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About 1,854 results
HIV and Viral Hepatitis - CDC
https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/factsheets/hiv-viral-hepatitis.pdf

Jun 26th, 2019 - People with HIV infection are affected disproportionally by viral hepatitis. Nearly 75% of people with HIV who report a history of injection drug use also are infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV).

IDSA/AAN/ACR Draft Lyme Disease Guidelines
https://www.idsociety.org/practice-guideline/Lyme-Disease-Guideline-Public-Comments/

Jun 26th, 2019 - The Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA), American Academy of Neurology (AAN), and American College of Rheumatology (ACR) are now accepting comments on the “2019 Draft Guidelines for the Prevention, Diagnosis and Treatment of Lyme Disease.” We are looking for feedback from not only physicians and healthcare professionals, but also individuals affected by Lyme disease, such as patients,...

HIV and Nutrition and Food Safety | Understanding HIV/AIDS | AIDSinfo
https://aidsinfo.nih.gov/understanding-hiv-aids/fact-sheets/27/97/hiv-and-nutrition-and-food-safety

Jun 12th, 2019 - In people with HIV, good nutrition supports overall health and helps maintain the immune system. Good nutrition also helps people with HIV maintain a healthy weight and absorb HIV medicines.

Screening for HIV Infection: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2735345
JAMA US Preventive Services Task Force

Jun 10th, 2019 - Importance Approximately 1.1 million persons in the United States are currently living with HIV, and more than 700 000 persons have died of AIDS since the first cases were reported in 1981. There were approximately 38 300 new diagnoses of HIV infection in 2017. The estimated prevalence of HIV infection among persons 13 years and older in the United States is 0.4%, and data from the Centers for...

Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of HIV Infection: Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2735508
JAMA US Preventive Services Task Force

Jun 10th, 2019 - Importance Effective prevention strategies for HIV infection are an important public health priority. Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) involves use of antiretroviral therapy (ART) daily or before and after sex to decrease risk of acquiring HIV infection. Objective To synthesize the evidence on the benefits and harms of PrEP, instruments for predicting incident HIV infection, and PrEP adheren...

Screening for HIV Infection in Asymptomatic, Nonpregnant Adolescents and Adults: Updated Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2735343
JAMA US Preventive Services Task Force

Jun 10th, 2019 - Importance Untreated HIV infection can result in significant morbidity, mortality, and HIV transmission. A 2012 review for the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) found antiretroviral therapy (ART) associated with improved clinical outcomes and decreased transmission risk in persons with CD4 cell counts less than 500/mm3. Objective To update the 2012 review on HIV screening to infor...

Screening for HIV Infection in Pregnant Women: Updated Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2735344
JAMA US Preventive Services Task Force

Jun 10th, 2019 - Objective To update the 2012 review on prenatal HIV screening to inform the USPSTF. Data Sources Ovid MEDLINE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from 2012 to June 2018, with surveillance through January 2019. Study Selection Pregnant persons 13 years and older; randomized clinical trials and cohort studies of screening v...

Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of HIV Infection: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2735509
JAMA US Preventive Services Task Force

Jun 10th, 2019 - Importance An estimated 1.1 million individuals in the United States are currently living with HIV, and more than 700 000 persons have died of AIDS since the first cases were reported in 1981. In 2017, there were 38 281 new diagnoses of HIV infection reported in the United States; 81% of these new diagnoses were among males and 19% were among females. Although treatable, HIV infection has no c...

Statistics and Disease Facts - National Meningitis Association
https://www.nmaus.org/disease-prevention-information/statistics-and-disease-facts/

May 31st, 2019 - 1 in 5 U.S. teens have not yet received their first dose of the meningococcal vaccine against serogroups A, C, W and Y and remain unprotected.

U.S. measles cases in first five months of 2019 surpass total cases per year for past 25 years
https://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2019/p0530-us-measles-2019.html

May 29th, 2019 - Today, CDC is reporting 971 cases of measles in the United States thus far in 2019. This is the greatest number of cases reported in the U.S. since 1994, when 963 cases were reported for the entire year. CDC continues to work with affected state and local health departments to get ongoing outbreaks under control.

Head‐to‐head oral prophylactic antibiotic therapy for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD013024.pub2/full
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews; Threapleton, C. et. al.

May 23rd, 2019 - Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD; including chronic bronchitis and emphysema) is a chronic respiratory condition characterised by shortness of breath, cough and recurrent exacerbations. Long‐term antibiotic use may reduce both bacterial load and inflammation in the airways. Studies have shown a reduction of exacerbations with antibiotics in comparison to placebo in people with COPD, ...

WHO | Meningitis
https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/meningitis/en/

May 18th, 2019 - Vaccines and immunization Licensed vaccines against meningococcal disease have been available for more than 40 years. Over time, there have been major improvements in strain coverage and vaccine availability, but to date no universal vaccine against meningococcal disease exists. Vaccines are serogroup specific and confer varying degrees of duration of protection. There are three types of menin...

DEET | US EPA
https://www.epa.gov/insect-repellents/deet

May 8th, 2019 - Safety Review of DEET (chemical name, N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide) is the active ingredient in many repellent products. It is widely used to repel biting pests such as mosquitoes and ticks. Every year, an estimated one-third of the U.S. population use DEET to protect them from mosquito-borne illnesses like West Nile Virus, the Zika virus or malaria and tick-borne illnesses like Lyme disease and ...

Recurrent Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infections in Women: AUA/CUA/SUFU Guideline
https://www.auanet.org/guidelines/recurrent-uti

Apr 30th, 2019 - Over the past few decades, our ability to diagnose, treat, and manage recurrent urinary tract infection (rUTI) long-term has evolved due to additional insights into the pathophysiology of rUTI, a new appreciation for the adverse effects of repetitive antimicrobial therapy (“collateral damage”), rising rates of bacterial antimicrobial resistance, and better reporting of the natural history and c...

Guidance for Clinicians: Recommendations for Patients after a Tick Bite
https://www.cdc.gov/lyme/resources/FS-Guidance-for-Clinicians-Patients-after-TickBite-508.pdf

Apr 30th, 2019 - Antimicrobial prophylaxis for the prevention of Lyme disease (Table 1) following tick bite may be beneficial in certain circumstances. A single dose of doxycycline can lower the risk of Lyme disease when: The tick bite occurred in a state where Lyme disease incidence is high

Practice Advisory: Management of Pregnant and Reproductive-Aged Women during a Measles Outbreak
https://www.acog.org/Clinical-Guidance-and-Publications/Practice-Advisories/Management-of-Pregnant-and-Reproductive-Age-Women-during-a-Measles-Outbreak

Apr 25th, 2019 - The United States is currently experiencing the greatest number of reported cases of measles, also known as rubeola, since the disease was eliminated in 20001. Outbreaks have been confirmed in 22 states and the number of cases and their distribution is increasing rapidly. These measles outbreaks have been linked to travelers bringing back cases of measles from other countries. This situation co...

HIV/AIDS | CDC
https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/

Apr 18th, 2019 - CDC provides leadership for HIV prevention research and surveillance and the development and testing of effective biomedical interventions to reduce transmission and HIV disease progression in the United States and internationally. It also provides national leadership in the development, implementation, and evaluation of evidence-based HIV prevention programs serving persons affected by, or at ...

DPDx - Laboratory Identification of Parasites of Public Health Concern - CDC
https://www.cdc.gov/dpdx/

Apr 17th, 2019 - Welcome to DPDx, a website developed and maintained by CDC’s Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria (DPDM). DPDx uses the Internet to strengthen diagnosis of parasitic diseases, both in the United States and abroad. This interactive and rapid exchange of information, allied with already available diagnostic reference resources, will enhance our capacity to address the global problem of para...

Botulism | Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)
https://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/diseases/943/botulism

Apr 15th, 2019 - A collection of disease information resources and questions answered by our Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Specialists for Botulism

Measles & the MMR Vaccine: Recommendations Around Pregnancy, Including the Periconception and Postpartum Periods
http://providerresource.uwmedicine.org/flexpaper/measles-and-the-mmr-vaccine-recommendations-around-pregnancy-including-the-periconception-and-postpartum-periods

Apr 14th, 2019 - Measles, Also Known As Rubeola, Is A Highly Contagious Airborne Viral Illness That Infects Approximately Nine Out Of Ten Exposed Susceptible Individuals. Measles Infection Was Common Until The Measles, Mumps, And Rubella (MMR) Vaccine Was Licensed In 1963 And Became Part Of The Routine Immunization Schedule. By 2000, Measles Was Essentially Eliminated From The United States. In The Last Decade,...