About 450,889 results
A Copeptin-Based Approach in the Diagnosis of Diabetes Insipidus.
The New England Journal of Medicine; Fenske W, Refardt J et. al.

Aug 1st, 2018 - The indirect water-deprivation test is the current reference standard for the diagnosis of diabetes insipidus. However, it is technically cumbersome to administer, and the results are often inaccurate. The current study compared the indirect water-deprivation test with direct detection of plasma copeptin, a precursor-derived surrogate of arginine vasopressin. From 2013 to 2017, we recruited 156...

Change in Overweight from Childhood to Early Adulthood and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes.
The New England Journal of Medicine; Bjerregaard LG, Jensen BW et. al.

Apr 4th, 2018 - Childhood overweight is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes in adulthood. We investigated whether remission of overweight before early adulthood reduces this risk. We conducted a study involving 62,565 Danish men whose weights and heights had been measured at 7 and 13 years of age and in early adulthood (17 to 26 years of age). Overweight was defined in accordance with Centers ...

History of breast feeding and risk of incident endometriosis: prospective cohort study.
BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.); Farland LV, Eliassen AH et. al.

Aug 30th, 2017 - Objective To investigate the association between lifetime breast feeding, exclusive breast feeding, postpartum amenorrhea, and incidence of endometriosis among parous women.Design Prospective cohort study.Setting Nurses' Health Study II, 1989-2011.Participants 72 394women who reported having one or more pregnancies that lasted at least six months, 3296 of whom had laparoscopically confirmed end...

Fasting Triglycerides & Glucose Index: A Useful Screening Test for Assessing Insulin Resistance in Patients Diagnosed with Rheumatoid Arthritis & Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome; Contreras-Haro B, et al

Nov 26th, 2019 - Insulin resistance (IR) is frequently observed in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In clinical practice, IR assessment is limited to a low proportion of patients due to cost and equipment and technical expertise requirements. The surrogate index of triglycerides and glucose (TyG index) has been validated in non-rheumatic populations, showing adequat...

Statement on efforts to help make development of biosimilar and interchangeable insulin products more efficient

Nov 24th, 2019 - Access to affordable insulin can be a matter of life and death for Americans with diabetes. If not appropriately treated, diabetes can lead to serious and life-threatening complications, including heart disease, organ failure and blindness. And consistent, lifelong access to insulin is imperative to patient survival and quality of life. However, we are aware that the high cost of insulin raises...

Medtronic Recalls Remote Controllers for MiniMed Insulin Pumps for Potential Cybersecurity Risks

Nov 20th, 2019 - Medtronic is recalling the specified remote controllers due to potential cybersecurity risks. An unauthorized person (someone other than a patient, patient caregiver, or health care provider) could potentially record and replay the wireless communication between the remote and the MiniMed insulin pump. Using specialized equipment, an unauthorized person could instruct the pump to either over-d...

High-protein Diet is Bad for Kidney Health: Unleashing the Taboo
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation; Kalantar-Zadeh K, et al

Nov 6th, 2019 - How often have you been told to eat more protein and less carbohydrates to stay healthy? This is not an emerging food culture but rather a prevailing dogma in our society. Physicians, dietitians and other health care professionals tell us constantly about the advantages of a high-protein diet (HPD), such as losing weight rapidly, burning calories, diminishing appetite, preventing obesity, manag...

Scientists design device for oral delivery of injections

Oct 28th, 2019 - Biologic drugs are complex medications produced from living organisms or their parts. They include vaccines and drugs to treat conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, and cancer. Some biologic drugs, like insulin, can only be delivered by injection. If taken by mouth, stomach acid would destroy the drug before it could take effect.

Pediatric Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery: Evidence, Barriers, and Best Practices
Pediatrics Armstrong, S. et. al.

Oct 27th, 2019 - Severe obesity among youth is an “epidemic within an epidemic” and portends a shortened life expectancy for today’s children compared with those of their parents’ generation. Severe obesity has outpaced less severe forms of childhood obesity in prevalence, and it disproportionately affects adolescents. Emerging evidence has linked severe obesity to the development and progression of multiple co...

FDA approves Fiasp® for use in insulin infusion pumps for adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes

Oct 21st, 2019 - Novo Nordisk today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has expanded the label for Fiasp® (insulin aspart injection) 100 u/mL to include use in insulin infusion pumps for the improvement of glycemic control in adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes.1 Fiasp®, a rapid-acting insulin, was approved by the FDA in 2017 for use by intravenous infusion under supervision by a health...

Genentech Announces FDA Approval of Xofluza (Baloxavir Marboxil) for People at High Risk of Developing Influenza-Related Complications

Oct 16th, 2019 - Single-dose Xofluza is the first and only antiviral medicine indicated specifically for patients at high risk of developing serious complications from influenza (flu) The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) defines people at high risk of serious flu complications as those who have conditions such as asthma, chronic lung disease, diabetes, heart disease, morbid obesity or adults ...

Weight change across adulthood in relation to all cause and cause specific mortality: prospective cohort study
BMJ Chen, C. et. al.

Oct 15th, 2019 - Objective To investigate the association between weight changes across adulthood and mortality. Design Prospective cohort study. Setting US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1988-94 and 1999-2014. Participants 36 051 people aged 40 years or over with measured body weight and height at baseline and recalled weight at young adulthood (25 years old) and middle adul...

Association of Cardiovascular Disease With Premature Mortality in the United States
JAMA Cardiology; Chen, Y. et. al.

Oct 15th, 2019 - Question How have the trends in premature mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD) changed in the United States during 2000 to 2015 by demographics and county-level factors, including education, rurality, and the prevalence of smoking, obesity, and diabetes? Findings In this study, CVD mortality rates increased significantly among American Indian/Alaska Native individuals age 25 to 49 y...

Optimizing Postprandial Glucose Management in Adults With Insulin-Requiring Diabetes: Report and Recommendations
Journal of the Endocrine Society;

Oct 6th, 2019 - Faster-acting insulins, new noninsulin drug classes, more flexible insulin-delivery systems, and improved continuous glucose monitoring devices offer unprecedented opportunities to improve postprandial glucose (PPG) management and overall care for adults with insulin-treated diabetes. These developments led the Endocrine Society to convene a working panel of diabetes experts in December 2018 to...

Sleeping less than six hours and heart disease, stroke – deadly combo

Oct 1st, 2019 - Middle-aged adults with high blood pressure, Type 2 diabetes, heart disease or stroke could be at increased risk for cancer and early death when sleeping less than 6 hours per day.

Preventive Cardiology as a Subspecialty of Cardiovascular Medicine
Journal of the American College of Cardiology; Shapiro, M. et. al.

Oct 1st, 2019 - Although significant progress has been made to reduce the global burden of cardiovascular disease, efforts have focused primarily on treatment of manifest disease rather than on prevention of events. An enormous opportunity exists to transition focus from intervention to providing equal attention to prevention of cardiovascular disease. The nascent specialty of “preventive cardiology” is emergi...

U.S. FDA Approves INVOKANA® (canagliflozin) to Treat Diabetic Kidney Disease (DKD) and Reduce the Risk of Hospitalization for Heart Failure in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) and DKD

Sep 29th, 2019 - The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson announced today that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a new indication for INVOKANA® (canagliflozin) to reduce the risk of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), worsening of kidney function, cardiovascular (CV) death, and hospitalization for heart failure in adults with type 2 diabetes and diabetic kidney disease (nephropa...

Pheochromocytoma and Paraganglioma Treatment (PDQ®)–Health Professional Version

Sep 24th, 2019 - Pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma treatment is usually surgery, however, preoperative medical preparation is critical. Palliative care for metastatic disease may include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, and other modalities. Get detailed information in this clinician summary.

Screening and Management of the Hyperandrogenic Adolescent

Sep 23rd, 2019 - Although androgen excess can manifest in many ways, the most common and recognizable symptoms are hirsutism and acne. Reports of hirsutism and acne should be taken seriously because of their possible association with medical disorders, their substantial effect on self-esteem and quality of life, and the potential for psychosocial morbidity. In patients with symptoms of androgen excess, the diff...

FDA approves first oral GLP-1 treatment for type 2 diabetes

Sep 19th, 2019 - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Rybelsus (semaglutide) oral tablets to improve control of blood sugar in adult patients with type 2 diabetes, along with diet and exercise. Rybelsus is the first glucagon-like peptide (GLP-1) receptor protein treatment approved for use in the United States that does not need to be injected. GLP-1 drugs are non-insulin treatments for people wi...