintensification for patients with p16+ oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) should occur only in the context of a clinical trial, according to a provisional clinical opinion released by the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO). “The hypothesis that deescalation of treatment intensity for patients with p16+ OPC can reduce long-term toxicity without compromising survival is compelling a.

'Whitish Patch': Increase in Oral Dysplasia in Young Adults

May 1st, 2019 - Most 8-year-olds with a wiggly tooth expect the Tooth Fairy to tuck some money under their pillow. In the case of one little Canadian boy, his wiggly tooth got him an incisional biopsy, a diagnosis of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), a partial maxillectomy, and a defect that was closed with local advancement flaps. "This was the most unusual case we've seen," said Marco A. Magalhaes, DDS, P...

Poor Oral Hygiene, Infections in Kids May Promote Atherosclerosis in Adulthood

Apr 30th, 2019 - Children with evidence of oral infections, including cavities and bleeding gums, were significantly likely to be in the top tier for carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) measured more than 25 years later in an analysis based on the prospective Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study cohort. Signs of oral infection in kids were also significantly associated with conventional cardiovascular (CV)...

Oral Health in Childhood Matters in Subsequent Adult CVD Risk

Apr 26th, 2019 - Subclinical atherosclerosis in adults can be traced to suboptimal oral health in childhood in some cases, according to a Finnish cohort study. Kids who'd had periodontal disease or cavities were more likely to exhibit intima-media thickening in the carotid artery as adults in their 30s, per multiple linear regression analyses by a group of researchers led by Pirkko Pussinen, PhD, of the Univers...

Valproate, topiramate prescribed in young women despite known teratogenicity risks
Andrew D. Bowser

Apr 1st, 2019 - Despite their known teratogenic risks, both valproate and topiramate are being prescribed relatively often in women of childbearing age, results of a retrospective analysis suggest. Antonio_Diaz/Thinkstock Topiramate, linked to increased risk of cleft palate and smaller-than-gestational-age newborns, was among the top three antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) prescribed to women 15-44 years of age in th.