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About 920,622 results
Screening for Intimate Partner Violence, Elder Abuse, and Abuse of Vulnerable Adults: U...
https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2018.14741
JAMA , Curry SJ et. al.

Oct 25th, 2018 - Intimate partner violence (IPV) and abuse of older or vulnerable adults are common in the United States but often remain undetected. In addition to the immediate effects of IPV, such as injury and death, there are other health consequences, many with long-term effects, including development of mental health conditions such as depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety disorders, substan...

Influenza and Tdap Vaccination Coverage Among Pregnant Women - United States, April 2018.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6188122
MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; Kahn KE, Black CL et. al.

Sep 27th, 2018 - Vaccinating pregnant women with influenza and tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccines can reduce the risk for influenza and pertussis for themselves and their infants. The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends that all women who are or might be pregnant during the influenza season receive influenza vaccine, which can be adminis...

Trial of Fingolimod versus Interferon Beta-1a in Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis.
https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1800149
The New England Journal of Medicine; Chitnis T, Arnold DL et. al.

Sep 12th, 2018 - Treatment of patients younger than 18 years of age with multiple sclerosis has not been adequately examined in randomized trials. We compared fingolimod with interferon beta-1a in this population. In this phase 3 trial, we randomly assigned patients 10 to 17 years of age with relapsing multiple sclerosis in a 1:1 ratio to receive oral fingolimod at a dose of 0.5 mg per day (0.25 mg per day for ...

Association of Preoperatively Diagnosed Patent Foramen Ovale With Perioperative Ischemi...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5839297
JAMA Ng PY, Ng AK et. al.

Feb 7th, 2018 - Perioperative stroke is a major complication for patients undergoing surgery. Patent foramen ovale (PFO) represents a possible anatomical link between venous thrombosis and stroke. To determine whether a preoperatively diagnosed PFO is associated with increased risk of perioperative ischemic stroke. Retrospective cohort study from Massachusetts General Hospital and 2 affiliated community hospit...

Association of Intracerebral Hemorrhage Among Patients Taking Non-Vitamin K Antagonist ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5839299
JAMA Inohara T, Xian Y et. al.

Jan 26th, 2018 - Although non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are increasingly used to prevent thromboembolic disease, there are limited data on NOAC-related intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). To assess the association between preceding oral anticoagulant use (warfarin, NOACs, and no oral anticoagulants [OACs]) and in-hospital mortality among patients with ICH. Retrospective cohort study of 141 31...

Benefits and safety of gabapentinoids in chronic low back pain: A systematic review and...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5557428
PLoS Medicine; Shanthanna H, Gilron I et. al.

Aug 15th, 2017 - Chronic Low Back Pain (CLBP) is very common, with a lifetime prevalence between 51% and 80%. In majority, it is nonspecific in nature and multifactorial in etiology. Pregabalin (PG) and Gabapentin (GB) are gabapentinoids that have demonstrated benefit in neuropathic pain conditions. Despite no clear rationale, they are increasingly used for nonspecific CLBP. They necessitate prolonged use and a...

Effect of Endovascular Contact Aspiration vs Stent Retriever on Revascularization in Pa...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5817613
JAMA Lapergue B, Blanc R et. al.

Aug 1st, 2017 - The benefits of endovascular revascularization using the contact aspiration technique vs the stent retriever technique in patients with acute ischemic stroke remain uncertain because of lack of evidence from randomized trials. To compare efficacy and adverse events using the contact aspiration technique vs the standard stent retriever technique as a first-line endovascular treatment for success...

FDA approves first generics of Gilenya
https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/fda-approves-first-generics-gilenya
FDA

Dec 8th, 2019 - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved three applications for first generics of Gilenya (fingolimod) capsules for the treatment of relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (MS) in adult patients.

Searching for Atrial Fibrillation Poststroke: A White Paper of the AF-SCREEN International Collaboration
https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.119.040267
Circulation Schnabel RB, et al

Nov 25th, 2019 - Cardiac thromboembolism attributed to atrial fibrillation (AF) is responsible for up to one-third of ischemic strokes. Stroke may be the first manifestation of previously undetected AF. Given the efficacy of oral anticoagulants in preventing AF-related ischemic strokes, strategies of searching for AF after a stroke using ECG monitoring followed by oral anticoagulation (OAC) treatment have been ...

Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus — Another Emergent Arbovirus in the United States
https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp1914328
New England Journal of Medicine; David M. Morens, M.D. et. al.

Nov 24th, 2019 - Humans have always lived in intimate association with arthropods that transmit pathogens between humans or from animals to humans. About 700,000 deaths due to vectorborne diseases occur globally each year, according to World Health Organization estimates. In the summer and fall of 2019, nine U.S. states have reported 36 human cases (14 of them fatal) of one of the deadliest of these diseases: e...

The Management of Stroke Rehabilitation: A Synopsis of the 2019 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and U.S. Department of Defense Clinical Practice Guideline
https://annals.org/aim/fullarticle/2755728/management-stroke-rehabilitation-synopsis-2019-u-s-department-veterans-affairs
Annals of Internal Medicine; James Sall, et al

Nov 20th, 2019 - In June 2019, the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) approved an update of the joint clinical practice guideline for rehabilitation after stroke. This synopsis summarizes the key recommendations from this guideline.

Depression in Children and Adolescents: Evaluation and Treatment
https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1115/p609.html
American Family Physician; Selph SS et al

Nov 16th, 2019 - he prevalence of major unipolar depression in children and adolescents is increasing in the United States. In 2016, approximately 5% of 12-year-olds and 17% of 17-year-olds reported experiencing a major depressive episode in the previous 12 months. Screening for depression in adolescents 12 years and older should be conducted annually using a validated instrument, such as the Patient Health Que...

Subclinical and Device-Detected Atrial Fibrillation: Pondering the Knowledge Gap: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association
https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/CIR.0000000000000740
Circulation Peter A. Noseworthy, et al.

Nov 14th, 2019 - The widespread use of cardiac implantable electronic devices and wearable monitors has led to the detection of subclinical atrial fibrillation in a substantial proportion of patients. There is evidence that these asymptomatic arrhythmias are associated with increased risk of stroke. Thus, detection of subclinical atrial fibrillation may offer an opportunity to reduce stroke risk by initiating a...

Cannabidiol as a potential treatment for psychosis
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6843725/
Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology; Davies C, et al

Nov 7th, 2019 - Psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia are heterogeneous and often debilitating conditions that contribute substantially to the global burden of disease. The introduction of dopamine D2 receptor antagonists in the 1950s revolutionised the treatment of psychotic disorders and they remain the mainstay of our treatment arsenal for psychosis. However, traditional antipsychotics are associated wi...

BIOGEN AND ALKERMES ANNOUNCE FDA APPROVAL OF VUMERITY™ (DIROXIMEL FUMARATE) FOR MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS
http://investors.biogen.com/news-releases/news-release-details/biogen-and-alkermes-announce-fda-approval-vumeritytm-diroximel

Nov 5th, 2019 - Biogen Inc. (Nasdaq: BIIB) and Alkermes plc (Nasdaq: ALKS) today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved VUMERITY™ (diroximel fumarate), a novel oral fumarate with a distinct chemical structure, for the treatment of relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (MS), to include clinically isolated syndrome, relapsing-remitting disease and active secondary progressive disease...

Efficacy and safety of anti-inflammatory agents for the treatment of major depressive disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
https://jnnp.bmj.com/content/early/2019/08/29/jnnp-2019-320912
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, & Psychiatry; Bai. S., et al

Oct 27th, 2019 - Objectives To systematically review the efficacy and safety of anti-inflammatory agents for patients with major depressive disorders. Methods We searched the literature to identify potentially relevant randomised controlled trials (RCTs) up to 1 January 2019. The primary outcome was efficacy, measured by mean changes in depression score from baseline to endpoint. Secondary outcomes included ...

Asthma in Adults
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0025712519300896?via%3Dihub
Medical Clinics of North America; Nanda A, et al

Oct 27th, 2019 - Asthma affects approximately 300 million people worldwide and approximately 7.5% of adults in the United States. Among adults, asthma results in about 10.5 million physician office visits per year and affects approximately 8.7% of blacks, 7.6% of whites, and 5.8% of Hispanics. Asthma is characterized by inflammation of airways, variable airflow obstruction, and bronchial hyperresponsiveness.3 I...

FDA Approves Botox® (Onabotulinumtoxina) For Pediatric Patients With Lower Limb Spasticity, Excluding Spasticity Caused By Cerebral Palsy
https://www.allergan.com/News/Details/2019/10/FDA%20Approves%20BOTOX%20onabotulinumtoxinA%20for%20Pediatric%20Patients%20with%20Lower%20Limb%20Spasticity%20Excluding%20Sp

Oct 23rd, 2019 - Allergan plc (NYSE: AGN) today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the company's supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA) for BOTOX® for the treatment of pediatric patients (2 to 17 years of age) with lower limb spasticity, excluding spasticity caused by cerebral palsy (CP). This marks the 11th BOTOX® therapeutic indication, having been approved for pedi...

FDA, FTC warn company marketing unapproved cannabidiol products with unsubstantiated claims to treat teething and ear pain in infants, autism, ADHD, Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease
https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/fda-ftc-warn-company-marketing-unapproved-cannabidiol-products-unsubstantiated-claims-treat-teething

Oct 21st, 2019 - Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the Federal Trade Commission posted a joint warning letter to Rooted Apothecary LLC, of Naples, Florida, for illegally selling unapproved products containing cannabidiol (CBD) online with unsubstantiated claims that the products treat teething pain and ear aches in infants, autism, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), as well as Parki...

2019 Supportive Care: Anxiety, Depression, and Low Social Support Are Significant Factors in Cancer Pain Intensity
https://ascopost.com/news/october-2019/anxiety-depression-and-low-social-support-are-significant-factors-in-cancer-pain-intensity/

Oct 21st, 2019 - Pain is one of the most common symptoms associated with cancer and its treatment, and feelings of anxiety and depression can intensify the level of pain patients experience, according to the results from a study by Galloway et al that will be presented at the 2019 Supportive Care in Oncology Symposium (Abstract 76). However, authors also reported that having greater social support can help miti...