About 907,416 results
Outcomes of Cardiac Screening in Adolescent Soccer Players.
The New England Journal of Medicine; Malhotra A, Dhutia H et. al.

Aug 8th, 2018 - Reports on the incidence and causes of sudden cardiac death among young athletes have relied largely on estimated rates of participation and varied methods of reporting. We sought to investigate the incidence and causes of sudden cardiac death among adolescent soccer players in the United Kingdom. From 1996 through 2016, we screened 11,168 adolescent athletes with a mean (±SD) age of 16.4±1.2 y...

Labor Induction versus Expectant Management in Low-Risk Nulliparous Women.
The New England Journal of Medicine; Grobman WA, Rice MM et. al.

Aug 8th, 2018 - The perinatal and maternal consequences of induction of labor at 39 weeks among low-risk nulliparous women are uncertain. In this multicenter trial, we randomly assigned low-risk nulliparous women who were at 38 weeks 0 days to 38 weeks 6 days of gestation to labor induction at 39 weeks 0 days to 39 weeks 4 days or to expectant management. The primary outcome was a composite of perinatal death ...

Birth Outcomes for Pregnant Women with HIV Using Tenofovir-Emtricitabine.
The New England Journal of Medicine; Rough K, Seage GR et. al.

Apr 25th, 2018 - In a previous trial of antiretroviral therapy (ART) involving pregnant women with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, those randomly assigned to receive tenofovir, emtricitabine, and ritonavir-boosted lopinavir (TDF-FTC-LPV/r) had infants at greater risk for very premature birth and death within 14 days after delivery than those assigned to receive zidovudine, lamivudine, and ritonavi...

Effect of Bag-Mask Ventilation vs Endotracheal Intubation During Cardiopulmonary Resusc...
JAMA Jabre P, Penaloza A et. al.

Feb 27th, 2018 - Bag-mask ventilation (BMV) is a less complex technique than endotracheal intubation (ETI) for airway management during the advanced cardiac life support phase of cardiopulmonary resuscitation of patients with out-of-hospital cardiorespiratory arrest. It has been reported as superior in terms of survival. To assess noninferiority of BMV vs ETI for advanced airway management with regard to surviv...

Aspirin or Rivaroxaban for VTE Prophylaxis after Hip or Knee Arthroplasty.
The New England Journal of Medicine; Anderson DR, Dunbar M et. al.

Feb 21st, 2018 - Clinical trials and meta-analyses have suggested that aspirin may be effective for the prevention of venous thromboembolism (proximal deep-vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism) after total hip or total knee arthroplasty, but comparisons with direct oral anticoagulants are lacking for prophylaxis beyond hospital discharge. We performed a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, controlled trial i...

Association of Preoperatively Diagnosed Patent Foramen Ovale With Perioperative Ischemi...
JAMA Ng PY, Ng AK et. al.

Feb 7th, 2018 - Perioperative stroke is a major complication for patients undergoing surgery. Patent foramen ovale (PFO) represents a possible anatomical link between venous thrombosis and stroke. To determine whether a preoperatively diagnosed PFO is associated with increased risk of perioperative ischemic stroke. Retrospective cohort study from Massachusetts General Hospital and 2 affiliated community hospit...

Practice Bulletin No. 184: Vaginal Birth After Cesarean Delivery.
Obstetrics and Gynecology;

Oct 24th, 2017 - Trial of labor after cesarean delivery (TOLAC) refers to a planned attempt to deliver vaginally by a woman who has had a previous cesarean delivery, regardless of the outcome. This method provides women who desire a vaginal delivery the possibility of achieving that goal-a vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC). In addition to fulfilling a patient's preference for vaginal delivery, at an ...

Improvement in Outcomes of Major Obstetric Hemorrhage Through Systematic Change.
Obstetrics and Gynecology; Skupski DW, Brady D et. al.

Sep 8th, 2017 - To report the outcomes over 14 years of sustained systematic institutional focus on the care of women with major obstetric hemorrhage, defined as estimated blood loss greater than 1,500 mL. A retrospective cohort study of women with major obstetric hemorrhage at our hospital from 2000 to 2014 compares baseline conditions (age, multiparity, prior cesarean delivery, morbidly adherent placenta), m...

Immune Status and Associated Mortality After Cancer Treatment Among Individuals With HIV in the Antiretroviral Therapy Era
JAMA Oncology; Calkins KL, et al

Dec 4th, 2019 - What is the association between cancer treatment and CD4 count and HIV RNA level, and how are these markers associated with all-cause mortality among people with HIV?

FDA approves system for the delivery of ear tubes under local anesthesia to treat ear infection

Nov 30th, 2019 - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved a new system for the delivery of tympanostomy tubes, commonly referred to as ear tubes, that can be inserted into the eardrum to treat recurrent ear infections (i.e., otitis media). The Tubes Under Local Anesthesia (Tula) System is the first ear tube delivery system that can be performed in young children using local anesthesia in a physician...

Breast Cancer Screening and Diagnosis: A Synopsis of the European Breast Guidelines
Annals of Internal Medicine; Holger J. Schünemann, et al

Nov 30th, 2019 - This synopsis of the European Breast Guidelines provides recommendations regarding organized screening programs for women aged 40 to 75 years who are at average risk. The recommendations address digital mammography screening and the addition of hand-held ultrasonography, automated breast ultrasonography, or magnetic resonance imaging compared with mammography alone. The recommendations also dis...

Supplemental MRI Screening for Women with Extremely Dense Breast Tissue
NEJM Bakker MF, et al

Nov 27th, 2019 - Extremely dense breast tissue is a risk factor for breast cancer and limits the detection of cancer with mammography. Data are needed on the use of supplemental magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to improve early detection and reduce interval breast cancers in such patients.

2019 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science With Treatment Recommendations: Summary From the Basic Life Support; Advanced Life Support; P...
Circulation Soar J et al

Nov 16th, 2019 - The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation has initiated a continuous review of new, peer-reviewed, published cardiopulmonary resuscitation science. This is the third annual summary of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science With Treatment Recommendations. It addresses the m...

FDA approves first contact lens indicated to slow the progression of nearsightedness in children

Nov 16th, 2019 - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved the first contact lens indicated to slow the progression of myopia (nearsightedness) in children between the ages of 8 and 12 years old at the initiation of treatment. The MiSight contact lens is a single use, disposable, soft contact lens that is discarded at the end of each day, and is not intended to be worn overnight.

2019 American Heart Association Focused Update on Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support: Use of Advanced Airways, Vasopressors, and Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation During Cardiac Arrest...
Circulation Panchal AR et al

Nov 16th, 2019 - The fundamentals of cardiac resuscitation include the immediate provision of high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation combined with rapid defibrillation (as appropriate). These mainstays of therapy set the groundwork for other possible interventions such as medications, advanced airways, extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and post–cardiac arrest care, including targeted temperature...

Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of HIV Infection: Recommendation Statement

Nov 16th, 2019 - Summary of Recommendation and Evidence The USPSTF recommends that clinicians offer preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with effective antiretroviral therapy to persons who are at high risk of HIV acquisition (Table 1). A recommendation.

Subclinical Cardiovascular Disease in HIV Controller & Long‐term Nonprogressor Populations
HIV Medicine; Brusca RM, et al

Nov 13th, 2019 - Elite controllers (ECs), viraemic controllers (VCs), and long‐term nonprogressors (LTNPs) control HIV viral replication or maintain CD4 T‐cell counts without antiretroviral therapy, but may have increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk compared to HIV‐uninfected persons. We evaluated subclinical carotid and coronary atherosclerosis and inflammatory biomarker levels among HIV controllers, LTN...

Is There a Difference in Breast Cancer Recurrence Rates After Surgery With Regional vs General Anesthesia?
ASCO Post; Stenger M

Nov 11th, 2019 - In a trial reported in The Lancet, Sessler et al found no difference in breast cancer recurrence after surgery with regional anesthesia-analgesia using paravertebral block and propofol vs general anesthesia with the volatile anesthetic sevoflurane and opioid analgesia. They also found no difference in persistent incisional pain between approaches.

Pediatric Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery: Evidence, Barriers, and Best Practices
Pediatrics Armstrong, S. et. al.

Oct 27th, 2019 - Severe obesity among youth is an “epidemic within an epidemic” and portends a shortened life expectancy for today’s children compared with those of their parents’ generation. Severe obesity has outpaced less severe forms of childhood obesity in prevalence, and it disproportionately affects adolescents. Emerging evidence has linked severe obesity to the development and progression of multiple co...

Asthma in Adults
Medical Clinics of North America; Nanda A, et al

Oct 27th, 2019 - Asthma affects approximately 300 million people worldwide and approximately 7.5% of adults in the United States. Among adults, asthma results in about 10.5 million physician office visits per year and affects approximately 8.7% of blacks, 7.6% of whites, and 5.8% of Hispanics. Asthma is characterized by inflammation of airways, variable airflow obstruction, and bronchial hyperresponsiveness.3 I...