×
About 17,784 results
E-Cigarettes and Vaping-Related Disease
https://www.nejm.org/vaping
New England Journal of Medicine;

Oct 1st, 2019 - The use of e-cigarettes has increased rapidly. Although vaping has been shown to assist with smoking cessation, cases of severe vaping-related pulmonary disease and a number of deaths have recently been reported. Here we present a collection of articles and other resources on e-cigarettes and vaping-related disease, including clinical reports and commentary.

Urinary Incontinence in Women: Evaluation and Management
https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0915/p339.html
American Family Physician;

Sep 14th, 2019 - Urinary incontinence is a common problem among women worldwide, resulting in a substantial economic burden and decreased quality of life. The Women's Preventive Services Initiative is the only major organization that recommends annual screening for urinary incontinence in all women despite low to insufficient evidence regarding effectiveness and accuracy of methods. No other major organization ...

Interventions to increase adherence to medications for tobacco dependence
https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD009164.pub3/full
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews;

Aug 15th, 2019 - Background Pharmacological treatments for tobacco dependence, such as nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), have been shown to be safe and effective interventions for smoking cessation. Higher levels of adherence to these medications increase the likelihood of sustained smoking cessation, but many smokers use them at a lower dose and for less time than is optimal. It is important to determine th...

Electronic Cigarettes: Common Questions and Answers
https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0815/p227.html
American Family Physician;

Aug 14th, 2019 - Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are popular devices designed to heat a liquid solution, often containing nicotine, that generates an inhaled aerosol, or vapor. e-Cigarettes have been marketed as healthier alternatives to traditional cigarettes. Thus, most adult users are current or former smokers who use e-cigarettes to reduce or quit cigarette smoking. Switching completely from cigarettes...

Motivational interviewing for smoking cessation
https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD006936.pub4/full
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews;

Jul 30th, 2019 - Background Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a directive patient‐centred style of counselling, designed to help people to explore and resolve ambivalence about behaviour change. It was developed as a treatment for alcohol abuse, but may help people to a make a successful attempt to stop smoking. Objectives To evaluate the efficacy of MI for smoking cessation compared with no treatment, in ...

Incentives for smoking cessation
https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD004307.pub6/full
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews;

Jul 16th, 2019 - Background Financial incentives, monetary or vouchers, are widely used in an attempt to precipitate, reinforce and sustain behaviour change, including smoking cessation. They have been used in workplaces, in clinics and hospitals, and within community programmes. Objectives To determine the long‐term effect of incentives and contingency management programmes for smoking cessation. Searc...

2020 Yellow Book | Travelers' Health | CDC
https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/yellowbook/2020/table-of-contents

Jun 20th, 2019 - Information about how the U.S. government publication about traveling titled Health Information for International Travel (also called the Yellow Book). Provided by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Building Systems to Address Tobacco Use in Oncology: Early Benefits and Opportunities From the Cancer Center Cessation Initiative
https://jnccn.org/view/journals/jnccn/17/6/article-p638.xml
Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network; Jenssen, B. et. al.

Jun 14th, 2019 - The 2014 Surgeon General’s report underscored the importance of helping patients with cancer quit smoking, because continued smoking after a diagnosis is causally linked to cancer-specific and all-cause mortality.1 More than 50% of patients with cancer who smoked before diagnosis continue to smoke after diagnosis and treatment,2 leading to calls from NCCN,3 ASCO,4 and the American Association f...

WHO | Meningitis
https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/meningitis/en/

May 18th, 2019 - Vaccines and immunization Licensed vaccines against meningococcal disease have been available for more than 40 years. Over time, there have been major improvements in strain coverage and vaccine availability, but to date no universal vaccine against meningococcal disease exists. Vaccines are serogroup specific and confer varying degrees of duration of protection. There are three types of menin...

Different doses, durations and modes of delivery of nicotine replacement therapy for smoking cessation
https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD013308/full
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews; Lindson, N. et. al.

Apr 16th, 2019 - Background Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) aims to replace nicotine from cigarettes to ease the transition from cigarette smoking to abstinence. It works by reducing the intensity of craving and withdrawal symptoms. Although there is clear evidence that NRT used after smoking cessation is effective, it is unclear whether higher doses, longer durations of treatment, or using NRT before cessa...

AAP Updates Vaccine Recommendations for 2019-2020 Flu Season
https://www.aap.org/en-us/about-the-aap/aap-press-room/Pages/AAP-Updates-Vaccine-Recommendations-for-2019-2020-Flu-Season.aspx

Mar 13th, 2019 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) will advise families to vaccinate their children against influenza next season with either the flu shot or the nasal spray vaccine for the best protection against the virus during the 2019-2020 flu season. The recommendation differs slightly from last year, when AAP cited a preference for the injected vaccine over the nasal spray - except in cases whe...

Maternal Smoking Before and During Pregnancy and the Risk of Sudden Unexpected Infant Death
https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2019/03/07/peds.2018-3325/
Pediatrics Anderson, T. et. al.

Mar 10th, 2019 - OBJECTIVES: Maternal smoking during pregnancy is an established risk factor for sudden unexpected infant death (SUID). Here, we aim to investigate the effects of maternal prepregnancy smoking, reduction during pregnancy, and smoking during pregnancy on SUID rates. METHODS: We analyzed the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Birth Cohort Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set (2007–2011: 2...

AHNS Position Statement on Tobacco, E-cigarettes, and Marijuana
https://www.ahns.info/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/Tobacco-cessation-b.pdf

Mar 7th, 2019 - Tobacco use is the single most preventable cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. In fact, cigarette smoking is the single largest risk factor for cancer, including head and neck cancer.

Relapse prevention interventions for smoking cessation
https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD003999.pub5/full
Livingstone‐Banks, Jonathan

Feb 14th, 2019 - Behavioural interventions that teach people to recognise situations that are high risk for relapse along with strategies to cope with them provided no worthwhile benefit in preventing relapse in assisted abstainers, although unexplained statistical heterogeneity means we are only moderately certain of this. In people who have successfully quit smoking using pharmacotherapy, there were mixed res...

Tobacco Use By Youth Is Rising
https://www.cdc.gov/vitalsigns/youth-tobacco-use/

Feb 11th, 2019 - Tobacco product use among US youth is increasing. More than 1 in 4 high school students and about 1 in 14 middle school students in 2018 had used a tobacco product in the past 30 days. This was a considerable increase from 2017, which was driven by an increase in e-cigarette use. E-cigarette use increased from 11.7% to 20.8% among high school students and from 3.3% to 4.9% among middle school s...

Effects of Influenza Vaccination in the United States during the 2017–2018 Influenza Season
https://academic.oup.com/cid/advance-article/doi/10.1093/cid/ciz075/5305915
Rolfes, M. et. al.

Feb 1st, 2019 - The severity of the 2017–2018 influenza season in the U.S. was high with influenza A(H3N2) viruses predominating. We report influenza vaccine effectiveness (VE) and estimate the number of vaccine prevented influenza-associated illnesses, medical visits, hospitalizations, and deaths for the 2017–2018 influenza season.

E-Cigarettes and Similar Devices
http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/143/2/e20183652
Jenssen, B. et. al.

Jan 30th, 2019 - Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are the most commonly used tobacco product among youth. The 2016 US Surgeon General’s Report on e-cigarette use among youth and young adults concluded that e-cigarettes are unsafe for children and adolescents. Furthermore, strong and consistent evidence finds that children and adolescents who use e-cigarettes are significantly more likely to go on to use tra...

Immunogenicity and safety of the adjuvanted recombinant zoster vaccine in patients with solid tumors, vaccinated before or during chemotherapy: A randomized trial
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/cncr.31909
Vink, P.

Dec 31st, 2018 - The adjuvanted recombinant zoster vaccine (RZV) has demonstrated >90% efficacy against herpes zoster in adults ≥50 years of age and 68% efficacy in autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients ≥18 years of age. We report the immunogenicity and safety of RZV administered to patients with solid tumors (STs) before or at the start of a chemotherapy cycle.

2018 Update on Diagnosis, Treatment, Chemoprophylaxis, and Institutional Outbreak Management of Seasonal Influenza
https://www.idsociety.org/practice-guideline/influenza/

Dec 18th, 2018 - These clinical practice guidelines are an update of the guidelines published by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) in 2009, prior to the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic. This document addresses new information regarding diagnostic testing, treatment and chemoprophylaxis with antiviral medications, and issues related to institutional outbreak management for seasonal influenza. It is ...

Obesity Management for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes: Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes—2019
http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/42/Supplement_1/S81

Dec 17th, 2018 - There is strong and consistent evidence that obesity management can delay the progression from prediabetes to type 2 diabetes (1–5) and is beneficial in the treatment of type 2 diabetes (6–17). In patients with type 2 diabetes who are overweight or obese, modest and sustained weight loss has been shown to improve glycemic control and to reduce the need for glucose-lowering medications (6–8). Sm...