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About 226 results
Kawasaki disease - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/kawasaki-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354603

Oct 30th, 2019 - Diagnosis There's no specific test available to diagnose Kawasaki disease. Diagnosis involves ruling out other diseases that cause similar signs and symptoms, including: Scarlet fever, which is caused by streptococcal bacteria and results in fever, rash, chills and sore throat Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis Stevens-Johnson syndrome, a disorder of the mucous membranes Toxic shock syndrome Measles...

Stickler syndrome - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/stickler-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354072

Sep 16th, 2019 - Diagnosis While Stickler syndrome can sometimes be diagnosed based on your child's medical history and a physical exam, additional tests are needed to determine the severity of the symptoms and help direct treatment decisions. Tests may include: Imaging tests. X-rays can reveal abnormalities or damage in the joints and spine. Eye exams. These exams can help your doctor detect problems with the ...

Pseudotumor cerebri - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pseudotumor-cerebri/symptoms-causes/syc-20354031

Sep 10th, 2019 - Overview Pseudotumor cerebri (SOO-doe-too-mur SER-uh-bry) occurs when the pressure inside your skull (intracranial pressure) increases for no obvious reason. It's also called idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Symptoms mimic those of a brain tumor. The increased intracranial pressure can cause swelling of the optic nerve and result in vision loss. Medications often can reduce this pressure a...

Liver hemangioma - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/liver-hemangioma/symptoms-causes/syc-20354234

Aug 13th, 2019 - Overview Liver hemangioma Liver hemangioma A liver hemangioma is a noncancerous (benign) mass in the liver. A liver hemangioma is made up of a tangle of blood vessels. A liver hemangioma (he-man-jee-O-muh) is a noncancerous (benign) mass in the liver. A liver hemangioma is made up of a tangle of blood vessels. Other terms for a liver hemangioma are hepatic hemangioma and cavernous hemangioma. M...

Lazy eye (amblyopia) - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/lazy-eye/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352396

Aug 6th, 2019 - Diagnosis Your doctor will conduct an eye exam, checking for eye health, a wandering eye, a difference in vision between the eyes or poor vision in both eyes. Eyedrops are generally used to dilate the eyes. The eyedrops cause blurred vision that lasts for several hours or a day. The method used to test vision depends on your child's age and stage of development: Preverbal children. A lighted ma...

Lazy eye (amblyopia) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/lazy-eye/symptoms-causes/syc-20352391

Aug 6th, 2019 - Overview Lazy eye (amblyopia) is reduced vision in one eye caused by abnormal visual development early in life. The weaker — or lazy — eye often wanders inward or outward. Amblyopia generally develops from birth up to age 7 years. It is the leading cause of decreased vision among children. Rarely, lazy eye affects both eyes. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent long-term problems with...

Subconjunctival hemorrhage (broken blood vessel in eye) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/subconjunctival-hemorrhage/symptoms-causes/syc-20353826

Aug 5th, 2019 - Overview A subconjunctival hemorrhage (sub-kun-JUNK-tih-vul HEM-uh-ruj) occurs when a tiny blood vessel breaks just underneath the clear surface of your eye (conjunctiva). The conjunctiva can't absorb blood very quickly, so the blood gets trapped. You may not even realize you have a subconjunctival hemorrhage until you look in the mirror and notice the white part of your eye is bright red. A su...

Eye Cancer: Retinoblastoma & Uveal Melanoma
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/17292-ophthalmic-eye-cancer-cancer-institute-overview

Jul 16th, 2019 - Ophthalmic cancers although uncommon, may arise from various eye and orbital structures. In general, they can be classified as eyelid tumors, conjunctival/corneal cancers, uveal cancers, retinal cancers, and orbital/adnexal cancers. The symptoms and clinical presentation depends upon the location of the tumor. In general, treatment involves surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. In addition spec...

Retinal Vein Occlusion (RVO)
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/14206-retinal-vein-occlusion

Jul 16th, 2019 - What is retinal vein occlusion (RVO)? The front of the eye contains a lens that focuses images on the inside of the back of the eye. This area is the retina. The retina is where the eye focuses the images we see. It is covered with special nerve cells which convert light into signals that are sent via the optic nerve to the brain, where they are recognized as images. Conditions that affect the ...

Keratoconus - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/keratoconus/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351357

Mar 19th, 2019 - Diagnosis To diagnose keratoconus, your eye doctor (ophthalmologist or optometrist) will review your medical and family history and conduct an eye exam. He or she may conduct other tests to determine more details regarding the shape of your cornea. Tests to diagnose keratoconus include: Eye refraction. In this test your eye doctor uses special equipment that measures your eyes to check for visi...

Keratoconus - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/keratoconus/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20351359

Mar 19th, 2019 - Keratoconus care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic eye doctors (ophthalmologists) provide comprehensive care for people who seek answers about conditions and diseases of their eyes, including keratoconus. Ophthalmologists trained in treating children with eye conditions (pediatric ophthalmologists) may work with doctors trained in the general care of children (pediatricians)...

Keratoconus - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/keratoconus/symptoms-causes/syc-20351352

Mar 19th, 2019 - Overview Keratoconus Keratoconus In keratoconus, your cornea thins and gradually bulges outward into a cone shape. This can cause blurry, distorted vision. Keratoconus (ker-uh-toe-KOH-nus) occurs when your cornea — the clear, dome-shaped front surface of your eye — thins and gradually bulges outward into a cone shape. A cone-shaped cornea causes blurred vision and may cause sensitivity to light...

Ptosis (Drooping Eyelid)
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/14418-ptosis

Mar 17th, 2019 - What is ptosis (drooping eyelid)? “Ptosis” means drooping. When the upper eyelid droops, it is called blepharoptosis, or upper eyelid ptosis. Why do people get ptosis (drooping eyelid)? There are several reasons an eyelid might droop. Some babies are born with ptosis in one or both eyelids. These children must have a thorough eyelid examination. Ptosis can occur later in life if the muscles or ...

Retinal detachment - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/retinal-detachment/symptoms-causes/syc-20351344

Mar 11th, 2019 - Overview Retinal detachment Retinal detachment Retinal detachment describes an emergency situation in which a thin layer of tissue (the retina) at the back of the eye pulls away from the layer of blood vessels that provides it with oxygen and nutrients. Retinal detachment is often accompanied by flashes and floaters in your vision. Retinal detachment describes an emergency situation in which a ...

Eye floaters - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/eye-floaters/symptoms-causes/syc-20372346

Mar 11th, 2019 - Overview Eye floaters Eye floaters As you age, the vitreous — a jelly-like material inside your eyes — becomes more liquid. When this happens, microscopic collagen fibers within the vitreous tend to clump together. These bits of debris cast tiny shadows onto your retina, and you perceive these shadows as eye floaters. Eye floaters are spots in your vision. They may look to you like black or gra...

Retinal detachment - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/retinal-detachment/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351348

Mar 11th, 2019 - Diagnosis Your doctor may use the following tests, instruments and procedures to diagnose retinal detachment: Retinal examination. The doctor may use an instrument with a bright light and special lenses to examine the back of your eye, including the retina. This type of device provides a highly detailed view of your whole eye, allowing the doctor to see any retinal holes, tears or detachments. ...

Eye floaters - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/eye-floaters/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20372350

Mar 11th, 2019 - Diagnosis Your doctor will conduct a complete eye exam including eye dilation to better see the back of your eyes and the vitreous to determine the cause of the floaters. More Information Eye exam Treatment Any underlying cause of the floaters, such as bleeding from diabetes or inflammation, will be treated. However, most eye floaters don't require treatment. Eye floaters can be frustrating, an...

Strabismus (Crossed Eyes)
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/15065-strabismus

Jan 21st, 2019 - What is strabismus (crossed eyes)? Strabismus (crossed eyes) is a condition in which the eyes do not line up with one another. In other words, one eye is turned in a direction that is different from the other eye. Under normal conditions, the six muscles that control eye movement work together and point both eyes at the same direction. Patients with strabismus have problems with the control of ...

Entropion - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/entropion/symptoms-causes/syc-20351125

Jan 15th, 2019 - Overview Entropion Entropion Entropion is a condition in which your eyelid, usually the lower one, is turned inward so that your eyelashes rub against your eyeball, causing discomfort. Entropion (en-TROH-pee-on) is a condition in which your eyelid turns inward so that your eyelashes and skin rub against the eye surface. This causes irritation and discomfort. When you have entropion, your eyelid...

Entropion - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/entropion/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351131

Jan 15th, 2019 - Diagnosis Entropion can usually be diagnosed with a routine eye exam and physical. Your doctor may pull on your eyelids during the exam or ask you to blink or close your eyes forcefully. This helps him or her assess your eyelid's position on the eye, its muscle tone and its tightness. If your entropion is caused by scar tissue, previous surgery or other conditions, your doctor will examine the ...

Ectropion - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ectropion/symptoms-causes/syc-20351164

Jan 10th, 2019 - Overview Ectropion Ectropion In ectropion, the lower lid sags away from the eye. Because of the sagging lid, your eye can't close completely when you blink, which can cause the eye to be dry and irritated. Ectropion (ek-TROH-pee-on) is a condition in which your eyelid turns outward. This leaves the inner eyelid surface exposed and prone to irritation. Ectropion is more common in older adults, a...

Ectropion - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ectropion/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351169

Jan 10th, 2019 - Diagnosis Ectropion can usually be diagnosed with a routine eye exam and physical. Your doctor may pull on your eyelids during the exam or ask you to close your eyes forcefully. This helps him or her assess each eyelid's muscle tone and tightness. If your ectropion is caused by a scar, tumor, previous surgery or radiation, your doctor will examine the surrounding tissue as well. Understanding h...

Pink eye (conjunctivitis) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pink-eye/symptoms-causes/syc-20376355

Jan 2nd, 2019 - Overview Pink eye (conjunctivitis) Pink eye (conjunctivitis) Pink eye (conjunctivitis) is the inflammation or infection of the transparent membrane that lines your eyelid and eyeball. It's characterized by redness and a gritty sensation in your eye, along with itching. Often a discharge forms a crust on your eyelashes during the night. Pink eye (conjunctivitis) is an inflammation or infection o...

Retinoblastoma - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/retinoblastoma/symptoms-causes/syc-20351008

Dec 13th, 2018 - Overview Anatomy of the eye Anatomy of the eye Your eye is a complex and compact structure measuring about 1 inch (2.5 centimeters) in diameter. It receives millions of pieces of information about the outside world, which are quickly processed by your brain. Retinoblastoma is an eye cancer that begins in the retina — the sensitive lining on the inside of your eye. Retinoblastoma most commonly a...

Retinoblastoma - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/retinoblastoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351013

Dec 13th, 2018 - Diagnosis Tests and procedures used to diagnose retinoblastoma include: Eye exam. Your eye doctor will conduct an eye exam to determine what's causing your child's signs and symptoms. For a more thorough exam, the doctor may recommend using anesthetics to keep your child still. Imaging tests. Scans and other imaging tests can help your child's doctor determine whether retinoblastoma has grown t...

Retinal diseases - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/retinal-diseases/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20355830

Nov 13th, 2018 - Retinal disease care at Mayo Clinic Teamwork. Mayo Clinic ophthalmologists, eye surgeons, pediatric ophthalmologists, neuro-ophthalmologists and others work together to diagnose and treat adults and children with retinal diseases. Retinal experts collaborate with other specialists to provide care for the whole person. For example, if you have diabetic retinopathy, your eye doctor can consult wi...

Glaucoma - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/glaucoma/symptoms-causes/syc-20372839

Nov 13th, 2018 - Overview Open-angle glaucoma Open-angle glaucoma Normally, fluid (aqueous humor) in the eye flows freely through the anterior chamber and exits through the drainage system (trabecular meshwork). If that system is blocked or isn't functioning well, the pressure inside the eye (intraocular pressure) builds, which in turn damages the optic nerve. With the most common type of glaucoma, this results...

Glaucoma - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/glaucoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20372846

Nov 13th, 2018 - Diagnosis Your doctor will review your medical history and conduct a comprehensive eye examination. He or she may perform several tests, including: Measuring intraocular pressure (tonometry) Testing for optic nerve damage with a dilated eye examination and imaging tests Checking for areas of vision loss (visual field test) Measuring corneal thickness (pachymetry) Inspecting the drainage angle (...

Trachoma - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/trachoma/symptoms-causes/syc-20378505

Oct 24th, 2018 - Overview Trachoma (truh-KOH-muh) is a bacterial infection that affects your eyes. It's caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. Trachoma is contagious, spreading through contact with the eyes, eyelids, and nose or throat secretions of infected people. It can also be passed on by handling infected items, such as handkerchiefs. At first, trachoma may cause mild itching and irritation of you...

Trachoma - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/trachoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20378509

Oct 24th, 2018 - Diagnosis Your doctor can diagnose trachoma through a physical examination or by sending a sample of bacteria from your eyes to a laboratory for testing. But lab tests aren't always available in places where trachoma is common. Treatment Trachoma treatment options depend on the stage of the disease. Medications In the early stages of trachoma, treatment with antibiotics alone may be enough to e...

Ichthyosis vulgaris - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ichthyosis-vulgaris/symptoms-causes/syc-20373754

Sep 12th, 2018 - Overview Ichthyosis vulgaris Ichthyosis vulgaris Ichthyosis vulgaris develops when skin cells fail to shed normally and instead accumulate in thick, dry scales. People with darker skin tend to have darker colored scales, as shown here. Ichthyosis vulgaris (ik-thee-O-sis vul-GAY-ris) is an inherited skin disorder in which dead skin cells accumulate in thick, dry scales on your skin's surface. Th...

Ichthyosis vulgaris - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ichthyosis-vulgaris/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20373759

Sep 12th, 2018 - Diagnosis A doctor can often make a diagnosis by examining the affected skin and the characteristic scales. He or she may perform other tests, such as a skin biopsy. This may be necessary to rule out other causes of dry, scaly skin. More Information Skin biopsy Treatment Ichthyosis vulgaris doesn't have a known cure, so the goal of treatment is to manage the condition. Medications Treatments ma...

Adult Jaundice
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/15367-adult-jaundice-hyperbilirubinemia

Jul 22nd, 2018 - What is jaundice? Jaundice is a condition in which the skin, sclera (whites of the eyes) and mucous membranes turn yellow. This yellow color is caused by a high level of bilirubin, a yellow-orange bile pigment. Bile is fluid secreted by the liver. Bilirubin is formed from the breakdown of red blood cells. What causes jaundice? Jaundice can be caused by a problem in any of the three phases in bi...

Ocular rosacea - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ocular-rosacea/symptoms-causes/syc-20375798

Jun 22nd, 2018 - Overview Ocular rosacea is inflammation that causes redness, burning and itching of the eyes. It often develops in people who have rosacea, a chronic skin condition that affects the face. Sometimes ocular, or eye, rosacea is the first sign that you may later develop the facial type. Ocular rosacea (roe-ZAY-she-uh) primarily affects adults between the ages of 30 and 50. It seems to develop in pe...

Ocular rosacea - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ocular-rosacea/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20375803

Jun 22nd, 2018 - Diagnosis No specific tests or procedures are used for diagnosing ocular rosacea. Instead, your doctor will likely make a diagnosis based on your symptoms, your medical history, and an examination of your eyes and eyelids, and the skin of your face. Treatment Ocular rosacea can usually be controlled with medication and home eye care. But these steps don't cure the condition, which often remains...

Diabetic retinopathy - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/diabetic-retinopathy/symptoms-causes/syc-20371611

May 29th, 2018 - Overview Diabetic retinopathy (die-uh-BET-ik ret-ih-NOP-uh-thee) is a diabetes complication that affects eyes. It's caused by damage to the blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye (retina). At first, diabetic retinopathy may cause no symptoms or only mild vision problems. Eventually, it can cause blindness. The condition can develop in anyone who has type 1 or type 2 ...

Diabetic retinopathy - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/diabetic-retinopathy/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20371617

May 29th, 2018 - Diagnosis Diabetic retinopathy is best diagnosed with a comprehensive dilated eye exam. For this exam, drops placed in your eyes widen (dilate) your pupils to allow your doctor to better view inside your eyes. The drops may cause your close vision to blur until they wear off, several hours later. During the exam, your eye doctor will look for: Abnormal blood vessels Swelling, blood or fatty dep...

Horner syndrome - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/horner-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20373551

May 10th, 2018 - Diagnosis In addition to a general medical examination, your doctor will conduct tests to judge the nature of your symptoms and identify a possible cause. Tests to confirm Horner syndrome Your doctor may be able to diagnose Horner syndrome based on your history and his or her assessment of your symptoms. Your doctor, often an ophthalmologist, may also confirm a diagnosis by putting a drop in bo...

Horner syndrome - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/horner-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20373547

May 10th, 2018 - Overview Horner syndrome signs Horner syndrome signs Decreased eye pupil size is a key sign of Horner syndrome. Horner syndrome is a combination of signs and symptoms caused by the disruption of a nerve pathway from the brain to the face and eye on one side of the body. Typically, Horner syndrome results in a decreased pupil size, a drooping eyelid and decreased sweating on the affected side of...

Albinism - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/albinism/symptoms-causes/syc-20369184

Apr 6th, 2018 - Overview The term albinism typically refers to oculocutaneous (ok-u-low-ku-TAY-nee-us) albinism (OCA) — a group of inherited disorders where there is little or no production of the pigment melanin. The type and amount of melanin your body produces determines the color of your skin, hair and eyes. Melanin also plays a role in the development of optic nerves, so people with albinism have vision p...

Albinism - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/albinism/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20369189

Apr 6th, 2018 - Diagnosis Diagnosis of albinism is based on: A physical exam that includes checking skin and hair pigmentation A thorough eye exam Comparison of your child's pigmentation to that of other family members Review of your child's medical history, including whether there has been bleeding that doesn't stop, excessive bruising or unexpected infections A medical doctor specializing in vision and eye d...

Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis)
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/8614-conjunctivitis-pink-eye

Mar 13th, 2018 - What is pink eye (conjunctivitis)? Conjunctivitis, often called "pink eye," is an inflammation (swelling) of the conjunctiva, the tissue that lines the inside surface of the eyelid and outer coating of the eye. This tissue helps keep the eyelid and eyeball moist. Pink eye is one of the most common eye infections in children and adults. What causes pink eye (conjunctivitis)? Pink eye can be caus...

Stevens-Johnson syndrome - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/stevens-johnson-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355942

Mar 8th, 2018 - Diagnosis Tests and procedures used to diagnose Stevens-Johnson syndrome include: Physical exam. Doctors often can identify Stevens-Johnson syndrome based on your medical history and a physical exam. Skin biopsy. To confirm the diagnosis, and rule out other possible causes, your doctor may remove a sample of skin for laboratory testing (biopsy). Culture. Skin or oral culture or culture from oth...

Stevens-Johnson syndrome - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/stevens-johnson-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20355936

Mar 8th, 2018 - Overview Stevens-Johnson syndrome Stevens-Johnson syndrome Stevens-Johnson syndrome is a serious adverse reaction of the skin and mucous membranes. Signs and symptoms include blisters, rash and skin pain. Stevens-Johnson syndrome is a rare, serious disorder of your skin and mucous membranes. It's usually a reaction to a medication or an infection. Often, it begins with flu-like symptoms, follow...

Fuchs' dystrophy - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/fuchs-dystrophy/symptoms-causes/syc-20352727

Feb 14th, 2018 - Overview Fuchs dystrophy Fuchs dystrophy With Fuchs' dystrophy, the body of the cornea (stroma) begins to thicken, and the cornea becomes cloudy. Fuchs' dystrophy causes the clear layer (cornea) on the front of your eye to swell. The disorder can lead to glare, cloudy vision and eye discomfort. Fuchs' dystrophy usually affects both eyes and can cause your vision to gradually worsen over years. ...

Fuchs' dystrophy - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/fuchs-dystrophy/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352731

Feb 14th, 2018 - Diagnosis Besides testing your vision, your doctor might also have you undergo the following tests to determine whether you have Fuchs' dystrophy: Staging. Your doctor will try to determine the stage of your condition by examining your eye with an optical microscope (slit lamp). He or she will then study the cells lining the back of your cornea (endothelial cells). Irregular bumps (guttae) on t...

Presbyopia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/presbyopia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20363329

Dec 5th, 2017 - Diagnosis Presbyopia is diagnosed by a basic eye exam, which includes a refraction assessment and an eye health exam. A refraction assessment determines if you have nearsightedness or farsightedness, astigmatism, or presbyopia. Your doctor may use various instruments and ask you to look through several lenses to test your distance and close-up vision. Your eye doctor likely will put drops in yo...

Presbyopia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/presbyopia/symptoms-causes/syc-20363328

Dec 5th, 2017 - Overview Presbyopia is the gradual loss of your eyes' ability to focus on nearby objects. It's a natural, often annoying part of aging. Presbyopia usually becomes noticeable in your early to mid-40s and continues to worsen until around age 65. You may become aware of presbyopia when you start holding books and newspapers at arm's length to be able to read them. A basic eye exam can confirm pres...

Convergence insufficiency - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/convergence-insufficiency/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352739

Jul 14th, 2017 - Diagnosis People with convergence insufficiency might have otherwise normal vision, so it's important to mention reading or learning concerns to your eye care provider. To diagnose convergence insufficiency, your eye doctor might: Take a medical history. This might include questions about problems you have with focusing, blurred or double vision, headaches, and symptoms. Measure the near point ...

Convergence insufficiency - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/convergence-insufficiency/symptoms-causes/syc-20352735

Jul 14th, 2017 - Overview Convergence insufficiency is a condition in which your eyes are unable to work together when looking at nearby objects. This condition causes one eye to turn outward instead of inward with the other eye creating double or blurred vision. Convergence insufficiency is usually diagnosed in school-age children and adolescents. It can cause difficulty reading, for which parents or teachers ...

Amblyopia
https://medlineplus.gov/amblyopia.html

Apr 28th, 2014 - Amblyopia, or "lazy eye," is the most common cause of visual impairment in children. It happens when an eye fails to work properly with the brain. The eye may look normal, but the brain favors the other eye. In some cases, it can affect both eyes. Causes include Strabismus - a disorder in which the two eyes don't line up in the same direction Refractive error in an eye - when one eye cannot foc...

Retinal Detachment
https://medlineplus.gov/retinaldetachment.html

Jun 25th, 2013 - The retina is a layer of tissue in the back of your eye that senses light and sends images to your brain. It provides the sharp, central vision needed for reading, driving, and seeing fine detail. A retinal detachment lifts or pulls the retina from its normal position. It can occur at any age, but it is more common in people over age 40. It affects men more than women and whites more than Afric...

Usher Syndrome
https://medlineplus.gov/ushersyndrome.html

May 10th, 2006 - Usher syndrome is an inherited disease that causes serious hearing loss and retinitis pigmentosa, an eye disorder that causes your vision to get worse over time. It is the most common condition that affects both hearing and vision. There are three types of Usher syndrome: People with type I are deaf from birth and have severe balance problems from a young age. Vision problems usually start by a...

Von Hippel-Lindau Disease
https://medlineplus.gov/vonhippellindaudisease.html

Apr 18th, 2006 - What is Von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL)? Von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL) is a rare disease that causes tumors and cysts to grow in your body. They can grow in your brain and spinal cord, kidneys, pancreas, adrenal glands, and reproductive tract. The tumors are usually benign (non-cancerous). But some tumors, such as those in the kidney and pancreas, can become cancerous. What causes Von Hippel-...

Retinal Disorders
https://medlineplus.gov/retinaldisorders.html

Jun 9th, 2002 - The retina is a layer of tissue in the back of your eye that senses light and sends images to your brain. In the center of this nerve tissue is the macula. It provides the sharp, central vision needed for reading, driving and seeing fine detail. Retinal disorders affect this vital tissue. They can affect your vision, and some can be serious enough to cause blindness. Examples are Macular degene...

Diabetic Eye Problems
https://medlineplus.gov/diabeticeyeproblems.html

Aug 29th, 2000 - If you have diabetes, your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high. Over time, this can damage your eyes. The most common problem is diabetic retinopathy. It is a leading cause of blindness in American adults. Your retina is the light-sensitive tissue at the back of your eye. You need a healthy retina to see clearly. Diabetic retinopathy damages the tiny blood vessels inside your ret...

Refractive Errors
https://medlineplus.gov/refractiveerrors.html

Nov 16th, 1999 - The cornea and lens of your eye helps you focus. Refractive errors are vision problems that happen when the shape of the eye keeps you from focusing well. The cause could be the length of the eyeball (longer or shorter), changes in the shape of the cornea, or aging of the lens. Four common refractive errors are Myopia, or nearsightedness - clear vision close up but blurry in the distance Hypero...

Eye Cancer
https://medlineplus.gov/eyecancer.html

Oct 6th, 1999 - Cancer of the eye is uncommon. It can affect the outer parts of the eye, such as the eyelid, which are made up of muscles, skin and nerves. If the cancer starts inside the eyeball it's called intraocular cancer. The most common intraocular cancers in adults are melanoma and lymphoma. The most common eye cancer in children is retinoblastoma, which starts in the cells of the retina. Cancer can al...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dry-skin/symptoms-causes/syc-20353885?p=1

ew Dry skin isn't usually serious, but it can be uncomfortable and unsightly. Serious dry skin conditions — an inherited group of disorders called ichthyosis — can sometimes be disfiguring and upsetting. Fortunately, most dry skin is caused by environmental factors that can be at least partially controlled. These factors include hot or cold weather, low humidity, and soaking in hot water. You c...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/retinal-detachment/symptoms-causes/syc-20351344?p=1

ew Retinal detachment describes an emergency situation in which a thin layer of tissue (the retina) at the back of the eye pulls away from its normal position. Retinal detachment separates the retinal cells from the layer of blood vessels that provides oxygen and nourishment. The longer retinal detachment goes untreated, the greater your risk of permanent vision loss in the affected eye. Warnin...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/convergence-insufficiency/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352739?p=1

sis People with convergence insufficiency might have otherwise normal vision, so it's important to mention reading or learning concerns to your eye care provider. To diagnose convergence insufficiency, your eye doctor might: Take a medical history. This might include questions about problems you have with focusing, blurred or double vision, headaches, and symptoms. Measure the near point of con...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/horner-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20373547?p=1

ew Horner syndrome is a combination of signs and symptoms caused by the disruption of a nerve pathway from the brain to the face and eye on one side of the body. Typically, Horner syndrome results in a decreased pupil size, a drooping eyelid and decreased sweating on the affected side of your face. Horner syndrome is the result of another medical problem, such as a stroke, tumor or spinal cord ...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/convergence-insufficiency/symptoms-causes/syc-20352735?p=1

ew Convergence insufficiency is a condition in which your eyes are unable to work together when looking at nearby objects. This condition causes one eye to turn outward instead of inward with the other eye creating double or blurred vision. Convergence insufficiency is usually diagnosed in school-age children and adolescents. It can cause difficulty reading, for which parents or teachers might ...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ichthyosis-vulgaris/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20373759?p=1

sis A doctor can often make a diagnosis by examining the affected skin and the characteristic scales. He or she may perform other tests, such as a skin biopsy. This may be necessary to rule out other causes of dry, scaly skin. Treatment Ichthyosis vulgaris doesn't have a known cure, so the goal of treatment is to manage the condition. Medications Treatments may include: Exfoliating creams and o...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/keratoconus/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20351359?p=1

conus care at Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic eye doctors (ophthalmologists) have extensive experience and training in the treatment of cornea diseases, such as keratoconus, and other eye conditions. Each year they see about 400 people with keratoconus. Advanced diagnosis, treatment and research Doctors diagnose keratoconus using advanced technology to evaluate your condition. An evaluation may include...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/subconjunctival-hemorrhage/symptoms-causes/syc-20353826?p=1

ew A subconjunctival hemorrhage (sub-kun-JUNK-tih-vul HEM-uh-ruj) occurs when a tiny blood vessel breaks just underneath the clear surface of your eye (conjunctiva). The conjunctiva can't absorb blood very quickly, so the blood gets trapped. You may not even realize you have a subconjunctival hemorrhage until you look in the mirror and notice the white part of your eye is bright red. A subconju...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/retinoblastoma/symptoms-causes/syc-20351008?p=1

ew Retinoblastoma is an eye cancer that begins in the retina — the sensitive lining on the inside of your eye. Retinoblastoma most commonly affects young children, but can rarely occur in adults. Your retina is made up of nerve tissue that senses light as it comes through the front of your eye. The retina sends signals through your optic nerve to your brain, where these signals are interpreted ...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/retinal-diseases/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20355830?p=1

l disease care at Mayo Clinic Teamwork. Mayo Clinic ophthalmologists, eye surgeons, pediatric ophthalmologists, neuro-ophthalmologists and others work together to diagnose and treat adults and children with retinal diseases. Retinal experts collaborate with other specialists to provide care for the whole person. For example, if you have diabetic retinopathy, your eye doctor can consult with May...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pseudotumor-cerebri/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354036?p=1

sis To diagnose your condition, your doctor will review your symptoms and medical history, conduct a physical examination, and order several tests. Eye exams A doctor trained in eye conditions (ophthalmologist) may conduct an eye examination. If pseudotumor cerebri is suspected, your eye doctor will look for a distinctive type of swelling affecting the optic nerve, called papilledema, in the ba...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/fuchs-dystrophy/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352731?p=1

sis Besides testing your vision, your doctor might also have you undergo the following tests to determine whether you have Fuchs' dystrophy: Staging. Your doctor will try to determine the stage of your condition by examining your eye with an optical microscope (slit lamp). He or she will then study the cells lining the back of your cornea (endothelial cells). Irregular bumps (guttae) on the bac...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/keratoconus/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351357?p=1

sis To diagnose keratoconus, your eye doctor (ophthalmologist) will review your medical and family history and conduct an eye exam. He or she may conduct other tests to determine more details regarding the shape of your cornea. Tests to diagnose keratoconus include: Eye refraction. In this test your eye doctor uses special equipment that measures your eyes to check for vision problems. He or sh...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/eye-floaters/symptoms-causes/syc-20372346?p=1

ew Eye floaters are spots in your vision. They may look to you like black or gray specks, strings, or cobwebs that drift about when you move your eyes and appear to dart away when you try to look at them directly. Most eye floaters are caused by age-related changes that occur as the jelly-like substance (vitreous) inside your eyes becomes more liquid. Microscopic fibers within the vitreous tend...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ocular-rosacea/symptoms-causes/syc-20375798?p=1

ew Ocular rosacea is inflammation that causes redness, burning and itching of the eyes. It often develops in people who have rosacea, a chronic skin condition that affects the face. Sometimes ocular, or eye, rosacea is the first sign that you may later develop the facial type. Ocular rosacea (roe-ZAY-she-uh) primarily affects adults between the ages of 30 and 50. It seems to develop in people w...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/trachoma/symptoms-causes/syc-20378505?p=1

ew Trachoma (truh-KOH-muh) is a bacterial infection that affects your eyes. It's caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. Trachoma is contagious, spreading through contact with the eyes, eyelids, and nose or throat secretions of infected people. It can also be passed on by handling infected items, such as handkerchiefs. At first, trachoma may cause mild itching and irritation of your eyes...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/entropion/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351131?p=1

sis Entropion can usually be diagnosed with a routine eye exam and physical. Your doctor may pull on your eyelids during the exam or ask you to blink or close your eyes forcefully. This helps him or her assess your eyelid's position on the eye, its muscle tone and its tightness. If your entropion is caused by scar tissue, previous surgery or other conditions, your doctor will examine the surrou...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/trachoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20378509?p=1

sis Your doctor can diagnose trachoma through a physical examination or by sending a sample of bacteria from your eyes to a laboratory for testing. But lab tests aren't always available in places where trachoma is common. Treatment Trachoma treatment options depend on the stage of the disease. Medications In the early stages of trachoma, treatment with antibiotics alone may be enough to elimina...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/glaucoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20372846?p=1

sis Your doctor will review your medical history and conduct a comprehensive eye examination. He or she may perform several tests, including: Measuring intraocular pressure (tonometry) Testing for optic nerve damage Checking for areas of vision loss (visual field test) Measuring corneal thickness (pachymetry) Inspecting the drainage angle (gonioscopy) Treatment The damage caused by glaucoma can...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/retinoblastoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351013?p=1

sis Tests and procedures used to diagnose retinoblastoma include: Eye exam. Your eye doctor will conduct an eye exam to determine what's causing your child's signs and symptoms. For a more thorough exam, the doctor may recommend using anesthetics to keep your child still. Imaging tests. Scans and other imaging tests can help your child's doctor determine whether retinoblastoma has grown to affe...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/stevens-johnson-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355942?p=1

sis Tests and procedures used to diagnose Stevens-Johnson syndrome include: Physical exam. Doctors often can identify Stevens-Johnson syndrome based on your medical history and a physical exam. Skin biopsy. To confirm the diagnosis, and rule out other possible causes, your doctor may remove a sample of skin for laboratory testing (biopsy). Culture. Skin or oral culture or culture from other are...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/eye-floaters/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20372350?p=1

sis Your doctor will conduct a complete eye exam including eye dilation to better see the back of your eyes and the vitreous to determine the cause of the floaters. Treatment Any underlying cause of the floaters, such as bleeding from diabetes or inflammation, will be treated. However, most eye floaters don't require treatment. Eye floaters can be frustrating, and adjusting to them can take tim...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ocular-rosacea/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20375803?p=1

sis No specific tests or procedures are used for diagnosing ocular rosacea. Instead, your doctor will likely make a diagnosis based on your symptoms, your medical history, and an examination of your eyes and eyelids, and the skin of your face. Treatment Ocular rosacea can usually be controlled with medication and home eye care. But these steps don't cure the condition, which often remains chron...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/entropion/symptoms-causes/syc-20351125?p=1

ew Entropion (en-TROH-pee-on) is a condition in which your eyelid turns inward so that your eyelashes and skin rub against the eye surface. This causes irritation and discomfort. When you have entropion, your eyelid may be turned in all the time or only when you blink hard or squeeze your eyelids shut. Entropion is more common in older adults, and it generally affects only the lower eyelid. Art...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/horner-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20373551?p=1

sis In addition to a general medical examination, your doctor will conduct tests to judge the nature of your symptoms and identify a possible cause. Tests to confirm Horner syndrome Your doctor may be able to diagnose Horner syndrome based on your history and his or her assessment of your symptoms. Your doctor, often an ophthalmologist, may also confirm a diagnosis by putting a drop in both eye...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/stevens-johnson-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20355936?p=1

ew Stevens-Johnson syndrome is a rare, serious disorder of your skin and mucous membranes. It's usually a reaction to a medication or an infection. Often, it begins with flu-like symptoms, followed by a painful red or purplish rash that spreads and blisters. Then the top layer of the affected skin dies, sheds and then heals. Stevens-Johnson syndrome is a medical emergency that usually requires ...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/kawasaki-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354603?p=1

sis There's no specific test available to diagnose Kawasaki disease. Diagnosis largely is a process of ruling out diseases that cause similar signs and symptoms, including: Scarlet fever, which is caused by streptococcal bacteria and results in fever, rash, chills and sore throat Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis Stevens-Johnson syndrome, a disorder of the mucous membranes Toxic shock syndrome Meas...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pseudotumor-cerebri/symptoms-causes/syc-20354031?p=1

ew Pseudotumor cerebri (SOO-doe-too-mur SER-uh-bry) occurs when the pressure inside your skull (intracranial pressure) increases for no obvious reason. Symptoms mimic those of a brain tumor, but no tumor is present. Pseudotumor cerebri can occur in children and adults, but it's most common in women of childbearing age who are obese. When no underlying cause for the increased intracranial pressu...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/albinism/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20369189?p=1

sis Diagnosis of albinism is based on: A physical exam that includes checking skin and hair pigmentation A thorough eye exam Comparison of your child's pigmentation to that of other family members Review of your child's medical history, including whether there has been bleeding that doesn't stop, excessive bruising or unexpected infections A medical doctor specializing in vision and eye disorde...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/diabetic-retinopathy/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20371617?p=1

sis Diabetic retinopathy is best diagnosed with a comprehensive dilated eye exam. For this exam, drops placed in your eyes widen (dilate) your pupils to allow your doctor to better view inside your eyes. The drops may cause your close vision to blur until they wear off, several hours later. During the exam, your eye doctor will look for: Abnormal blood vessels Swelling, blood or fatty deposits ...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ectropion/symptoms-causes/syc-20351164?p=1

ew Ectropion (ek-TROH-pee-on) is a condition in which your eyelid turns outward. This leaves the inner eyelid surface exposed and prone to irritation. Ectropion is more common in older adults, and it generally affects only the lower eyelid. In severe ectropion, the entire length of the eyelid is turned out. In less severe ectropion, only one segment of the eyelid sags away from the eye. Artific...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/liver-hemangioma/symptoms-causes/syc-20354234?p=1

ew A liver hemangioma (he-man-jee-O-muh) is a noncancerous (benign) mass in the liver. A liver hemangioma is made up of a tangle of blood vessels. Other terms for a liver hemangioma are hepatic hemangioma and cavernous hemangioma. Most cases of liver hemangiomas are discovered during a test or procedure for some other condition. People who have a liver hemangioma rarely experience signs and sym...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/albinism/symptoms-causes/syc-20369184?p=1

ew The term albinism typically refers to oculocutaneous (ok-u-low-ku-TAY-nee-us) albinism (OCA) — a group of inherited disorders where there is little or no production of the pigment melanin. The type and amount of melanin your body produces determines the color of your skin, hair and eyes. Melanin also plays a role in the development of optic nerves, so people with albinism have vision problem...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/lazy-eye/symptoms-causes/syc-20352391?p=1

ew Lazy eye (amblyopia) is reduced vision in one eye caused by abnormal visual development early in life. The weaker — or lazy — eye often wanders inward or outward. Amblyopia generally develops from birth up to age 7 years. It is the leading cause of decreased vision in one eye among children. Rarely, lazy eye affects both eyes. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent long-term problems...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/keratoconus/symptoms-causes/syc-20351352?p=1

ew Keratoconus (ker-uh-toe-KOH-nus) occurs when your cornea — the clear, dome-shaped front surface of your eye — thins and gradually bulges outward into a cone shape. A cone-shaped cornea causes blurred vision and may cause sensitivity to light and glare. Keratoconus usually affects both eyes and generally begins to first affect people ages 10 to 25. The condition may progress slowly for 10 yea...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/acute-myelogenous-leukemia/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20369121?p=1

myelogenous leukemia care at Mayo Clinic Team approach At Mayo Clinic, hematologists form a multidisciplinary team with hematopathologists, pathologists, radiation oncologists, hematology nurses, social workers and transplant specialists to provide whole-person care to those with acute myelogenous leukemia. Other specialists are brought in as needed to make sure you get exactly the care you nee...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/retinal-detachment/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351348?p=1

sis Your doctor may use the following tests, instruments and procedures to diagnose retinal detachment: Retinal examination. The doctor may use an instrument with a bright light and special lenses to examine the back of your eye, including the retina. This type of device provides a highly detailed view of your whole eye, allowing the doctor to see any retinal holes, tears or detachments. Ultras...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pink-eye/symptoms-causes/syc-20376355?p=1

ew Pink eye (conjunctivitis) is an inflammation or infection of the transparent membrane (conjunctiva) that lines your eyelid and covers the white part of your eyeball. When small blood vessels in the conjunctiva become inflamed, they're more visible. This is what causes the whites of your eyes to appear reddish or pink. Pink eye is commonly caused by a bacterial or viral infection, an allergic...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ichthyosis-vulgaris/symptoms-causes/syc-20373754?p=1

ew Ichthyosis vulgaris (ik-thee-O-sis vul-GAY-ris) is an inherited skin disorder in which dead skin cells accumulate in thick, dry scales on your skin's surface. The scales of ichthyosis vulgaris, sometimes called fish scale disease or fish skin disease, can be present at birth, but usually first appear during early childhood. Sometimes, mild cases of ichthyosis vulgaris go undiagnosed because ...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/diabetic-retinopathy/symptoms-causes/syc-20371611?p=1

ew Diabetic retinopathy (die-uh-BET-ik ret-ih-NOP-uh-thee) is a diabetes complication that affects eyes. It's caused by damage to the blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye (retina). At first, diabetic retinopathy may cause no symptoms or only mild vision problems. Eventually, it can cause blindness. The condition can develop in anyone who has type 1 or type 2 diabet...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/stickler-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354072?p=1

sis While Stickler syndrome can sometimes be diagnosed based on your child's medical history and a physical exam, additional tests are needed to determine the severity of the symptoms and help direct treatment decisions. These may include: Imaging tests. X-rays can reveal abnormalities or damage in the joints and spine. Eye exams. These exams can help your doctor detect problems with the jellyl...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ectropion/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351169?p=1

sis Ectropion can usually be diagnosed with a routine eye exam and physical. Your doctor may pull on your eyelids during the exam or ask you to close your eyes forcefully. This helps him or her assess your eyelid's muscle tone and tightness. If your ectropion is caused by a scar, tumor, previous surgery or radiation, your doctor will examine the surrounding tissue as well. Understanding how oth...