Nov 30th, 2019 - A rare form of skin cancer may sometimes start with cancer-causing mutations in hair follicle stem cells. A better understanding of how melanoma arises may lead to ways to detect and treat the disease earlier.
J National Cancer Institute; Deshmukh AA, et al
Nov 18th, 2019 - Squamous cell carcinoma of the anus (SCCA) incidence is rising in the United States (US). Study of incidence trends by stage at diagnosis, age-specific and birth cohort patterns, and trends in mortality could provide evidence for a true increase and etiological clues for this rise.
Oct 28th, 2019 - Biologic drugs are complex medications produced from living organisms or their parts. They include vaccines and drugs to treat conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, and cancer. Some biologic drugs, like insulin, can only be delivered by injection. If taken by mouth, stomach acid would destroy the drug before it could take effect.
Oct 28th, 2019 - Shingles (also known as herpes zoster) results from infection by the varicella zoster virus. This common virus causes chickenpox (also known as varicella), which is characterized by itchy spots on the skin that cover the whole body and usually occurs in childhood or adolescence. After the body fights the initial infection, the varicella zoster virus remains in nerve cells for the rest of a per...
Oct 17th, 2019 - Foamix Pharmaceuticals Ltd. (Nasdaq: FOMX) (“Foamix” or the “Company”), a specialty pharmaceutical company, today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved its novel AMZEEQTM (minocycline) topical foam, 4%. AMZEEQ, formerly known as FMX101, is indicated for the treatment of inflammatory lesions of non-nodular moderate to severe acne vulgaris in adults and pediatric...
American Family Physician;
Oct 14th, 2019 - A seven-year-old boy presented with abnormal growth of his fingernails that began two weeks prior. He had no other symptoms, including pain or pruritus on his hands or around his nails. He did not have fevers, chills, nausea, vomiting, or change in activity. He had hand-foot-and-mouth disease two months earlier that was diagnosed based on vesicular lesions in his mouth and on his hands and feet...
American Family Physician;
Oct 14th, 2019 - Acne vulgaris is the most prevalent chronic skin disease in the United States, affecting nearly 50 million people per year, mostly adolescents and young adults. Potential sequelae of acne, such as scarring, dyspigmentation, and low self-esteem, may result in significant morbidity. Typical acne lesions involve the pilosebaceous follicles and the interrelated processes of sebum production, Cutiba...
Oct 10th, 2019 - Two histologic types account for the majority of malignant esophageal neoplasms: adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Adenocarcinomas typically start in the lower esophagus and squamous cell carcinoma can develop throughout the esophagus. The epidemiology of these types varies markedly.
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; Patel, M. et. al.
Oct 3rd, 2019 - What is already known about this topic? Measles was eliminated in the United States in 2000. High national coverage with measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine and rapid implementation of measles control measures prevent widespread measles transmission. What is added by this report? During January–September 2019, 1,249 U.S. measles cases were reported, the highest annual number since 1992...
Oct 3rd, 2019 - The FDA recently approved Galderma’s topical retinoid cream, known as Aklief, for the treatment of acne vulgaris. Additionally, the company reported positive safety profiles for Aklief in two phase 3 clinical trials on acne of both the face and trunk in patients aged 9 years and older, according to a news release issued by the company.
American Family Physician; Saguil, A. et. al.
Sep 30th, 2019 - Hand-foot-and-mouth disease is caused by human enteroviruses and coxsackieviruses. Outbreaks can occur in the spring to fall and are common in North America, and most cases occur in patients younger than 10 years. Hand-foot-and-mouth disease is transmitted by fecal-oral, oral-oral, and respiratory droplet contact. Patients present with a low-grade fever, a maculopapular or papulovesicular rash ...
Sep 23rd, 2019 - Although androgen excess can manifest in many ways, the most common and recognizable symptoms are hirsutism and acne. Reports of hirsutism and acne should be taken seriously because of their possible association with medical disorders, their substantial effect on self-esteem and quality of life, and the potential for psychosocial morbidity. In patients with symptoms of androgen excess, the diff...
Sep 19th, 2019 - Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is chronic inflammatory arthritis associated with psoriasis (PsO) and found in about 20 to 30% of such patients. It shares many clinical features with other spondyloarthropathies and also rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It is usually seronegative, but a small percentage of patients may be positive for rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodi...
The Lancet Infectious Diseases;
Sep 9th, 2019 - Historically, the human pathogen Streptococcus pyogenes (group A streptococcus) was a major cause of death as a result of sepsis and fatal epidemics of scarlet fever.1 Despite a decline in the incidence and severity of these toxin-mediated diseases over the past century in high-income countries, group A streptococcus is still among the top ten infectious causes of human mortality, with more tha...
Sep 9th, 2019 - Since 2014, England has seen increased scarlet fever activity unprecedented in modern times. In 2016, England's scarlet fever seasonal rise coincided with an unexpected elevation in invasive Streptococcus pyogenes infections. We describe the molecular epidemiological investigation of these events.
Aug 25th, 2019 - 2018 - 2019 Measles Outbreak in Rockland County: As of August 26, 2019, there are 312* confirmed reported cases of measles in Rockland County. *On Monday, August 26, 2019, 16 historical cases of measles were added to the current total. These cases occurred between early February 2019 and mid-May 2019.
Aug 15th, 2019 - Treatment for children with laryngeal tumors depends upon the type; most are rhabdomyosarcoma and treated with chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Squamous cell carcinoma is managed with surgery and radiation therapy. Get detailed treatment information in this summary for clinicians.
Aug 11th, 2019 - There are >12 million patients with peripheral artery disease in the United States. The most severe form of peripheral artery disease is critical limb ischemia (CLI). The diagnosis and management of CLI is often challenging. Ethnic differences in comorbidities and presentation of CLI exist. Compared with white patients, black and Hispanic patients have higher prevalence rates of diabetes m...
Jul 31st, 2019 - Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) is the second most common cancer in the U.S. and more common than breast, lung, and prostate cancers combined.1,2 As a skin cancer, it often takes a backseat to melanoma, even though it is roughly five times more common.3,4 While CSCC has a good prognosis when treated early, approximately 40,000 of the 1 million cases diagnosed annually (roughly 4 pe...
JAMA Dermatology; Kim, J. et. al.
Jul 30th, 2019 - Question Is vitamin A intake associated with reduced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma risk? Findings In this cohort study of 48 400 US men and 75 170 US women, during a follow-up period of more than 26 years, higher total vitamin A intake was associated with a reduction in cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma risk. Meaning This study found an inverse association between intake of vitamin...