Jul 22nd, 2019 - Contemporary clinicians who provide obstetric care acknowledge screening of pregnant women for perinatally transmissible infectious diseases as a routine component of prenatal care,1 although this has not always been the case. For example, prenatal screening for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection only began to be discussed after rigorous trials conducted in the 1970s and 1980s in high-endemic ar...
Jul 10th, 2019 - This document presents the official recommendations of the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) on the Laboratory Evaluation of Functional Diarrhea and Diarrhea-Predominant Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS-D) in Adults. The guideline was developed by the AGA’s Clinical Practice Guideline Committee and approved by the AGA Governing Board. These Guidelines should expire in 5 years. The ...
Jun 26th, 2019 - People with HIV infection are affected disproportionally by viral hepatitis. Nearly 75% of people with HIV who report a history of injection drug use also are infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV).
Jun 26th, 2019 - Pfizer Inc. (NYSE:PFE) today announced the United States (U.S.) Food and Drug Administration(FDA) has approved ZIRABEV™ (bevacizumab-bvzr), a biosimilar to Avastin® (bevacizumab),1 for the treatment of five types of cancer: metastatic colorectal cancer; unresectable, locally advanced, recurrent or metastatic non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); recurrent glioblastoma; metastatic ren...
Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care; Contaldo, F. et. al.
Jun 17th, 2019 - Purpose of review To review the healthy protective effects of coffee against several metabolic diseases and some types of cancer. In this short review, the possible preventive and/or therapeutic actions of coffee on liver function is focused. Recent findings The protective mechanisms of coffee are various and because of several components with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties in ...
May 22nd, 2019 - ABSTRACT: At puberty, a patient with an imperforate hymen typically presents with a vaginal bulge of thin hymenal tissue with a dark or bluish hue caused by the hematocolpos behind it. Other findings that may be present include an abdominal mass, urinary retention, dysuria, constipation, and dyschezia. On evaluation, the goal is to differentiate an imperforate hymen from other obstructing anato...
Cancer Spectrum; Zhang, F. et. al.
May 21st, 2019 - Diet is an important risk factor for cancer that is amenable to intervention. Estimating the cancer burden associated with diet informs evidence-based priorities for nutrition policies to reduce cancer burden in the US. Methods Using a Comparative Risk Assessment model that incorporated nationally representative data on dietary intake, national cancer incidence, and estimated associations o...
May 14th, 2019 - Recognized as one of the top 50 medical meetings by HCEA, Digestive Disease Week® (DDW) is the world's largest gathering of physicians, researchers and industry in the fields of gastroenterology, hepatology, endoscopy and gastrointestinal surgery. Registration and housing are now open.
JAMA Network Open; Hsiang, E. et. al.
May 9th, 2019 - Question Are breast and colorectal cancer screening rates associated with the time of day a patient visits the primary care clinician? Findings In this quality improvement study analysis of 33 primary care practices including 19 254 patients eligible for breast cancer screening and 33 468 patients eligible for colorectal cancer screening, both clinician ordering and patient completion of c...
May 7th, 2019 - Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a condition in which fat builds up in your liver. Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a type of NAFLD. If you have NASH, you have inflammation and liver cell damage, along with fat in your liver.
Cancer Medicine; Li, Y. et. al.
May 6th, 2019 - Background Colorectal cancer (CRC) remains one of the most common types of cancer and a leading cause of death worldwide. Previous studies indicated that statins may have a potential protective effect on CRC. Methods We conducted this meta‐analysis to systematically assess the overall and cancer‐specific survival benefit of statin uses on CRC patients. Related references were identified th...
Apr 24th, 2019 - Colorectal cancer is the fourth most diagnosed cancer and the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States. The majority of CRC is thought to arise from precancerous lesions called adenomas through the adenoma-carcinoma pathway.1 Screening for and removing colon adenomas in asymptomatic individuals can reduce CRC incidence and mortality. Therefore, routine CRC screening is recommen...
Apr 16th, 2019 - Celiac Disease, Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity, and Food Allergy: How are they different?
Apr 14th, 2019 - To develop recommendations for duration of adjuvant chemotherapy with a fluoropyrimidine and oxaliplatin for patients with completely resected stage III colon cancer based on the results of trials of 3 months compared with 6 months of treatment.
Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases; Lee, J. et. al.
Apr 12th, 2019 - Background and Aims We investigated the association between statin use and site-specific risk of colorectal cancer in individuals with hypercholesterolemia. Methods and Results This study is based on the National Health Insurance Service-National Health Screening Cohort between 2002 and 2015. Statin users were classified into high and low users according to medication possession ratio (MPR...
Apr 8th, 2019 - What are the case definitions for reportable hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections? The specific viral cause of illness cannot be determined based solely on signs, symptoms, history, or current risk factors, but must be verified by specific serologic testing
Apr 2nd, 2019 - Types of DTC genetic tests A broad range of genetic test types are offered DTC, including: Carrier testing for diseases such as cystic fibrosis and hemochromatosis Pharmacogenomic testing Testing for predisposition to complex diseases such as hereditary cancers, cardiovascular disease and depression Whole exome or genome sequencing Testing to determine ancestry
Mar 31st, 2019 - Three completed cohorts reporting findings in non-small cell lung cancer, breast, and metastatic colorectal cancer from the American Society of Clinical Oncology, Inc.’s (ASCO®) Targeted Agent and Profiling Utilization Registry (TAPUR™) Study were presented in poster sessions during the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2019. In addition, all seven pharmaceutical c...
Mar 31st, 2019 - Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a group of symptoms that occur together, including repeated pain in your abdomen and changes in your bowel movements, which may be diarrhea, constipation, or both. With IBS, you have these symptoms without any visible signs of damage or disease in your digestive tract.
Benson, A. et. al.
Mar 31st, 2019 - Incidence and mortality rates for cancer overall are declining, but both incidence and mortality rates for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are increasing.1,2 Risk factors for development of HCC include infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and/or hepatitis C virus (HCV), and cirrhosis of the liver (eg, alcohol cirrhosis).3 Metabolic disorders (ie, obesity, diabetes, impaired glucose metabolism,...