ALLMedicine™ Food Poisoning Center - Clinicaltrials.gov
Tiwari A, Nagalli S.
The genus Clostridium is among the largest bacterial genera comprising of about 180 species. The more common clinically relevant Clostridium species are Clostridium botulinum, which causes botulism; Clostridium perfringens, which causes food poisoning, gas gangrene, and necrotizing fasciitis; Clostridium tetani which cause tetanus and Clostridium sordellii which causes fatal infections after...
Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine;
May 30th, 2001 - CLINICAL SIGNS AND DIAGNOSIS The signs of carbon monoxide poisoning vary with concentration and length of exposure. Subtle cardiovascular or neurobehavioural effects occur at low concentrations12. Lengthy exposure or acute exposure to high concentrations often causes coma and death. The onset of chronic poisoning is usually insidious and easily mistaken for 'flu, depression, food poisoning or i...
Aug 23rd, 2018 - Food poisoning peaks in the summer months when warmer temperatures cause foodborne germs to flourish. Follow these steps for a safe and enjoyable grilling season.
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene; Radke EG, Grattan LM et. al.
Feb 12th, 2013 - Ciguatera fish poisoning is the most common marine food poisoning worldwide. It has been hypothesized that increasing seawater temperature will result in increasing ciguatera incidence. In St. Thomas, US Virgin Islands, we performed an island-wide telephone survey (N = 807) and a medical record review of diagnosed ciguatera cases at the emergency department of the sole hospital and compared the...
Clinical Microbiology Reviews; Bottone EJ
Apr 8th, 2010 - Bacillus cereus is a Gram-positive aerobic or facultatively anaerobic, motile, spore-forming, rod-shaped bacterium that is widely distributed environmentally. While B. cereus is associated mainly with food poisoning, it is being increasingly reported to be a cause of serious and potentially fatal non-gastrointestinal-tract infections. The pathogenicity of B. cereus, whether intestinal or nonint...
Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication Of... Zhang S, Wang Y et. al.
Jun 23rd, 2010 - In 2007, an outbreak of foodborne botulism occurred in Hebei province, China. An epidemiological investigation and laboratory detection studies showed that sausage contaminated by type A Clostridium botulinum caused this outbreak of food poisoning. Its clinical and epidemiological features were different from previous reports of food poisoning.
Toxicon : Official Journal of the International Society O... Hungerford JM
Feb 15th, 2010 - Scombroid poisoning, also called histamine fish poisoning, is an allergy-like form of food poisoning that continues to be a major problem in seafood safety. The exact role of histamine in scombroid poisoning is not straightforward. Deviations from the expected dose-response have led to the advancement of various possible mechanisms of toxicity, none of them proven. Histamine action levels are u...
Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication Of... Kawai T, Sekizuka T et. al.
Jan 27th, 2012 - Outbreaks of an unidentified food-borne illness associated with the consumption of raw fish have increased in Japan since 2003. Those affected with this illness develop diarrhea and emesis within 2-20 hours after a meal including raw fish. No known causative agents such as bacteria, viruses, bacterial toxins, or toxic chemicals have been detected in the foods that were ingested. Fortunately, th...
Clinical Toxicology (Philadelphia, Pa.); Nakajima N, Ueda M et. al.
May 6th, 2013 - Erythromelalgia is a rare disorder characterized by reddening, severe burning pain, and swelling of the extremities. Food poisoning by Clitocybe acromelalga, a poisonous mushroom, is known to induce erythromelalgia; however, its treatment protocol remains unclear. We describe here three cases of erythromelalgia following the consumption of C. acromelalga with varying clinical courses. Of the th...
MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report;
Dec 19th, 2013 - On July 30, 2012, the emergency department at a military hospital was visited by 13 persons seeking care for gastrointestinal illness with onset 2-3 hours after a work lunch party. The hospital responded by opening up temporary evaluation and treatment capacity in primary-care clinics and a progressive-care unit and by diverting one patient to a local civilian hospital. An immediate outbreak in...
BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.); Dobson R
Mar 24th, 2009 - Inquiry into food poisoning outbreak in Wales says lessons weren't learnt from past incidents.|2009|Dobson R,|prevention & control,epidemiology,prevention & control,epidemiology,prevention & control,standards,epidemiology,
Infection and Immunity; Omoe K, Hu DL et. al.
Jul 23rd, 2013 - Staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs) are a common causative agent of food poisoning. Recently, many new SE-like (SEl) toxins have been reported, although the role of SEls in food poisoning remains unclear. In this study, the emetic potentials of SElK, SElL, SElM, SElN, SElO, SElP, and SElQ were assessed using a monkey-feeding assay. All the SEls that were tested induced emetic reactions in monkeys...
Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control; Ranjbar R, Masoudimanesh M et. al.
Jan 11th, 2017 - According to the presence of the weak, diabetic and immunosuppressive patients in hospitals, hospital foods should have a high quality and safety. Cooking a lot of foods higher than daily requirement, storage of cooked foods in an inappropriate condition and presence of nurses and servants in distribution of food to patients are the main reasons caused contamination of hospital foods. Shiga tox...
Journal of Travel Medicine; Sheen PA, Zahid MS et. al.
Jan 12th, 2017 - To ascertain any predictors of potential food poisoning pathogens and development of post-infective irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in UK travellers. An analysis was undertaken on prospectively collected data on 527 patients reporting symptoms of suspected food poisoning between June 2012 and June 2015. Positive stool sample indicative of food poisoning pathogens and diagnosis of post-infective ...
Journal of Bacteriology; Yerushalmi G, Litvak Y et. al.
May 19th, 2014 - Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) is a major cause of food poisoning, leading to significant morbidity and mortality. EPEC virulence is dependent on a type III secretion system (T3SS), a molecular syringe employed by EPEC to inject effector proteins into host cells. The injected effector proteins subvert host cellular functions to the benefit of the infecting bacteria. The T3SS and relat...
Toxicon : Official Journal of the International Society O... Wu YJ, Lin CL et. al.
Oct 6th, 2014 - A food poisoning incident due to ingestion of unknown octopus occurred in Taipei in December, 2010. The serum and urine from victims (male 38 and 43 years old) were collected, determined the toxicity, and identified tetrodotoxin (TTX) by high-performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). It was found that only urine contained the trace of TTX. Then, two retained sp...
Journal of Immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950); Calame DG, Mueller-Ortiz SL et. al.
Oct 9th, 2014 - Listeria monocytogenes is a major cause of mortality resulting from food poisoning in the United States. In mice, C5 has been genetically linked to host resistance to listeriosis. Despite this genetic association, it remains poorly understood how C5 and its activation products, C5a and C5b, confer host protection to this Gram-positive intracellular bacterium. In this article, we show in a syste...
Nutrition Research (New York, N.Y.); Kobayashi D, Yoshimura T et. al.
Jun 20th, 2015 - Food poisoning from Ginkgo biloba seeds can cause epilepsy because of a decrease in γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) concentrations in the brain. We previously demonstrated that 4'-O-methylpyridoxine (MPN) is responsible for this observed toxicity of G biloba seeds; however, the mechanism for the decrease in GABA and plasma concentration profile of MPN has not been clarified. Our hypothesis is that M...
International Journal of Cosmetic Science; Fukui S, Morikawa T et. al.
Mar 30th, 2016 - Washing the hands using cleansers with antiseptic materials is the most popular method for hand hygiene and helps maintain health by preventing food poisoning and bacterial infections. However, repeated hand washing tends to induce eczema of the hand, such as dryness, cracking and erythema. Moreover, eczema on the hand leads to increased levels in Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) on the skin s...
Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases (Larchmont, N.Y.); Leffer AM, Kuttel J et. al.
Nov 25th, 2009 - The ingestion of food products originating from poultry infected with Salmonella spp. is one of the major causes of food poisoning in humans. The control of poultry salmonellosis is particularly difficult since birds are asymptomatic and numerous factors may expedite the maintenance of bacteria in poultry production facilities. The aim of the study was to determine the vectorial capacity of adu...