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About 1,802 results
Shingles | Laboratory Testing for VZV | Herpes Zoster | CDC
https://www.cdc.gov/shingles/lab-testing/index.html

Jun 30th, 2019 - Learn about varicella zoster virus (VZV) laboratory testing and about the CDC National VDZ Laboratory.

Doxycycline: Uses, Side Effects & Dosage Guide - Drugs.com
https://www.drugs.com/doxycycline.html

Jun 30th, 2019 - Doxycycline is an antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections like urinary tract infections, acne and chlamydia. Includes side effects, interactions and indications.

HIV Infection and AIDS Workup
https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/211316-workup

Jun 30th, 2019 - Screening for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is paramount, since infected individuals may remain asymptomatic for years while the infection progresses. Serologic tests are the most important studies in the evaluation for HIV infection.

HIV, schizophrenia, and all-cause mortality
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0920996419301537?via%3Dihub
Schizophrenia Research;

Jun 26th, 2019 - Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness with important implications for morbidity and mortality. This population-based cohort study examined the impact of schizophrenia diagnoses on all-cause mortality among a sample of people living with HIV (PLHIV) and a 10% random sample of individuals living without HIV (HIV-) in British Columbia (BC), through a data linkage between the BC Centre for Excel...

HIV and Viral Hepatitis - CDC
https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/factsheets/hiv-viral-hepatitis.pdf

Jun 26th, 2019 - People with HIV infection are affected disproportionally by viral hepatitis. Nearly 75% of people with HIV who report a history of injection drug use also are infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV).

IDSA/AAN/ACR Draft Lyme Disease Guidelines
https://www.idsociety.org/practice-guideline/Lyme-Disease-Guideline-Public-Comments/

Jun 26th, 2019 - The Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA), American Academy of Neurology (AAN), and American College of Rheumatology (ACR) are now accepting comments on the “2019 Draft Guidelines for the Prevention, Diagnosis and Treatment of Lyme Disease.” We are looking for feedback from not only physicians and healthcare professionals, but also individuals affected by Lyme disease, such as patients,...

FDA approves first treatment for chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps
https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/fda-approves-first-treatment-chronic-rhinosinusitis-nasal-polyps

Jun 25th, 2019 - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Dupixent (dupilumab) to treat adults with nasal polyps (growths on the inner lining of the sinuses) accompanied by chronic rhinosinusitis (prolonged inflammation of the sinuses and nasal cavity). This is the first treatment approved for inadequately controlled chronic rhinosinusis with nasal polyps.

HIV and Nutrition and Food Safety | Understanding HIV/AIDS | AIDSinfo
https://aidsinfo.nih.gov/understanding-hiv-aids/fact-sheets/27/97/hiv-and-nutrition-and-food-safety

Jun 12th, 2019 - In people with HIV, good nutrition supports overall health and helps maintain the immune system. Good nutrition also helps people with HIV maintain a healthy weight and absorb HIV medicines.

Screening for HIV Infection: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2735345
JAMA US Preventive Services Task Force

Jun 10th, 2019 - Importance Approximately 1.1 million persons in the United States are currently living with HIV, and more than 700 000 persons have died of AIDS since the first cases were reported in 1981. There were approximately 38 300 new diagnoses of HIV infection in 2017. The estimated prevalence of HIV infection among persons 13 years and older in the United States is 0.4%, and data from the Centers for...

Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of HIV Infection: Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2735508
JAMA US Preventive Services Task Force

Jun 10th, 2019 - Importance Effective prevention strategies for HIV infection are an important public health priority. Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) involves use of antiretroviral therapy (ART) daily or before and after sex to decrease risk of acquiring HIV infection. Objective To synthesize the evidence on the benefits and harms of PrEP, instruments for predicting incident HIV infection, and PrEP adheren...

Screening for HIV Infection in Asymptomatic, Nonpregnant Adolescents and Adults: Updated Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2735343
JAMA US Preventive Services Task Force

Jun 10th, 2019 - Importance Untreated HIV infection can result in significant morbidity, mortality, and HIV transmission. A 2012 review for the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) found antiretroviral therapy (ART) associated with improved clinical outcomes and decreased transmission risk in persons with CD4 cell counts less than 500/mm3. Objective To update the 2012 review on HIV screening to infor...

Screening for HIV Infection in Pregnant Women: Updated Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2735344
JAMA US Preventive Services Task Force

Jun 10th, 2019 - Objective To update the 2012 review on prenatal HIV screening to inform the USPSTF. Data Sources Ovid MEDLINE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from 2012 to June 2018, with surveillance through January 2019. Study Selection Pregnant persons 13 years and older; randomized clinical trials and cohort studies of screening v...

Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of HIV Infection: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2735509
JAMA US Preventive Services Task Force

Jun 10th, 2019 - Importance An estimated 1.1 million individuals in the United States are currently living with HIV, and more than 700 000 persons have died of AIDS since the first cases were reported in 1981. In 2017, there were 38 281 new diagnoses of HIV infection reported in the United States; 81% of these new diagnoses were among males and 19% were among females. Although treatable, HIV infection has no c...

FDA approves new treatment for hospital-acquired and ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia
https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/fda-approves-new-treatment-hospital-acquired-and-ventilator-associated-bacterial-pneumonia

Jun 2nd, 2019 - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved a new indication for the previously FDA-approved drug, Zerbaxa (ceftolozane and tazobactam) for the treatment of hospital-acquired bacterial pneumonia and ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia (HABP/VABP) in patients 18 years and older. The FDA initially approved Zerbaxa in 2014 to treat complicated intra-abdominal infections and for comp...

Statistics and Disease Facts - National Meningitis Association
https://www.nmaus.org/disease-prevention-information/statistics-and-disease-facts/

May 31st, 2019 - 1 in 5 U.S. teens have not yet received their first dose of the meningococcal vaccine against serogroups A, C, W and Y and remain unprotected.

U.S. measles cases in first five months of 2019 surpass total cases per year for past 25 years
https://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2019/p0530-us-measles-2019.html

May 29th, 2019 - Today, CDC is reporting 971 cases of measles in the United States thus far in 2019. This is the greatest number of cases reported in the U.S. since 1994, when 963 cases were reported for the entire year. CDC continues to work with affected state and local health departments to get ongoing outbreaks under control.

Head‐to‐head oral prophylactic antibiotic therapy for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD013024.pub2/full
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews; Threapleton, C. et. al.

May 23rd, 2019 - Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD; including chronic bronchitis and emphysema) is a chronic respiratory condition characterised by shortness of breath, cough and recurrent exacerbations. Long‐term antibiotic use may reduce both bacterial load and inflammation in the airways. Studies have shown a reduction of exacerbations with antibiotics in comparison to placebo in people with COPD, ...

FDA clears first diagnostic tests for extragenital testing for chlamydia and gonorrhea
https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/fda-clears-first-diagnostic-tests-extragenital-testing-chlamydia-and-gonorrhea

May 22nd, 2019 - Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration cleared for marketing two tests that can detect the presence of the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae, which cause the sexually-transmitted infections, respectively, chlamydia and gonorrhea, through diagnostic testing of extragenital specimens. The Aptima Combo 2 Assay and the Xpert CT/NG are the first devices cleared for extra...

FDA authorizes marketing of first diagnostic test for detecting Zika virus antibodies
https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/fda-authorizes-marketing-first-diagnostic-test-detecting-zika-virus-antibodies

May 22nd, 2019 - Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration authorized marketing of a diagnostic test to detect Zika virus immunoglobulin (IgM) antibodies in human blood. The ZIKV Detect 2.0 IgM Capture ELISA is the first Zika diagnostic test the FDA has allowed to be marketed in the U.S.; previously, tests for detecting Zika virus IgM antibodies—including the ZIKV Detect 2.0 IgM Capture ELISA—had been author...

WHO | Meningitis
https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/meningitis/en/

May 18th, 2019 - Vaccines and immunization Licensed vaccines against meningococcal disease have been available for more than 40 years. Over time, there have been major improvements in strain coverage and vaccine availability, but to date no universal vaccine against meningococcal disease exists. Vaccines are serogroup specific and confer varying degrees of duration of protection. There are three types of menin...