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ALLMedicine™ Urine Osmolality Center

Research & Reviews  242 results

The association of urine osmolality with decreased kidney function and/or albuminuria i...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8434733
BMC Nephrology; Kitiwan BK, Vasunilashorn SM et. al.

Sep 12th, 2021 - Decreased kidney function is commonly caused by hypovolemia. When hypovolemic, the kidney reabsorbs water resulting in concentrated urine. Osmolality is a measure of urine concentration which is more objective than self-reported fluid intake. It h...

Relationships Between WUT (Body Weight, Urine Color, and Thirst Level) Criteria and Uri...
https://doi.org/10.1177/19417381211038494
Sports Health; Sekiguchi Y, Benjamin CL et. al.

Sep 2nd, 2021 - A Venn diagram consisting of percentage body mass loss, urine color, and thirst perception (weight, urine, thirst [WUT]) has been suggested as a practical method to assess hydration status. However, no study to date has examined relationships betw...

Osmotic demyelination syndrome following slow correction of hyponatraemia.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8354253
BMJ Case Reports; Saunders I, Williams DM et. al.

Aug 11th, 2021 - Hyponatraemia is the most common electrolyte disturbance observed in hospital inpatients. We report a 90-year-old woman admitted generally unwell following a fall with marked confusion. Examination revealed a tender suprapubic region, and investig...

Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone Secretion (SIADH)
https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/246650-overview

Aug 4th, 2021 - Practice Essentials The syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) involves the continued secretion or action of arginine vasopressin (AVP) despite normal or increased plasma volume. The resulting impairment of water secretio...

Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone Secretion (SIADH) Workup
http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/246650-workup

Aug 4th, 2021 - Approach Considerations In the absence of a single laboratory test to confirm the diagnosis, the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) is best defined by the classic criteria introduced by Bartter and Schwartz in 1967, w...

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Drugs  2 results see all →

Clinicaltrials.gov  8 results

The Effect of Manipulating Hydration Status During Cycling in the Heat on Acute Kidney Injury Biomarkers
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04140045

Aug 3rd, 2020 - Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is common in prolonged endurance events. Risk factors for exercise-associated AKI include: the exercise itself, heat, hypohydration, muscle breakdown and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use. Prior research fr...

Hypo-hydration Mood and Cognition
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03948230

May 13th, 2019 - 162 individuals will be subject to a temperature of 30°C for three hours, and mood and cognition monitored. Randomly on two occasions they will consume no drink or 300ml of plain or red colored water. In addition they will take a capsule containin...

Effects of Salt on Serum Osmolarity and Hemodynamics Parameters
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03314727

Feb 9th, 2018 - Diets containing excessive salt (>12 g/day) have negative effects on kidney and cardiovascular system. Considering this known fact, the investigators aimed to study if the amount of the water taken with excessive salt had any part on these negativ...

Assessment of Circulating Copeptin Levels in Healthy Subjects and Patients With Renal Insufficiency After Oral Water Load and Hypertonic Saline Infusion
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00696605

Feb 27th, 2017 - The are 2 principal goals in this study: To measure plasma copeptin levels in healthy subjects and to correlate them with plasma AVP concentrations and urine osmolalities in iso-, hypo-, and hyperosmolar states. To measure plasma copeptin concentr...

Effect of Infant Formulas Containing a New Fat Blend or the New Fat Blend Plus Fiber in Healthy Term Infants
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02031003

Jan 9th, 2014 - The primary objective of the study was to compare stool composition (stool soap and non-soap fatty acids, total fatty acids, minerals, and other stool constituents) of infants randomized to receive either standard formula, or 1 of 2 innovative for...

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News  8 results

Simplifying Hyponatremia With the Salt Whisperer
https://www.staging.medscape.com/viewarticle/939598

Oct 30th, 2020 - This transcript has been edited for clarity. Matthew F. Watto, MD: This is The Curbsiders. I'm going to throw it over to Dr Paul Nelson Williams. Paul N. Williams, MD: This video is a recap of our excellent podcast with the great Dr Joel Topf (@Ki...

Poor Hydration May Contribute to Obesity, Study Suggests
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/866003

Jul 12th, 2016 - Researchers have found a significant association between inadequate hydration and both elevated body mass index (BMI) and obesity, even after controlling for confounders, according to findings published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Fa...

Fast Five Quiz: Can You Quickly Identify and Treat Hyponatremia?
https://reference.medscape.com/viewarticle/827979_5

Jul 16th, 2014 - The diagnostic criteria for SIADH are as follows: normal hepatic, renal, and cardiac function -- clinical euvolemia (absence of intravascular volume depletion); normal thyroid and adrenal function; hypotonic hyponatremia; and urine osmolality > 10...

Hyponatremia: Don't Miss Subtle Clinical Clues
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/824380

May 2nd, 2014 - Hello. This is Jeffrey Berns, Editor-in-Chief of Medscape Nephrology. I would like to call to your attention an outstanding, although rather voluminous, clinical practice guideline[1] on the diagnosis and treatment of hyponatremia. It's out as a s...

Progeria Syndrome May Provide Insight into Normal Aging
https://www.medpagetoday.com/genetics/generalgenetics/8273

Feb 7th, 2008 - Action Points Explain to patients that a genetic disease that causes accelerated aging and early death in affected children may offer a model for studying normal aging. BETHESDA, Md., Feb. 7 -- A detailed phenotypic evaluation of patients with the...

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