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Quantitative Blood Loss in Obstetric Hemorrhage - ACOG COMMITTEE OPINION, Number 794
https://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Fulltext/2019/12000/Quantitative_Blood_Loss_in_Obstetric_Hemorrhage_.40.aspx
Obstetrics & Gynecology;

Nov 30th, 2019 - Postpartum hemorrhage causes approximately 11% of maternal deaths in the United States and is the leading cause of death that occurs on the day of birth. Importantly, 54–93% of maternal deaths due to obstetric hemorrhage may be preventable. Studies that have evaluated factors associated with identification and treatment of postpartum hemorrhage have found that imprecise health care provider est...

Searching for Atrial Fibrillation Poststroke: A White Paper of the AF-SCREEN International Collaboration
https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.119.040267
Circulation Schnabel RB, et al

Nov 25th, 2019 - Cardiac thromboembolism attributed to atrial fibrillation (AF) is responsible for up to one-third of ischemic strokes. Stroke may be the first manifestation of previously undetected AF. Given the efficacy of oral anticoagulants in preventing AF-related ischemic strokes, strategies of searching for AF after a stroke using ECG monitoring followed by oral anticoagulation (OAC) treatment have been ...

Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus — Another Emergent Arbovirus in the United States
https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp1914328
New England Journal of Medicine; David M. Morens, M.D. et. al.

Nov 24th, 2019 - Humans have always lived in intimate association with arthropods that transmit pathogens between humans or from animals to humans. About 700,000 deaths due to vectorborne diseases occur globally each year, according to World Health Organization estimates. In the summer and fall of 2019, nine U.S. states have reported 36 human cases (14 of them fatal) of one of the deadliest of these diseases: e...

Association Between Recreational Marijuana Legalization in the United States and Changes in Marijuana Use and Cannabis Use Disorder From 2008 to 2016
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapsychiatry/article-abstract/2755276
JAMA Psychiatry; Cerda M, et al

Nov 12th, 2019 - This study’s findings suggest that possible increases in the risk for cannabis use disorder among adolescent users and increases in frequent use and cannabis use disorder among adults after legalization of recreational marijuana use may raise public health concerns and warrant ongoing study.

Cannabidiol as a potential treatment for psychosis
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6843725/
Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology; Davies C, et al

Nov 7th, 2019 - Psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia are heterogeneous and often debilitating conditions that contribute substantially to the global burden of disease. The introduction of dopamine D2 receptor antagonists in the 1950s revolutionised the treatment of psychotic disorders and they remain the mainstay of our treatment arsenal for psychosis. However, traditional antipsychotics are associated wi...

FDA approves Fluzone® High-Dose Quadrivalent (Influenza Vaccine) for adults 65 years of age and older
http://www.news.sanofi.us/2019-11-04-FDA-approves-Fluzone-R-High-Dose-Quadrivalent-Influenza-Vaccine-for-adults-65-years-of-age-and-older

Nov 5th, 2019 - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved a supplemental Biologics License Application for Fluzone® High-Dose Quadrivalent (Influenza Vaccine) for use in adults 65 years of age and older. Fluzone® High-Dose (Influenza Vaccine) was approved by the FDA in 2009 as a trivalent influenza vaccine, including two influenza A strains and one influenza B strain. Fluzone High-Dose Quadri...

Shingles - Genetics Home Reference - NIH
https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/shingles

Oct 28th, 2019 - Shingles (also known as herpes zoster) results from infection by the varicella zoster virus. This common virus causes chickenpox (also known as varicella), which is characterized by itchy spots on the skin that cover the whole body and usually occurs in childhood or adolescence. After the body fights the initial infection, the varicella zoster virus remains in nerve cells for the rest of a per...

Cannabinoids for the treatment of mental disorders and symptoms of mental disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis
https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpsy/article/PIIS2215-0366(19)30401-8/fulltext
The Lancet Psychiatry; Black, N. et. al.

Oct 27th, 2019 - Medicinal cannabinoids, including medicinal cannabis and pharmaceutical cannabinoids and their synthetic derivatives, such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), have been suggested to have a therapeutic role in certain mental disorders. We analysed the available evidence to ascertain the effectiveness and safety of all types of medicinal cannabinoids in treating symptoms of vario...

Melinta Therapeutics Announces U.S. FDA Approval of Supplemental New Drug Application for BAXDELA® (delafloxacin) for the Treatment of Community-Acquired Bacterial Pneumonia (CABP)
http://ir.melinta.com/news-releases/news-release-details/melinta-therapeutics-announces-us-fda-approval-supplemental-new

Oct 23rd, 2019 - Melinta Therapeutics, Inc. (NASDAQ: MLNT), a commercial-stage company focused on the development and commercialization of novel antibiotics to treat serious bacterial infections, today announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved BAXDELA® (delafloxacin) for the treatment of adult patients with community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP) caused by designated susceptible b...

Pan-viral serology implicates enteroviruses in acute flaccid myelitis
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41591-019-0613-1
Nature Medicine; Schubert, R. et. al.

Oct 20th, 2019 - Since 2012, the United States of America has experienced a biennial spike in pediatric acute flaccid myelitis (AFM)1,2,3,4,5,6. Epidemiologic evidence suggests non-polio enteroviruses (EVs) are a potential etiology, yet EV RNA is rarely detected in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)2. CSF from children with AFM (n = 42) and other pediatric neurologic disease controls (n = 58) were investigated for intra...

Metoprolol for the Prevention of Acute Exacerbations of COPD
https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1908142
The New England Journal of Medicine; Dransfield, M. et. al.

Oct 19th, 2019 - Observational studies suggest that beta-blockers may reduce the risk of exacerbations and death in patients with moderate or severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but these findings have not been confirmed in randomized trials.

Genentech Announces FDA Approval of Xofluza (Baloxavir Marboxil) for People at High Risk of Developing Influenza-Related Complications
https://www.gene.com/media/press-releases/14817/2019-10-17/genentech-announces-fda-approval-of-xofl

Oct 16th, 2019 - Single-dose Xofluza is the first and only antiviral medicine indicated specifically for patients at high risk of developing serious complications from influenza (flu) The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) defines people at high risk of serious flu complications as those who have conditions such as asthma, chronic lung disease, diabetes, heart disease, morbid obesity or adults ...

U.S. FDA Approves SECUADO® (asenapine) Transdermal System, the First-and-Only Transdermal Patch for the Treatment of Adults with Schizophrenia
http://www.noven.com/PR101519.php

Oct 14th, 2019 - Noven Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Hisamitsu Pharmaceutical Co., Inc., today announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved SECUADO® (asenapine) transdermal system, the first-and-only transdermal patch formulation for the treatment of adults with schizophrenia.1 “As people living with schizophrenia cycle through treatments their therapeutic options ...

Predicting the Risk of Postoperative Pulmonary Complications
https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1015/p499.html
American Family Physician;

Oct 14th, 2019 - The incidence of pulmonary complications following major surgery is estimated to be 1% to 23%, with the risk varying based on patient factors and the type of surgery.1 Postoperative pulmonary complications include pneumonia, tracheobronchitis, pulmonary edema, pulmonary embolism, atelectasis, pleural effusion, pneumothorax, bronchospasm, aspiration, respiratory failure, and acute respiratory di...

Influenza Vaccination: Updated Recommendations from ACIP
https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1015/p505.html

Oct 14th, 2019 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has released its recommendations for routine influenza vaccination in the 2019–2020 season. Updates this year include the antigenic composition of seasonal influenza vaccines available in the United States and changes related to recent regulatory actions, including labeling changes for previousl...

Nail Changes Following a Viral Infection: Photo Quiz
https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1015/p497.html
American Family Physician;

Oct 14th, 2019 - A seven-year-old boy presented with abnormal growth of his fingernails that began two weeks prior. He had no other symptoms, including pain or pruritus on his hands or around his nails. He did not have fevers, chills, nausea, vomiting, or change in activity. He had hand-foot-and-mouth disease two months earlier that was diagnosed based on vesicular lesions in his mouth and on his hands and feet...

The 2019 ESC Guidelines on diabetes, pre-diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases developed in collaboration with the EASD: New features and the ‘Ten Commandments’ of the 2019 Guidelines are discussed...
https://academic.oup.com/eurheartj/article/40/39/3215/5586545
European Heart Journal; Grant, P. et. al.

Oct 13th, 2019 - The prevalence of diabetes continues to increase, with 60 million thought to have diabetes in Europe in 2017 and predictions of more than 600 million individuals with diabetes worldwide by 2045. These numbers carry a huge burden of morbidity and mortality with a high prevalence of microvascular disease affecting the eyes, nerves, and kidneys and macrovascular disease leading to CV, cerebrovascu...

FDA approves first treatment to increase pain-free light exposure in patients with a rare disorder
https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/fda-approves-first-treatment-increase-pain-free-light-exposure-patients-rare-disorder

Oct 7th, 2019 - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today granted approval to Scenesse (afamelanotide) to increase pain-free light exposure in adult patients with a history of phototoxic reactions (damage to skin) from erythropoietic protoporphyria.

Three Leading National Public Health Organizations Ring The Alarm About All-time Highs Of STDs
http://www.ncsddc.org/three-leading-national-public-health-organizations-ring-the-alarm-about-all-time-highs-of-stds/

Oct 7th, 2019 - Data released this week by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) show STDs have surged for the fifth consecutive year, reaching an all-time high in the U.S. These dangerous trends in chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis show no sign of slowing and affect millions of lives each year in the United States. Particularly worrisome is the emerging trend of newborn syphilis (congenital sy...

Cannabis and cannabinoids for people with multiple sclerosis
https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD013444/full

Oct 6th, 2019 - This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Intervention). The objectives are as follows: To assess benefit and safety of cannabis‐based medicines, including synthetic, or herbal and plant‐derived cannabinoids, for people with MS.