About 774 results
Alarming number of heart infections tied to opioid epidemic

Sep 17th, 2019 - An alarming number of people nationwide are developing infections of either the heart’s inner lining or valves, known as infective endocarditis, in large part, due to the current opioid epidemic. This new trend predominantly affects young, white, poor men who also have higher rates of HIV, hepatitis C and alcohol abuse, according to new research published in the Journal of the American Heart As...

Motivational interviewing for smoking cessation
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews;

Jul 30th, 2019 - Background Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a directive patient‐centred style of counselling, designed to help people to explore and resolve ambivalence about behaviour change. It was developed as a treatment for alcohol abuse, but may help people to a make a successful attempt to stop smoking. Objectives To evaluate the efficacy of MI for smoking cessation compared with no treatment, in ...

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism - What Is A Standard Drink?

Apr 28th, 2019 - Many people are surprised to learn what counts as a drink. The amount of liquid in your glass, can, or bottle does not necessarily match up to how much alcohol is actually in your drink. Different types of beer, wine, or malt liquor can have very different amounts of alcohol content. For example, many light beers have almost as much alcohol as regular beer – about 85% as much.

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism - Brochures and Fact Sheets

Apr 28th, 2019 - This section contains easy-to-read material for the public covering a wide range of alcohol-related topics. Publications listed below are online full text and free of charge unless otherwise noted.

Alcohol and Cancer Risk

Sep 12th, 2018 - Alcohol is the common term for ethanol or ethyl alcohol, a chemical substance found in alcoholic beverages such as beer, hard cider, malt liquor, wines, and distilled spirits (liquor). Alcohol is produced by the fermentation of sugars and starches by yeast. Alcohol is also found in some medicines, mouthwashes, and household products (including vanilla extract and other flavorings). This fact sh...

Binge Drinking: Predictors, Patterns, and Consequences
Alcohol Research; White, A. et. al.

Jan 1st, 2018 - he National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism defines binge drinking as a pattern of consumption that causes blood alcohol concentration to rise to .08%—the legal limit for adults ages 21 or older operating a motor vehicle—or more. This level typically occurs after a woman consumes four drinks or a man consumes five drinks—in about 2 hours. Research suggests that three out of four adole...

“Drink at least eight glasses of water a day.” Really? Is there scientific evidence for “8 × 8”?
American Journal of Physiology- Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology; Valtin, H. et. al.

Oct 31st, 2002 - Despite the seemingly ubiquitous admonition to “drink at least eight 8-oz glasses of water a day” (with an accompanying reminder that beverages containing caffeine and alcohol do not count), rigorous proof for this counsel appears to be lacking. This review sought to find the origin of this advice (called “8 × 8” for short) and to examine the scientific evidence, if any, that might support it. ...

Rising heart infections tied to U.S. opioid epidemic

Oct 7th, 2019 - (Reuters Health) - As the opioid epidemic continues in the U.S., more cases of an infection that damages the heart are being seen, researchers say. FILE PHOTO: A full syringe, empty syringe and spoon sit on the roof of the car in which a man in his 20's overdosed on an opioid in the Boston suburb of Lynn, Massachusetts, U.S. August 14, 2017. REUTERS/Brian Snyder Between 2002 and 2016, rates of ...

Heavy Alcohol Use May Triple Dementia Risk

Jul 17th, 2019 - LOS ANGELES — Older female veterans who have alcohol use disorder (AUD) are at a threefold increased risk of developing dementia compared to their counterparts without AUD, new research shows. Although AUD is a growing concern in all veterans, it has been unclear if this disorder raises dementia risk in female veterans. Dr Amber Bahorik "Nobody has looked at this before. Female veterans are a u...

European spirits makers agree to calorie content labels

Jun 4th, 2019 - PARIS (Reuters) - Europe’s spirits makers announced plans on Tuesday to list the number of calories and ingredients in spirit drinks, as businesses and regulators step up efforts to cater for healthier lifestyles. FILE PHOTO: Bottles of Cointreau, the orange-flavoured triple sec liqueur, are displayed at the Carre Cointreau in the Cointreau distillery in Saint-Barthelemy-d'Anjou near Angers, Fr...

Energy drink consumption rising in the U.S.

May 27th, 2019 - (Reuters Health) - Americans are consuming more energy drinks, with a notable increase among young adults, survey data show. Energy drinks are non-alcoholic beverages with high levels of caffeine or other stimulants, plus amino acids, herbs and vitamins. They’re marketed as fatigue killers and refreshing beverages that can improve physical and mental performance - but this may come at a price, ...

High Hopes: Will 'Cannabusiness' Turn Around Deprived Communities?

Apr 25th, 2019 - LONDON (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Having witnessed the fallout from drug and alcohol abuse in his struggling Maori community, Manu Caddie was always "quite anti-cannabis." But now the youth worker-turned-entrepreneur believes the plant will bring prosperity to indigenous New Zealanders. A global upshot in cannabis legalization has led to a "green rush" by investors into the fast-growing ind...

Acute Liver Failure in a 64-Year-Old Man

Mar 28th, 2019 - Editor's Note: The Case Challenge series includes difficult-to-diagnose conditions, some of which are not frequently encountered by most clinicians but are nonetheless important to accurately recognize. Test your diagnostic and treatment skills using the following patient scenario and corresponding questions. If you have a case that you would like to suggest for a future Case Challenge, please ...

Fast Five Quiz: Suicide

Mar 25th, 2019 - Suicide ranks as the 10th leading cause of death in the United States and is one of just three leading causes of death that has increased during the last decade. It is the second leading cause of death for children, adolescents, and young adults (aged 15-24 years). Nearly 800,000 people die by suicide worldwide each year. In every population, suicide is almost invariably the result of untreated...

Psychosocial Factors Impact Cancer Surgery Outcomes

Mar 18th, 2019 - Complications from cancer surgery are not simply a physical or biomedical matter, new research indicates. The presence of two or more psychosocial risk factors such as a lack of resourcefulness, depression, alcohol abuse, or the absence of social support independently tripled the risk of complications after surgery among cancer patients with comorbidities, say investigators. Results from a pros...

Teens may smoke less pot in states with medical marijuana laws

Feb 22nd, 2019 - (Reuters Health) - When medical marijuana becomes legal in a state, teenagers there may be slightly less likely to use the drug, a U.S. study suggests. Even though medical and recreational marijuana laws restrict use to adults, access for adults may influence how easily teens can get the drug and whether they use it, researchers write in the American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse. To see ho...

Alcohol abstinence questioned as addiction treatment goal
Thomas R. Collins

Feb 21st, 2019 - BONITA SPRINGS, FLA. – Reductions in alcohol use bring about significant improvement in adverse consequences, mental health status, and quality of life, even if the reductions do not reach the level of abstinence, according to recent research presented at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry.

Two-Question Screen Pinpoints Adolescents at Risk for Future Alcohol Use Disorder

Feb 19th, 2019 - NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - A two-question screen from the US National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) can identify young people at higher risk of developing a future alcohol use disorder, researchers say. "Our earlier study demonstrated that the screener could be useful as a preliminary step in identifying teens with possible alcohol use problems," Dr. James Linakis of Brown ...

Alcoholic Beverages Recognized as Migraine Trigger

Jan 16th, 2019 - Alcoholic beverages, especially red wine, are recognized as a migraine trigger factor by patients with migraine and have a substantial effect on alcohol consumption behavior, according to a recent study. Researchers conducted a cross‐sectional, web‐based, questionnaire study among 2197 patients with migraine from the well‐defined Leiden University MIgraine Neuro‐Analysis (LUMINA) study populati.

Naltrexone/ketamine combo may reduce depressive symptoms in MDD/AUD patients
Lucas Franki

Jan 9th, 2019 - Combined naltrexone and ketamine reduced depressive symptoms in a small group of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD), according to Gihyun Yoon, MD, of the department of psychiatry at Yale University, New Haven, Conn. , and associates.