About 576,724 results
Screening for Intimate Partner Violence, Elder Abuse, and Abuse of Vulnerable Adults: U...
JAMA , Curry SJ et. al.

Oct 25th, 2018 - Intimate partner violence (IPV) and abuse of older or vulnerable adults are common in the United States but often remain undetected. In addition to the immediate effects of IPV, such as injury and death, there are other health consequences, many with long-term effects, including development of mental health conditions such as depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety disorders, substan...

IVF Transfer of Fresh or Frozen Embryos in Women without Polycystic Ovaries.
The New England Journal of Medicine; Vuong LN, Dang VQ et. al.

Jan 10th, 2018 - Among women who are undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF), the transfer of frozen embryos has been shown to result in a higher rate of live birth than the transfer of fresh embryos in those with infertility associated with the polycystic ovary syndrome. It is not known whether frozen-embryo transfer results in similar benefit in women with infertility that is not associated with the polycysti...

History of breast feeding and risk of incident endometriosis: prospective cohort study.
BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.); Farland LV, Eliassen AH et. al.

Aug 30th, 2017 - Objective To investigate the association between lifetime breast feeding, exclusive breast feeding, postpartum amenorrhea, and incidence of endometriosis among parous women.Design Prospective cohort study.Setting Nurses' Health Study II, 1989-2011.Participants 72 394women who reported having one or more pregnancies that lasted at least six months, 3296 of whom had laparoscopically confirmed end...

Olaparib for Metastatic Breast Cancer in Patients with a Germline BRCA Mutation.
The New England Journal of Medicine; Robson M, Im SA et. al.

Jun 5th, 2017 - Olaparib is an oral poly(adenosine diphosphate-ribose) polymerase inhibitor that has promising antitumor activity in patients with metastatic breast cancer and a germline BRCA mutation. We conducted a randomized, open-label, phase 3 trial in which olaparib monotherapy was compared with standard therapy in patients with a germline BRCA mutation and human epidermal growth factor receptor type 2 (...

Adjuvant Capecitabine for Breast Cancer after Preoperative Chemotherapy.
The New England Journal of Medicine; Masuda N, Lee SJ et. al.

May 31st, 2017 - Patients who have residual invasive carcinoma after the receipt of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative breast cancer have poor prognoses. The benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy in these patients remains unclear. We randomly assigned 910 patients with HER2-negative residual invasive breast cancer after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (containing anthracyc...

Hair dye and chemical straightener use and breast cancer risk in a large US population of black and white women
International Journal of Cancer; Carolyn E. Eberle et al

Dec 4th, 2019 - Many hair products contain endocrine‐disrupting compounds and carcinogens potentially relevant to breast cancer. Products used predominately by black women may contain more hormonally‐active compounds. In a national prospective cohort study, we examined the association between hair dye and chemical relaxer/straightener use and breast cancer risk by ethnicity.

Hereditary Cancer Syndromes and Risk Assessment ACOG COMMITTEE OPINION, Number 793
Obstetrics & Gynecology; ACOG

Nov 30th, 2019 - A hereditary cancer syndrome is a genetic predisposition to certain types of cancer, often with onset at an early age, caused by inherited pathogenic variants in one or more genes. Most hereditary cancer syndromes exhibit autosomal dominant inheritance. The most common hereditary cancer syndromes related to women’s cancer include hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome, Lynch syndrome, Li...

Breast Cancer Screening and Diagnosis: A Synopsis of the European Breast Guidelines
Annals of Internal Medicine; Holger J. Schünemann, et al

Nov 30th, 2019 - This synopsis of the European Breast Guidelines provides recommendations regarding organized screening programs for women aged 40 to 75 years who are at average risk. The recommendations address digital mammography screening and the addition of hand-held ultrasonography, automated breast ultrasonography, or magnetic resonance imaging compared with mammography alone. The recommendations also dis...

Quantitative Blood Loss in Obstetric Hemorrhage - ACOG COMMITTEE OPINION, Number 794
Obstetrics & Gynecology;

Nov 30th, 2019 - Postpartum hemorrhage causes approximately 11% of maternal deaths in the United States and is the leading cause of death that occurs on the day of birth. Importantly, 54–93% of maternal deaths due to obstetric hemorrhage may be preventable. Studies that have evaluated factors associated with identification and treatment of postpartum hemorrhage have found that imprecise health care provider est...

Pelvic Organ Prolapse ACOG Practice Bulletin, Number 214
Obstetrics & Gynecology;

Nov 29th, 2019 - Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common, benign condition in women. For many women it can cause vaginal bulge and pressure, voiding dysfunction, defecatory dysfunction, and sexual dysfunction, which may adversely affect quality of life. Women in the United States have a 13% lifetime risk of undergoing surgery for POP (1). Although POP can occur in younger women, the peak incidence of POP sympto...

Supplemental MRI Screening for Women with Extremely Dense Breast Tissue
NEJM Bakker MF, et al

Nov 27th, 2019 - Extremely dense breast tissue is a risk factor for breast cancer and limits the detection of cancer with mammography. Data are needed on the use of supplemental magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to improve early detection and reduce interval breast cancers in such patients.

Sequential Ipilimumab After Chemoradiotherapy in Curative-Intent Treatment of Patients With Node-Positive Cervical Cancer
JAMA Oncology; Mayadev JS, et al

Nov 26th, 2019 - Is immunotherapy after chemoradiotherapy in node-positive cervical cancer tolerable?

Depression in Children and Adolescents: Evaluation and Treatment
American Family Physician; Selph SS et al

Nov 16th, 2019 - he prevalence of major unipolar depression in children and adolescents is increasing in the United States. In 2016, approximately 5% of 12-year-olds and 17% of 17-year-olds reported experiencing a major depressive episode in the previous 12 months. Screening for depression in adolescents 12 years and older should be conducted annually using a validated instrument, such as the Patient Health Que...

Risk-Adapted Starting Age of Screening for Relatives of Patients With Breast Cancer
JAMA Oncology; Mukama T, et al

Nov 13th, 2019 - At what age should women with differing family histories of breast cancer start screening?

Is There a Difference in Breast Cancer Recurrence Rates After Surgery With Regional vs General Anesthesia?
ASCO Post; Stenger M

Nov 11th, 2019 - In a trial reported in The Lancet, Sessler et al found no difference in breast cancer recurrence after surgery with regional anesthesia-analgesia using paravertebral block and propofol vs general anesthesia with the volatile anesthetic sevoflurane and opioid analgesia. They also found no difference in persistent incisional pain between approaches.

Clinicians’ Perspectives on Barriers to Discussing Infertility and Fertility Preservation With Young Women With Cancer
JAMA Network Open; Covelli A, et al

Nov 5th, 2019 - What do clinicians perceive as barriers to engaging in fertility preservation discussions with young women with cancer?

Validation of the DNA Damage Immune Response Signature in Patients With Triple-Negative Breast Cancer From the SWOG 9313c Trial
Journal of Clinical Oncology; Sharma, P. et. al.

Oct 27th, 2019 - PURPOSE To independently validate two biomarkers, a 44-gene DNA damage immune response (DDIR) signature and stromal tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (sTILs), as prognostic markers in patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) treated with adjuvant doxorubicin (A) and cyclophosphamide (C) in SWOG 9313. METHODS Four hundred twenty-five centrally determined patient cases with TNBC from ...

Efficacy and safety of anti-inflammatory agents for the treatment of major depressive disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, & Psychiatry; Bai. S., et al

Oct 27th, 2019 - Objectives To systematically review the efficacy and safety of anti-inflammatory agents for patients with major depressive disorders. Methods We searched the literature to identify potentially relevant randomised controlled trials (RCTs) up to 1 January 2019. The primary outcome was efficacy, measured by mean changes in depression score from baseline to endpoint. Secondary outcomes included ...

Asthma in Adults
Medical Clinics of North America; Nanda A, et al

Oct 27th, 2019 - Asthma affects approximately 300 million people worldwide and approximately 7.5% of adults in the United States. Among adults, asthma results in about 10.5 million physician office visits per year and affects approximately 8.7% of blacks, 7.6% of whites, and 5.8% of Hispanics. Asthma is characterized by inflammation of airways, variable airflow obstruction, and bronchial hyperresponsiveness.3 I...

FDA approves niraparib for HRD-positive advanced ovarian cancer

Oct 22nd, 2019 - On October 23, 2019,the Food and Drug Administration approved niraparib (ZEJULA, Tesaro, Inc.) for patients with advanced ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer treated with three or more prior chemotherapy regimens and whose cancer is associated with homologous recombination deficiency (HRD)-positive status. HRD is defined by either a deleterious or suspected deleterious BRCA mu...