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Preparing for a colonoscopy
https://www.health.harvard.edu/diseases-and-conditions/preparing-for-a-colonoscopy

Aug 12th, 2019 - If you shudder at the thought of having a colonoscopy to check for hidden colon cancer, chances are it's the "prep" that's stoking your apprehension. It's certainly a major inconvenience: getting ready for the procedure takes much longer — an average of 16 hours, according to one study — than the three hours or so you'll spend at a medical center the day of your colonoscopy. But what's most off...

NCCN Quick Guide™ | Metastatic Breast Cancer
https://www.nccn.org/patients/guidelines/quick_guides/breast/stage_iv/index.html

Jan 1st, 2018 - NCCN QUICK GUIDE tm Breast Cancer – Metastatic, 2018 PAT-N-1075-0618 What are the treatment options? Hormone-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer „„ Chemotherapy may be given first if the cancer is quickly growing within internal organs

Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month
https://healthfinder.gov/NHO/MarchToolkit.aspx

Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in the United States and the second leading cause of death from cancers that affect both men and women. Colorectal cancer affects people in all racial and ethnic groups and is most common in people age 50 and older.

Hurthle cell cancer - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hurthle-cell-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20373572

Jan 15th, 2020 - Overview Thyroid gland Thyroid gland Your thyroid gland is located at the base of your neck, just below your Adam's apple. Hurthle (HEERT-luh) cell cancer is a rare cancer that affects the thyroid gland. The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the base of your neck. It secretes hormones that are essential for regulating your body's metabolism. Hurthle cell cancer is also called Hurthle cell ...

Thyroid nodules - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/thyroid-nodules/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355266

Jan 7th, 2020 - Diagnosis In assessing a lump or nodule in your neck, one of your doctor's main goals is to rule out the possibility of cancer. But your doctor will also want to know if your thyroid is functioning properly. Tests include: Physical exam. Your doctor will likely ask you to swallow while he or she examines your thyroid because a nodule in your thyroid gland will usually move up and down during sw...

Thyroid nodules - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/thyroid-nodules/symptoms-causes/syc-20355262

Jan 7th, 2020 - Overview Thyroid gland Thyroid gland Your thyroid gland is located at the base of your neck, just below your Adam's apple. Thyroid nodules are solid or fluid-filled lumps that form within your thyroid, a small gland located at the base of your neck, just above your breastbone. Most thyroid nodules aren't serious and don't cause symptoms. Only a small percentage of thyroid nodules are cancerous....

Thyroid cancer - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/thyroid-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20354161

Jan 6th, 2020 - Overview Thyroid cancer Thyroid cancer Thyroid cancer occurs in the cells of the thyroid. Thyroid cancer occurs in the cells of the thyroid — a butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of your neck, just below your Adam's apple. Your thyroid produces hormones that regulate your heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature and weight. Although thyroid cancer isn't common in the United States, ...

Thyroid cancer - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/thyroid-cancer/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20354170

Jan 6th, 2020 - Thyroid cancer care at Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic experts provide personalized, whole-person care to those with thyroid cancer. Your Mayo Clinic care team At Mayo Clinic, endocrinologists form a multidisciplinary team with general surgeons, oncologists, pathologists, radiation oncologists, radiologists, and ear, nose and throat specialists (otorhinolaryngologists) to care for people with thyroid c...

Thyroid cancer - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/thyroid-cancer/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354167

Jan 6th, 2020 - Diagnosis Needle biopsy Thyroid biopsy Needle biopsy During needle biopsy, a long, thin needle is inserted through the skin and into the suspicious area. Cells are removed and analyzed to see if they are cancerous. Tests and procedures used to diagnose thyroid cancer include: Physical exam. Your doctor will look for physical changes in your thyroid and ask about your risk factors, such as exces...

Pancreatic cancer - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pancreatic-cancer/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20355431

Dec 12th, 2019 - Pancreatic cancer care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic experts provide comprehensive care for people with pancreatic cancer. Your team may include specialists in surgery, gastroenterology, radiology, medical oncology, radiation oncology, pathology, nutrition and other areas if needed. Doctors from these specialties work together with you to understand your specific needs a...

Pancreatic cancer - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pancreatic-cancer/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355427

Dec 12th, 2019 - Diagnosis Pancreatic ultrasound Pancreatic ultrasound During an endoscopic ultrasound of the pancreas, your doctor inserts a thin, flexible tube (endoscope) down your throat and into your abdomen. An ultrasound device at the end of the tube emits sound waves that generate images of your pancreas and nearby tissues. If your doctor suspects pancreatic cancer, he or she may have you undergo one or...

Pancreatic cancer - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pancreatic-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20355421

Dec 12th, 2019 - Overview The pancreas in the digestive system The pancreas in the digestive system The pancreas is a long, flat gland that lies horizontally behind your stomach. It has a role in digestion and in regulating the level of sugar in your blood. Pancreatic cancer Pancreatic cancer Pancreatic cancer is cancer that forms in the cells of the pancreas. Pancreatic cancer begins in the tissues of your pan...

Uterine fibroids - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/uterine-fibroids/symptoms-causes/syc-20354288

Dec 9th, 2019 - Overview Fibroid locations Fibroid locations Intramural fibroids grow within the muscular uterine wall. Submucosal fibroids bulge into the uterine cavity. Subserosal fibroids project to the outside of the uterus. Some subserosal or submucosal fibroids may be pedunculated — hanging from a stalk inside or outside the uterus. Uterine fibroids are noncancerous growths of the uterus that often appea...

Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors/symptoms-causes/syc-20352489

Dec 6th, 2019 - Overview Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNET) are a group of cancers that can occur in the hormone-producing cells of the pancreas. Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, also known as islet cell cancers, are very rare. Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors begin in small hormone-producing cells (islet cells) normally found in your pancreas. Some pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor cells continue to secre...

Osteosarcoma - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteosarcoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351053

Dec 5th, 2019 - Diagnosis To diagnose osteosarcoma, the doctor may begin with a physical exam to better understand the symptoms. Imaging tests Imaging tests help your doctor investigate your bone symptoms, look for cancer and look for signs that the cancer has spread. Imaging tests may include: X-ray Computerized tomography (CT) Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Positron emission tomography (PET) Bone scan Remo...

Osteosarcoma - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteosarcoma/symptoms-causes/syc-20351052

Dec 5th, 2019 - Overview Osteosarcoma Osteosarcoma Osteosarcoma, the most common type of bone cancer, often starts in the long bones — the legs or the arms — but it can occur in any bone. Osteosarcoma is a type of bone cancer that begins in the cells that form bones. Osteosarcoma is most often found in the long bones — more often the legs, but sometimes the arms — but it can start in any bone. In very rare ins...

Osteosarcoma - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteosarcoma/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20351055

Dec 5th, 2019 - Osteosarcoma care at Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic experts are known for the highest quality expertise and resources to meet the needs of children and adults with osteosarcoma. Our experienced sarcoma teams care for hundreds of people each year who have various types of sarcoma. Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic's pediatric cancer specialists come together as a team to create a customized treatm...

Breast cancer - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/breast-cancer/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20352479?Page=2

Nov 21st, 2019 - Breast cancer care at Mayo Mayo Clinic specialists provide compassionate care for people with breast cancer. People with breast cancer who seek care at Mayo Clinic will find dedicated breast cancer specialists who provide expert, personalized care using the latest treatment innovations and technology. Your Mayo Clinic care team Tailoring Breast Cancer Screening to Each Woman’s Risk Click here f...

Breast cancer - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/breast-cancer/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20352479

Nov 21st, 2019 - Breast cancer care at Mayo Mayo Clinic specialists provide compassionate care for people with breast cancer. People with breast cancer who seek care at Mayo Clinic will find dedicated breast cancer specialists who provide expert, personalized care using the latest treatment innovations and technology. Your Mayo Clinic care team Tailoring Breast Cancer Screening to Each Woman’s Risk Click here f...

Breast cancer - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/breast-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20352470

Nov 21st, 2019 - Overview Breast anatomy Breast anatomy Breast anatomy Each breast contains 15 to 20 lobes of glandular tissue, arranged like the petals of a daisy. The lobes are further divided into smaller lobules that produce milk for breast-feeding. Small tubes (ducts) conduct the milk to a reservoir that lies just beneath your nipple. Breast cancer is cancer that forms in the cells of the breasts. After sk...

Head and neck cancers - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/head-and-neck-cancers/symptoms-causes/syc-20354171

Nov 21st, 2019 - Overview Head and neck cancers are a broad category of cancers that occur in the head and neck region. Head and neck cancer treatment depends on the type, location and size of your cancer. Treatment for head and neck cancers often involves surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Treatments may be combined. After treatment, recovery from head and neck cancers may involve working with rehabi...

Head and neck cancers - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/head-and-neck-cancers/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20354174

Nov 21st, 2019 - Head and neck cancer care at Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic experts offer compassionate, comprehensive care to those with head and neck cancers, including those with: Skull base tumors Pituitary tumors Esthesioneuroblastoma Nasopharyngeal cancer Nasal cavity cancer Paranasal sinus cancer Floor of mouth cancer Lip cancer Mouth cancer Salivary gland cancer Tongue cancer Soft palate cancer Tonsil cancer ...

Breast cancer - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/breast-cancer/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352475

Nov 21st, 2019 - Diagnosis Diagnosing breast cancer Core needle biopsy Core needle biopsy A core needle biopsy uses a long, hollow tube to extract a sample of tissue. Here, a biopsy of a suspicious breast lump is being done. The sample is sent to a laboratory for testing. Breast MRI Breast MRI During a breast MRI, you lie on your stomach on a padded scanning table. Your breasts fit into a hollow depression in t...

Primary ovarian insufficiency - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/premature-ovarian-failure/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354688

Oct 21st, 2019 - Diagnosis Most women have few signs of primary ovarian insufficiency, but your doctor may suspect the condition if you have irregular periods or are having trouble conceiving. Diagnosis usually involves a physical exam, including a pelvic exam. Your doctor might ask questions about your menstrual cycle, exposure to toxins, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy, and previous ovarian surgery....

Colon polyps - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/colon-polyps/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352881

Oct 18th, 2019 - Diagnosis Screening tests play a key role in detecting polyps before they become cancerous. These tests can also help find colorectal cancer in its early stages, when you have a good chance of recovery. Screening methods include: Colonoscopy, the most sensitive test for colorectal polyps and cancer. If polyps are found, your doctor may remove them immediately or take tissue samples (biopsies) f...

Colon polyps - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/colon-polyps/symptoms-causes/syc-20352875

Oct 18th, 2019 - Overview A colon polyp is a small clump of cells that forms on the lining of the colon. Most colon polyps are harmless. But over time, some colon polyps can develop into colon cancer, which is often fatal when found in its later stages. There are two main categories of polyps, non-neoplastic and neoplastic. Non-neoplastic polyps include hyperplastic polyps, inflammatory polyps and hamartomatous...

Dysphagia - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dysphagia/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20372039

Oct 16th, 2019 - Dysphagia care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team A team of specialists at Mayo Clinic work together to identify the appropriate treatment approach for each person. The team includes doctors who specialize in gastroenterology and hepatology, otorhinolaryngology, neurology, physical medicine and rehabilitation, and speech pathology. If you have esophageal cancer, specialists in thoracic s...

Neuroblastoma - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/neuroblastoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351022

Oct 8th, 2019 - Diagnosis Tests and procedures used to diagnose neuroblastoma include: Physical exam. Your child's doctor conducts a physical exam to check out any signs and symptoms. The doctor will ask you questions about your child's habits and behaviors. Urine and blood tests. These may indicate the cause of any signs and symptoms your child is experiencing. Urine tests may be used to check for high levels...

Rectal cancer - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rectal-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20352884

Oct 8th, 2019 - Overview Rectal cancer Rectal cancer The rectum is the last several inches of the large intestine. Rectal cancer starts in the lining of the rectum (rectal mucosa). The rectum is the last several inches of the large intestine. It starts at the end of the final segment of your colon and ends when it reaches the short, narrow passage leading to the anus. Cancer inside the rectum (rectal cancer) a...

Rectal cancer - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rectal-cancer/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20352891

Oct 8th, 2019 - Mayo Clinic's approach to rectal cancer care Your Mayo Clinic care team Specialists in medical oncology, colon and rectal surgery, and radiation oncology collaborate in planning and delivering your care. These experts work closely with other patient-care specialists, including pharmacists, nurses, educators and dietitians, to deliver high-quality care in a supportive environment. Your doctors w...

Neuroblastoma - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/neuroblastoma/symptoms-causes/syc-20351017

Oct 8th, 2019 - Overview Adrenal glands Adrenal glands Perched atop each of your kidneys, your adrenal glands produce hormones that help regulate your metabolism, immune system, blood pressure and other essential functions. Neuroblastoma is a cancer that develops from immature nerve cells found in several areas of the body. Neuroblastoma most commonly arises in and around the adrenal glands, which have similar...

Rectal cancer - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rectal-cancer/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352889

Oct 8th, 2019 - Diagnosis Colonoscopy Colonoscopy During a colonoscopy, the doctor inserts a colonoscope into your rectum to check for abnormalities in your entire colon. Rectal cancer is often diagnosed when a doctor orders tests to find the cause of rectal bleeding or iron deficiency anemia. A colonoscopy is the most accurate of these tests. In a colonoscopy, a doctor uses a thin, flexible, lighted tube with...

Neuroblastoma - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/neuroblastoma/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20351025

Oct 8th, 2019 - Neuroblastoma care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team At Mayo Clinic Children's Center, you can expect the best care for your child from our multispecialty team of pediatric experts. Pediatric oncologists, radiation oncologists, pathologists and surgeons work as a multidisciplinary team to care for children with neuroblastoma. Other providers are included as needed. Advanced diagnosis an...

Colon cancer - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/colon-cancer/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353674

Oct 7th, 2019 - Diagnosis Screening for colon cancer Doctors recommend certain screening tests for healthy people with no signs or symptoms in order to look for signs of colon cancer or noncancerous colon polyps. Finding colon cancer at its earliest stage provides the greatest chance for a cure. Screening has been shown to reduce your risk of dying of colon cancer. Doctors generally recommend that people with ...

Colon cancer - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/colon-cancer/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20353678

Oct 7th, 2019 - Colon cancer care at Mayo Clinic For decades, Mayo Clinic has been a world leader in providing comprehensive, state-of-the-art care for people with cancers of the colon and rectum. Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic doctors work in multidisciplinary teams of specialists to provide comprehensive care for people with colon cancer. Your care team might include: Gastroenterologists Colon and re...

Colon cancer - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/colon-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20353669

Oct 7th, 2019 - Overview Colon cancer Colon cancer Colon cancer can occur in any part of the colon. An examination of your entire colon using a long, flexible tube equipped with a camera (colonoscopy) is one way to detect colon cancer and polyps. Colon cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the large intestine (colon). The colon is the final part of the digestive tract. Colon cancer typically affects older ...

Adnexal tumors - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/adnexal-tumors/symptoms-causes/syc-20355053

Oct 1st, 2019 - Overview Female reproductive system Female reproductive system The ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix and vagina (vaginal canal) make up the female reproductive system. Adnexal tumors are growths that form on the organs and connective tissues around the uterus. Adnexal tumors are most often noncancerous (benign), but they can be cancerous (malignant). Adnexal tumors occur in the: Ovaries ...

Adnexal tumors - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/adnexal-tumors/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20355056

Oct 1st, 2019 - Adnexal tumors care at Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic doctors have extensive experience diagnosing and treating adnexal tumors. They draw on this knowledge to provide you with a personalized treatment plan that delivers exactly the care you need. Your Mayo Clinic care team At Mayo Clinic, gynecologists work with gynecologic surgeons, radiation oncologists, medical oncologists and pathologists to form ...

Nasal and paranasal tumors - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/nasal-paranasal-tumors/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20354139

Sep 18th, 2019 - Nasal and paranasal tumors care at Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic doctors provide expert, personalized care to those with nasal and paranasal tumors, including those with: Ameloblastoma Angiofibroma Chordoma Esthesioneuroblastoma Inverting papilloma Nasal and paranasal sinus carcinoma, including squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, mucoepidermoid carcinoma and chondrosarc...

Basal cell carcinoma - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/basal-cell-carcinoma/symptoms-causes/syc-20354187

Sep 13th, 2019 - Overview Basal cell carcinoma Basal cell carcinoma Basal cell carcinoma is a type of skin cancer that most often develops on areas of skin exposed to the sun. This photograph shows a basal cell carcinoma that affects the skin on the lower eyelid. Basal cell carcinoma is a type of skin cancer. Basal cell carcinoma begins in the basal cells — a type of cell within the skin that produces new skin ...

Seborrheic keratosis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/seborrheic-keratosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20353878

Sep 13th, 2019 - Overview Seborrheic keratoses on the back Seborrheic keratoses on the back Seborrheic keratoses are very common on the back. They appear as waxy light tan, brown or black growths that look as if they were dripped onto the skin by a candle. Some can grow large, up to 1 inch (2.5 centimeters) across. Close-up of seborrheic keratoses Close-up of seborrheic keratoses Seborrheic keratoses are usuall...

Seborrheic keratosis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/seborrheic-keratosis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353882

Sep 13th, 2019 - Diagnosis Your doctor can usually diagnose a seborrheic keratosis just by looking at it. Your doctor may recommend removing it so that it can be examined under a microscope if there is a question about the diagnosis. More Information Skin biopsy Treatment Treatment of a seborrheic keratosis isn't usually needed. Be careful not to rub, scratch or pick at it. This can lead to itching, pain and bl...

Basal cell carcinoma - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/basal-cell-carcinoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354193

Sep 13th, 2019 - Diagnosis In order to assess any growths or changes in your skin, your doctor or a specialist in skin conditions (dermatologist) will conduct a medical history and exam. History and general exam Your doctor will conduct a general physical exam and ask you questions about your medical history, changes in your skin, or any other signs or symptoms you've experienced. Questions may include: When di...

Soft palate cancer - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/soft-palate-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20354183

Sep 4th, 2019 - Overview Soft palate Soft palate The soft palate is located in the upper portion of the back of the mouth, behind the teeth. Soft palate cancer begins in the cells of the soft palate. Your soft palate is located on the upper portion of the back of your mouth, behind your teeth. Soft palate cancer is considered a type of throat cancer. Doctors treat soft palate cancer similarly to the way they t...

Floor of the mouth cancer - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/floor-mouth-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20354179

Aug 21st, 2019 - Overview Floor of the mouth cancer is cancer that begins on the tissue underneath your tongue. Floor of the mouth cancer most often begins in the thin, flat cells that line the inside of your mouth (squamous cells). Changes in the look and feel of the tissue on the floor of the mouth, such as a lump or a sore that doesn't heal, are often the first signs of floor of the mouth cancer. Floor of th...

Liver hemangioma - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/liver-hemangioma/symptoms-causes/syc-20354234

Aug 13th, 2019 - Overview Liver hemangioma Liver hemangioma A liver hemangioma is a noncancerous (benign) mass in the liver. A liver hemangioma is made up of a tangle of blood vessels. A liver hemangioma (he-man-jee-O-muh) is a noncancerous (benign) mass in the liver. A liver hemangioma is made up of a tangle of blood vessels. Other terms for a liver hemangioma are hepatic hemangioma and cavernous hemangioma. M...

Glioblastoma - Overview - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/glioblastoma/cdc-20350148

Aug 8th, 2019 - Glioblastoma Glioblastoma Glioblastoma Glioblastoma is an aggressive type of cancer that begins in cells called astrocytes that support nerve cells. It can form in the brain or spinal cord. Glioblastoma is also known as glioblastoma multiforme. Glioblastoma is an aggressive type of cancer that can occur in the brain or spinal cord. Glioblastoma forms from cells called astrocytes that support ne...

Astrocytoma - Overview - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/astrocytoma/cdc-20350132

Aug 8th, 2019 - Astrocytoma Astrocytoma Astrocytoma Astrocytoma is a type of cancer that can occur in the brain or spinal cord. It begins in cells called astrocytes that support nerve cells. Some astrocytomas grow very slowly and others can be aggressive cancers that grow quickly. Astrocytoma is a type of cancer that can form in the brain or spinal cord. Astrocytoma begins in cells called astrocytes that suppo...

Glioma - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/glioma/symptoms-causes/syc-20350251

Aug 8th, 2019 - Overview Glioma Glioma Gliomas begin in the gluey supportive (glial cells) that surround nerve cells in the brain. Malignant glioma cells Malignant glioma cells Glioblastoma multiforme (malignant brain tumor) cells. The cells have irregular shapes with fingers that can spread into the brain. Glioma is a type of tumor that occurs in the brain and spinal cord. Gliomas begin in the gluey supportiv...

Oligodendroglioma - Overview - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/oligodendroglioma/cdc-20350152

Aug 8th, 2019 - Oligodendroglioma Oligodendroglioma is a tumor that can occur in the brain or spinal cord. Oligodendroglioma forms from oligodendrocytes — cells in the brain and spinal cord that produce a substance that protects nerve cells. Oligodendroglioma can occur at any age, but most often affects adults. Signs and symptoms can include seizures and headaches. Weakness or disability can occur in the part ...

Neuroendocrine tumors - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/neuroendocrine-tumors/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20354135

Jul 31st, 2019 - Neuroendocrine tumors care at Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic experts are skilled in the diagnosis and treatment of neuroendocrine tumors, including: Neuroendocrine tumors of the digestive system and pancreas, sometimes called gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) Carcinoid tumors of the lung, intestinal tract or thymus Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor, also known as islet cell cancer ...

Cervical cancer - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cervical-cancer/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352506

Jul 30th, 2019 - Diagnosis Screening Pap test Pap test In a Pap test, your doctor uses a vaginal speculum to hold your vaginal walls apart and to see the cervix. Next, a sample of cells from your cervix is collected using a small cone-shaped brush and a tiny plastic spatula (1 and 2). Your doctor then rinses the brush and spatula in a liquid-filled vial (3) and sends the vial to a laboratory for testing. Screen...

Anal cancer - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/anal-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20354140

Jul 30th, 2019 - Overview The anal canal The anal canal The anal canal is a tube at the end of your rectum that measures 1 1/2 inches in length (about 4 centimeters). Muscles (anal sphincters) that surround the anal canal relax to allow waste to leave your body. Anal cancer is an uncommon type of cancer that occurs in the anal canal. The anal canal is a short tube at the end of your rectum through which stool l...

Cervical cancer - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cervical-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20352501

Jul 30th, 2019 - Overview Cervical cancer Cervical cancer Cervical cancer begins in the cells of the cervix. Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix — the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. Various strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection, play a role in causing most cervical cancer. When exposed to HPV, the body's immune s...

Anal cancer - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/anal-cancer/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20354150

Jul 30th, 2019 - Anal cancer care at Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic doctors work as a team to provide compassionate, personalized care for people with anal cancer. Your Mayo Clinic care team At Mayo Clinic, experts in digestive diseases and conditions (gastroenterologists) form a multidisciplinary team with specialists in radiation oncology, medical oncology, pathology and surgery to provide comprehensive care to thos...

Cervical cancer - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cervical-cancer/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20352509

Jul 30th, 2019 - Cervical cancer care at Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic specialists offer compassionate, comprehensive care for those with cervical cancer. Your Mayo Clinic care team At Mayo Clinic, doctors trained in obstetrics and gynecology with additional training in surgery and cancer treatment (gynecologic oncologists) direct care for people with cervical cancer. These specialists partner with a number of expert...

Anal cancer - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/anal-cancer/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354146

Jul 30th, 2019 - Diagnosis Tests and procedures used to diagnose anal cancer include: Examining your anal canal and rectum for abnormalities. During a digital rectal exam, your doctor inserts a gloved, lubricated finger into your rectum. He or she feels for anything unusual, such as growths. Visually inspecting your anal canal and rectum. Your doctor may use a short, lighted tube (anoscope) to inspect your anal...

Ovarian cancer - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ovarian-cancer/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20375952

Jul 24th, 2019 - Ovarian cancer care at Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic doctors draw on their experience caring for people with ovarian cancer to provide personalized and comprehensive treatment that takes into account your needs and goals. Your Mayo Clinic care team At Mayo Clinic, doctors trained in obstetrics and gynecology with additional training in surgery and cancer treatment (gynecologic oncologists) work with ...

Ovarian cysts - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ovarian-cysts/symptoms-causes/syc-20353405

Jul 24th, 2019 - Overview Female reproductive system Female reproductive system The ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix and vagina (vaginal canal) make up the female reproductive system. Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets in an ovary or on its surface. Women have two ovaries — each about the size and shape of an almond — on each side of the uterus. Eggs (ova), which develop and mature in the ov...

Ovarian cysts - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ovarian-cysts/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353411

Jul 24th, 2019 - Diagnosis A cyst on your ovary can be found during a pelvic exam. Depending on its size and whether it's fluid filled, solid or mixed, your doctor likely will recommend tests to determine its type and whether you need treatment. Possible tests include: Pregnancy test. A positive test might suggest that you have a corpus luteum cyst. Pelvic ultrasound. A wandlike device (transducer) sends and re...

Vaginal cancer - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/vaginal-cancer/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20352456

Jul 24th, 2019 - Vaginal cancer care at Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic specialists provide expert care for people with vaginal cancer. Your Mayo Clinic care team At Mayo Clinic, gynecologic oncologists, radiation oncologists, medical oncologists and plastic surgeons work as a multidisciplinary team to care for people with vaginal cancer. Other professionals are included as needed. Advanced diagnosis and treatment Mayo...

Endometrial cancer - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/endometrial-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20352461

Jul 24th, 2019 - Overview Endometrial cancer Endometrial cancer Endometrial cancer begins in the lining (endometrium) of the uterus. Endometrial cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the uterus. The uterus is the hollow, pear-shaped pelvic organ where fetal development occurs. Endometrial cancer begins in the layer of cells that form the lining (endometrium) of the uterus. Endometrial cancer is sometimes ca...

Vaginal cancer - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/vaginal-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20352447

Jul 24th, 2019 - Overview Vaginal cancer Vaginal cancer Vaginal cancer is cancer that occurs in the vagina — the muscular tube that connects the uterus with the outer genitals. Vaginal cancer is a rare cancer that occurs in your vagina — the muscular tube that connects your uterus with your outer genitals. Vaginal cancer most commonly occurs in the cells that line the surface of your vagina, which is sometimes ...

Ovarian cancer - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ovarian-cancer/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20375946

Jul 24th, 2019 - Diagnosis Pelvic exam Pelvic exam During a pelvic exam, your doctor inserts two gloved fingers inside your vagina. While simultaneously pressing down on your abdomen, he or she can evaluate your uterus, ovaries and other pelvic organs. Tests and procedures used to diagnose ovarian cancer include: Pelvic exam. During a pelvic exam, your doctor inserts gloved fingers into your vagina and simultan...

Ovarian cancer - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ovarian-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20375941

Jul 24th, 2019 - Overview Ovarian cancer Ovarian cancer Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the ovaries. The ovaries — each about the size of an almond — produce eggs (ova) as well as the hormones estrogen, progesterone and testosterone. Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the ovaries. The female reproductive system contains two ovaries, one on each side of the uterus. The ovaries — ...

Vaginal cancer - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/vaginal-cancer/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352453

Jul 24th, 2019 - Diagnosis Pelvic exam Pelvic exam During a pelvic exam, your doctor inserts two gloved fingers inside your vagina. While simultaneously pressing down on your abdomen, he or she can evaluate your uterus, ovaries and other pelvic organs. Screening for vaginal cancer Vaginal cancer is sometimes found during a routine pelvic exam before signs and symptoms become evident. During a pelvic exam, your ...

Eye Cancer: Retinoblastoma & Uveal Melanoma
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/17292-ophthalmic-eye-cancer-cancer-institute-overview

Jul 16th, 2019 - Ophthalmic cancers although uncommon, may arise from various eye and orbital structures. In general, they can be classified as eyelid tumors, conjunctival/corneal cancers, uveal cancers, retinal cancers, and orbital/adnexal cancers. The symptoms and clinical presentation depends upon the location of the tumor. In general, treatment involves surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. In addition spec...

Small bowel cancer - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/small-bowel-cancer/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20352500

Jul 8th, 2019 - Small bowel cancer care at Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic doctors have experience diagnosing and treating small bowel cancers, including carcinoid tumors and gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). They use this experience to develop a personalized treatment plan that provides you with exactly the care you need. Your Mayo Clinic care team At Mayo Clinic, gastroenterologists, oncologists, radiation on...

Basal Cell Carcinoma
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/4581-skin-cancer

Jul 4th, 2019 - What is basal cell carcinoma (BCC)? BCC is a type of skin cancer that may form in the basal cells of the skin. These cells are the ones that make new cells to replace the cells that die. How common is basal cell carcinoma (BCC)? It is the most common type of cancer in human beings. The number of new cases just in the United States is estimated to exceed 4 million each year. Who is affected by b...

Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/squamous-cell-carcinoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352486

Jun 20th, 2019 - Diagnosis Tests and procedures used to diagnose squamous cell carcinoma of the skin include: Physical exam. Your doctor will ask questions about your health history and examine your skin to look for signs of squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. Removing a sample of tissue for testing. To confirm a squamous cell carcinoma of the skin diagnosis, your doctor will use a tool to cut away some or all...

Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/squamous-cell-carcinoma/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20352488

Jun 20th, 2019 - Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin care at Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic specialists provide expert care for people with squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. Your Mayo Clinic care team At Mayo Clinic, skin specialists (dermatologists) work with other experts in medical oncology, radiation oncology, pathology, surgery, and plastic and reconstructive surgery to provide comprehensive care for those wit...

Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/squamous-cell-carcinoma/symptoms-causes/syc-20352480

Jun 20th, 2019 - Overview Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin Sun-exposed areas such as the lips and ears are especially likely to develop squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin is a common form of skin cancer that develops in the squamous cells that make up the middle and outer layers of the skin. Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin is usual...

Multiple myeloma - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/multiple-myeloma/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20353386

Jun 11th, 2019 - Multiple myeloma care at Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic specialists offer comprehensive care for people with multiple myeloma. Your Mayo Clinic care team Understanding and treating a family of blood cancers. Click here for an infographic to learn more At Mayo Clinic, you'll receive care from a team of doctors that works together to understand your goals and meet your needs as a whole person. There are...

Multiple myeloma - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/multiple-myeloma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353383

Jun 11th, 2019 - Diagnosis In some cases, your doctor may detect multiple myeloma accidentally when you undergo a blood test for some other condition. In other cases, your doctor may suspect multiple myeloma based on your signs and symptoms. Tests and procedures used to diagnose multiple myeloma include: Blood tests. Laboratory analysis of your blood may reveal the M proteins produced by myeloma cells. Another ...

Multiple myeloma - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/multiple-myeloma/symptoms-causes/syc-20353378

Jun 11th, 2019 - Overview Multiple myeloma is a cancer that forms in a type of white blood cell called a plasma cell. Plasma cells help you fight infections by making antibodies that recognize and attack germs. Multiple myeloma causes cancer cells to accumulate in the bone marrow, where they crowd out healthy blood cells. Rather than produce helpful antibodies, the cancer cells produce abnormal proteins that ca...

Germ cell tumors - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/germ-cell-tumors/symptoms-causes/syc-20352493

May 24th, 2019 - Overview Germ cell tumors are growths that form from reproductive cells. Tumors may be cancerous or noncancerous. Most germ cell tumors that are cancerous occur as cancer of the testicles (testicular cancer) or cancer of the ovaries (ovarian cancer). Some germ cell tumors occur in other areas of the body, such as the abdomen, brain and chest, though it's not clear why. Germ cell tumors that occ...

Germ cell tumors - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/germ-cell-tumors/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20352496

May 24th, 2019 - Germ cell tumors care at Mayo Clinic Germ cell tumors care at Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic doctors have extensive experience diagnosing and treating germ cell tumors, including ovarian cancer and testicular cancer. They draw on this knowledge to provide you with a personalized treatment plan that provides you with exactly the care you need. Your Mayo Clinic care team At Mayo Clinic, specialists in u...

Cholangiocarcinoma (bile duct cancer) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cholangiocarcinoma/symptoms-causes/syc-20352408

May 20th, 2019 - Overview Gallbladder and bile duct Gallbladder and bile duct The gallbladder serves as a reservoir for bile, a yellow-green fluid produced in your liver. Bile flows from your liver into your gallbladder, where it's held until needed during the digestion of food. When you eat, your gallbladder releases bile into the bile duct, where it's carried to the upper part of the small intestine (duodenum...

Melanoma - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/melanoma/symptoms-causes/syc-20374884

May 20th, 2019 - Overview Melanoma Melanoma Melanoma is a form of skin cancer that begins in the cells (melanocytes) that control the pigment in your skin. This illustration shows melanoma cells extending from the surface of the skin into the deeper skin layers. Melanoma, the most serious type of skin cancer, develops in the cells (melanocytes) that produce melanin — the pigment that gives your skin its color. ...

Melanoma - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/melanoma/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20374894

May 20th, 2019 - Melanoma care at Mayo Clinic Cancer Education Mayo Clinic's Cancer Education Center offers education and support for cancer patients and their families and friends. Collaboration. At Mayo Clinic, dermatologists, oncologists, pediatric oncologists, pathologists, general surgeons, and plastic and reconstructive surgeons form a multidisciplinary team to provide whole-person care for those with mel...

Melanoma - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/melanoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20374888

May 20th, 2019 - Diagnosis Excisional biopsy Excisional biopsy During an excisional biopsy, the doctor removes an entire lump or an entire area of abnormal skin, including a portion of normal skin. You'll likely receive stitches to close the biopsy site after this procedure. Punch biopsy Punch biopsy Punch biopsy During a punch biopsy, a doctor uses a special circular blade to remove deeper layers of skin for t...

Hilar cholangiocarcinoma - Overview - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hilar-cholangiocarcinoma/cdc-20354548

May 20th, 2019 - Hilar cholangiocarcinoma Gallbladder and bile duct Gallbladder and bile duct The gallbladder serves as a reservoir for bile, a yellow-green fluid produced in your liver. Bile flows from your liver into your gallbladder, where it's held until needed during the digestion of food. When you eat, your gallbladder releases bile into the bile duct, where it's carried to the upper part of the small int...

Cholangiocarcinoma (bile duct cancer) - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cholangiocarcinoma/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20352416

May 20th, 2019 - Cholangiocarcinoma care at Mayo Clinic Cholangiocarcinoma team members consult A multidisciplinary team collaborates to provide individualized, comprehensive care for people with bile duct cancer. At Mayo Clinic, a team of experts works together to provide you with exactly the care you need. Your Mayo Clinic care team Experts in cholangiocarcinoma provide comprehensive care for people with canc...

Cholangiocarcinoma (bile duct cancer) - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cholangiocarcinoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352413

May 20th, 2019 - Diagnosis Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) uses a dye to highlight the bile ducts on X-ray images. A thin, flexible tube (endoscope) with a camera on the end is passed down your throat and into your small intestine. The dye enters the ducts through a small hollow tube...

Chronic myelogenous leukemia - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chronic-myelogenous-leukemia/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20352427

May 13th, 2019 - Chronic myelogenous leukemia care at Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic offers compassionate, comprehensive care for people with chronic myelogenous leukemia. Your Mayo Clinic care team At Mayo Clinic, your care is directed by blood disorder specialists (hematologists) who focus exclusively on evaluating and treating people with chronic myelogenous leukemia. These hematologists form a team with other expe...

Chronic myelogenous leukemia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chronic-myelogenous-leukemia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352422

May 13th, 2019 - Diagnosis Bone marrow biopsy Bone marrow biopsy In a bone marrow aspiration and biopsy, a doctor or nurse uses a thin needle to remove a small amount of liquid bone marrow, usually from a spot in the back of your hipbone (pelvis). A bone marrow biopsy is often taken at the same time. This second procedure removes a small piece of bone tissue and the enclosed marrow. Tests and procedures used to...

Chronic myelogenous leukemia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chronic-myelogenous-leukemia/symptoms-causes/syc-20352417

May 13th, 2019 - Overview Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is an uncommon type of cancer of the bone marrow — the spongy tissue inside bones where blood cells are made. CML causes an increased number of white blood cells in the blood. The term "chronic" in chronic myelogenous leukemia indicates that this cancer tends to progress more slowly than acute forms of leukemia. The term "myelogenous" (my-uh-LOHJ-uh-n...

Liver cancer - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/liver-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20353659

May 3rd, 2019 - Overview Liver cancer Liver cancer Liver cancer begins in the cells of the liver. The most common form of liver cancer begins in cells called hepatocytes and is called hepatocellular carcinoma. Liver cancer is cancer that begins in the cells of your liver. Your liver is a football-sized organ that sits in the upper right portion of your abdomen, beneath your diaphragm and above your stomach. Se...

Hepatocellular carcinoma - Overview - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hepatocellular-carcinoma/cdc-20354552

May 3rd, 2019 - Hepatocellular carcinoma Liver cancer Liver cancer Liver cancer begins in the cells of the liver. The most common form of liver cancer begins in cells called hepatocytes and is called hepatocellular carcinoma. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common type of primary liver cancer. Hepatocellular carcinoma occurs most often in people with chronic liver diseases, such as cirrhosis caused ...

Meningioma - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/meningioma/symptoms-causes/syc-20355643

Apr 26th, 2019 - Overview Meninges Meninges Three layers of membranes known as meninges protect the brain and spinal cord. The delicate inner layer is the pia mater. The middle layer is the arachnoid, a web-like structure filled with fluid that cushions the brain. The tough outer layer is called the dura mater. A meningioma is a tumor that arises from the meninges — the membranes that surround your brain and sp...

Meningioma - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/meningioma/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20355651

Apr 26th, 2019 - Meningioma care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic's world-renowned meningioma teams include neuroradiologists, neuropathologists, neurosurgeons, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, neurologists, rehabilitation specialists and other professionals who work together to provide exactly the care you need. Having all of this subspecialized expertise in a single place, focu...

Medulloblastoma - Overview - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/medulloblastoma/cdc-20363524

Apr 26th, 2019 - Medulloblastoma Medulloblastoma Medulloblastoma Medulloblastoma is a type of brain cancer that starts in the part of the brain called the cerebellum. Medulloblastoma is the most common type of cancerous brain tumor in children. Medulloblastoma (muh-dul-o-blas-TOE-muh) is a cancerous (malignant) brain tumor that starts in the lower back part of the brain, called the cerebellum. The cerebellum is...

Meningioma - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/meningioma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355648

Apr 26th, 2019 - Diagnosis Meningioma Meningioma This computerized tomography (CT) scan of a person's head shows a meningioma. This meningioma has grown large enough to push down into the brain tissue. A meningioma can be difficult to diagnose because the tumor is often slow growing. Symptoms of a meningioma may also be subtle and mistaken for other health conditions or written off as normal signs of aging. If ...

Ependymoma - Overview - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ependymoma/cdc-20350144

Apr 26th, 2019 - Ependymoma Ependymoma is a type of tumor that can form in the brain or spinal cord. Ependymoma begins in the ependymal cells in the brain and spinal cord that line the passageways where the fluid (cerebrospinal fluid) that nourishes your brain flows. Ependymoma can occur at any age, but most often occurs in young children. Children with ependymoma may experience headaches and seizures. Ependymo...

Craniopharyngioma - Overview - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/craniopharyngioma/cdc-20354175

Apr 26th, 2019 - Craniopharyngioma Pituitary gland and hypothalamus Pituitary gland and hypothalamus The pituitary gland and the hypothalamus are located within the brain and control hormone production. Craniopharyngioma is a rare type of noncancerous (benign) brain tumor. Craniopharyngioma begins near the brain's pituitary gland, which secretes hormones that control many body functions. As a craniopharyngioma ...

Prostate cancer - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/prostate-cancer/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20353097

Apr 16th, 2019 - Prostate cancer care at Mayo Clinic Mayo physicians collaborate on prostate cancer care Mayo Clinic oncologists, surgeons and staff collaborate to provide comprehensive care for men with prostate cancer. At Mayo Clinic, a multidisciplinary team of doctors works together to care for men with prostate cancer and related issues. Your Mayo Clinic care team Expertise across all disciplines. Mayo Cli...

Prostate cancer - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/prostate-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20353087

Apr 16th, 2019 - Overview Prostate cancer Prostate cancer Prostate cancer occurs in the prostate gland, which is located just below a male's bladder and surrounds the top portion of the tube that drains urine from the bladder (urethra). This illustration shows a normal prostate gland and a prostate with a tumor. Prostate cancer is cancer that occurs in the prostate — a small walnut-shaped gland in men that prod...

Prostate cancer - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/prostate-cancer/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353093

Apr 16th, 2019 - Diagnosis Patient consult on prostate diagnosis A Mayo Clinic physician consults with a patient. Screening for prostate cancer Digital rectal exam Digital rectal exam During a digital rectal exam, your doctor inserts a gloved, lubricated finger into your rectum and feels the back wall of the prostate gland for enlargement, tenderness, lumps or hard spots. Whether to test healthy men with no sym...

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia/symptoms-causes/syc-20352428

Apr 2nd, 2019 - Overview Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a type of cancer of the blood and bone marrow — the spongy tissue inside bones where blood cells are made. The term "chronic" in chronic lymphocytic leukemia comes from the fact that it typically progresses more slowly than other types of leukemia. The term "lymphocytic" in chronic lymphocytic leukemia comes from the cells affected by the disease —...

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352433

Apr 2nd, 2019 - Diagnosis Blood tests Tests and procedures used to diagnose chronic lymphocytic leukemia include blood tests designed to: Count the number of cells in a blood sample. A complete blood count may be used to count the number of lymphocytes in a blood sample. A high number of B cells, one type of lymphocyte, may indicate chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Determine the type of lymphocytes involved. A te...