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ALLMedicine™ Detailed topics Center - Guidelines

Intergroupe francophone de cancérologie thoracique, Société de pneumologie de langue fr...
Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging; Couraud S, Ferretti G et. al.

Mar 2nd, 2021 - Following the American National Lung Screening Trial results in 2011 a consortium of French experts met to edit a statement. Recent results of other randomized trials gave the opportunity for our group to meet again in order to edit updated guidelines. After literature review, we provide here a new update on lung cancer screening in France. Notably, in accordance with all international guidelin...

ACR Appropriateness Criteria® Nonischemic Myocardial Disease with Clinical Manifestatio...
Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR; , Rajiah P et. al.

Mar 2nd, 2021 - Nonischemic cardiomyopathies encompass a broad spectrum of myocardial disorders with mechanical or electrical dysfunction without evidence of ischemia. There are five broad variants of nonischemic cardiomyopathies; hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (Variant 1), restrictive or infiltrative cardiomyopathy (Variant 2), dilated or unclassified cardiomyopathy (Variant 3), arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (Va...

Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics and National Kidney Foundation: Revised 2020 Standar...
Journal of Renal Nutrition : the Official Journal of the ... Pace RC, Kirk J

Mar 1st, 2021 - Nephrology nutrition encompasses therapeutic and preventive nutrition care for individuals through the life cycle and addresses a variety of kidney disorders. Most nephrology nutrition practice focuses on care of individuals with chronic kidney disease, those on dialysis, and recipients of kidney transplants. The Renal Dietitians Dietetic Practice Group, National Kidney Foundation Council on Re...

Video capsule endoscopy.
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy; Melson J, Trikudanathan G et. al.

Mar 1st, 2021 - Video capsule endoscopy.|2021|Melson J,Trikudanathan G,Abu Dayyeh BK,Bhutani MS,Chandrasekhara V,|

Committee Opinion No. 415: Impacted Fetal Head, Second-Stage Cesarean Delivery.
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada : JOGC = Jou... Bloch C, Dore S et. al.

Feb 28th, 2021 - To review the most effective clinical approaches to disengage an impacted fetal head during cesarean delivery. Women who undergo cesarean delivery of an infant with a deeply impacted head. The "push" technique (from below) or the "pull" technique (reverse breech extraction). Proper management of this clinical scenario can reduce maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Using an evidence-...

Executive summary of the KDIGO 2021 Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of B...
Kidney International; Cheung AK, Chang TI et. al.

Feb 27th, 2021 - The Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) 2021 Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of Blood Pressure in Chronic Kidney Disease for patients not receiving dialysis represents an update to the KDIGO 2012 guideline on this topic. Development of this guideline update followed a rigorous process of evidence review and appraisal. Guideline recommendations are based on systemati...

FDA Briefing Document: Janssen Ad26.COV2.S Vaccine for the Prevention of COVID-19
Vaccines and Related Biological Products Advisory Committee Meeting

Feb 25th, 2021 - On February 4, 2021, Janssen Biotech, Inc. (the Sponsor) submitted an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) request to FDA for an investigational vaccine intended to prevent COVID19 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The vaccine, known as Ad26.COV2.S, is a replication-incompetent adenovirus type 26 (Ad26) vectored vaccine encoding a stabilized variant of the ...

Sex Differences in Cognitive Decline Among US Adults
JAMA Network Open; Levine DA, Gross AL et. al.

Feb 24th, 2021 - Sex differences in dementia risk are unclear. It is known that women have a greater prevalence of Alzheimer disease (AD) than men, at least partly because women live longer.1-3 Some, but not all, studies suggest that women have higher incidence of AD.4-6 Sex differences in biological factors (eg, sex hormones), health factors (eg, cardiovascular risk), and social factors (eg, education levels) ...

NCI study finds that people with SARS-CoV-2 antibodies may have a low risk of future infection
National Cancer Institute

Feb 23rd, 2021 - People who have had evidence of a prior infection with SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, appear to be well protected against being reinfected with the virus, at least for a few months, according to a newly published study from the National Cancer Institute (NCI).

Clinical Implications of colorectal cancer stem cells in the age of single-cell OMICs a...
Gastroenterology Frank MH, Wilson BJ et. al.

Feb 22nd, 2021 - The cancer stem cell (CSC) concept emerged from the recognition of inherent tumor heterogeneity and suggests that within a given tumor, in analogy to normal tissues, there exists a cellular hierarchy composed of a minority of more primitive cells with enhanced longevity (i.e., CSCs) that give rise to shorter-lived, more differentiated cells (i.e., cancer bulk populations), which on their own ar...

Statin treatment and muscle symptoms: series of randomised, placebo controlled n-of-1 trials
BMJ Herrett E, .

Feb 22nd, 2021 - Statins reduce cardiovascular disease events in primary and secondary prevention, in men and women, and across all age groups.12 Systematic reviews and meta-analyses of randomised trials have confirmed the safety of statins.3 Although severe adverse effects are rare, statins increase the risk of myopathy (absolute excess risk about 1 in 10 000 people treated annually), which can progress to sev...

Humidity from masks may lessen severity of COVID-19
NIH Research Matters; National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Feb 22nd, 2021 - Masks serve as a barrier to help protect the people wearing them from getting or spreading SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. The virus spreads mainly from person to person through respiratory droplets. These droplets travel into the air when coughing, sneezing, or talking. Masks are a simple barrier to help block respiratory droplets. Studies show that masks reduce the release of drop...

History’s deadliest pandemics, from ancient Rome to modern America
The Washington Post; Rosenwald MS.

Feb 21st, 2021 - Centuries before coronavirus, plague, smallpox, yellow fever and other contagions killed hundreds of millions around the world

Years of life lost to COVID-19 in 81 countries
Scientific Reports; Pifarré i Arolas, H. et. al.

Feb 17th, 2021 - Understanding the mortality impact of COVID-19 requires not only counting the dead, but analyzing how premature the deaths are. We calculate years of life lost (YLL) across 81 countries due to COVID-19 attributable deaths, and also conduct an analysis based on estimated excess deaths. We find that over 20.5 million years of life have been lost to COVID-19 globally. As of January 6, 2021, YLL in...

ACC Health Policy Statement on Cardiovascular Disease Considerations for COVID-19 Vacci...
Journal of the American College of Cardiology; Driggin E, Morris AA et. al.

Feb 15th, 2021 - ACC Health Policy Statement on Cardiovascular Disease Considerations for COVID-19 Vaccine Prioritization.|2021|Driggin E,Morris AA,Maddox TM,Mullen JB,Ferdinand KC,|

AGA Clinical Practice Update on Chemoprevention for Colorectal Neoplasia: Expert Review.
Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology : the Official C... Liang PS, Shaukat A et. al.

Feb 13th, 2021 - The purpose of this expert review is to describe the role of medications for the chemoprevention of colorectal neoplasia. Neoplasia is defined as precancerous lesions (e.g., adenoma and sessile serrated lesion) or cancer. The scope of this review excludes dietary factors and high-risk individuals with hereditary syndromes or inflammatory bowel disease. The best practice advice statements are ba...

Distinguishing SARS-CoV-2 bonafide re-infection from pre-existing minor variant reactivation
Infection, Genetics and Evolution; Siqueira JD, Goes LR et. al.

Feb 13th, 2021 - Different groups have recently reported events of SARS-CoV-2 reinfection, where patients had a sequence of positive-negative-positive RT-PCR tests. However, such events could be explained by different scenarios such as intermittent viral shedding, bonafide re-infection or multiple infection with alternating predominance of different viruses.

Comparable emotional dynamics in women with ADHD and borderline personality disorder
Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation; Moukhtarian TR

Feb 11th, 2021 - Emotional dysregulation (ED) is a core diagnostic symptom in borderline personality disorder (BPD) and an associated feature of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We aimed to investigate differences in dynamical indices of ED in daily life in ADHD and BPD.

Examining sleep deficiency and disturbance and their risk for incident dementia and all-cause mortality in older adults across 5 years in the United States
Aging Robbins R, Quan SF et. al.

Feb 10th, 2021 - Background: Sleep disturbance and deficiency are common among older adults and have been linked with dementia and all-cause mortality. Using nationally representative data, we examine the relationship between sleep disturbance and deficiency and their risk for incident dementia and all-cause mortality among older adults.

Severe reinfection with South African SARS-CoV-2 variant 501Y.V2: A case report
Clinical Infectious Diseases; Zucman N, Uhel F et. al.

Feb 9th, 2021 - The rapid acquisition of herd immunity appears to be the only way out of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the strength and duration of immunity against this coronavirus are still uncertain. Reinfections have been described but remain rare albeit probably underestimated (31 confirmed cases worldwide as of January 2021), and in most cases less severe than the initial infection [1,2].