About 154 results
Antiviral treatment for Bell's palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis)
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews;

Sep 4th, 2019 - Corticosteroids are widely used in the treatment of idiopathic facial paralysis (Bell's palsy), but the effectiveness of additional treatment with an antiviral agent is uncertain. This review was first published in 2001 and most recently updated in 2015. Since a significant benefit of corticosteroids for the early management of Bell's palsy has been demonstrated, the main focus of this update, ...

Clinical Practice Guideline: Sudden Hearing Loss (Update)
Chandrasekhar, S. et. al.

Jul 31st, 2019 - Sudden hearing loss is a frightening symptom that often prompts an urgent or emergent visit to a health care provider. It is frequently but not universally accompanied by tinnitus and/or vertigo. Sudden sensorineural hearing loss affects 5 to 27 per 100,000 people annually, with about 66,000 new cases per year in the United States. This guideline update provides evidence-based recommendations f...

Adult Patients with Severe-to-Profound Unilateral Sensorineural Hearing Loss

May 31st, 2015 - This practice guideline was prepared by the American Academy of Audiology (the Academy) task force on Adult Patients with Severe-to-Profound Unilateral Sensorineural Hearing Loss (USNHL). The specific goal of this guideline is to provide a set of statements, recommendations, and strategies for best practice in the provision of a comprehensive treatment plan for the audiological management of...

Vocal Fold Paralysis Recovery Time Linked to Nerve Injury Site

Dec 5th, 2019 - NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Level of injury in patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) is associated with maximum time to recovery, according to new case series. The greater the distance from vocal fold to nerve injury site, the longer the maximum recovery time, Dr. Dong-Han Lee of Seoul National University College of Medicine in South Korea and colleagues found. "These findings su...

Sudden Hearing Loss Clinical Practice Guidelines (2019)

Sep 2nd, 2019 - The American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery Foundation (AAO-HNSF) issued clinical practice guidelines for sudden hearing loss on August 1, 2019.[1] Presentation Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) should be differentiated from conductive hearing loss (CHL) in patients who present with sudden hearing loss (SHL). Patients with suspected sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) sho...

VA Facilities Offering Cochlear Implants to Vets Are Few and Far Between

Aug 26th, 2019 - (Reuters Health) - Even though American veterans are at high risk for the type of hearing loss that may be improved with cochlear implants, many of them live hours from a VA facility that provides cochlear implant services, a U.S. study suggests. Cochlear implants are the best treatment available for moderate to severe sensorineural hearing loss - the type of permanent hearing loss that can be ...

VA facilities offering cochlear implants to vets are few and far between

Aug 23rd, 2019 - (Reuters Health) - Even though American veterans are at high risk for the type of hearing loss that may be improved with cochlear implants, many of them live hours from a VA facility that provides cochlear implant services, a U.S. study suggests. Cochlear implants are the best treatment available for moderate to severe sensorineural hearing loss - the type of permanent hearing loss that can be ...

New Guideline Issued for Sudden Hearing Loss

Aug 6th, 2019 - UPDATED August 8, 2019 // For patients who present with new hearing loss, it remains essential to exclude conductive hearing loss when evaluating for sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL), according to an updated clinical practice guideline by the American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery Foundation published August 1 in Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery. The updated guide...

First-Trimester CMV Infection Increases Newborn's Risk of Hearing Loss

Jul 4th, 2019 - NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Maternal primary cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in the first trimester raises the risk of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in children, researchers say. "This study highlights the vulnerability in the first trimester of pregnancy in case of a CMV infection," Dr. Ina Foulon of Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel in Belgium told Reuters Health by email. "Serological scre...

CT, MRI Don't Change Therapy in Children With Hearing Loss

Apr 9th, 2019 - NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Imaging studies in children with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss (USNHL) generally don't yield clinically useful information, according to new findings. "There is currently no convincing evidence supporting a strong recommendation for imaging in children who present with USNHL," Dr. Fabienne G. Ropers of Leiden University Medical Center in the Netherlands and c...

Fast Five Quiz: Bell Palsy Essentials

Feb 5th, 2019 - Bell palsy, more appropriately termed idiopathic facial paralysis (IFP), is an acute, unilateral, peripheral, lower-motor-neuron facial nerve paralysis that gradually resolves over time in 80% to 90% of cases. It is the most common cause of unilateral facial paralysis worldwide, accounting for approximately 60% to 75% of cases of acute unilateral facial paralysis. Are you familiar with key aspe...

Hyperbaric Oxygen Effective For Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Sep 28th, 2018 - Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) in conjunction with standard medical therapy (MT) was more beneficial for patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss than standard treatment alone, a systemic review and meta-analysis found. The primary endpoint of complete hearing recovery was met by 29.4% of the HBOT/MT group versus 20.7% with MT alone, reported Tae-Min Rhee, MD, DMO/UMO, of National Mari...

Bell Palsy Mimics

May 14th, 2018 - Discussion Accounts of facial paralysis and facial nerve disorders have been noted throughout history and include accounts of the condition by Hippocrates. 1 Bell’s palsy was named after surgeon Sir Charles Bell, who described a peripheral-nerve paralysis of the facial nerve in 1821.

'Time Is Muscle' When Reversing Facial Paralysis

Apr 30th, 2018 - Last month, surgeons from Johns Hopkins University published a small case series in JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery detailing their success in restoring smiles to patients with facial paralysis. In this video, lead author Kofi Boahene, MD, of Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, describes the unique surgical procedure they used, and highlights what physicians who treat patients...

Dynamic Facial Reanimation Surgery Benefits Older Patients With Facial Palsy

Feb 5th, 2018 - NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Dynamic facial reanimation surgery benefits patients over age 60 who have facial palsy and should not be denied to them solely because of their age, a new case series suggests. "Treatment of facial paralysis in the older population is often relegated to static rather than dynamic reanimation for fear of poor outcomes," the authors write in Plastic and Reconstructive ...

Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss May Be Tied to Increased Stroke Risk

Jan 1st, 2018 - NEW YORK (Reuters Health) – Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is associated with an increased incidence of stroke, researchers in South Korea suggest. Dr. Jong-Yeup Kim of Hallym University College of Medicine in Gangwon-do and colleagues retrospectively analyzed data for 2002 through 2013 from the Korea National Health Insurance Service. The SSNHL group included 154 patients diagnosed ...

Sudden Deafness May Flag CVD Risk

Dec 21st, 2017 - Sudden sensorineural hearing loss may be a risk factor for future cerebrovascular events, Korean researchers suggested. Patients who experienced this dysfunction of the inner ear were more likely to develop cardiocerebrovascular disease over an 11-year follow-up period (13.5 versus 7.5 cases per 1,000 person-years, adjusted HR 2.18, 95% CI 1.20 to 3.96), particularly strokes (12.0 versus 6.2 ca...

Intellectual impairment seems not a risk of asymptomatic cCMV
Erin Cheslow

Oct 24th, 2017 - Infants with congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) who were asymptomatic at birth with normal hearing by age 2 years were not at higher risk of intellectual impairment or low academic achievement, compared with controls, but patients with sensorineural hearing loss may experience more difficulty, according to a longitudinal study. Full-scale intelligence, language, and academic achievement was eval.

Morning Report: Benign Positional Vertigo Guidelines; Insect Repellents; Testosterone Gel Speeds Atherosclerosis

Mar 9th, 2017 - Hello. I'm Dr Arefa Cassoobhoy, a practicing internist and a medical editor for Medscape and WebMD. Welcome to our weekly brief on recent medical news and findings. New Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo Guidelines We have updated guidelines that should improve quality of life for patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). The use of canalith repositioning procedures is now st...

Iron Deficiency Anemia Tied to Hearing Loss

Jan 3rd, 2017 - NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is associated with both sensorineural hearing loss and combined (sensorineural and conductive) hearing loss, so the effects of iron supplementation on hearing status should be explored, researchers in Pennsylvania suggest. "Iron deficiency anemia is a subset of anemia in which patients exhibit low hemoglobin, serum ferritin, and serum iro...