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ALLMedicine™ Detailed topics Center - Patient Education

Movement Symptoms: Dyskinesia
https://www.parkinson.org/Understanding-Parkinsons/Symptoms/Movement-Symptoms/Dyskinesia

Dyskinesias are involuntary, erratic, writhing movements of the face, arms, legs or trunk. They are often fluid and dance-like, but they may also cause rapid jerking or slow and extended muscle spasms. They are not a symptom of Parkinson's itself. Rather, they are a complication from some Parkinson's medications.

COVID-19 Resources: Care Recommendations for Home‑Based Ventilation Patients
https://foundation.chestnet.org/patient-education-resources/covid-19-resources-care-recommendations-home-based-ventilation-patients/

As COVID-19 continues to affect our daily lives, it’s critical that we try to limit the spread of the virus as much as possible. This is especially applicable for patients who use noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation (NIPPV), mechanical airway clearance devices, or are supported by home ventilation for other chronic respiratory failure syndromes.

Heartburn Medication Update
https://www.health.harvard.edu/diseases-and-conditions/heartburn-medication-update?utm_source=delivra&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=WR20200612-Heartburn&utm_id=2238983&dlv-emuid=22ccc528-35ec-421e-8d26-c66574e6d9d8&dlv-mlid=2238983
Harvard Health Publishing;

May 31st, 2020 - Millions of people turn to prescription and over-the-counter medications to cope with heartburn from gastroesophageal reflux disease or other stomach conditions. But navigating the risks of heartburn remedies can leave a sour taste in your mouth, since some have been tied to health concerns. Here's what you need to know about two mainstays of treatment, and how the latest developments may affec...

Dyskinesia
https://www.michaeljfox.org/news/dyskinesia?dyskinesia=

Dyskinesia is uncontrolled, involuntary movement that may occur with long-term levodopa use and longer time with Parkinson's. Not everyone will develop this complication, and the experience of dyskinesia varies. New and emerging treatments aim to help avoid dyskinesia.

Managing PD Mid-Stride: A Treatment Guide to Parkinson's Disease
https://www.parkinson.org/sites/default/files/attachments/MidStride.pdf
Parkinson's Foundation

Every person’s Parkinson’s disease (PD) journey is unique. No two people have exactly the same symptoms or progression, let alone lifestyle and genetics. However, it is common that once you begin a treatment regimen after diagnosis, you can live life for a while with nearly complete relief from symptoms and few side effects. Eventually, though, after several years of being treated with le...

NCCN Quick Guide™ | Metastatic Breast Cancer
https://www.nccn.org/patients/guidelines/quick_guides/breast/stage_iv/index.html

Jan 1st, 2018 - NCCN QUICK GUIDE tm Breast Cancer – Metastatic, 2018 PAT-N-1075-0618 What are the treatment options? Hormone-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer „„ Chemotherapy may be given first if the cancer is quickly growing within internal organs

How to Prepare for Your Colonoscopy Using MiraLAX
https://www.mskcc.org/cancer-care/patient-education/how-prepare-your-colonoscopy-using-miralax

Aug 5th, 2019 - This information will help you get ready for your colonoscopy using polyethylene glycol (MiraLAX®). A colonoscopy is an exam of your colon (large intestine). Your doctor will use a colonoscope (flexible tube with a camera on the end) to see the inside of your colon on a video monitor. During your procedure, your doctor can:

Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month
https://healthfinder.gov/NHO/MarchToolkit.aspx

Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in the United States and the second leading cause of death from cancers that affect both men and women. Colorectal cancer affects people in all racial and ethnic groups and is most common in people age 50 and older.

A Patient’s Guide to Opioid Tapering
https://www.hss.edu/conditions_patient-guide-opioid-tapering.asp

May 20th, 2018 - Treating acute pain caused by orthopedic surgery has improved drastically over the past few years. This is due in part to the use of multimodal analgesic strategies (balancing the use of multiple non-opioid pain medications) and an increase in regional anesthesia in orthopedic procedures.

Preparing for a colonoscopy
https://www.health.harvard.edu/diseases-and-conditions/preparing-for-a-colonoscopy

Aug 12th, 2019 - If you shudder at the thought of having a colonoscopy to check for hidden colon cancer, chances are it's the "prep" that's stoking your apprehension. It's certainly a major inconvenience: getting ready for the procedure takes much longer — an average of 16 hours, according to one study — than the three hours or so you'll spend at a medical center the day of your colonoscopy. But what's most off...

Resources for Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus & Caregivers | Talk SLE
http://www.talksle.com/resources/patients-caregivers.html

The need for healthcare providers to effectively engage with patients with SLE is ongoing and the stakes are high. Even when patients have no complaints and no visual signs of disease, organ damage can be occurring. We've developed these tools to help both you and your patients communicate and be vigilant.

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treatment (PDQ®) Patient Version
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK65917/
NIH PDQ Cancer Information Summaries; PDQ Adult Treatment Editorial Board.

Oct 15th, 2019 - This PDQ cancer information summary has current information about the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer. It is meant to inform and help patients, families, and caregivers. It does not give formal guidelines or recommendations for making decisions about health care. NSCLC

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treatment (PDQ®)–Patient Version
https://www.cancer.gov/types/lung/patient/non-small-cell-lung-treatment-pdq
Cancer.gov National Cancer Institute

Oct 15th, 2019 - General Information About Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer NSCLC

Learning Disorders
https://medlineplus.gov/learningdisorders.html

Feb 9th, 1999 - What is a learning disorder? Learning disorders are conditions that affect the ability to learn. They can cause problems with Understanding what people are saying Speaking Reading Writing Doing math Paying attention Often, children have more than one kind of learning disorder. They may also have another condition, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which can make learning ...

Heart Transplantation
https://medlineplus.gov/hearttransplantation.html

Jun 27th, 1999 - A heart transplant removes a damaged or diseased heart and replaces it with a healthy one. The healthy heart comes from a donor who has died. It is the last resort for people with heart failure when all other treatments have failed. The heart failure might have been caused by coronary heart disease, damaged heart valves or heart muscles, congenital heart defects, or viral infections of the hear...

Heart Failure Resources
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/17076-heart-failure-resources

Heart Failure Society of America, Inc. www.hfsa.org American Heart Association www.heart.org International Society for Heart & Lung Transplantation www.ishlt.org National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/ National Institutes of Health (NIH) www.nih.gov Cleveland Clinic Web Chats – Calendar of Events and Transcripts chat.clevelandclinic.org Next: Important Phone Numbers S...

Stroke | Cleveland Clin
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/17518-stroke

What is a stroke? A stroke, sometimes called a "brain attack," occurs when blood flow to an area in the brain is cut off. The brain cells, deprived of the oxygen and glucose needed to survive, die. If not caught early, permanent brain damage can result. How does a stroke occur? There are two types of stroke. Ischemic stroke is similar to a heart attack, except it occurs in the blood vessels of ...

Hydrocephalus | Cleveland Clin
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/17111-hydrocephalus

The Mission of the Cleveland Clinic Aging Brain Clinic Aging patients… to provide comprehensive integrated diagnostic and therapeutic care for the mental function of aging and elderly individuals. Basic brain research… to perform basic and transitional research on the aging brain. Clinical advances… to develop and perform clinical research trials to benefit the maturing brain. Patient’s Guide t...

Colorectal Cancer Survival Rates & Prognosis
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/9717-colorectal-cancer-prognosisoutlook

Nov 18th, 2014 - Next: Outlook / Prognosis Share Facebook Twitter Linkedin Email Print Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Policy

Pulmonary Hypertension & Lifestyle
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/12775-living-with-pulmonary-hypertension-dietary-and-lifestyle-changes

Aug 28th, 2014 - Next: Management and Treatment Share Facebook Twitter Linkedin Email Print Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Policy

Endovascular Stent Graft: Aortic Aneurysm Repair
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/16964-endovascular-stent-graft-aortic-aneurysm-repair

How are aortic aneurysms treated? The best method to repair an aneurysm depends upon several factors, including the location and shape of the aneurysm as well as the physical condition of the patient. What is endovascular grafting? Endovascular grafting is a minimally invasive method to treat an aortic aneurysm. Instead of an open aneurysm repair in which your chest/abdomen are surgically opene...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/undescended-testicle/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352000?p=1

sis If your son has an undescended testicle, his doctor might recommend surgery for diagnosis and potential treatment: Laparoscopy. A small tube containing a camera is inserted through a small incision in your son's abdomen. Laparoscopy is done to locate an intra-abdominal testicle. The doctor might be able to fix the undescended testicle during the same procedure, but an additional surgery mig...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/kyphosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20374205?p=1

ew Kyphosis is an exaggerated, forward rounding of the back. It can occur at any age but is most common in older women. Age-related kyphosis is often due to weakness in the spinal bones that causes them to compress or crack. Other types of kyphosis can appear in infants or teens due to malformation of the spine or wedging of the spinal bones over time. Mild kyphosis causes few problems. Severe ...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/nasal-polyps/symptoms-causes/syc-20351888?p=1

ew Nasal polyps are soft, painless, noncancerous growths on the lining of your nasal passages or sinuses. They hang down like teardrops or grapes. They result from chronic inflammation due to asthma, recurring infection, allergies, drug sensitivity or certain immune disorders. Small nasal polyps may not cause symptoms. Larger growths or groups of nasal polyps can block your nasal passages or le...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/angiosarcoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350248?p=1

sis Tests and procedures used in angiosarcoma diagnosis include: Physical exam. Your doctor will thoroughly examine you to understand your condition. Removing a sample of tissue for testing (biopsy). Your doctor will remove a sample of suspicious tissue for laboratory testing. Analysis in the lab can detect cancer cells and determine certain characteristics of your cancer cells that may help gu...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/farsightedness/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20372499?p=1

sis Farsightedness is diagnosed by a basic eye exam, which includes a refraction assessment and an eye health exam. A refraction assessment determines if you have vision problems such as nearsightedness or farsightedness, astigmatism, or presbyopia. Your doctor may use various instruments and ask you to look through several lenses to test your distance and close-up vision. Your eye doctor likel...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ankylosing-spondylitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20354808?p=1

ew Ankylosing spondylitis is an inflammatory disease that, over time, can cause some of the vertebrae in your spine to fuse. This fusing makes the spine less flexible and can result in a hunched-forward posture. If ribs are affected, it can be difficult to breathe deeply. Ankylosing spondylitis affects men more often than women. Signs and symptoms typically begin in early adulthood. Inflammatio...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/urinary-incontinence/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20352819?p=1

y incontinence care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic has doctors with extra training in bladder and urinary function. They specialize in diagnosing and treating urinary incontinence and have experience treating people who have had previous, unsuccessful treatment. Extensive experience Each year, Mayo Clinic specialists treat nearly 10,000 people with urinary incontinence. A...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bed-wetting/symptoms-causes/syc-20366685?p=1

ew Bed-wetting — also called nighttime incontinence or nocturnal enuresis — is involuntary urination while asleep after the age at which staying dry at night can be reasonably expected. Soggy sheets and pajamas — and an embarrassed child — are a familiar scene in many homes. But don't despair. Bed-wetting isn't a sign of toilet training gone bad. It's often just a normal part of a child's devel...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hantavirus-pulmonary-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351844?p=1

sis Blood tests can reveal if your body has made antibodies to a hantavirus. Your doctor may order other laboratory tests to rule out other conditions with similar symptoms. Treatment Specific treatment options for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome are limited. But the prognosis improves with early recognition, immediate hospitalization and adequate support for breathing. Supportive therapy People ...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ear-infections/symptoms-causes/syc-20351616?p=1

ew An ear infection (acute otitis media) is most often a bacterial or viral infection that affects the middle ear, the air-filled space behind the eardrum that contains the tiny vibrating bones of the ear. Children are more likely than adults to get ear infections. Ear infections frequently are painful because of inflammation and buildup of fluids in the middle ear. Because ear infections often...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bladder-cancer/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20356109?p=1

sis Diagnosing bladder cancer Tests and procedures used to diagnose bladder cancer may include: Cystoscopy. To perform cystoscopy, your doctor inserts a small, narrow tube (cystoscope) through the urethra. The cystoscope has a lens that allows your doctor to see the inside of your urethra and bladder, to examine these structures for signs of disease. Biopsy. During cystoscopy, your doctor may p...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/trichotillomania/symptoms-causes/syc-20355188?p=1

ew Trichotillomania (trik-o-til-o-MAY-nee-uh), also called hair-pulling disorder, is a mental disorder that involves recurrent, irresistible urges to pull out hair from your scalp, eyebrows or other areas of your body, despite trying to stop. Hair pulling from the scalp often leaves patchy bald spots, which causes significant distress and can interfere with social or work functioning. People wi...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/reactive-arthritis/symptoms-causes/syc-20354838?p=1

ew Reactive arthritis is joint pain and swelling triggered by an infection in another part of your body — most often your intestines, genitals or urinary tract. Reactive arthritis usually targets your knees and the joints of your ankles and feet. Inflammation also can affect your eyes, skin and urethra. Previously, reactive arthritis was sometimes called Reiter's syndrome, which was characteriz...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/typhoid-fever/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20378665?p=1

sis Medical and travel history Your doctor is likely to suspect typhoid fever based on your symptoms and your medical and travel history. But the diagnosis is usually confirmed by identifying Salmonella typhi in a culture of your blood or other body fluid or tissue. Body fluid or tissue culture For the culture, a small sample of your blood, stool, urine or bone marrow is placed on a special med...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/long-qt-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20352518?p=1

ew Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a heart rhythm condition that can potentially cause fast, chaotic heartbeats. These rapid heartbeats might trigger a sudden fainting spell or seizure. In some cases, the heart can beat erratically for so long that it causes sudden death. You can have a genetic mutation that puts you at risk of being born with congenital long QT syndrome. In addition, certain medica...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dry-skin/symptoms-causes/syc-20353885?p=1

ew Dry skin isn't usually serious, but it can be uncomfortable and unsightly. Serious dry skin conditions — an inherited group of disorders called ichthyosis — can sometimes be disfiguring and upsetting. Fortunately, most dry skin is caused by environmental factors that can be at least partially controlled. These factors include hot or cold weather, low humidity, and soaking in hot water. You c...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/plague/symptoms-causes/syc-20351291?p=1

ew Plague is a serious bacterial infection that's transmitted by fleas. Known as the Black Death during medieval times, today plague occurs in fewer than 5,000 people a year worldwide. It can be deadly if not treated promptly with antibiotics. The organism that causes plague, Yersinia pestis, lives in small rodents found most commonly in rural and semirural areas of Africa, Asia and the United ...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/transient-ischemic-attack/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355684?p=1

sis A prompt evaluation of your symptoms is vital in diagnosing the cause of your TIA and deciding on a method of treatment. To help determine the cause of your TIA and to assess your risk of a stroke, your doctor may rely on the following: Physical examination and tests. Your doctor may check for risk factors of a stroke, including high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, diabetes and hig...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rebound-headaches/symptoms-causes/syc-20377083?p=1

ew Rebound headaches (medication-overuse headaches) are caused by regular, long-term use of medication to treat headaches, such as migraine. Pain relievers offer relief for occasional headaches. But if you take them more than a couple of days a week, they may trigger rebound headaches. It appears that any medication taken for pain relief can cause rebound headaches, but only if you already have...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/broken-ankle-broken-foot/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355498?p=1

sis During the physical exam, your doctor will check for points of tenderness in your foot and ankle. The precise location of your pain can help determine its cause. He or she may move your foot into different positions, to check your range of motion. You may be asked to walk for a short distance so that your doctor can examine your gait. Imaging tests If your signs and symptoms suggest a break...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ringworm-scalp/symptoms-causes/syc-20354918?p=1

ew Ringworm of the scalp (tinea capitis) is a fungal infection of the scalp and hair shafts. The signs and symptoms of ringworm of the scalp may vary, but it usually appears as itchy, scaly, bald patches on the head. Ringworm of the scalp, a highly contagious infection, is most common in toddlers and school-age children. Treatment for ringworm of the scalp includes medications taken by mouth to...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pagets-disease-of-the-breast/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351084?p=1

sis Tests to evaluate your condition may include: Clinical breast exam and physical exam. During this exam, your doctor physically checks for unusual areas in both breasts, noting the appearance of the skin on and around your nipples and feeling for any lumps or areas of thickening. Mammogram. A mammogram — an X-ray exam of your breast tissue — may indicate whether the nipple and skin changes a...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cluster-headache/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352084?p=1

sis Cluster headache has a characteristic type of pain and pattern of attacks. A diagnosis depends on your description of the attacks, including your pain, the location and severity of your headaches, and associated symptoms. How often your headaches occur and how long they last also are important factors. Your doctor will likely try to pinpoint the type and cause of your headache using certain...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/carcinoid-tumors/symptoms-causes/syc-20351039?p=1

ew Carcinoid tumors are a type of slow-growing cancer that can arise in several places throughout your body. Carcinoid tumors, which are one subset of tumors called neuroendocrine tumors, usually begin in the digestive tract (stomach, appendix, small intestine, colon, rectum) or in the lungs. Carcinoid tumors often don't cause signs and symptoms until late in the disease. Carcinoid tumors can p...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/recurrent-breast-cancer/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20377141?p=1

sis If your doctor suspects you may have recurrent breast cancer based on results of a mammogram or physical exam, or because of signs and symptoms, he or she may recommend additional tests to confirm the diagnosis. Tests and procedures may include: Imaging tests. What imaging tests you'll undergo will depend on your specific situation. Imaging tests may include magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/crohns-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353309?p=1

sis Your doctor will likely diagnose Crohn's disease only after ruling out other possible causes for your signs and symptoms. There is no one test to diagnose Crohn's disease. Your doctor will likely use a combination of tests to help confirm a diagnosis of Crohn's disease, including: Blood tests Tests for anemia or infection. Your doctor may suggest blood tests to check for anemia — a conditio...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/melanoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20374888?p=1

sis Skin cancer screening Ask your doctor whether you should consider periodic screening for skin cancer. You and your doctor may consider screening options such as: Skin exams by a trained professional. During a skin exam, your doctor conducts a head-to-toe inspection of your skin. Skin exams you do at home. A self-exam may help you learn the moles, freckles and other skin marks that are norma...