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ALLMedicine™ Detailed topics Center - Patient Education

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/endocarditis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352582?p=1

sis Your doctor may suspect endocarditis based on your medical history, signs and symptoms you're experiencing, and your test results. A diagnosis of endocarditis is usually based on several factors instead of a single positive test result or symptom. Your doctor may order several tests to help make a positive diagnosis, including: Blood tests. A blood culture test is used to identify any bacte...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/addisons-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350296?p=1

sis Your doctor will talk to you first about your medical history and your signs and symptoms. If your doctor thinks that you may have Addison's disease, you may undergo some of the following tests: Blood test. Measuring your blood levels of sodium, potassium, cortisol and ACTH gives your doctor an initial indication of whether adrenal insufficiency may be causing your signs and symptoms. A blo...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gout/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20372903?p=1

sis Tests to help diagnose gout may include: Joint fluid test. Your doctor may use a needle to draw fluid from your affected joint. Urate crystals may be visible when the fluid is examined under a microscope. Blood test. Your doctor may recommend a blood test to measure the levels of uric acid and creatinine in your blood. Blood test results can be misleading, though. Some people have high uric...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pediatric-thrombocytopenia/symptoms-causes/syc-20355932?p=1

ew Thrombocytopenia (throm-boe-sie-toe-PEE-nee-uh) is a condition in which blood doesn't clot properly because there aren't enough platelets. Platelets (thrombocytes) are small pieces of cells that play an important role in blood clotting by clumping and forming plugs when necessary. Causes of thrombocytopenia include increased breakdown and destruction of platelets (related to a problem with t...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ewing-sarcoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351072?p=1

sis Typically, signs and symptoms lead parents to seek medical help for their child. Sometimes Ewing sarcoma is ultimately found when a child is brought in for treatment for what's thought to be a sprain or some other type of sports injury. Usually an X-ray shows a suspicious area. Then the doctor recommends one or more additional imaging tests to evaluate the area, such as: Computerized tomogr...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ards/symptoms-causes/syc-20355576?p=1

ew Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) occurs when fluid builds up in the tiny, elastic air sacs (alveoli) in your lungs. The fluid keeps your lungs from filling with enough air, which means less oxygen reaches your bloodstream. This deprives your organs of the oxygen they need to function. ARDS typically occurs in people who are already critically ill or who have significant injuries. S...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/botulism/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20370266?p=1

sis To diagnose botulism, your doctor will check you for signs of muscle weakness or paralysis, such as drooping eyelids and a weak voice. Your doctor will also ask about the foods you've eaten in the past few days, and ask if you may have been exposed to the bacteria through a wound. In cases of possible infant botulism, the doctor may ask if the child has eaten honey recently and has had cons...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cholecystitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20364867?p=1

ew Cholecystitis (ko-luh-sis-TIE-tis) is inflammation of the gallbladder. Your gallbladder is a small, pear-shaped organ on the right side of your abdomen, beneath your liver. The gallbladder holds a digestive fluid that's released into your small intestine (bile). In most cases, gallstones blocking the tube leading out of your gallbladder cause cholecystitis. This results in a bile buildup tha...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteosarcoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351053?p=1

sis The first steps in seeking a diagnosis typically include a physical exam, discussion of medical history and lab tests. The doctor may recommend one or more of these imaging tests to locate the cancer and find out if it has spread: X-ray Computerized tomography (CT) Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Positron emission tomography (PET) Bone scan Biopsy The doctor may recommend a procedure to re...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/primary-biliary-cholangitis-pbc/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20376880?p=1

sis Your doctor will ask you about your health history and your family's health history, and perform a physical exam. The following tests and procedures may be used to diagnose primary biliary cholangitis. Blood tests: Cholesterol test. More than half the people with primary biliary cholangitis have extreme increases in blood fats (lipids), including total cholesterol level. Liver tests. These ...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/buergers-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350664?p=1

sis While no tests can confirm whether you have Buerger's disease, your doctor will likely order tests to rule out other more common conditions or confirm suspicion of Buerger's disease brought on by your signs and symptoms. Tests may include: Blood tests Blood tests to look for certain substances can rule out other conditions that may cause similar signs and symptoms. For instance, blood tests...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heart-arrhythmia/symptoms-causes/syc-20350668?p=1

ew Heart rhythm problems (heart arrhythmias) occur when the electrical impulses that coordinate your heartbeats don't work properly, causing your heart to beat too fast, too slow or irregularly. Heart arrhythmias (uh-RITH-me-uhs) may feel like a fluttering or racing heart and may be harmless. However, some heart arrhythmias may cause bothersome — sometimes even life-threatening — signs and symp...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/measles/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20374862?p=1

sis Your doctor can usually diagnose measles based on the disease's characteristic rash as well as a small, bluish-white spot on a bright red background — Koplik's spot — on the inside lining of the cheek. However, many doctors have never seen measles, and the rash can be confused with a number of other illnesses. If necessary, a blood test can confirm whether the rash is truly measles. Treatme...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hemophilia/symptoms-causes/syc-20373327?p=1

ew Hemophilia is a rare disorder in which your blood doesn't clot normally because it lacks sufficient blood-clotting proteins (clotting factors). If you have hemophilia, you may bleed for a longer time after an injury than you would if your blood clotted normally. Small cuts usually aren't much of a problem. The greater health concern is deep bleeding inside your body, especially in your knees...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/central-sleep-apnea/symptoms-causes/syc-20352109?p=1

ew Central sleep apnea is a disorder in which your breathing repeatedly stops and starts during sleep. Central sleep apnea occurs because your brain doesn't send proper signals to the muscles that control your breathing. This condition is different from obstructive sleep apnea, in which you can't breathe normally because of upper airway obstruction. Central sleep apnea is less common than obstr...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/nephrotic-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20375613?p=1

sis Tests and procedures used to diagnose nephrotic syndrome include: Urine tests. A urinalysis can reveal abnormalities in your urine, such as large amounts of protein, if you have nephrotic syndrome. You may be asked to collect urine samples over 24 hours for an accurate measure of the protein in your urine. Blood tests. If you have nephrotic syndrome, a blood test may show low levels of the ...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/alcohol-poisoning/symptoms-causes/syc-20354386?p=1

ew Alcohol poisoning is a serious — and sometimes deadly — consequence of drinking large amounts of alcohol in a short period of time. Drinking too much too quickly can affect your breathing, heart rate, body temperature and gag reflex and potentially lead to a coma and death. Alcohol poisoning can also occur when adults or children accidentally or intentionally drink household products that co...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chronic-granulomatous-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355818?p=1

sis To diagnose chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), your doctor will review your family and medical history and conduct a physical examination. Your doctor may order several tests to diagnose CGD, including: Neutrophil function tests. Your doctor may conduct a dihydrorhodamine 123 (DHR) test or other tests to see how well a type of white blood cell (neutrophil) in your blood is functioning. Do...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hairy-cell-leukemia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20372962?p=1

sis To diagnose hairy cell leukemia, your doctor may recommend: Physical exam. By feeling your spleen — an oval-shaped organ on the left side of your upper abdomen — your doctor can determine if it's enlarged. An enlarged spleen may cause a sensation of fullness in your abdomen that makes it uncomfortable to eat. Your doctor may also check for enlarged lymph nodes that may contain leukemia cell...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/childhood-obesity/symptoms-causes/syc-20354827?p=1

ew Childhood obesity is a serious medical condition that affects children and adolescents. Children who are obese are above the normal weight for their age and height. Childhood obesity is particularly troubling because the extra pounds often start children on the path to health problems that were once considered adult problems — diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Many obese ch...