About 1,640 results
Office Spirometry: Indications and Interpretation
American Family Physician; Langan RC, et al

Mar 14th, 2020 - Approximately 1% to 4% of all visits to primary care offices are for dyspnea.1 The proper use of pulmonary function tests can help differentiate many of the causes of dyspnea, monitor the progression of chronic pulmonary disease, and assess response to treatment. In a cross-sectional study, primary care physicians underestimated the severity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in 41...

Short-Term Consumption of Sucralose with, but Not without, Carbohydrate Impairs Neural and Metabolic Sensitivity to Sugar in Humans
Cell Metabolism; Dalenberg JR, et al

Mar 2nd, 2020 - There is a general consensus that overconsumption of sugar-sweetened beverages contributes to the prevalence of obesity and related comorbidities such as type 2 diabetes (T2D). Whether a similar relationship exists for no- or low-calorie “diet” drinks is a subject of intensive debate and controversy. Here, we demonstrate that consuming seven sucralose-sweetened beverages with, but not without, ...

Sleep and Memory
NIH - National Institute of Mental Health;

Feb 29th, 2020 - The importance of sleep is widely appreciated, but the actual function of sleep remains unknown. Sleep is required for normal psychological, hormonal, and executive function. Humans deprived of sleep may suffer psychotic episodes, and disorders of sleep are a prominent component of many psychiatric disorders and some neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism and fragile X syndrome. One hypoth...

Chronic Cough Due to Stable Chronic Bronchitis: CHEST Expert Panel Report.
Chest Malesker MA, Callahan-Lyon P et. al.

Feb 27th, 2020 - Chronic cough due to chronic bronchitis (CB) causes significant impairment in quality of life and effective treatment strategies are needed. We conducted a systematic review on the management of chronic cough due to CB to update the recommendations and suggestions of the CHEST 2006 guideline on this topic. This systematic review asked three questions: 1. "What are the clinical features of the h...

Pathogenesis of Chronic Plaque Psoriasis and Its Intersection With Cardio-Metabolic Comorbidities
Frontiers in Pharmacology; Gisondi P, et al

Feb 24th, 2020 - Psoriasis is a chronic, systemic immune-mediated disease characterized by development of erythematous, indurated, scaly, pruritic plaques on the skin. Psoriasis is frequently associated to comorbidities, including psoriatic arthritis, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, obesity, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, and inflammatory bowel diseases. In this review, we discuss the pathophysi...

Acute Cough Due to Acute Bronchitis in Immunocompetent Adult Outpatients: CHEST Expert ...
Chest Smith MP, Lown M et. al.

Feb 24th, 2020 - Evidence for the diagnosis and management of cough due to acute bronchitis in immunocompetent adult outpatients was reviewed as an update to the 2006 "Chronic Cough Due to Acute Bronchitis: ACCP Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines." Acute bronchitis was defined as an acute lower respiratory tract infection manifested predominantly by cough with or without sputum production, lasting no m...

Practice guideline: Treatment for insomnia and disrupted sleep behavior in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder
Neurology Buckley AW, et al

Feb 11th, 2020 - To review pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic strategies for treating sleep disturbances in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and to develop recommendations for addressing sleep disturbance in this population.

Licensure of a Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids and Acellular Pertussis, Inactivated Poli...
MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; Oliver SE, Moore KL

Feb 6th, 2020 - On December 21, 2018 the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) licensed a hexavalent combined diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis (DTaP) adsorbed, inactivated poliovirus (IPV), Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate (meningococcal protein conjugate) and hepatitis B (HepB) (recombinant) vaccine, DTaP-IPV-Hib-HepB (Vaxelis; MCM Vaccine Company),* for use as a 3-dose series ...

Patterns of Oral Microbiota Diversity in Adults and Children: A Crowdsourced Population Study
Nature Scientific Reports; Burcham ZM, et al

Feb 6th, 2020 - Oral microbiome dysbiosis has been associated with various local and systemic human diseases such as dental caries, periodontal disease, obesity, and cardiovascular disease. Bacterial composition may be affected by age, oral health, diet, and geography, although information about the natural variation found in the general public is still lacking. In this study, citizen-scientists used a crowdso...

Use of Tetanus Toxoid, Reduced Diphtheria Toxoid, and Acellular Pertussis Vaccines: Upd...
MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; Havers FP, Moro PL et. al.

Jan 23rd, 2020 - Since 2005, a single dose of tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine has been recommended by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) for adolescents and adults (1,2). After receipt of Tdap, booster doses of tetanus and diphtheria toxoids (Td) vaccine are recommended every 10 years or when indicated for wound management. During the Octobe...

Managing Chronic Cough due to Asthma and NAEB in Adults and Adolescents: CHEST Guidelin...
Chest Côté A, Russell RJ et. al.

Jan 23rd, 2020 - Asthma and non-asthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis (NAEB) are among the commonest causes of chronic cough in adults. We sought to determine the role of non-invasive measurements of airway inflammation, including induced sputum and fractional exhaled nitric oxide, in the evaluation of cough associated with asthma, and what the best treatment is for cough due to asthma or NAEB. We undertook three s...

OBEDIS Core Variables Project: European Expert Guidelines on a Minimal Core Set of Vari...
Obesity Facts; Alligier M, Barrès R et. al.

Jan 16th, 2020 - Heterogeneity of interindividual and intraindividual responses to interventions is often observed in randomized, controlled trials for obesity. To address the global epidemic of obesity and move toward more personalized treatment regimens, the global research community must come together to identify factors that may drive these heterogeneous responses to interventions. This project, called OBED...

Beliefs in vaccine as causes of autism among SPARK cohort caregivers
Vaccine Fombonne E, et al

Jan 7th, 2020 - Fear of autism has led to a decline in childhood-immunization uptake and to a resurgence of preventable infectious diseases. Identifying characteristics of parents who believe in a causal role of vaccines for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in their child may help targeting educational activities and improve adherence to the immunization schedule.

Obesity Medicine Education Collaborative
Obesity Medicine Association;

Dec 31st, 2019 - The Obesity Medicine Education Collaborative (OMEC) is an intersociety initiative that was formed in 2016 with the purpose of promoting and disseminating comprehensive obesity medicine education across the continuum spanning undergraduate medical education (UGME), graduate medical education (GME), and fellowship training.

Higher eating frequency, but not skipping breakfast, is associated with higher odds of abdominal obesity in adults living in Puerto Rico
Nutrition Research; Tamez M, et al

Dec 31st, 2019 - Puerto Ricans have a high prevalence of obesity, yet little information is available regarding its association with eating patterns in this population. We hypothesized that higher eating frequency and skipping breakfast would be associated with increased odds of abdominal obesity among adults living in Puerto Rico (PR). In a cross-sectional study of adults living in PR aged 30-75 years (N = 310...

Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: Malnutrition (Undernutrition) Scree...
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics; Skipper A, Coltman A et. al.

Dec 23rd, 2019 - It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that, based upon current evidence, the Malnutrition Screening Tool should be used to screen adults for malnutrition (undernutrition) regardless of their age, medical history, or setting. Malnutrition (undernutrition) screening is a simple process intended to quickly recognize individuals who may have a malnutrition diagnosis. While nu...

European Society of Endocrinology Clinical Practice Guideline: Endocrine work-up in obe...
European Journal of Endocrinology; Pasquali R, Casanueva F et. al.

Dec 19th, 2019 - Obesity is an emerging condition, with a prevalence of ~20%. Although the simple measurement of BMI is likely a simplistic approach to obesity, BMI is easily calculated, and there are currently no data showing that more sophisticated methods are more useful to guide the endocrine work-up in obesity. An increased BMI leads to a number of hormonal changes. Additionally, concomitant hormonal disea...

Nine Health Threats that Made Headlines in 2019: A CDC Review

Dec 17th, 2019 - From an outbreak of mysterious lung-injury deaths to America’s near loss of measles elimination status, the beginning of the end of the U.S. HIV epidemic to the Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), CDC worked around the clock – and around the globe – to protect Americans from domestic and global health threats in 2019.

Mental health issues and psychological factors in athletes: detection, management, effe...
British Journal of Sports Medicine; Chang C, Putukian M et. al.

Dec 7th, 2019 - The American Medical Society for Sports Medicine convened a panel of experts to provide an evidence-based, best practices document to assist sports medicine physicians and other members of the athletic care network with the detection, treatment and prevention of mental health issues in competitive athletes. This statement discusses how members of the sports medicine team, including team physici...

Pneumococcal Vaccination: Information for Healthcare Professionals
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention;

Nov 20th, 2019 - Pneumococcal vaccines help protect against some of the more than 90 serotypes of pneumococcal bacteria. Pneumococcal disease contributes to the U.S. burden of pneumonia, meningitis, bacteremia, sinusitis, and otitis media.