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About 427,326 results
Influenza and Tdap Vaccination Coverage Among Pregnant Women - United States, April 2018.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6188122
MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; Kahn KE, Black CL et. al.

Sep 27th, 2018 - Vaccinating pregnant women with influenza and tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccines can reduce the risk for influenza and pertussis for themselves and their infants. The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends that all women who are or might be pregnant during the influenza season receive influenza vaccine, which can be adminis...

Oral steroids for resolution of otitis media with effusion in children (OSTRICH): a dou...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6099122
Lancet (London, England); Francis NA, Cannings-John R et. al.

Aug 28th, 2018 - Children with persistent hearing loss due to otitis media with effusion are commonly managed by surgical intervention. A safe, cheap, and effective medical treatment would enhance treatment options. Underpowered, poor-quality trials have found short-term benefit from oral steroids. We aimed to investigate whether a short course of oral steroids would achieve acceptable hearing in children with ...

Cystic Fibrosis Colorectal Cancer Screening Consensus Recommendations.
https://doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2017.12.012
Gastroenterology Hadjiliadis D, Khoruts A et. al.

Dec 31st, 2017 - Improved therapy has substantially increased survival of persons with cystic fibrosis (CF). But the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) in adults with CF is 5-10 times greater compared to the general population, and 25-30 times greater in CF patients after an organ transplantation. To address this risk, the CF Foundation convened a multi-stakeholder task force to develop CRC screening recommendatio...

Effectiveness of a Third Dose of MMR Vaccine for Mumps Outbreak Control.
https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1703309
The New England Journal of Medicine; Cardemil CV, Dahl RM et. al.

Sep 6th, 2017 - The effect of a third dose of the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine in stemming a mumps outbreak is unknown. During an outbreak among vaccinated students at the University of Iowa, health officials implemented a widespread MMR vaccine campaign. We evaluated the effectiveness of a third dose for outbreak control and assessed for waning immunity. Of 20,496 university students who were enrolled ...

Effect of Oral Prednisolone on Symptom Duration and Severity in Nonasthmatic Adults Wit...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5817483
JAMA Hay AD, Little P et. al.

Aug 22nd, 2017 - Acute lower respiratory tract infection is common and often treated inappropriately in primary care with antibiotics. Corticosteroids are increasingly used but without sufficient evidence. To assess the effects of oral corticosteroids for acute lower respiratory tract infection in adults without asthma. Multicenter, placebo-controlled, randomized trial (July 2013 to final follow-up October 2014...

New Clinical Trial Aims to Reduce Malnutrition Among Patients with Lung Cancer
https://www.cancernetwork.com/lung-cancer-awareness-month/new-clinical-trial-aims-reduce-malnutrition-among-patients-lung-cancer
Cancer Network; Slater H

Nov 17th, 2019 - The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center-Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute (OSUCCC-James), along with Tufts Medical Center, Fox Chase Cancer Center, and MD Anderson Cancer Center, announced a new clinical trial aiming to reduce malnutrition among patients with lung cancer by offering nutritional counseling and medically tailored meals to patie...

Evidence Mounts for Bariatric Benefit in Obesity-Related Cancer
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/921110
Medscape Busko, M

Nov 11th, 2019 - Two studies that provide further support for a potential benefit of a reduced risk of obesity-related cancers post-bariatric surgery were presented here at Obesity Week 2019.

Shingles - Genetics Home Reference - NIH
https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/shingles

Oct 28th, 2019 - Shingles (also known as herpes zoster) results from infection by the varicella zoster virus. This common virus causes chickenpox (also known as varicella), which is characterized by itchy spots on the skin that cover the whole body and usually occurs in childhood or adolescence. After the body fights the initial infection, the varicella zoster virus remains in nerve cells for the rest of a per...

Pediatric Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery: Evidence, Barriers, and Best Practices
https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2019/10/24/peds.2019-3223
Pediatrics Armstrong, S. et. al.

Oct 27th, 2019 - Severe obesity among youth is an “epidemic within an epidemic” and portends a shortened life expectancy for today’s children compared with those of their parents’ generation. Severe obesity has outpaced less severe forms of childhood obesity in prevalence, and it disproportionately affects adolescents. Emerging evidence has linked severe obesity to the development and progression of multiple co...

FDA, FTC warn company marketing unapproved cannabidiol products with unsubstantiated claims to treat teething and ear pain in infants, autism, ADHD, Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease
https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/fda-ftc-warn-company-marketing-unapproved-cannabidiol-products-unsubstantiated-claims-treat-teething

Oct 21st, 2019 - Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the Federal Trade Commission posted a joint warning letter to Rooted Apothecary LLC, of Naples, Florida, for illegally selling unapproved products containing cannabidiol (CBD) online with unsubstantiated claims that the products treat teething pain and ear aches in infants, autism, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), as well as Parki...

FDA approves new breakthrough therapy for cystic fibrosis
https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/fda-approves-new-breakthrough-therapy-cystic-fibrosis

Oct 20th, 2019 - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Trikafta (elexacaftor/ivacaftor/tezacaftor), the first triple combination therapy available to treat patients with the most common cystic fibrosis mutation. Trikafta is approved for patients 12 years and older with cystic fibrosis who have at least one F508del mutation in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene, wh...

Genentech Announces FDA Approval of Xofluza (Baloxavir Marboxil) for People at High Risk of Developing Influenza-Related Complications
https://www.gene.com/media/press-releases/14817/2019-10-17/genentech-announces-fda-approval-of-xofl

Oct 16th, 2019 - Single-dose Xofluza is the first and only antiviral medicine indicated specifically for patients at high risk of developing serious complications from influenza (flu) The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) defines people at high risk of serious flu complications as those who have conditions such as asthma, chronic lung disease, diabetes, heart disease, morbid obesity or adults ...

Weight change across adulthood in relation to all cause and cause specific mortality: prospective cohort study
https://www.bmj.com/content/367/bmj.l5584
BMJ Chen, C. et. al.

Oct 15th, 2019 - Objective To investigate the association between weight changes across adulthood and mortality. Design Prospective cohort study. Setting US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1988-94 and 1999-2014. Participants 36 051 people aged 40 years or over with measured body weight and height at baseline and recalled weight at young adulthood (25 years old) and middle adul...

Association of Cardiovascular Disease With Premature Mortality in the United States
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamacardiology/fullarticle/2752889
JAMA Cardiology; Chen, Y. et. al.

Oct 15th, 2019 - Question How have the trends in premature mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD) changed in the United States during 2000 to 2015 by demographics and county-level factors, including education, rurality, and the prevalence of smoking, obesity, and diabetes? Findings In this study, CVD mortality rates increased significantly among American Indian/Alaska Native individuals age 25 to 49 y...

National Update on Measles Cases and Outbreaks — United States, January 1–October 1, 2019
https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/68/wr/mm6840e2.htm
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; Patel, M. et. al.

Oct 3rd, 2019 - What is already known about this topic? Measles was eliminated in the United States in 2000. High national coverage with measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine and rapid implementation of measles control measures prevent widespread measles transmission. What is added by this report? During January–September 2019, 1,249 U.S. measles cases were reported, the highest annual number since 1992...

Preventive Cardiology as a Subspecialty of Cardiovascular Medicine
http://www.onlinejacc.org/content/74/15/1926?_ga=2.47888103.1317319445.1570642054-675541502.1568116402
Journal of the American College of Cardiology; Shapiro, M. et. al.

Oct 1st, 2019 - Although significant progress has been made to reduce the global burden of cardiovascular disease, efforts have focused primarily on treatment of manifest disease rather than on prevention of events. An enormous opportunity exists to transition focus from intervention to providing equal attention to prevention of cardiovascular disease. The nascent specialty of “preventive cardiology” is emergi...

Hand-Foot-and-Mouth Disease: Rapid Evidence Review
https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/p408.html
American Family Physician; Saguil, A. et. al.

Sep 30th, 2019 - Hand-foot-and-mouth disease is caused by human enteroviruses and coxsackieviruses. Outbreaks can occur in the spring to fall and are common in North America, and most cases occur in patients younger than 10 years. Hand-foot-and-mouth disease is transmitted by fecal-oral, oral-oral, and respiratory droplet contact. Patients present with a low-grade fever, a maculopapular or papulovesicular rash ...

Global Initiative for Asthma: Global Strategy for Asthma Management & Prevention
https://ginasthma.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/GINA-2019-main-report-June-2019-wms.pdf

Sep 29th, 2019 - The 2019 update of the Global Strategy for Asthma Management and Prevention incorporates new scientific information about asthma based on a review of recent scientific literature by an international panel of experts on the GINA Science Committee. This comprehensive and practical resource about one of the most common chronic lung diseases worldwide contains extensive citations from the scientifi...

Can Mild Asthma Be Managed with Only As-Needed Inhaled Steroids Plus a Bronchodilator?
https://www.jwatch.org/na49830/2019/09/26/can-mild-asthma-be-managed-with-only-needed-inhaled

Sep 25th, 2019 - David J. Amrol, MD reviewing Hardy J et al. Lancet 2019 Sep 14 Gauthier M and Wenzel SE. Lancet 2019 Sep 14

Risk of rhabdomyolysis with donepezil compared with rivastigmine or galantamine: a population-based cohort study
http://www.cmaj.ca/content/191/37/E1018
CMAJ

Sep 15th, 2019 - BACKGROUND: Donepezil, rivastigmine and galantamine are popular cholinesterase inhibitors used to manage the symptoms of Alzheimer disease and other dementias; regulatory agencies in several countries warn about a possible risk of rhabdomyolysis with donepezil, based on information from case reports. Our goal was to investigate the 30-day risk of admission to hospital with rhabdomyolysis associ...