ALLMedicine™ Acid-base Disorders Center
Research & Reviews 111 results
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease; Nagami GT, Kraut JA
Sep 30th, 2022 - Normallly the kidneys handle the daily acid load arising from net endogenous acid production from the metabolism of ingested animal protein (acid) and vegetables (base). With chronic kidney disease, reduced acid excretion by the kidneys is primari...
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : ... Achanti A, Szerlip HM
Aug 24th, 2022 - Acid-base disorders are common in the intensive care unit. By utilizing a systematic approach to their diagnosis, it is easy to identify both simple and mixed disturbances. These disorders are divided into four major categories: metabolic acidosis...
Jul 13th, 2022 - Laboratory Studies A serum glucose or fingerstick glucose test is indicated. Patients with liver disease due to alcoholism have reduced glycogen stores, and ethanol impairs gluconeogenesis. As a consequence, these patients are susceptible to hypog...
Renal Failure; Wieliczko M, Małyszko J
Jul 7th, 2022 - Abnormalities in blood bicarbonates (HCO3-) concentration are a common finding in patients with chronic kidney disease, especially at the end-stage renal failure. Initiating of hemodialysis does not completely solve this problem. The recommendatio...
Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation : Official Publicat... Genovesi S, Regolisti G et. al.
Jul 2nd, 2022 - Acute kidney injury (AKI) is defined by a rapid increase in serum creatinine levels, reduced urine output, or both. Death may occur in 16%-49% of patients admitted to an intensive care unit with severe AKI. Complex arrhythmias are a potentially se...
Clinicaltrials.gov 9 results
May 4th, 2022 - Metabolic alkalosis (MA) is the most common acid-base disorder and when it's severe it can have effects on cellular function and contribute to an increase in mortality. MA is a common complication of heart failure (HF) especially when patients are...
Jan 11th, 2022 - The postoperative delirium picture is a serious and common complication seen after any major surgery, including hepatic resection. Delirium is an acute state of confusion characterized by impaired consciousness, reduced ability to focus on attenti...
Mar 19th, 2020 - Metabolic acidosis is frequently found in patients with shock. Traditional methods of evaluating acid-base status can underestimate and even miss complex acid-base disorders particularly in the setting of hypoalbuminemia, hypo/hypernatraemia and h...
Jan 27th, 2020 - Within the context of intensive care units (ICU), enteral nutrition is an essential tool in the management of critical patients, because it preserves the structure and function of the gastrointestinal mucosa, decreases the catabolic response to in...
Jun 19th, 2019 - Blood gases are widely used in emergency and resuscitation services and are the key examination for exploring acid-base balance disorders (using pH, PaCO2 and HCO3 ) and gas exchange disorders (using PaO2 and PaCO2). This examination can be taken ...
News 4 results
Tara Haelle, MDedge News
Oct 8th, 2018 - SAN ANTONIO – COPD patients with pulmonary circulation disorders were more than four times as likely to need invasive ventilation after noninvasive ventilation (NIV) failed for acute exacerbations, found a new study. Tara Haelle/MDedge News Dr.
Shylaja Mani, MD, Gregory W. Rutecki, MD
Jan 1st, 2017 - A 78-year-old black woman with a history of osteoarthrosis and chronic diffuse joint pain presents with altered mental status and tachypnea, which began 3 hours earlier. She lives alone, and her family suspects she abuses both alcohol and her pain.
The Journal of Family Practice; Andrea L. Darby-Stewart, MD, Carmen Strickland, MD et. al.
EVIDENCE-BASED ANSWER No. Structured daily monitoring of fetal movement doesn’t decrease the rate of all-cause antenatal death in average-risk pregnancies (strength of recommendation [SOR]: B, single good-quality, randomized controlled trial [RCT].
Abstract and Introduction Abstract Background: In clinical practice, both the history and laboratory testing are paramount to making an accurate diagnosis. Situations in which laboratory findings and patient history are not congruent pose a diagno...