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About 7,444 results
Preparing for a colonoscopy
https://www.health.harvard.edu/diseases-and-conditions/preparing-for-a-colonoscopy

Aug 12th, 2019 - If you shudder at the thought of having a colonoscopy to check for hidden colon cancer, chances are it's the "prep" that's stoking your apprehension. It's certainly a major inconvenience: getting ready for the procedure takes much longer — an average of 16 hours, according to one study — than the three hours or so you'll spend at a medical center the day of your colonoscopy. But what's most off...

Resources for Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus & Caregivers | Talk SLE
http://www.talksle.com/resources/patients-caregivers.html

The need for healthcare providers to effectively engage with patients with SLE is ongoing and the stakes are high. Even when patients have no complaints and no visual signs of disease, organ damage can be occurring. We've developed these tools to help both you and your patients communicate and be vigilant.

Migraine - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/migraine-headache/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20360215

Jan 15th, 2020 - Migraine care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team The doctors trained in nervous system disorders (neurologists) include internationally recognized researchers in the treatment and prevention of migraines. Teams of doctors work together to bring you the best possible treatment for your migraines. Your care team of experts collaborates to provide you with the benefit of each specialist's k...

Enlarged heart - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/enlarged-heart/symptoms-causes/syc-20355436

Jan 15th, 2020 - Overview Enlarged heart, in heart failure Enlarged heart, in heart failure As your heart weakens, such as in heart failure, it begins to enlarge, forcing your heart to work harder to pump blood to the rest of your body. An enlarged heart (cardiomegaly) isn't a disease, but rather a sign of another condition. The term "cardiomegaly" refers to an enlarged heart seen on any imaging test, including...

Varicocele - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/varicocele/symptoms-causes/syc-20378771

Jan 15th, 2020 - Overview Varicocele Varicocele A varicocele is an enlargement of the veins that transport oxygen-depleted blood away from the testicle. A varicocele (VAR-ih-koe-seel) is an enlargement of the veins within the loose bag of skin that holds your testicles (scrotum). A varicocele is similar to a varicose vein you might see in your leg. Varicoceles are a common cause of low sperm production and decr...

Migraine - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/migraine-headache/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20360207

Jan 15th, 2020 - Diagnosis If you have migraines or a family history of migraines, a doctor trained in treating headaches (neurologist) will likely diagnose migraines based on your medical history, symptoms, and a physical and neurological examination. If your condition is unusual, complex or suddenly becomes severe, tests to rule out other causes for your pain might include: MRI. An MRI scan uses a powerful ma...

Migraine - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/migraine-headache/symptoms-causes/syc-20360201

Jan 15th, 2020 - Overview A migraine can cause severe throbbing pain or a pulsing sensation, usually on one side of the head. It's often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound. Migraine attacks can last for hours to days, and the pain can be so severe that it interferes with your daily activities. For some people, a warning symptom known as an aura occurs before or with the ...

Bronchiolitis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bronchiolitis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351571

Jan 14th, 2020 - Diagnosis Tests and X-rays are not usually needed to diagnose bronchiolitis. The doctor can usually identify the problem by observing your child and listening to the lungs with a stethoscope. If your child is at risk of severe bronchiolitis, if symptoms are worsening or if another problem is suspected, your doctor may order tests, including: Chest X-ray. Your doctor may request a chest X-ray to...

Aplastic anemia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/aplastic-anemia/symptoms-causes/syc-20355015

Jan 10th, 2020 - Overview Aplastic anemia is a condition that occurs when your body stops producing enough new blood cells. The condition leaves you fatigued and more prone to infections and uncontrolled bleeding. A rare and serious condition, aplastic anemia can develop at any age. It can occur suddenly, or it can come on slowly and worsen over time. It can be mild or severe. Treatment for aplastic anemia migh...

Aplastic anemia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/aplastic-anemia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355020

Jan 10th, 2020 - Diagnosis Bone marrow biopsy Bone marrow biopsy In a bone marrow aspiration and biopsy, a doctor or nurse uses a thin needle to remove a small amount of liquid bone marrow, usually from a spot in the back of your hipbone (pelvis). A bone marrow biopsy is often taken at the same time. This second procedure removes a small piece of bone tissue and the enclosed marrow. The following tests can help...

Claudication - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/claudication/symptoms-causes/syc-20370952

Jan 10th, 2020 - Overview Claudication Claudication Claudication is pain caused by too little blood flow to your legs or arms. This is usually a symptom of peripheral artery disease, in which the arteries that supply blood to your limbs are narrowed, usually because of atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis occurs when arteries get thick and stiff due to a buildup of fatty deposits (plaques) on your artery walls. Cla...

Pulmonary embolism - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pulmonary-embolism/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354653

Jan 9th, 2020 - Diagnosis Pulmonary embolism can be difficult to diagnose, especially in people who have underlying heart or lung disease. For that reason, your doctor will likely discuss your medical history, do a physical exam, and order one or more of the following tests. Blood tests Your doctor may order a blood test for the clot-dissolving substance D dimer. High levels may suggest an increased likelihood...

Pulmonary embolism - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pulmonary-embolism/symptoms-causes/syc-20354647

Jan 9th, 2020 - Overview Pulmonary embolism Pulmonary embolism Pulmonary embolism occurs when a blood clot gets lodged in an artery in the lung, blocking blood flow to part of the lung. Blood clots most often originate in the legs and travel up through the right side of the heart and into the lungs. Pulmonary embolism is a blockage in one of the pulmonary arteries in your lungs. In most cases, pulmonary emboli...

Hemochromatosis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hemochromatosis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351448

Jan 8th, 2020 - Diagnosis Hereditary hemochromatosis can be difficult to diagnose. Early symptoms such as stiff joints and fatigue may be due to conditions other than hemochromatosis. Many people with the disease don't have any signs or symptoms other than elevated levels of iron in their blood. Hemochromatosis may be identified because of abnormal blood tests done for other reasons or from screening of family...

Schizophrenia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/schizophrenia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354449

Jan 6th, 2020 - Diagnosis Diagnosis of schizophrenia involves ruling out other mental health disorders and determining that symptoms are not due to substance abuse, medication or a medical condition. Determining a diagnosis of schizophrenia may include: Physical exam. This may be done to help rule out other problems that could be causing symptoms and to check for any related complications. Tests and screenings...

Schizophrenia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/schizophrenia/symptoms-causes/syc-20354443

Jan 6th, 2020 - Overview Schizophrenia is a serious mental disorder in which people interpret reality abnormally. Schizophrenia may result in some combination of hallucinations, delusions, and extremely disordered thinking and behavior that impairs daily functioning, and can be disabling. People with schizophrenia require lifelong treatment. Early treatment may help get symptoms under control before serious co...

Hashimoto's disease - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hashimotos-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351860

Jan 6th, 2020 - Diagnosis In general, your doctor may test for Hashimoto's disease if you're feeling increasingly tired or sluggish, have dry skin, constipation, and a hoarse voice, or have had previous thyroid problems or a goiter. Diagnosis of Hashimoto's disease is based on your signs and symptoms and the results of blood tests that measure levels of thyroid hormone and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) pro...

Graves' disease - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/graves-disease/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20356248

Jan 6th, 2020 - Graves' disease care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team For more than 100 years, Mayo Clinic has been researching and treating Graves' disease and its associated eye-related changes, called Graves' ophthalmopathy, as well as specializing in surgery to treat both Graves' disease and Graves' ophthalmopathy. Mayo doctors see an average of more than 1,500 people with Graves' disease every ye...

Hypothyroidism - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hypothyroidism/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350289

Jan 6th, 2020 - Diagnosis In general, your doctor may test for an underactive thyroid if you are feeling increasingly tired, have dry skin, constipation and weight gain, or have had previous thyroid problems or a goiter. Blood tests Diagnosis of hypothyroidism is based on your symptoms and the results of blood tests that measure the level of TSH and sometimes the level of the thyroid hormone thyroxine. A low l...

Hypothyroidism - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hypothyroidism/symptoms-causes/syc-20350284

Jan 6th, 2020 - Overview Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) is a condition in which your thyroid gland doesn't produce enough of certain crucial hormones. Hypothyroidism may not cause noticeable symptoms in the early stages. Over time, untreated hypothyroidism can cause a number of health problems, such as obesity, joint pain, infertility and heart disease. Accurate thyroid function tests are available to di...

C. difficile infection - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/c-difficile/symptoms-causes/syc-20351691

Jan 3rd, 2020 - Overview Clostridium difficile (klos-TRID-e-um dif-uh-SEEL), also known as Clostridioides difficile and often referred to as C. difficile or C. diff, is a bacterium that can cause symptoms ranging from diarrhea to life-threatening inflammation of the colon. Illness from C. difficile most commonly affects older adults in hospitals or in long-term care facilities and typically occurs after use of...

C. difficile infection - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/c-difficile/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351697

Jan 3rd, 2020 - Diagnosis Doctors often suspect C. difficile in anyone who has diarrhea and who has other risk factors for C. difficile. In such cases, doctors are likely to order one or more of the following tests. Stool tests Toxins produced by C. difficile bacteria can usually be detected in a sample of your stool. Several main types of lab tests exist, and they include: Polymerase chain reaction. This sens...

X-linked agammaglobulinemia - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/x-linked-agammaglobulinemia/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20361641

Jan 2nd, 2020 - X-linked agammaglobulinemia care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team XLA can affect a variety of organs. So at Mayo Clinic's Minnesota campus, specialists in allergy and immunology in the Primary Immunodeficiency Center work with doctors and researchers in a wide variety of departments. Advanced diagnosis and treatment Analysis of your DNA can reveal whether you have the inherited gene th...

X-linked agammaglobulinemia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/x-linked-agammaglobulinemia/symptoms-causes/syc-20361635

Jan 2nd, 2020 - Overview X-linked agammaglobulinemia (a-gam-uh-glob-u-lih-NEE-me-uh) — also called XLA — is an inherited (genetic) immune system disorder that reduces your ability to fight infections. People with XLA might get infections of the inner ear, sinuses, respiratory tract, bloodstream and internal organs. XLA affects males almost exclusively, although females can be genetic carriers of the condition....

Pleurisy - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pleurisy/symptoms-causes/syc-20351863

Jan 2nd, 2020 - Overview Pleurisy Pleurisy Pleurisy occurs when the pleura — a membrane consisting of a layer of tissue that lines the chest cavity and a layer of tissue that surrounds the lungs — becomes inflamed, causing chest pain. Pleurisy (PLOOR-ih-see) is a condition in which the pleura — two large, thin layers of tissue that separate your lungs from your chest wall — becomes inflamed. Also called pleuri...

Pleurisy - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pleurisy/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351866

Jan 2nd, 2020 - Diagnosis Your doctor will start by asking about your medical history and doing a physical exam, including examining your chest with a stethoscope. To determine if you have pleurisy and identify the cause, your doctor might recommend: Blood tests. A blood test might tell your doctor if you have an infection. Other blood tests also might detect an autoimmune disorder, such as rheumatoid arthriti...

External compression headaches - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/external-compression-headaches/symptoms-causes/syc-20372326

Dec 27th, 2019 - Overview External compression headaches can occur when something worn on your head puts continuous pressure on your forehead or scalp. They often occur in people required to wear certain headwear, such as helmets or goggles, for their work or sports activities. Sometimes an external compression headache is called "swim-goggle headache" or "football-helmet headache" or another name that refers t...

External compression headaches - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/external-compression-headaches/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20372328

Dec 27th, 2019 - Treatment To end your headache, remove the headwear that's causing the pressure. Further treatment is rarely needed. If you have a history of migraines, wearing tight headwear may trigger an attack that requires migraine medication for relief. Clinical trials Explore Mayo Clinic studies testing new treatments, interventions and tests as a means to prevent, detect, treat or manage this disease. ...

Crohn's disease - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/crohns-disease/symptoms-causes/syc-20353304

Dec 23rd, 2019 - Overview Colon and rectum Colon and rectum The colon, also called the large intestine, is a long, tubelike organ in your abdomen. The colon carries waste to be expelled from the body. Gastroenterology & GI Surgery Blog Connect with others and follow the latest advances in treating Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis on Mayo Clinic Connect. Crohn's disease is an inflammatory bowel disease (IB...

Ulcerative colitis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ulcerative-colitis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353331

Dec 23rd, 2019 - Diagnosis Your doctor will likely diagnose ulcerative colitis after ruling out other possible causes for your signs and symptoms. To help confirm a diagnosis of ulcerative colitis, you may have one or more of the following tests and procedures: Blood tests. Your doctor may suggest blood tests to check for anemia — a condition in which there aren't enough red blood cells to carry adequate oxygen...

Crohn's disease - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/crohns-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353309

Dec 23rd, 2019 - Diagnosis Your doctor will likely diagnose Crohn's disease only after ruling out other possible causes for your signs and symptoms. There is no one test to diagnose Crohn's disease. Your doctor will likely use a combination of tests to help confirm a diagnosis of Crohn's disease, including: Blood tests Tests for anemia or infection. Your doctor may suggest blood tests to check for anemia — a co...

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/inflammatory-bowel-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353320

Dec 23rd, 2019 - Diagnosis Your doctor will likely diagnose inflammatory bowel disease only after ruling out other possible causes for your signs and symptoms. To help confirm a diagnosis of IBD, you may have one or more of the following tests and procedures: Blood tests Tests for anemia or infection. Your doctor may suggest blood tests to check for anemia — a condition in which there aren't enough red blood ce...

Lead poisoning - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/lead-poisoning/symptoms-causes/syc-20354717

Dec 19th, 2019 - Overview Lead poisoning occurs when lead builds up in the body, often over months or years. Even small amounts of lead can cause serious health problems. Children younger than 6 years are especially vulnerable to lead poisoning, which can severely affect mental and physical development. At very high levels, lead poisoning can be fatal. Lead-based paint and lead-contaminated dust in older buildi...

Lead poisoning - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/lead-poisoning/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354723

Dec 19th, 2019 - Diagnosis Your child's doctor may recommend your child be tested for lead levels during routine check-ups. The American Academy of Pediatricians recommends that doctors and parents follow the recommendations of their state or local health department. Some areas, such as those with older homes, have a higher lead exposure risk, so more frequent testing might be recommended for children who live ...

Hip labral tear - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hip-labral-tear/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354878

Dec 19th, 2019 - Diagnosis Your doctor will take a history of your discomfort. During the physical exam, your doctor will move your leg, and especially your hip joint, into various positions to check for pain and evaluate your hip's range of motion. He or she might also watch you walk. Imaging scans A hip labral tear rarely occurs in isolation. In most cases, other structures within the hip joint also have inju...

Hirsutism - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hirsutism/symptoms-causes/syc-20354935

Dec 13th, 2019 - Overview Hirsutism Hirsutism Hirsutism is excess hair most often noticeable around the mouth and chin. Hirsutism (HUR-soot-iz-um) is a condition in women that results in excessive growth of dark or coarse hair in a male-like pattern — face, chest and back. With hirsutism, extra hair growth often arises from excess male hormones (androgens), primarily testosterone. Self-care methods and effectiv...

Hirsutism - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hirsutism/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354941

Dec 13th, 2019 - Diagnosis Tests that measure the amount of certain hormones in your blood, including testosterone or testosterone-like hormones, might help determine whether elevated androgen levels are causing your hirsutism. Your doctor might also examine your abdomen and do a pelvic exam to look for masses that could indicate a tumor. More Information CT scan Ultrasound Treatment Treatment of hirsutism with...

Cryptosporidium infection - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cryptosporidium/symptoms-causes/syc-20351870

Dec 11th, 2019 - Overview Cryptosporidium infection (cryptosporidiosis) is an illness caused by tiny, one-celled cryptosporidium parasites. When cryptosporidia (krip-toe-spoe-RID-e-uh) enter your body, they travel to your small intestine and then burrow into the walls. Later, they're shed in your feces. In most healthy people, a cryptosporidium infection produces a bout of watery diarrhea. The infection usually...

Vitamin deficiency anemia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/vitamin-deficiency-anemia/symptoms-causes/syc-20355025

Dec 9th, 2019 - Overview Vitamin deficiency anemia is a lack of healthy red blood cells caused when you have lower than normal amounts of certain vitamins. Vitamins linked to vitamin deficiency anemia include folate, vitamin B-12 and vitamin C. Vitamin deficiency anemia can occur if you don't eat enough foods containing folate, vitamin B-12 or vitamin C, or it can occur if your body has trouble absorbing or pr...

Vitamin deficiency anemia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/vitamin-deficiency-anemia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355031

Dec 9th, 2019 - Diagnosis Doctors diagnose vitamin deficiency anemias through blood tests that check: The number and appearance of red blood cells. People with anemia have fewer red blood cells than normal. In vitamin deficiency anemias related to a lack of vitamin B-12 and folate, the red blood cells appear large and underdeveloped. In advanced deficiencies, the numbers of white blood cells and platelets also...

Serotonin syndrome - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/serotonin-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20354758

Dec 9th, 2019 - Overview Serotonin syndrome occurs when you take medications that cause high levels of the chemical serotonin to accumulate in your body. Serotonin is a chemical your body produces that's needed for your nerve cells and brain to function. But too much serotonin causes signs and symptoms that can range from mild (shivering and diarrhea) to severe (muscle rigidity, fever and seizures). Severe ser...

Antisocial personality disorder - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/antisocial-personality-disorder/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353934

Dec 9th, 2019 - Diagnosis People with antisocial personality disorder are unlikely to believe they need help. However, they may seek help from their primary care provider because of other symptoms such as depression, anxiety or angry outbursts or for treatment of substance misuse. People with antisocial personality disorder may not provide an accurate account of signs and symptoms. A key factor in diagnosis is...

Cellulite - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cellulite/symptoms-causes/syc-20354945

Dec 5th, 2019 - Overview Anatomy of cellulite Anatomy of cellulite As fat cells increase, they push up against the skin. Tough, long connective cords pull down. This creates an uneven surface or dimpling, often referred to as cellulite. Cellulite is a very common, harmless skin condition that causes lumpy, dimpled flesh on the thighs, hips, buttocks and abdomen. The condition is most prevalent in women. Many p...

Rabies - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rabies/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351826

Dec 5th, 2019 - Diagnosis At the time a rabid animal bites you, there's no way to know whether the animal has transmitted the rabies virus to you. For this reason, treatment to prevent the rabies virus from infecting your body is recommended if the doctor thinks there's a chance you have been exposed to the virus. Treatment Once a rabies infection is established, there's no effective treatment. Though a small ...

Penicillin allergy - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/penicillin-allergy/symptoms-causes/syc-20376222

Dec 4th, 2019 - Overview Penicillin allergy is an abnormal reaction of your immune system to the antibiotic drug penicillin. Penicillin is prescribed for treating various bacterial infections. Common signs and symptoms of penicillin allergy include hives, rash and itching. Severe reactions include anaphylaxis, a life-threatening condition that affects multiple body systems. Research has shown that penicillin a...

Retrograde ejaculation - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/retrograde-ejaculation/symptoms-causes/syc-20354890

Nov 27th, 2019 - Overview Retrograde ejaculation occurs when semen enters the bladder instead of emerging through the penis during orgasm. Although you still reach sexual climax, you might ejaculate very little or no semen. This is sometimes called a dry orgasm. Retrograde ejaculation isn't harmful, but it can cause male infertility. Treatment for retrograde ejaculation is generally only needed to restore ferti...

Peyronie's disease - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/peyronies-disease/symptoms-causes/syc-20353468

Nov 22nd, 2019 - Overview Peyronie's (pay-roe-NEEZ) disease is a noncancerous condition resulting from fibrous scar tissue that develops on the penis and causes curved, painful erections. Penises vary in shape and size, and having a curved erection isn't necessarily a cause for concern. But Peyronie's disease causes a significant bend or pain in some men. This can prevent you from having sex or might make it di...

Thalassemia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/thalassemia/symptoms-causes/syc-20354995

Nov 21st, 2019 - Overview Thalassemia (thal-uh-SEE-me-uh) is an inherited blood disorder that causes your body to have less hemoglobin than normal. Hemoglobin enables red blood cells to carry oxygen. Thalassemia can cause anemia, leaving you fatigued. If you have mild thalassemia, you might not need treatment. But more severe forms might require regular blood transfusions. You can take steps to cope with fatigu...

Breast cancer - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/breast-cancer/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352475

Nov 21st, 2019 - Diagnosis Diagnosing breast cancer Core needle biopsy Core needle biopsy A core needle biopsy uses a long, hollow tube to extract a sample of tissue. Here, a biopsy of a suspicious breast lump is being done. The sample is sent to a laboratory for testing. Breast MRI Breast MRI During a breast MRI, you lie on your stomach on a padded scanning table. Your breasts fit into a hollow depression in t...

Genital warts - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/genital-warts/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355240

Nov 19th, 2019 - Diagnosis Genital warts are often diagnosed by appearance. Sometimes a biopsy might be necessary. Pap tests Pap test Pap test In a Pap test, your doctor uses a vaginal speculum to hold your vaginal walls apart and to see the cervix. Next, a sample of cells from your cervix is collected using a small cone-shaped brush and a tiny plastic spatula (1 and 2). Your doctor then rinses the brush and sp...

Genital warts - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/genital-warts/symptoms-causes/syc-20355234

Nov 19th, 2019 - Overview Genital warts are one of the most common types of sexually transmitted infections. Nearly all sexually active people will become infected with at least one type of human papillomavirus (HPV), the virus that causes genital warts, at some point during their lives. Genital warts affect the moist tissues of the genital area. They can look like small, flesh-colored bumps or have a cauliflow...

Moles - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/moles/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20375204

Nov 18th, 2019 - Diagnosis Your doctor can identify moles by looking at your skin. You may choose to make a skin examination a regular part of your preventive medical care. Talk to your doctor about a schedule that's appropriate for you. During a skin exam, your doctor inspects your skin from head to toe. If your doctor suspects that a mole may be cancerous, he or she may take a tissue sample (biopsy) for micro...

Supraventricular tachycardia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/supraventricular-tachycardia/symptoms-causes/syc-20355243

Nov 12th, 2019 - Overview Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), also called paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, is defined as an abnormally fast heartbeat. It's a broad term that includes many forms of heart rhythm problems (heart arrhythmias) that originate above the ventricles (supraventricular) in the atria or AV node. A normal heart rate is 60 to 100 beats per minute. A heart rate of more than 100 beats ...

Bradycardia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bradycardia/symptoms-causes/syc-20355474

Nov 12th, 2019 - Overview Bradycardia is a slower than normal heart rate. The hearts of adults at rest usually beat between 60 and 100 times a minute. If you have bradycardia (brad-e-KAHR-dee-uh), your heart beats fewer than 60 times a minute. Bradycardia can be a serious problem if the heart doesn't pump enough oxygen-rich blood to the body. For some people, however, bradycardia doesn't cause symptoms or compl...

Vaginitis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/vaginitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20354707

Nov 12th, 2019 - Overview Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina that can result in discharge, itching and pain. The cause is usually a change in the normal balance of vaginal bacteria or an infection. Reduced estrogen levels after menopause and some skin disorders can also cause vaginitis. The most common types of vaginitis are: Bacterial vaginosis, which results from a change of the normal bacteria found ...

Tachycardia - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tachycardia/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20355137

Nov 12th, 2019 - Tachycardia care at Mayo Clinic Tachycardia teamwork at Mayo Clinic At Mayo Clinic, an interdisciplinary team of tachycardia experts works together to provide compassionate, whole-person care. Your Mayo Clinic care team At Mayo Clinic, an integrated team of doctors trained in heart diseases, heart rhythm disorders and heart surgery (cardiologists, electrophysiologists, and cardiac and cardiovas...

Atrial tachycardia - Overview - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/atrial-tachycardia/cdc-20355258

Nov 12th, 2019 - Atrial tachycardia Atrial tachycardia is the least common type of supraventricular tachycardia. It's generally seen in children with underlying heart disorders such as congenital heart disease, particularly those who've had heart surgery. Atrial tachycardia may also be triggered by factors such as an infection or drug or alcohol use. For some people, atrial tachycardia increases during pregnanc...

Supraventricular tachycardia - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/supraventricular-tachycardia/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20355253

Nov 12th, 2019 - Supraventricular tachycardia care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team. Mayo Clinic doctors trained in heart and blood vessel conditions (cardiologists), heart rhythm conditions (electrophysiologists), heart and blood vessel surgery (cardiovascular surgeons), and other areas collaborate as a team to provide the most appropriate care for people with supraventricular tachycardia and other he...

Supraventricular tachycardia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/supraventricular-tachycardia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355249

Nov 12th, 2019 - Diagnosis To diagnose supraventricular tachycardia, your doctor will review your symptoms and your medical history and conduct a physical examination. Your doctor may ask about — or test for — conditions that may trigger your SVT, such as heart disease or a problem with your thyroid gland. Your doctor may also perform heart-monitoring tests specific to arrhythmia. These may include: Electrocard...

Tachycardia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tachycardia/symptoms-causes/syc-20355127

Nov 12th, 2019 - Overview Tachycardia heartbeat Tachycardia heartbeat In tachycardia, an abnormal electrical impulse originating in the upper or lower chambers of the heart interferes, causing the heart to beat faster. Tachycardia is a common type of heart rhythm disorder (arrhythmia) in which the heart beats faster than normal while at rest. It's normal for your heart rate to rise during exercise or as a physi...

Bradycardia - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bradycardia/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20355482

Nov 12th, 2019 - Bradycardia care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic cardiologists treat people with all types of heart conditions, including those with arrhythmias such as bradycardia. Mayo doctors trained in cardiovascular diseases, cardiac surgery and other areas collaborate as a multidisciplinary team to provide coordinated, comprehensive care. This collaborative approach means doctors ca...

Bradycardia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bradycardia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355480

Nov 12th, 2019 - Diagnosis To diagnose your condition, your doctor will review your symptoms and your medical and family medical history and do a physical examination. Your doctor will also order tests to measure your heart rate, establish a link between a slow heart rate and your symptoms, and identify conditions that might be causing bradycardia. Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) An electrocardiogram, also calle...

Atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT) - Overview - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/avnrt/cdc-20355254

Nov 12th, 2019 - Atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT) Atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT) is the most common type of supraventricular tachycardia. Episodes often start and end suddenly, and occur because of a reentrant circuit — also called an accessory pathway — located in or near the AV node that causes the heart to beat prematurely. AVNRT tends to occur more often in young women,...

Tachycardia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tachycardia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355133

Nov 12th, 2019 - Diagnosis Tachycardia consultation at Mayo Clinic A thorough physical exam, medical history and testing is required to diagnose tachycardia. To diagnose your condition and determine the specific type of tachycardia, your doctor will evaluate your symptoms, conduct a thorough physical examination, and ask you about your health habits and medical history. Several heart tests also may be necessary...

Schizoaffective disorder - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/schizoaffective-disorder/symptoms-causes/syc-20354504

Nov 8th, 2019 - Overview Schizoaffective disorder is a mental health disorder that is marked by a combination of schizophrenia symptoms, such as hallucinations or delusions, and mood disorder symptoms, such as depression or mania. The two types of schizoaffective disorder — both of which include some symptoms of schizophrenia — are: Bipolar type, which includes episodes of mania and sometimes major depression ...

Ankylosing spondylitis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ankylosing-spondylitis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354813

Nov 7th, 2019 - Diagnosis During the physical exam, your doctor might ask you to bend in different directions to test the range of motion in your spine. He or she might try to reproduce your pain by pressing on specific portions of your pelvis or by moving your legs into a particular position. Also, your doctor might ask you to take a deep breath to see if you have difficulty expanding your chest. Imaging test...

Ankylosing spondylitis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ankylosing-spondylitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20354808

Nov 7th, 2019 - Overview Ankylosing spondylitis Ankylosing spondylitis As ankylosing spondylitis worsens, new bone forms as part of the body's attempt to heal. The new bone gradually bridges the gap between vertebrae and eventually fuses sections of vertebrae together. Fused vertebrae can flatten the natural curves of your spine and force it into an inflexible, hunched posture. Ankylosing spondylitis is an inf...

Sclerosing mesenteritis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sclerosing-mesenteritis/symptoms-causes/syc-20355087

Nov 6th, 2019 - Overview Mesentery Mesentery The mesentery is a fold of membrane that attaches the intestine to the abdominal wall and holds it in place. Sclerosing mesenteritis, also called mesenteric panniculitis, occurs when the tissue (mesentery) that holds the small intestines in place becomes inflamed and forms scar tissue. Sclerosing mesenteritis is rare, and it's not clear what causes it. Sclerosing me...

Frontotemporal dementia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/frontotemporal-dementia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354741

Nov 4th, 2019 - Diagnosis There's no single test for frontotemporal dementia. Doctors look for signs and symptoms of the disease and try to exclude other possible causes. The disorder can be especially challenging to diagnose early because symptoms of frontotemporal dementia often overlap with those of other conditions. Blood tests To help rule out other conditions, such as liver or kidney disease, your doctor...

Male hypogonadism - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/male-hypogonadism/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354886

Nov 4th, 2019 - Diagnosis Early detection in boys can help prevent problems from delayed puberty. Early diagnosis and treatment in men offer better protection against osteoporosis and other related conditions. Your doctor will conduct a physical exam and note whether your sexual development, such as your pubic hair, muscle mass and size of your testes, is consistent with your age. Your doctor will test your bl...

Frontotemporal dementia - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/frontotemporal-dementia/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20354745

Nov 4th, 2019 - Frontotemporal dementia care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Teamwork At Mayo Clinic, an integrated team of doctors trained in nervous system conditions (neurologists), nervous system and mental health conditions (neuropsychologists), nervous system conditions and radiology (neuroradiologists), speech and language (speech-language pathologists), sleep medicine, and physical medicine a...

Frontotemporal dementia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/frontotemporal-dementia/symptoms-causes/syc-20354737

Nov 4th, 2019 - Overview Frontotemporal dementia is an umbrella term for a group of uncommon brain disorders that primarily affect the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain. These areas of the brain are generally associated with personality, behavior and language. In frontotemporal dementia, portions of these lobes shrink (atrophy). Signs and symptoms vary, depending on which part of the brain is affected. S...

Food allergy - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/food-allergy/symptoms-causes/syc-20355095

Nov 1st, 2019 - Overview Food allergy is an immune system reaction that occurs soon after eating a certain food. Even a tiny amount of the allergy-causing food can trigger signs and symptoms such as digestive problems, hives or swollen airways. In some people, a food allergy can cause severe symptoms or even a life-threatening reaction known as anaphylaxis. Food allergy affects an estimated 6 to 8 percent of c...

Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome-ohss/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354703

Oct 31st, 2019 - Diagnosis For ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, your doctor may make a diagnosis based on: A physical exam. Your doctor will look for any weight gain, increases in your waist size and abdominal pain you may have. An ultrasound. If you have OHSS, an ultrasound may show that your ovaries are bigger than normal, with large fluid-filled cysts where follicles developed. During treatment with fertil...

Kawasaki disease - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/kawasaki-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354603

Oct 30th, 2019 - Diagnosis There's no specific test available to diagnose Kawasaki disease. Diagnosis involves ruling out other diseases that cause similar signs and symptoms, including: Scarlet fever, which is caused by streptococcal bacteria and results in fever, rash, chills and sore throat Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis Stevens-Johnson syndrome, a disorder of the mucous membranes Toxic shock syndrome Measles...

Kawasaki disease - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/kawasaki-disease/symptoms-causes/syc-20354598

Oct 30th, 2019 - Overview Kawasaki disease causes swelling (inflammation) in the walls of medium-sized arteries throughout the body. It primarily affects children. The inflammation tends to affect the coronary arteries, which supply blood to the heart muscle. Kawasaki disease is sometimes called mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome because it also affects glands that swell during an infection (lymph nodes), skin, ...

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sexually-transmitted-diseases-stds/symptoms-causes/syc-20351240

Oct 28th, 2019 - Overview Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) — or sexually transmitted infections (STIs) — are generally acquired by sexual contact. The organisms (bacteria, viruses or parasites) that cause sexually transmitted diseases may pass from person to person in blood, semen, or vaginal and other bodily fluids. Sometimes these infections can be transmitted nonsexually, such as from mother to infant du...

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sexually-transmitted-diseases-stds/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351246

Oct 28th, 2019 - Diagnosis Tests If your sexual history and current signs and symptoms suggest that you have a sexually transmitted disease (STD) or a sexually transmitted infection (STI), laboratory tests can identify the cause and detect coinfections you might also have. Blood tests. Blood tests can confirm the diagnosis of HIV or later stages of syphilis. Urine samples. Some STIs can be confirmed with a urin...

HIV/AIDS - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hiv-aids/symptoms-causes/syc-20373524

Oct 24th, 2019 - Overview Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a chronic, potentially life-threatening condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). By damaging your immune system, HIV interferes with your body's ability to fight the organisms that cause disease. HIV is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). It can also be spread by contact with infected blood or from mother to child duri...

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gerd/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20362042

Oct 22nd, 2019 - GERD care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic's GERD care team includes doctors trained in digestive diseases (gastroenterologists) and chest (thoracic) surgeons who work together to provide exactly the care you need. Having all of this subspecialized expertise in a single place, focused on you, means that you're not just getting one opinion — care is discussed among the team,...

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gerd/symptoms-causes/syc-20361940

Oct 22nd, 2019 - Overview How heartburn and GERD occur How heartburn and GERD occur Acid reflux occurs when the sphincter muscle at the lower end of your esophagus relaxes at the wrong time, allowing stomach acid to back up into your esophagus. This can cause heartburn and other signs and symptoms. Frequent or constant reflux can lead to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Gastroesophageal reflux disease (G...

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gerd/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20361959

Oct 22nd, 2019 - Diagnosis Endoscopy Endoscopy Endoscopy An endoscopy procedure involves inserting a long, flexible tube (endoscope) down your throat and into your esophagus. A tiny camera on the end of the endoscope lets your doctor examine your esophagus, stomach and the beginning of your small intestine (duodenum). Your doctor might be able to diagnose GERD based on a physical examination and history of your...

Hiatal hernia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hiatal-hernia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20373385

Oct 22nd, 2019 - Diagnosis Endoscopy Endoscopy Endoscopy An endoscopy procedure involves inserting a long, flexible tube (endoscope) down your throat and into your esophagus. A tiny camera on the end of the endoscope lets your doctor examine your esophagus, stomach and the beginning of your small intestine (duodenum). A hiatal hernia is often discovered during a test or procedure to determine the cause of heart...

Chronic hives - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chronic-hives/symptoms-causes/syc-20352719

Oct 22nd, 2019 - Overview Hives on light skin Hives on light skin Hives may be accompanied by angioedema, which causes red, swollen welts. Hives on dark skin Hives on dark skin Hives, also known as urticaria, are reddened, itchy welts that may be triggered by exposure to certain foods, medications or other substances. Hives (urticaria) are red, itchy welts that result from a skin reaction. The welts vary in siz...

Microscopic colitis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/microscopic-colitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20351478

Oct 22nd, 2019 - Overview Colon and rectum Colon and rectum The colon, also called the large intestine, is a long, tubelike organ in your abdomen. The colon carries waste to be expelled from the body. Microscopic colitis is an inflammation of the large intestine (colon) that causes persistent watery diarrhea. The disorder gets its name from the fact that it's necessary to examine colon tissue under a microscope...

Microscopic colitis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/microscopic-colitis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351483

Oct 22nd, 2019 - Diagnosis A complete medical history and physical examination can help determine whether other conditions, such as celiac disease, may be contributing to your diarrhea. Your doctor will also ask about any medications you are taking — particularly aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others), naproxen sodium (Aleve), proton pump inhibitors, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) — ...

Zollinger-Ellison syndrome - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/zollinger-ellison-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20379042

Oct 22nd, 2019 - Overview Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is a rare condition in which one or more tumors form in your pancreas or the upper part of your small intestine (duodenum). These tumors, called gastrinomas, secrete large amounts of the hormone gastrin, which causes your stomach to produce too much acid. The excess acid then leads to peptic ulcers, as well as to diarrhea and other symptoms. Zollinger-Ellison...

Primary ovarian insufficiency - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/premature-ovarian-failure/symptoms-causes/syc-20354683

Oct 21st, 2019 - Overview Primary ovarian insufficiency — also called premature ovarian failure — occurs when the ovaries stop functioning normally before age 40. When this happens, your ovaries don't produce normal amounts of the hormone estrogen or release eggs regularly. This condition often leads to infertility. Primary ovarian insufficiency is sometimes confused with premature menopause, but these conditio...

Iron deficiency anemia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/iron-deficiency-anemia/symptoms-causes/syc-20355034

Oct 17th, 2019 - Overview Iron deficiency anemia is a common type of anemia — a condition in which blood lacks adequate healthy red blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen to the body's tissues. As the name implies, iron deficiency anemia is due to insufficient iron. Without enough iron, your body can't produce enough of a substance in red blood cells that enables them to carry oxygen (hemoglobin). As a resul...

Iron deficiency anemia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/iron-deficiency-anemia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355040

Oct 17th, 2019 - Diagnosis To diagnose iron deficiency anemia, your doctor may run tests to look for: Red blood cell size and color. With iron deficiency anemia, red blood cells are smaller and paler in color than normal. Hematocrit. This is the percentage of your blood volume made up by red blood cells. Normal levels are generally between 35.5 and 44.9 percent for adult women and 38.3 to 48.6 percent for adult...

Dysphagia - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dysphagia/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20372039

Oct 16th, 2019 - Dysphagia care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team A team of specialists at Mayo Clinic work together to identify the appropriate treatment approach for each person. The team includes doctors who specialize in gastroenterology and hepatology, otorhinolaryngology, neurology, physical medicine and rehabilitation, and speech pathology. If you have esophageal cancer, specialists in thoracic s...

Dysphagia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dysphagia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20372033

Oct 16th, 2019 - Diagnosis Your doctor will likely perform a physical examination and may use a variety of tests to determine the cause of your swallowing problem. Tests may include: X-ray with a contrast material (barium X-ray). You drink a barium solution that coats your esophagus, allowing it to show up better on X-rays. Your doctor can then see changes in the shape of your esophagus and can assess the muscu...

Dysphagia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dysphagia/symptoms-causes/syc-20372028

Oct 16th, 2019 - Overview Esophagus Esophagus The esophagus is a muscular tube that connects your mouth and your stomach. Rings of muscle (sphincters) in the upper and lower portions contract and relax to allow food and liquid to pass. Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia) means it takes more time and effort to move food or liquid from your mouth to your stomach. Dysphagia may also be associated with pain. In some ...

Bone spurs - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bone-spurs/symptoms-causes/syc-20370212

Oct 16th, 2019 - Overview Bone spurs are bony projections that develop along bone edges. Bone spurs (osteophytes) often form where bones meet each other — in your joints. They can also form on the bones of your spine. The main cause of bone spurs is the joint damage associated with osteoarthritis. Most bone spurs cause no symptoms and can go undetected for years. They might not require treatment. If treatment i...

Carbon monoxide poisoning - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/carbon-monoxide/symptoms-causes/syc-20370642

Oct 15th, 2019 - Overview Carbon monoxide poisoning occurs when carbon monoxide builds up in your bloodstream. When too much carbon monoxide is in the air, your body replaces the oxygen in your red blood cells with carbon monoxide. This can lead to serious tissue damage, or even death. Carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas produced by burning gasoline, wood, propane, charcoal or other fuel. Im...

Patellar tendinitis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/patellar-tendinitis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20376118

Oct 15th, 2019 - Diagnosis During the exam, your doctor may apply pressure to parts of your knee to determine where you hurt. Usually, pain from patellar tendinitis is on the front part of your knee, just below your kneecap. Imaging tests Your doctor may suggest one or more of the following imaging tests: X-rays. X-rays help to exclude other bone problems that can cause knee pain. Ultrasound. This test uses sou...

Scarlet fever - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/scarlet-fever/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20377411

Oct 15th, 2019 - Diagnosis During the physical exam, your doctor will: Look at the condition of your child's throat, tonsils and tongue Feel your child's neck to determine if lymph nodes are enlarged Assess the appearance and texture of the rash Throat swab If your doctor suspects strep is the cause of your child's illness, he or she will also swab the tonsils and back of your child's throat to collect material...

Scarlet fever - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/scarlet-fever/symptoms-causes/syc-20377406

Oct 15th, 2019 - Overview Scarlet fever Scarlet fever The red rash of scarlet fever usually begins on the face or neck, later spreading to the chest, trunk, arms and legs. Scarlet fever is a bacterial illness that develops in some people who have strep throat. Also known as scarlatina, scarlet fever features a bright red rash that covers most of the body. Scarlet fever is almost always accompanied by a sore thr...

Carbon monoxide poisoning - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/carbon-monoxide/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20370646

Oct 15th, 2019 - Diagnosis If you're brought to an emergency room with suspected carbon monoxide poisoning, you may begin treatment immediately. To confirm your diagnosis, the doctor may test a sample of your blood for carbon monoxide. Treatment Individual (monoplace) hyperbaric oxygen unit Individual (monoplace) hyperbaric oxygen unit In an individual (monoplace) hyperbaric oxygen unit, treatment is administer...

Blind loop syndrome - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/blind-loop-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20370168

Oct 14th, 2019 - Overview Blind loop syndrome occurs when part of the small intestine forms a loop that food bypasses during digestion. The presence of this "blind loop" means food may not move normally through the digestive tract. Slowly moving food and waste products become a breeding ground for bacteria. The result — bacterial overgrowth — often causes diarrhea and may cause weight loss and malnutrition. Som...