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Screening for Intimate Partner Violence, Elder Abuse, and Abuse of Vulnerable Adults: U...
https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2018.14741
JAMA , Curry SJ et. al.

Oct 25th, 2018 - Intimate partner violence (IPV) and abuse of older or vulnerable adults are common in the United States but often remain undetected. In addition to the immediate effects of IPV, such as injury and death, there are other health consequences, many with long-term effects, including development of mental health conditions such as depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety disorders, substan...

Influenza and Tdap Vaccination Coverage Among Pregnant Women - United States, April 2018.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6188122
MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; Kahn KE, Black CL et. al.

Sep 27th, 2018 - Vaccinating pregnant women with influenza and tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccines can reduce the risk for influenza and pertussis for themselves and their infants. The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends that all women who are or might be pregnant during the influenza season receive influenza vaccine, which can be adminis...

A Copeptin-Based Approach in the Diagnosis of Diabetes Insipidus.
https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1803760
The New England Journal of Medicine; Fenske W, Refardt J et. al.

Aug 1st, 2018 - The indirect water-deprivation test is the current reference standard for the diagnosis of diabetes insipidus. However, it is technically cumbersome to administer, and the results are often inaccurate. The current study compared the indirect water-deprivation test with direct detection of plasma copeptin, a precursor-derived surrogate of arginine vasopressin. From 2013 to 2017, we recruited 156...

Aspirin or Rivaroxaban for VTE Prophylaxis after Hip or Knee Arthroplasty.
https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1712746
The New England Journal of Medicine; Anderson DR, Dunbar M et. al.

Feb 21st, 2018 - Clinical trials and meta-analyses have suggested that aspirin may be effective for the prevention of venous thromboembolism (proximal deep-vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism) after total hip or total knee arthroplasty, but comparisons with direct oral anticoagulants are lacking for prophylaxis beyond hospital discharge. We performed a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, controlled trial i...

Association of Preoperatively Diagnosed Patent Foramen Ovale With Perioperative Ischemi...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5839297
JAMA Ng PY, Ng AK et. al.

Feb 7th, 2018 - Perioperative stroke is a major complication for patients undergoing surgery. Patent foramen ovale (PFO) represents a possible anatomical link between venous thrombosis and stroke. To determine whether a preoperatively diagnosed PFO is associated with increased risk of perioperative ischemic stroke. Retrospective cohort study from Massachusetts General Hospital and 2 affiliated community hospit...

Acute Myocardial Infarction after Laboratory-Confirmed Influenza Infection.
https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1702090
The New England Journal of Medicine; Kwong JC, Schwartz KL et. al.

Jan 24th, 2018 - Acute myocardial infarction can be triggered by acute respiratory infections. Previous studies have suggested an association between influenza and acute myocardial infarction, but those studies used nonspecific measures of influenza infection or study designs that were susceptible to bias. We evaluated the association between laboratory-confirmed influenza infection and acute myocardial infarct...

Predictors of pneumonia in lower respiratory tract infections: 3C prospective cough com...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5724402
The European Respiratory Journal; Moore M, Stuart B et. al.

Nov 23rd, 2017 - The aim was to aid diagnosis of pneumonia in those presenting with lower respiratory tract symptoms in routine primary care.A cohort of 28 883 adult patients with acute cough attributed to lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) was recruited from 5222 UK practices in 2009-13. Symptoms, signs and treatment were recorded at presentation and subsequent events followed-up for 30 days by chart r...

Effectiveness of a Third Dose of MMR Vaccine for Mumps Outbreak Control.
https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1703309
The New England Journal of Medicine; Cardemil CV, Dahl RM et. al.

Sep 6th, 2017 - The effect of a third dose of the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine in stemming a mumps outbreak is unknown. During an outbreak among vaccinated students at the University of Iowa, health officials implemented a widespread MMR vaccine campaign. We evaluated the effectiveness of a third dose for outbreak control and assessed for waning immunity. Of 20,496 university students who were enrolled ...

Recommendations for Prevention and Control of Influenza in Children, 2017 - 2018.
https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2017-2550
Pediatrics

Sep 5th, 2017 - This statement updates the recommendations for routine use of the seasonal influenza vaccine and antiviral medications for the prevention and treatment of influenza in children. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends annual seasonal influenza immunization for everyone 6 months and older, including children and adolescents. Highlights for the upcoming 2017-2018 season include the followin...

History of breast feeding and risk of incident endometriosis: prospective cohort study.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5574033
BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.); Farland LV, Eliassen AH et. al.

Aug 30th, 2017 - Objective To investigate the association between lifetime breast feeding, exclusive breast feeding, postpartum amenorrhea, and incidence of endometriosis among parous women.Design Prospective cohort study.Setting Nurses' Health Study II, 1989-2011.Participants 72 394women who reported having one or more pregnancies that lasted at least six months, 3296 of whom had laparoscopically confirmed end...

Effect of Endovascular Contact Aspiration vs Stent Retriever on Revascularization in Pa...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5817613
JAMA Lapergue B, Blanc R et. al.

Aug 1st, 2017 - The benefits of endovascular revascularization using the contact aspiration technique vs the stent retriever technique in patients with acute ischemic stroke remain uncertain because of lack of evidence from randomized trials. To compare efficacy and adverse events using the contact aspiration technique vs the standard stent retriever technique as a first-line endovascular treatment for success...

Perioperative Timing of Infliximab and the Risk of Serious Infection After Elective Hip...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5529262
Arthritis Care & Research; George MD, Baker JF et. al.

Jan 27th, 2017 - The optimal timing of tumor necrosis factor antagonists before elective surgery is unknown. This study evaluated the association between infliximab timing and serious infection after elective hip or knee arthroplasty. A retrospective cohort study evaluated US Medicare patients with rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, or ankylosing spondylitis who re...

FDA approves Fluzone® High-Dose Quadrivalent (Influenza Vaccine) for adults 65 years of age and older
http://www.news.sanofi.us/2019-11-04-FDA-approves-Fluzone-R-High-Dose-Quadrivalent-Influenza-Vaccine-for-adults-65-years-of-age-and-older

Nov 5th, 2019 - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved a supplemental Biologics License Application for Fluzone® High-Dose Quadrivalent (Influenza Vaccine) for use in adults 65 years of age and older. Fluzone® High-Dose (Influenza Vaccine) was approved by the FDA in 2009 as a trivalent influenza vaccine, including two influenza A strains and one influenza B strain. Fluzone High-Dose Quadri...

Shingles - Genetics Home Reference - NIH
https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/shingles

Oct 28th, 2019 - Shingles (also known as herpes zoster) results from infection by the varicella zoster virus. This common virus causes chickenpox (also known as varicella), which is characterized by itchy spots on the skin that cover the whole body and usually occurs in childhood or adolescence. After the body fights the initial infection, the varicella zoster virus remains in nerve cells for the rest of a per...

Cannabinoids for the treatment of mental disorders and symptoms of mental disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis
https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpsy/article/PIIS2215-0366(19)30401-8/fulltext
The Lancet Psychiatry; Black, N. et. al.

Oct 27th, 2019 - Medicinal cannabinoids, including medicinal cannabis and pharmaceutical cannabinoids and their synthetic derivatives, such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), have been suggested to have a therapeutic role in certain mental disorders. We analysed the available evidence to ascertain the effectiveness and safety of all types of medicinal cannabinoids in treating symptoms of vario...

Melinta Therapeutics Announces U.S. FDA Approval of Supplemental New Drug Application for BAXDELA® (delafloxacin) for the Treatment of Community-Acquired Bacterial Pneumonia (CABP)
http://ir.melinta.com/news-releases/news-release-details/melinta-therapeutics-announces-us-fda-approval-supplemental-new

Oct 23rd, 2019 - Melinta Therapeutics, Inc. (NASDAQ: MLNT), a commercial-stage company focused on the development and commercialization of novel antibiotics to treat serious bacterial infections, today announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved BAXDELA® (delafloxacin) for the treatment of adult patients with community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP) caused by designated susceptible b...

Pan-viral serology implicates enteroviruses in acute flaccid myelitis
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41591-019-0613-1
Nature Medicine; Schubert, R. et. al.

Oct 20th, 2019 - Since 2012, the United States of America has experienced a biennial spike in pediatric acute flaccid myelitis (AFM)1,2,3,4,5,6. Epidemiologic evidence suggests non-polio enteroviruses (EVs) are a potential etiology, yet EV RNA is rarely detected in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)2. CSF from children with AFM (n = 42) and other pediatric neurologic disease controls (n = 58) were investigated for intra...

Metoprolol for the Prevention of Acute Exacerbations of COPD
https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1908142
The New England Journal of Medicine; Dransfield, M. et. al.

Oct 19th, 2019 - Observational studies suggest that beta-blockers may reduce the risk of exacerbations and death in patients with moderate or severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but these findings have not been confirmed in randomized trials.

Genentech Announces FDA Approval of Xofluza (Baloxavir Marboxil) for People at High Risk of Developing Influenza-Related Complications
https://www.gene.com/media/press-releases/14817/2019-10-17/genentech-announces-fda-approval-of-xofl

Oct 16th, 2019 - Single-dose Xofluza is the first and only antiviral medicine indicated specifically for patients at high risk of developing serious complications from influenza (flu) The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) defines people at high risk of serious flu complications as those who have conditions such as asthma, chronic lung disease, diabetes, heart disease, morbid obesity or adults ...

U.S. FDA Approves SECUADO® (asenapine) Transdermal System, the First-and-Only Transdermal Patch for the Treatment of Adults with Schizophrenia
http://www.noven.com/PR101519.php

Oct 14th, 2019 - Noven Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Hisamitsu Pharmaceutical Co., Inc., today announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved SECUADO® (asenapine) transdermal system, the first-and-only transdermal patch formulation for the treatment of adults with schizophrenia.1 “As people living with schizophrenia cycle through treatments their therapeutic options ...