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ALLMedicine™ Substance Use Center - News

Cognitive Function Impairments Linked to Alcohol and Cannabis Use During Adolescence: A Study of Gender Differences

Major neurocognitive changes occur during adolescence, making this phase one of the most critical developmental periods of life. Furthermore, this phase in life is also the time in which youth substance use begins. Several studies have demonstrated the differential associations of alcohol and cannabis use concerning the neurocognitive functioning of both males and females. Past and contemporary...

Cognitive impairment in individuals with bipolar disorder with and without comorbid alcohol and/or cocaine use disorders

Bipolar disorder (BD) frequently co-occurs with substance use disorders (SUDs), and both are associated with cognitive impairment. This study compares cognition between individuals with BD with and without current alcohol use disorder (AUD), cocaine use disorder (CUD), or both, as these disorders may be linked with additive cognitive impairment.

Trends in US Emergency Department Visits for Mental Health, Overdose, and Violence Outcomes Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic
JAMA Psychiatry; Holland KM, .

Feb 2nd, 2021 - Importance The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, associated mitigation measures, and social and economic impacts may affect mental health, suicidal behavior, substance use, and violence.

Brief Screener for Tobacco, Alcohol, and other Drugs

This tool consists of frequency of use questions to identify risky substance use by adolescent patients. The accompanying resources assist clinicians in providing patient feedback and resources for follow-up.

Time-course of the DSM-5 cannabis withdrawal symptoms in poly-substance abusers
BMC Psychiatry; Hesse,M.,et al

Oct 20th, 2013 - Evidence is accumulating that a cannabis withdrawal syndrome is common, of clinical significance, and has a clear time course. Up till now, very limited data exist on the cannabis withdrawal symptoms in patients with co-morbid substance use disorders, other than cannabis use and tobacco use.

Public Policy Statement on the Ethical Use of Drug Testing in the Practice of Addiction Medicine

Apr 16th, 2019 - Drug testing uses a biological sample to detect the presence of drugs and/or drug metabolites in a patient’s body. Drug tests are ordered by physicians in a range of medical specialties, but drug testing has particular utility in addiction practices. In clinical addiction medicine, drug testing can provide the treating clinician with objective information about a patient’s recent substance use ...

What Is the Evidence for “Food Addiction?” A Systematic Review
Nutrients Gordon,E.,et al

Apr 11th, 2018 - The diagnostic construct of “food addiction” is a highly controversial subject. The current systematic review is the first to evaluate empirical studies examining the construct of “food addiction” in humans and animals. Studies were included if they were quantitative, peer-reviewed, and in the English language. The 52 identified studies (35 articles) were qualitatively assessed to determine the...

Binge Drinking and Prescription Opioid Misuse in the U.S., 2012–2014
American Journal of Preventive Medicine; Esser,M,et al

Jun 10th, 2019 - Introduction Prescription opioids were responsible for approximately 17,000 deaths in the U.S. in 2016. One in five prescription opioid deaths also involve alcohol. Drinkers who misuse prescription opioids (i.e., use without a prescription or use only for the experience or feeling it causes) are at a heightened risk of overdose. However, little is known about the relationship between drinking p...

HIV, schizophrenia, and all-cause mortality
Schizophrenia Research;

Jun 26th, 2019 - Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness with important implications for morbidity and mortality. This population-based cohort study examined the impact of schizophrenia diagnoses on all-cause mortality among a sample of people living with HIV (PLHIV) and a 10% random sample of individuals living without HIV (HIV-) in British Columbia (BC), through a data linkage between the BC Centre for Excel...

Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) and International Society for Bipolar Disorders (ISBD) 2018 guidelines for the management of patients with bipolar disorder
Yatham,L.,et al

Apr 20th, 2018 - The Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) previously pub-lished treatment guidelines for bipolar disorder in 2005, along with international com-mentaries and subsequent updates in 2007, 2009, and 2013. The last two updates were published in collaboration with the International Society for Bipolar Disorders (ISBD). These 2018 CANMAT and ISBD Bipolar Treatment Guidelines repre...

Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients With Major Depressive Disorder
Gelenberg,A.,et al

Oct 28th, 2010 - This guideline summarizes the specific approaches to treatment of individuals with major depressive disorder. It presupposes that the psychiatrist has diagnosed major depressive disorder, according to the criteria defined in DSM-IV-TR, in an adult patient and has evaluated the patient to identify general medical conditions that may contribute to the disease process (e.g., hypothyroidism, pancre...

3 steps for talking with patients about substance use disorder

May 22nd, 2016 - When a patient with a substance use disorder comes in for a visit, talking to them about treating their addiction in a way that avoids the stigma that surrounds these disorders can be difficult. Learn how one physician approaches this conversation during her addiction consultations with patients.

Substance-Linked Sex in Heterosexual, Homosexual, and Bisexual Men and Women: An Online, Cross-Sectional “Global Drug Survey” Report
Lawn. W.,et al

Mar 1st, 2019 - Introduction Substance use in sexual contexts has received recent attention, but it has mostly been restricted to men who have sex with men and the so-called “chemsex” phenomenon. Aim To explore the use of licit and illicit substances in combination with sex in heterosexual, homosexual, and bisexual men and women; to explore substance-linked sex (SLS) differences across sexual orientation and ...

Tobacco, Alcohol, Prescription medication, and other Substance use (TAPS) Tool

A screening tool to gauge the tobacco, alcohol, illicit drugs, and non-medical use of prescription drugs.

Millions of Americans have a substance use disorder. Help is available.

Nov 5th, 2019 - The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) collects information on thousands of state-licensed providers who specialize in treating substance use disorders, addiction, and mental illness.

As ACA marks 10th anniversary, MH care even more critical during COVID‐19
Mental Health Weekly;

Mar 26th, 2020 - March 23, 2020, marked the 10th anniversary of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), which, despite some ups and downs over the past decade, has expanded the scope of coverage for millions of people with mental illnesses and substance use disorders (SUDs).

Telehealth Services

Dec 31st, 2018 - The Substance Use-Disorder Prevention that Promotes Opioid Recovery and Treatment (SUPPORT) for Patients and Communities Act removes the originating site geographic conditions and adds an individual’s home as a permissible originating telehealth services site for treatment of a substance use disorder or a co-occurring mental health disorder.

Nutrition Lessons Might Help Substance Abusers

Dec 20th, 2017 - (Reuters Health) - Working with nutritionists might improve drug addicts’ odds of recovery, experts believe. Registered dietician nutritionists could help patients at addiction recovery centers think about the ways food affects mental health, eating disorders and cravings, a team of authors argues online November 6 in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Nutrition therapy coul...