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ALLMedicine™ Detailed topics Center - Patient Education

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rebound-headaches/symptoms-causes/syc-20377083?p=1

ew Rebound headaches (medication-overuse headaches) are caused by regular, long-term use of medication to treat headaches, such as migraine. Pain relievers offer relief for occasional headaches. But if you take them more than a couple of days a week, they may trigger rebound headaches. It appears that any medication taken for pain relief can cause rebound headaches, but only if you already have...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/broken-ankle-broken-foot/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355498?p=1

sis During the physical exam, your doctor will check for points of tenderness in your foot and ankle. The precise location of your pain can help determine its cause. He or she may move your foot into different positions, to check your range of motion. You may be asked to walk for a short distance so that your doctor can examine your gait. Imaging tests If your signs and symptoms suggest a break...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ringworm-scalp/symptoms-causes/syc-20354918?p=1

ew Ringworm of the scalp (tinea capitis) is a fungal infection of the scalp and hair shafts. The signs and symptoms of ringworm of the scalp may vary, but it usually appears as itchy, scaly, bald patches on the head. Ringworm of the scalp, a highly contagious infection, is most common in toddlers and school-age children. Treatment for ringworm of the scalp includes medications taken by mouth to...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pagets-disease-of-the-breast/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351084?p=1

sis Tests to evaluate your condition may include: Clinical breast exam and physical exam. During this exam, your doctor physically checks for unusual areas in both breasts, noting the appearance of the skin on and around your nipples and feeling for any lumps or areas of thickening. Mammogram. A mammogram — an X-ray exam of your breast tissue — may indicate whether the nipple and skin changes a...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cluster-headache/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352084?p=1

sis Cluster headache has a characteristic type of pain and pattern of attacks. A diagnosis depends on your description of the attacks, including your pain, the location and severity of your headaches, and associated symptoms. How often your headaches occur and how long they last also are important factors. Your doctor will likely try to pinpoint the type and cause of your headache using certain...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/carcinoid-tumors/symptoms-causes/syc-20351039?p=1

ew Carcinoid tumors are a type of slow-growing cancer that can arise in several places throughout your body. Carcinoid tumors, which are one subset of tumors called neuroendocrine tumors, usually begin in the digestive tract (stomach, appendix, small intestine, colon, rectum) or in the lungs. Carcinoid tumors often don't cause signs and symptoms until late in the disease. Carcinoid tumors can p...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/recurrent-breast-cancer/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20377141?p=1

sis If your doctor suspects you may have recurrent breast cancer based on results of a mammogram or physical exam, or because of signs and symptoms, he or she may recommend additional tests to confirm the diagnosis. Tests and procedures may include: Imaging tests. What imaging tests you'll undergo will depend on your specific situation. Imaging tests may include magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/crohns-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353309?p=1

sis Your doctor will likely diagnose Crohn's disease only after ruling out other possible causes for your signs and symptoms. There is no one test to diagnose Crohn's disease. Your doctor will likely use a combination of tests to help confirm a diagnosis of Crohn's disease, including: Blood tests Tests for anemia or infection. Your doctor may suggest blood tests to check for anemia — a conditio...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/melanoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20374888?p=1

sis Skin cancer screening Ask your doctor whether you should consider periodic screening for skin cancer. You and your doctor may consider screening options such as: Skin exams by a trained professional. During a skin exam, your doctor conducts a head-to-toe inspection of your skin. Skin exams you do at home. A self-exam may help you learn the moles, freckles and other skin marks that are norma...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/restless-legs-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20377168?p=1

ew Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a condition that causes an uncontrollable urge to move your legs, usually because of an uncomfortable sensation. It typically happens in the evening or nighttime hours when you're sitting or lying down. Moving eases the unpleasant feeling temporarily. Restless legs syndrome, now known as restless legs syndrome/Willis-Ekbom disease (RLS/WED), can begin at any a...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/barretts-esophagus/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20352849?p=1

t's esophagus care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Specialists in digestive diseases, throat diseases and surgery work together as needed to solve your problem. Advanced diagnosis and treatment Mayo Clinic researchers are working to improve diagnosis and treatment of Barrett's esophagus. Specific efforts involve: Novel imaging techniques to detect precancerous changes that may indicat...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/jet-lag/symptoms-causes/syc-20374027?p=1

ew Jet lag, also called jet lag disorder, is a temporary sleep problem that can affect anyone who quickly travels across multiple time zones. Your body has its own internal clock, or circadian rhythms, that signals your body when to stay awake and when to sleep. Jet lag occurs because your body's clock is still synced to your original time zone, instead of to the time zone where you've traveled...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cerebral-palsy/symptoms-causes/syc-20353999?p=1

ew Cerebral palsy is a disorder of movement, muscle tone or posture that is caused by damage that occurs to the immature, developing brain, most often before birth. Signs and symptoms appear during infancy or preschool years. In general, cerebral palsy causes impaired movement associated with abnormal reflexes, floppiness or rigidity of the limbs and trunk, abnormal posture, involuntary movemen...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rotavirus/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351306?p=1

sis Rotavirus is often diagnosed based on symptoms and a physical exam. A stool sample may be analyzed in a lab to confirm the diagnosis. Treatment There's no specific treatment for a rotavirus infection. Antibiotics and antivirals won't help a rotavirus infection. Usually, the infection resolves within three to seven days. Preventing dehydration is the biggest concern. To prevent dehydration w...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/idiopathic-thrombocytopenic-purpura/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20352333?p=1

thic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team. Your multidisciplinary team of experts will include hematology doctors, pathologists who specialize in diseases of the blood and blood cells (hematopathologists), and other specialists as needed. They collaborate to provide coordinated care. Advanced diagnosis and treatment. Mayo Clinic doctors have deep experie...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/roseola/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20377289?p=1

sis Roseola can be difficult to diagnose because initial signs and symptoms are similar to those of other common childhood illnesses. If your child has a fever and it's clear that no cold, ear infection, strep throat or other common condition is present, your doctor may wait to see if the characteristic rash of roseola appears. Your doctor may tell you to look for the rash while you treat your ...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tetanus/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351631?p=1

sis Doctors diagnose tetanus based on a physical exam, medical and immunization history, and the signs and symptoms of muscle spasms, stiffness and pain. Laboratory tests generally aren't helpful for diagnosing tetanus. Treatment Since there's no cure for tetanus, treatment consists of wound care, medications to ease symptoms and supportive care. Wound care Cleaning the wound is essential to pr...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chickenpox/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351287?p=1

sis Doctors generally diagnose chickenpox based on the telltale rash. If there's any doubt about the diagnosis, chickenpox can be confirmed with laboratory tests, including blood tests or a culture of lesion samples. Treatment In otherwise healthy children, chickenpox typically requires no medical treatment. Your doctor may prescribe an antihistamine to relieve itching. But for the most part, t...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/transient-ischemic-attack/symptoms-causes/syc-20355679?p=1

ew A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is like a stroke, producing similar symptoms, but usually lasting only a few minutes and causing no permanent damage. Often called a ministroke, a transient ischemic attack may be a warning. About 1 in 3 people who have a transient ischemic attack will eventually have a stroke, with about half occurring within a year after the transient ischemic attack. A tr...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/endocarditis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352582?p=1

sis Your doctor may suspect endocarditis based on your medical history, signs and symptoms you're experiencing, and your test results. A diagnosis of endocarditis is usually based on several factors instead of a single positive test result or symptom. Your doctor may order several tests to help make a positive diagnosis, including: Blood tests. A blood culture test is used to identify any bacte...