About 310 results

ALLMedicine™ Acid-base Disorders Center

Research & Reviews  111 results

Regulation of Acid-Base Balance in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease.
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease; Nagami GT, Kraut JA

Sep 30th, 2022 - Normallly the kidneys handle the daily acid load arising from net endogenous acid production from the metabolism of ingested animal protein (acid) and vegetables (base). With chronic kidney disease, reduced acid excretion by the kidneys is primari...

Acid-Base Disorders in the Critically III Patient.
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : ... Achanti A, Szerlip HM

Aug 24th, 2022 - Acid-base disorders are common in the intensive care unit. By utilizing a systematic approach to their diagnosis, it is easy to identify both simple and mixed disturbances. These disorders are divided into four major categories: metabolic acidosis...

Withdrawal Syndromes Workup

Jul 13th, 2022 - Laboratory Studies A serum glucose or fingerstick glucose test is indicated. Patients with liver disease due to alcoholism have reduced glycogen stores, and ethanol impairs gluconeogenesis. As a consequence, these patients are susceptible to hypog...

Acid-base balance in hemodialysis patients in everyday practice.
Renal Failure; Wieliczko M, Małyszko J

Jul 7th, 2022 - Abnormalities in blood bicarbonates (HCO3-) concentration are a common finding in patients with chronic kidney disease, especially at the end-stage renal failure. Initiating of hemodialysis does not completely solve this problem. The recommendatio...

The conundrum of the complex relationship between acute kidney injury and cardiac arrhy...
Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation : Official Publicat... Genovesi S, Regolisti G et. al.

Jul 2nd, 2022 - Acute kidney injury (AKI) is defined by a rapid increase in serum creatinine levels, reduced urine output, or both. Death may occur in 16%-49% of patients admitted to an intensive care unit with severe AKI. Complex arrhythmias are a potentially se...

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Clinicaltrials.gov  9 results

Metabolic Alkalosis in Heart Failure

May 4th, 2022 - Metabolic alkalosis (MA) is the most common acid-base disorder and when it's severe it can have effects on cellular function and contribute to an increase in mortality. MA is a common complication of heart failure (HF) especially when patients are...

s100β, NSE n GFAP in Living Donor Hepatectomy and Delirium

Jan 11th, 2022 - The postoperative delirium picture is a serious and common complication seen after any major surgery, including hepatic resection. Delirium is an acute state of confusion characterized by impaired consciousness, reduced ability to focus on attenti...

Strong Ion Gap as Prognostic Indicator for Adult Patients Admitted With Shock to the Intensive Care Units

Mar 19th, 2020 - Metabolic acidosis is frequently found in patients with shock. Traditional methods of evaluating acid-base status can underestimate and even miss complex acid-base disorders particularly in the setting of hypoalbuminemia, hypo/hypernatraemia and h...

Ultrasound Meal Accommodation Test for Enteral Feeding in the Critically Ill

Jan 27th, 2020 - Within the context of intensive care units (ICU), enteral nutrition is an essential tool in the management of critical patients, because it preserves the structure and function of the gastrointestinal mucosa, decreases the catabolic response to in...

Reducing Pain in Emergency Department by Using Veinous Blood Gas Instead of Arterious Blood Gas

Jun 19th, 2019 - Blood gases are widely used in emergency and resuscitation services and are the key examination for exploring acid-base balance disorders (using pH, PaCO2 and HCO3 ) and gas exchange disorders (using PaO2 and PaCO2). This examination can be taken ...

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News  4 results

Pulmonary circulation disorders predict noninvasive vent failure
Tara Haelle, MDedge News

Oct 8th, 2018 - SAN ANTONIO – COPD patients with pulmonary circulation disorders were more than four times as likely to need invasive ventilation after noninvasive ventilation (NIV) failed for acute exacerbations, found a new study. Tara Haelle/MDedge News Dr.

A patient with altered mental status and an acid-base disturbance
Shylaja Mani, MD, Gregory W. Rutecki, MD

Jan 1st, 2017 - A 78-year-old black woman with a history of osteoarthrosis and chronic diffuse joint pain presents with altered mental status and tachypnea, which began 3 hours earlier. She lives alone, and her family suspects she abuses both alcohol and her pain.

Do abnormal fetal kick counts predict intrauterine death in average-risk pregnancies?
The Journal of Family Practice; Andrea L. Darby-Stewart, MD, Carmen Strickland, MD et. al.

EVIDENCE-BASED ANSWER No. Structured daily monitoring of fetal movement doesn’t decrease the rate of all-cause antenatal death in average-risk pregnancies (strength of recommendation [SOR]: B, single good-quality, randomized controlled trial [RCT].

Multiple Electrolyte Imbalances and Mixed Acid-base Disorder Posing a Diagnostic Dilemma

Abstract and Introduction Abstract Background: In clinical practice, both the history and laboratory testing are paramount to making an accurate diagnosis. Situations in which laboratory findings and patient history are not congruent pose a diagno...

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