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Screening for Intimate Partner Violence, Elder Abuse, and Abuse of Vulnerable Adults: U...
JAMA , Curry SJ et. al.

Oct 25th, 2018 - Intimate partner violence (IPV) and abuse of older or vulnerable adults are common in the United States but often remain undetected. In addition to the immediate effects of IPV, such as injury and death, there are other health consequences, many with long-term effects, including development of mental health conditions such as depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety disorders, substan...

Recommendations for Prevention and Control of Influenza in Children, 2017 - 2018.

Sep 5th, 2017 - This statement updates the recommendations for routine use of the seasonal influenza vaccine and antiviral medications for the prevention and treatment of influenza in children. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends annual seasonal influenza immunization for everyone 6 months and older, including children and adolescents. Highlights for the upcoming 2017-2018 season include the followin...

FDA approves first generics of Gilenya

Dec 8th, 2019 - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved three applications for first generics of Gilenya (fingolimod) capsules for the treatment of relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (MS) in adult patients.

FDA approves system for the delivery of ear tubes under local anesthesia to treat ear infection

Nov 30th, 2019 - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved a new system for the delivery of tympanostomy tubes, commonly referred to as ear tubes, that can be inserted into the eardrum to treat recurrent ear infections (i.e., otitis media). The Tubes Under Local Anesthesia (Tula) System is the first ear tube delivery system that can be performed in young children using local anesthesia in a physician...

Clinical Implications of the New York Heart Association Classification
Journal of the American Heart Association; Caraballo C, et al

Nov 26th, 2019 - The New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification has served as a fundamental tool for risk stratification of heart failure (HF) and determines clinical trial eligibility and candidacy for drugs and devices. However, its ability to adequately stratify risk is unclear.

Fasting Triglycerides & Glucose Index: A Useful Screening Test for Assessing Insulin Resistance in Patients Diagnosed with Rheumatoid Arthritis & Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome; Contreras-Haro B, et al

Nov 26th, 2019 - Insulin resistance (IR) is frequently observed in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In clinical practice, IR assessment is limited to a low proportion of patients due to cost and equipment and technical expertise requirements. The surrogate index of triglycerides and glucose (TyG index) has been validated in non-rheumatic populations, showing adequat...

Treatment of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis. An Official ATS/CDC/ERS/IDSA Clinical Practice Guideline
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine; Payam Nahid et al

Nov 20th, 2019 - The American Thoracic Society, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, European Respiratory Society, and Infectious Diseases Society of America jointly sponsored this new practice guideline on the treatment of drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB). The document includes recommendations on the treatment of multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) as well as isoniazid-resistant but rifampin-suscept...

New Clinical Trial Aims to Reduce Malnutrition Among Patients with Lung Cancer
Cancer Network; Slater H

Nov 17th, 2019 - The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center-Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute (OSUCCC-James), along with Tufts Medical Center, Fox Chase Cancer Center, and MD Anderson Cancer Center, announced a new clinical trial aiming to reduce malnutrition among patients with lung cancer by offering nutritional counseling and medically tailored meals to patie...

Update on the Management of Constipation

Nov 16th, 2019 - Chronic constipation is very common. The most recent estimate of clinician visits attributable to constipation were from 2001 to 2004 and reported more than 8 million clinician visits in the United States, with most occurring in adult primary care settings (33%) followed by pediatric (21%) and gastroenterologist (14%) offices.1 These encounters result in large expenditures for nonprescription l...

Depression in Children and Adolescents: Evaluation and Treatment
American Family Physician; Selph SS et al

Nov 16th, 2019 - he prevalence of major unipolar depression in children and adolescents is increasing in the United States. In 2016, approximately 5% of 12-year-olds and 17% of 17-year-olds reported experiencing a major depressive episode in the previous 12 months. Screening for depression in adolescents 12 years and older should be conducted annually using a validated instrument, such as the Patient Health Que...

2019 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science With Treatment Recommendations: Summary From the Basic Life Support; Advanced Life Support; P...
Circulation Soar J et al

Nov 16th, 2019 - The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation has initiated a continuous review of new, peer-reviewed, published cardiopulmonary resuscitation science. This is the third annual summary of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science With Treatment Recommendations. It addresses the m...

2019 American Heart Association Focused Update on Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support: Use of Advanced Airways, Vasopressors, and Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation During Cardiac Arrest...
Circulation Panchal AR et al

Nov 16th, 2019 - The fundamentals of cardiac resuscitation include the immediate provision of high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation combined with rapid defibrillation (as appropriate). These mainstays of therapy set the groundwork for other possible interventions such as medications, advanced airways, extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and post–cardiac arrest care, including targeted temperature...

Efficacy and Safety of Low-Dose Colchicine after Myocardial Infarction
New England Journal of Medicine; Tardif JC et al

Nov 16th, 2019 - Experimental and clinical evidence support the role of inflammation in atherosclerosis and its complications. Colchicine is an orally administered, potent antiinflammatory medication that is indicated for the treatment of gout and pericarditis.

FDA approves new antibacterial drug to treat complicated urinary tract infections as part of ongoing efforts to address antimicrobial resistance

Nov 16th, 2019 - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Fetroja (cefiderocol), an antibacterial drug for treatment of patients 18 years of age or older with complicated urinary tract infections (cUTI), including kidney infections caused by susceptible Gram-negative microorganisms, who have limited or no alternative treatment options.

Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of HIV Infection: Recommendation Statement

Nov 16th, 2019 - Summary of Recommendation and Evidence The USPSTF recommends that clinicians offer preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with effective antiretroviral therapy to persons who are at high risk of HIV acquisition (Table 1). A recommendation.

Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines
Annals of Oncology; Tilly H et al

Nov 13th, 2019 - Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is relatively common and represents 30%–58% of non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas. The updated ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines provide information on the current management of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma including recommendations for screening and diagnosis, staging and risk assessment and stage-matched therapeutic strategies including specific recommendations for young a...

2019 AHA/ACC Clinical Performance and Quality Measures for Adults With High Blood Pressure: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Performance Measures
Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes; Casey E, et al.

Nov 12th, 2019 - In 2018, the Task Force convened the writing committee to begin the process of revising the existing performance measures set for hypertension that had been released in 2011.3 The writing committee also was charged with the task of developing new measures to evaluate the care of patients in accordance with the 2017 Hypertension Clinical Practice Guidelines.4 The writing committee developed a...

Addition of Durvalumab to Etoposide Plus Platinum Chemotherapy for Extensive-Stage SCLC
ASCO Post;

Nov 10th, 2019 - This week, we’ll review an interim analysis of the CASPIAN trial, which evaluated the addition of durvalumab to etoposide plus platinum chemotherapy for extensive-stage small cell lung cancer. Then, we’ll talk about two recently issued guidelines on screening for colorectal cancer. Lastly, we’ll summarize some recent FDA approvals and announcements.

FDA approves first therapy to treat patients with rare blood disorder

Nov 9th, 2019 - Today the U.S. Food and Drug Administration granted approval to Reblozyl (luspatercept–aamt) for the treatment of anemia (lack of red blood cells) in adult patients with beta thalassemia who require regular red blood cell (RBC) transfusions.

Commonly Abused Drugs Charts

Nov 9th, 2019 - Many misused drugs can alter a person’s thinking and judgment, leading to health risks, including addiction, drugged driving and infectious disease. Most drugs could potentially harm an unborn baby; pregnancy-related issues are listed in the chart below for drugs where there is enough scientific evidence to connect the drug use to specific negative effects. Commonly Abused Drugs.