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About 266 results
Albinism - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/albinism/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20369189

Apr 6th, 2018 - Diagnosis Diagnosis of albinism is based on: A physical exam that includes checking skin and hair pigmentation A thorough eye exam Comparison of your child's pigmentation to that of other family members Review of your child's medical history, including whether there has been bleeding that doesn't stop, excessive bruising or unexpected infections A medical doctor specializing in vision and eye d...

Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis)
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/8614-conjunctivitis-pink-eye

Mar 13th, 2018 - What is pink eye (conjunctivitis)? Conjunctivitis, often called "pink eye," is an inflammation (swelling) of the conjunctiva, the tissue that lines the inside surface of the eyelid and outer coating of the eye. This tissue helps keep the eyelid and eyeball moist. Pink eye is one of the most common eye infections in children and adults. What causes pink eye (conjunctivitis)? Pink eye can be caus...

Stevens-Johnson syndrome - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/stevens-johnson-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355942

Mar 8th, 2018 - Diagnosis Tests and procedures used to diagnose Stevens-Johnson syndrome include: Physical exam. Doctors often can identify Stevens-Johnson syndrome based on your medical history and a physical exam. Skin biopsy. To confirm the diagnosis, and rule out other possible causes, your doctor may remove a sample of skin for laboratory testing (biopsy). Culture. Skin or oral culture or culture from oth...

Stevens-Johnson syndrome - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/stevens-johnson-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20355936

Mar 8th, 2018 - Overview Stevens-Johnson syndrome Stevens-Johnson syndrome Stevens-Johnson syndrome is a serious adverse reaction of the skin and mucous membranes. Signs and symptoms include blisters, rash and skin pain. Stevens-Johnson syndrome is a rare, serious disorder of your skin and mucous membranes. It's usually a reaction to a medication or an infection. Often, it begins with flu-like symptoms, follow...

Fuchs' dystrophy - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/fuchs-dystrophy/symptoms-causes/syc-20352727

Feb 14th, 2018 - Overview Fuchs dystrophy Fuchs dystrophy With Fuchs' dystrophy, the body of the cornea (stroma) begins to thicken, and the cornea becomes cloudy. Fuchs' dystrophy causes the clear layer (cornea) on the front of your eye to swell. The disorder can lead to glare, cloudy vision and eye discomfort. Fuchs' dystrophy usually affects both eyes and can cause your vision to gradually worsen over years. ...

Fuchs' dystrophy - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/fuchs-dystrophy/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352731

Feb 14th, 2018 - Diagnosis Besides testing your vision, your doctor might also have you undergo the following tests to determine whether you have Fuchs' dystrophy: Staging. Your doctor will try to determine the stage of your condition by examining your eye with an optical microscope (slit lamp). He or she will then study the cells lining the back of your cornea (endothelial cells). Irregular bumps (guttae) on t...

Presbyopia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/presbyopia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20363329

Dec 5th, 2017 - Diagnosis Presbyopia is diagnosed by a basic eye exam, which includes a refraction assessment and an eye health exam. A refraction assessment determines if you have nearsightedness or farsightedness, astigmatism, or presbyopia. Your doctor may use various instruments and ask you to look through several lenses to test your distance and close-up vision. Your eye doctor likely will put drops in yo...

Presbyopia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/presbyopia/symptoms-causes/syc-20363328

Dec 5th, 2017 - Overview Presbyopia is the gradual loss of your eyes' ability to focus on nearby objects. It's a natural, often annoying part of aging. Presbyopia usually becomes noticeable in your early to mid-40s and continues to worsen until around age 65. You may become aware of presbyopia when you start holding books and newspapers at arm's length to be able to read them. A basic eye exam can confirm pres...

Convergence insufficiency - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/convergence-insufficiency/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352739

Jul 14th, 2017 - Diagnosis People with convergence insufficiency might have otherwise normal vision, so it's important to mention reading or learning concerns to your eye care provider. To diagnose convergence insufficiency, your eye doctor might: Take a medical history. This might include questions about problems you have with focusing, blurred or double vision, headaches, and symptoms. Measure the near point ...

Convergence insufficiency - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/convergence-insufficiency/symptoms-causes/syc-20352735

Jul 14th, 2017 - Overview Convergence insufficiency is a condition in which your eyes are unable to work together when looking at nearby objects. This condition causes one eye to turn outward instead of inward with the other eye creating double or blurred vision. Convergence insufficiency is usually diagnosed in school-age children and adolescents. It can cause difficulty reading, for which parents or teachers ...

Amblyopia
https://medlineplus.gov/amblyopia.html

Apr 28th, 2014 - Amblyopia, or "lazy eye," is the most common cause of visual impairment in children. It happens when an eye fails to work properly with the brain. The eye may look normal, but the brain favors the other eye. In some cases, it can affect both eyes. Causes include Strabismus - a disorder in which the two eyes don't line up in the same direction Refractive error in an eye - when one eye cannot foc...

Retinal Detachment
https://medlineplus.gov/retinaldetachment.html

Jun 25th, 2013 - The retina is a layer of tissue in the back of your eye that senses light and sends images to your brain. It provides the sharp, central vision needed for reading, driving, and seeing fine detail. A retinal detachment lifts or pulls the retina from its normal position. It can occur at any age, but it is more common in people over age 40. It affects men more than women and whites more than Afric...

Usher Syndrome
https://medlineplus.gov/ushersyndrome.html

May 10th, 2006 - Usher syndrome is an inherited disease that causes serious hearing loss and retinitis pigmentosa, an eye disorder that causes your vision to get worse over time. It is the most common condition that affects both hearing and vision. There are three types of Usher syndrome: People with type I are deaf from birth and have severe balance problems from a young age. Vision problems usually start by a...

Von Hippel-Lindau Disease
https://medlineplus.gov/vonhippellindaudisease.html

Apr 18th, 2006 - What is Von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL)? Von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL) is a rare disease that causes tumors and cysts to grow in your body. They can grow in your brain and spinal cord, kidneys, pancreas, adrenal glands, and reproductive tract. The tumors are usually benign (non-cancerous). But some tumors, such as those in the kidney and pancreas, can become cancerous. What causes Von Hippel-...

Retinal Disorders
https://medlineplus.gov/retinaldisorders.html

Jun 9th, 2002 - The retina is a layer of tissue in the back of your eye that senses light and sends images to your brain. In the center of this nerve tissue is the macula. It provides the sharp, central vision needed for reading, driving and seeing fine detail. Retinal disorders affect this vital tissue. They can affect your vision, and some can be serious enough to cause blindness. Examples are Macular degene...

Diabetic Eye Problems
https://medlineplus.gov/diabeticeyeproblems.html

Aug 29th, 2000 - If you have diabetes, your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high. Over time, this can damage your eyes. The most common problem is diabetic retinopathy. It is a leading cause of blindness in American adults. Your retina is the light-sensitive tissue at the back of your eye. You need a healthy retina to see clearly. Diabetic retinopathy damages the tiny blood vessels inside your ret...

Refractive Errors
https://medlineplus.gov/refractiveerrors.html

Nov 16th, 1999 - The cornea and lens of your eye helps you focus. Refractive errors are vision problems that happen when the shape of the eye keeps you from focusing well. The cause could be the length of the eyeball (longer or shorter), changes in the shape of the cornea, or aging of the lens. Four common refractive errors are Myopia, or nearsightedness - clear vision close up but blurry in the distance Hypero...

Eye Cancer
https://medlineplus.gov/eyecancer.html

Oct 6th, 1999 - Cancer of the eye is uncommon. It can affect the outer parts of the eye, such as the eyelid, which are made up of muscles, skin and nerves. If the cancer starts inside the eyeball it's called intraocular cancer. The most common intraocular cancers in adults are melanoma and lymphoma. The most common eye cancer in children is retinoblastoma, which starts in the cells of the retina. Cancer can al...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dry-skin/symptoms-causes/syc-20353885?p=1

ew Dry skin isn't usually serious, but it can be uncomfortable and unsightly. Serious dry skin conditions — an inherited group of disorders called ichthyosis — can sometimes be disfiguring and upsetting. Fortunately, most dry skin is caused by environmental factors that can be at least partially controlled. These factors include hot or cold weather, low humidity, and soaking in hot water. You c...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/retinal-detachment/symptoms-causes/syc-20351344?p=1

ew Retinal detachment describes an emergency situation in which a thin layer of tissue (the retina) at the back of the eye pulls away from its normal position. Retinal detachment separates the retinal cells from the layer of blood vessels that provides oxygen and nourishment. The longer retinal detachment goes untreated, the greater your risk of permanent vision loss in the affected eye. Warnin...