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About 370 results
Association Between Marijuana Use and Risk of Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2755855
JAMA Network Open; Ghasemiesfe M, et al

Nov 26th, 2019 - What is the association between marijuana use and cancer development in adults with at least 1 joint-year exposure (equivalent to 1 joint per day for 1 year)?

Association Between Recreational Marijuana Legalization in the United States and Changes in Marijuana Use and Cannabis Use Disorder From 2008 to 2016
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapsychiatry/article-abstract/2755276
JAMA Psychiatry; Cerda M, et al

Nov 12th, 2019 - This study’s findings suggest that possible increases in the risk for cannabis use disorder among adolescent users and increases in frequent use and cannabis use disorder among adults after legalization of recreational marijuana use may raise public health concerns and warrant ongoing study.

Millions of Americans have a substance use disorder. Help is available.
https://findtreatment.gov/
SAMHSA

Nov 5th, 2019 - The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) collects information on thousands of state-licensed providers who specialize in treating substance use disorders, addiction, and mental illness.

Smoking & Tobacco Use For Healthcare Providers
https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/basic_information/e-cigarettes/severe-lung-disease/healthcare-providers/index.html

Oct 10th, 2019 - CDC investigates outbreak of severe lung disease in patients who have recently used e-cigarette products, also known as “vaping.

E-Cigarettes and Vaping-Related Disease
https://www.nejm.org/vaping
New England Journal of Medicine;

Oct 1st, 2019 - The use of e-cigarettes has increased rapidly. Although vaping has been shown to assist with smoking cessation, cases of severe vaping-related pulmonary disease and a number of deaths have recently been reported. Here we present a collection of articles and other resources on e-cigarettes and vaping-related disease, including clinical reports and commentary.

Alarming number of heart infections tied to opioid epidemic
https://newsroom.heart.org/news/alarming-number-of-heart-infections-tied-to-opioid-epidemic

Sep 17th, 2019 - An alarming number of people nationwide are developing infections of either the heart’s inner lining or valves, known as infective endocarditis, in large part, due to the current opioid epidemic. This new trend predominantly affects young, white, poor men who also have higher rates of HIV, hepatitis C and alcohol abuse, according to new research published in the Journal of the American Heart As...

Urinary Incontinence in Women: Evaluation and Management
https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0915/p339.html
American Family Physician;

Sep 14th, 2019 - Urinary incontinence is a common problem among women worldwide, resulting in a substantial economic burden and decreased quality of life. The Women's Preventive Services Initiative is the only major organization that recommends annual screening for urinary incontinence in all women despite low to insufficient evidence regarding effectiveness and accuracy of methods. No other major organization ...

U.S. Surgeon General’s Advisory: Marijuana Use and the Developing Brain
https://www.hhs.gov/surgeongeneral/reports-and-publications/addiction-and-substance-misuse/advisory-on-marijuana-use-and-developing-brain/index.html

Aug 28th, 2019 - This Surgeon General Advisory emphasizes the importance of protecting the U.S. from the health risks of marijuana use in adolescence and during pregnancy.

Interventions to increase adherence to medications for tobacco dependence
https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD009164.pub3/full
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews;

Aug 15th, 2019 - Background Pharmacological treatments for tobacco dependence, such as nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), have been shown to be safe and effective interventions for smoking cessation. Higher levels of adherence to these medications increase the likelihood of sustained smoking cessation, but many smokers use them at a lower dose and for less time than is optimal. It is important to determine th...

Electronic Cigarettes: Common Questions and Answers
https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0815/p227.html
American Family Physician;

Aug 14th, 2019 - Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are popular devices designed to heat a liquid solution, often containing nicotine, that generates an inhaled aerosol, or vapor. e-Cigarettes have been marketed as healthier alternatives to traditional cigarettes. Thus, most adult users are current or former smokers who use e-cigarettes to reduce or quit cigarette smoking. Switching completely from cigarettes...

FDA releases long-awaited graphic cigarette warnings
https://newsroom.heart.org/news/fda-releases-long-awaited-graphic-cigarette-warnings

Aug 14th, 2019 - American Heart Association CEO Nancy Brown issued the following response to the proposed cigarette warning labels released today by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA): “The new, graphic cigarette warning labels proposed today by the FDA are a necessary and dramatic departure from the plain box warnings that have been in use for nearly 35 years. Cigarette warning labels that include atten...

Motivational interviewing for smoking cessation
https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD006936.pub4/full
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews;

Jul 30th, 2019 - Background Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a directive patient‐centred style of counselling, designed to help people to explore and resolve ambivalence about behaviour change. It was developed as a treatment for alcohol abuse, but may help people to a make a successful attempt to stop smoking. Objectives To evaluate the efficacy of MI for smoking cessation compared with no treatment, in ...

Incentives for smoking cessation
https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD004307.pub6/full
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews;

Jul 16th, 2019 - Background Financial incentives, monetary or vouchers, are widely used in an attempt to precipitate, reinforce and sustain behaviour change, including smoking cessation. They have been used in workplaces, in clinics and hospitals, and within community programmes. Objectives To determine the long‐term effect of incentives and contingency management programmes for smoking cessation. Searc...

HIV, schizophrenia, and all-cause mortality
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0920996419301537?via%3Dihub
Schizophrenia Research;

Jun 26th, 2019 - Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness with important implications for morbidity and mortality. This population-based cohort study examined the impact of schizophrenia diagnoses on all-cause mortality among a sample of people living with HIV (PLHIV) and a 10% random sample of individuals living without HIV (HIV-) in British Columbia (BC), through a data linkage between the BC Centre for Excel...

Drug Overdose Deaths | Drug Overdose | CDC Injury Center
https://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/data/statedeaths.html

Jun 26th, 2019 - 70,237 drug overdose deaths occurred in the United States in 2017. The age-adjusted rate of overdose deaths increased significantly by 9.6% from 2016 (19.8 per 100,000) to 2017 (21.7 per 100,000). Opioids—mainly synthetic opioids (other than methadone)—are currently the main driver of drug overdose deaths. Opioids were involved in 47,600 overdose deaths in 2017 (67.8% of all drug overdose deaths).

Building Systems to Address Tobacco Use in Oncology: Early Benefits and Opportunities From the Cancer Center Cessation Initiative
https://jnccn.org/view/journals/jnccn/17/6/article-p638.xml
Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network; Jenssen, B. et. al.

Jun 14th, 2019 - The 2014 Surgeon General’s report underscored the importance of helping patients with cancer quit smoking, because continued smoking after a diagnosis is causally linked to cancer-specific and all-cause mortality.1 More than 50% of patients with cancer who smoked before diagnosis continue to smoke after diagnosis and treatment,2 leading to calls from NCCN,3 ASCO,4 and the American Association f...

Binge Drinking and Prescription Opioid Misuse in the U.S., 2012–2014
https://www.ajpmonline.org/article/S0749-3797(19)30157-6/fulltext
American Journal of Preventive Medicine; Esser, M et. al.

Jun 10th, 2019 - Introduction Prescription opioids were responsible for approximately 17,000 deaths in the U.S. in 2016. One in five prescription opioid deaths also involve alcohol. Drinkers who misuse prescription opioids (i.e., use without a prescription or use only for the experience or feeling it causes) are at a heightened risk of overdose. However, little is known about the relationship between drinking ...

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism - What Is A Standard Drink?
https://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/overview-alcohol-consumption/what-standard-drink

Apr 28th, 2019 - Many people are surprised to learn what counts as a drink. The amount of liquid in your glass, can, or bottle does not necessarily match up to how much alcohol is actually in your drink. Different types of beer, wine, or malt liquor can have very different amounts of alcohol content. For example, many light beers have almost as much alcohol as regular beer – about 85% as much.

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism - Brochures and Fact Sheets
https://www.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/brochures-and-fact-sheets

Apr 28th, 2019 - This section contains easy-to-read material for the public covering a wide range of alcohol-related topics. Publications listed below are online full text and free of charge unless otherwise noted.

Different doses, durations and modes of delivery of nicotine replacement therapy for smoking cessation
https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD013308/full
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews; Lindson, N. et. al.

Apr 16th, 2019 - Background Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) aims to replace nicotine from cigarettes to ease the transition from cigarette smoking to abstinence. It works by reducing the intensity of craving and withdrawal symptoms. Although there is clear evidence that NRT used after smoking cessation is effective, it is unclear whether higher doses, longer durations of treatment, or using NRT before cessa...