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About 7,824 results
Screening for Intimate Partner Violence, Elder Abuse, and Abuse of Vulnerable Adults: U...
https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2018.14741
JAMA , Curry SJ et. al.

Oct 25th, 2018 - Intimate partner violence (IPV) and abuse of older or vulnerable adults are common in the United States but often remain undetected. In addition to the immediate effects of IPV, such as injury and death, there are other health consequences, many with long-term effects, including development of mental health conditions such as depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety disorders, substan...

Recommendations for Prevention and Control of Influenza in Children, 2017 - 2018.
https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2017-2550
Pediatrics

Sep 5th, 2017 - This statement updates the recommendations for routine use of the seasonal influenza vaccine and antiviral medications for the prevention and treatment of influenza in children. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends annual seasonal influenza immunization for everyone 6 months and older, including children and adolescents. Highlights for the upcoming 2017-2018 season include the followin...

Working to Improve Immunotherapy for Lung Cancer
https://directorsblog.nih.gov/tag/nsclc/
NIH.gov NIH Director

Feb 2nd, 2020 - For those who track cancer statistics, this year started off on a positive note with word that lung cancer deaths continue to decline in the United States [1]. While there’s plenty of credit to go around for that encouraging news—and continued reduction in smoking is a big factor—some of this progress likely can be ascribed to a type of immunotherapy, called PD-1 inhibitors. This revolutionary ...

Association Between Body Mass Index and Overall Survival With Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy for Advanced Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamaoncology/article-abstract/2757521
JAMA Oncology; Kichenadasse, et al

Dec 25th, 2019 - Is high body mass index associated with survival outcomes with atezolizumab therapy, an immune checkpoint inhibitor, in patients with non–small cell lung cancer?

NCCN Guidelines Insights: Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer, Version 1.2020
https://jnccn.org/view/journals/jnccn/17/12/article-p1464.xml
JNCCN Ettinger DS, et al

Nov 30th, 2019 - The NCCN Guidelines for Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) address all aspects of management for NSCLC. These NCCN Guidelines Insights focus on recent updates in immunotherapy. For the 2020 update, all of the systemic therapy regimens have been categorized using a new preference stratification system; certain regimens are now recommended as “preferred interventions,” whereas others are categori...

Clinical Implications of the New York Heart Association Classification
https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/JAHA.119.014240
Journal of the American Heart Association; Caraballo C, et al

Nov 26th, 2019 - The New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification has served as a fundamental tool for risk stratification of heart failure (HF) and determines clinical trial eligibility and candidacy for drugs and devices. However, its ability to adequately stratify risk is unclear.

Fasting Triglycerides & Glucose Index: A Useful Screening Test for Assessing Insulin Resistance in Patients Diagnosed with Rheumatoid Arthritis & Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
https://dmsjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13098-019-0495-x
Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome; Contreras-Haro B, et al

Nov 26th, 2019 - Insulin resistance (IR) is frequently observed in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In clinical practice, IR assessment is limited to a low proportion of patients due to cost and equipment and technical expertise requirements. The surrogate index of triglycerides and glucose (TyG index) has been validated in non-rheumatic populations, showing adequat...

Treatment of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis. An Official ATS/CDC/ERS/IDSA Clinical Practice Guideline
https://www.atsjournals.org/doi/full/10.1164/rccm.201909-1874ST
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine; Payam Nahid et al

Nov 20th, 2019 - The American Thoracic Society, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, European Respiratory Society, and Infectious Diseases Society of America jointly sponsored this new practice guideline on the treatment of drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB). The document includes recommendations on the treatment of multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) as well as isoniazid-resistant but rifampin-suscept...

New Clinical Trial Aims to Reduce Malnutrition Among Patients with Lung Cancer
https://www.cancernetwork.com/lung-cancer-awareness-month/new-clinical-trial-aims-reduce-malnutrition-among-patients-lung-cancer
Cancer Network; Slater H

Nov 17th, 2019 - The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center-Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute (OSUCCC-James), along with Tufts Medical Center, Fox Chase Cancer Center, and MD Anderson Cancer Center, announced a new clinical trial aiming to reduce malnutrition among patients with lung cancer by offering nutritional counseling and medically tailored meals to patie...

Update on the Management of Constipation
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/article-abstract/2754106
JAMA Wald A

Nov 16th, 2019 - Chronic constipation is very common. The most recent estimate of clinician visits attributable to constipation were from 2001 to 2004 and reported more than 8 million clinician visits in the United States, with most occurring in adult primary care settings (33%) followed by pediatric (21%) and gastroenterologist (14%) offices.1 These encounters result in large expenditures for nonprescription l...

Depression in Children and Adolescents: Evaluation and Treatment
https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1115/p609.html
American Family Physician; Selph SS et al

Nov 16th, 2019 - he prevalence of major unipolar depression in children and adolescents is increasing in the United States. In 2016, approximately 5% of 12-year-olds and 17% of 17-year-olds reported experiencing a major depressive episode in the previous 12 months. Screening for depression in adolescents 12 years and older should be conducted annually using a validated instrument, such as the Patient Health Que...

2019 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science With Treatment Recommendations: Summary From the Basic Life Support; Advanced Life Support; P...
https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/CIR.0000000000000734
Circulation Soar J et al

Nov 16th, 2019 - The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation has initiated a continuous review of new, peer-reviewed, published cardiopulmonary resuscitation science. This is the third annual summary of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science With Treatment Recommendations. It addresses the m...

2019 American Heart Association Focused Update on Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support: Use of Advanced Airways, Vasopressors, and Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation During Cardiac Arrest...
https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/CIR.0000000000000732
Circulation Panchal AR et al

Nov 16th, 2019 - The fundamentals of cardiac resuscitation include the immediate provision of high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation combined with rapid defibrillation (as appropriate). These mainstays of therapy set the groundwork for other possible interventions such as medications, advanced airways, extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and post–cardiac arrest care, including targeted temperature...

Efficacy and Safety of Low-Dose Colchicine after Myocardial Infarction
https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1912388?query=featured_home
New England Journal of Medicine; Tardif JC et al

Nov 16th, 2019 - Experimental and clinical evidence support the role of inflammation in atherosclerosis and its complications. Colchicine is an orally administered, potent antiinflammatory medication that is indicated for the treatment of gout and pericarditis.

Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of HIV Infection: Recommendation Statement
https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1115/od1.html
AAFP

Nov 16th, 2019 - Summary of Recommendation and Evidence The USPSTF recommends that clinicians offer preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with effective antiretroviral therapy to persons who are at high risk of HIV acquisition (Table 1). A recommendation.

Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines
https://www.esmo.org/Guidelines/Haematological-Malignancies/Diffuse-Large-B-Cell-Lymphoma
Annals of Oncology; Tilly H et al

Nov 13th, 2019 - Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is relatively common and represents 30%–58% of non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas. The updated ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines provide information on the current management of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma including recommendations for screening and diagnosis, staging and risk assessment and stage-matched therapeutic strategies including specific recommendations for young a...

2019 AHA/ACC Clinical Performance and Quality Measures for Adults With High Blood Pressure: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Performance Measures
https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/HCQ.0000000000000057
Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes; Casey E, et al.

Nov 12th, 2019 - In 2018, the Task Force convened the writing committee to begin the process of revising the existing performance measures set for hypertension that had been released in 2011.3 The writing committee also was charged with the task of developing new measures to evaluate the care of patients in accordance with the 2017 Hypertension Clinical Practice Guidelines.4 The writing committee developed a...

Addition of Durvalumab to Etoposide Plus Platinum Chemotherapy for Extensive-Stage SCLC
https://ascopost.com/podcasts/addition-of-durvalumab-to-etoposide-plus-platinum-chemotherapy-for-extensive-stage-sclc/
ASCO Post;

Nov 10th, 2019 - This week, we’ll review an interim analysis of the CASPIAN trial, which evaluated the addition of durvalumab to etoposide plus platinum chemotherapy for extensive-stage small cell lung cancer. Then, we’ll talk about two recently issued guidelines on screening for colorectal cancer. Lastly, we’ll summarize some recent FDA approvals and announcements.

Commonly Abused Drugs Charts
https://www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuse/commonly-abused-drugs-charts
NIH

Nov 9th, 2019 - Many misused drugs can alter a person’s thinking and judgment, leading to health risks, including addiction, drugged driving and infectious disease. Most drugs could potentially harm an unborn baby; pregnancy-related issues are listed in the chart below for drugs where there is enough scientific evidence to connect the drug use to specific negative effects. Commonly Abused Drugs.

Cannabidiol as a potential treatment for psychosis
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6843725/
Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology; Davies C, et al

Nov 7th, 2019 - Psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia are heterogeneous and often debilitating conditions that contribute substantially to the global burden of disease. The introduction of dopamine D2 receptor antagonists in the 1950s revolutionised the treatment of psychotic disorders and they remain the mainstay of our treatment arsenal for psychosis. However, traditional antipsychotics are associated wi...