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Resources for Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus & Caregivers | Talk SLE
http://www.talksle.com/resources/patients-caregivers.html

The need for healthcare providers to effectively engage with patients with SLE is ongoing and the stakes are high. Even when patients have no complaints and no visual signs of disease, organ damage can be occurring. We've developed these tools to help both you and your patients communicate and be vigilant.

Hemochromatosis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hemochromatosis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351448

Jan 8th, 2020 - Diagnosis Hereditary hemochromatosis can be difficult to diagnose. Early symptoms such as stiff joints and fatigue may be due to conditions other than hemochromatosis. Many people with the disease don't have any signs or symptoms other than elevated levels of iron in their blood. Hemochromatosis may be identified because of abnormal blood tests done for other reasons or from screening of family...

Hemochromatosis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hemochromatosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20351443

Jan 8th, 2020 - Overview The liver The liver The liver is your largest internal organ. About the size of a football, it's located mainly in the upper right portion of your abdomen, beneath the diaphragm and above your stomach. Hereditary hemochromatosis (he-moe-kroe-muh-TOE-sis) causes your body to absorb too much iron from the food you eat. Excess iron is stored in your organs, especially your liver, heart an...

Pleurisy - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pleurisy/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351866

Jan 2nd, 2020 - Diagnosis Your doctor will start by asking about your medical history and doing a physical exam, including examining your chest with a stethoscope. To determine if you have pleurisy and identify the cause, your doctor might recommend: Blood tests. A blood test might tell your doctor if you have an infection. Other blood tests also might detect an autoimmune disorder, such as rheumatoid arthriti...

Cryoglobulinemia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cryoglobulinemia/symptoms-causes/syc-20371244

Dec 19th, 2019 - Overview Cryoglobulins are abnormal proteins in the blood. If you have cryoglobulinemia (kry-o-glob-u-lih-NEE-me-uh), these proteins may clump together at temperatures below 98.6 F (37 C). These gelatinous protein clumps can impede your blood circulation, which can damage your skin, joints, nerves and organs — particularly your kidneys and liver. Cryoglobulinemia care at Mayo Clinic Symptoms Sy...

Cryoglobulinemia - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cryoglobulinemia/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20371253

Dec 19th, 2019 - Cryoglobulinemia care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team A multispecialty team of experts works together to develop a treatment plan based on your needs. Your treatment team may include specialists in blood (hematologists), connective tissue and arthritis (rheumatologists), liver diseases (hepatologists), the nervous system (neurologists), the kidneys (nephrologists), and other areas as ...

Cryoglobulinemia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cryoglobulinemia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20449756

Dec 19th, 2019 - Diagnosis Diagnosis of cryoglobulinemia involves a blood test in which the sample must be kept at normal body temperature, 98.6 F (37 C), for a period of time before being cooled. Inaccurate test results can occur if the blood sample isn't handled properly. Treatment Depending on the underlying cause of cryoglobulinemia, treatment may include medications that suppress the immune system or fight...

Ankylosing spondylitis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ankylosing-spondylitis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354813

Nov 7th, 2019 - Diagnosis During the physical exam, your doctor might ask you to bend in different directions to test the range of motion in your spine. He or she might try to reproduce your pain by pressing on specific portions of your pelvis or by moving your legs into a particular position. Also, your doctor might ask you to take a deep breath to see if you have difficulty expanding your chest. Imaging test...

Ankylosing spondylitis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ankylosing-spondylitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20354808

Nov 7th, 2019 - Overview Ankylosing spondylitis Ankylosing spondylitis As ankylosing spondylitis worsens, new bone forms as part of the body's attempt to heal. The new bone gradually bridges the gap between vertebrae and eventually fuses sections of vertebrae together. Fused vertebrae can flatten the natural curves of your spine and force it into an inflexible, hunched posture. Ankylosing spondylitis is an inf...

Male hypogonadism - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/male-hypogonadism/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354886

Nov 4th, 2019 - Diagnosis Early detection in boys can help prevent problems from delayed puberty. Early diagnosis and treatment in men offer better protection against osteoporosis and other related conditions. Your doctor will conduct a physical exam and note whether your sexual development, such as your pubic hair, muscle mass and size of your testes, is consistent with your age. Your doctor will test your bl...

Kawasaki disease - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/kawasaki-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354603

Oct 30th, 2019 - Diagnosis There's no specific test available to diagnose Kawasaki disease. Diagnosis involves ruling out other diseases that cause similar signs and symptoms, including: Scarlet fever, which is caused by streptococcal bacteria and results in fever, rash, chills and sore throat Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis Stevens-Johnson syndrome, a disorder of the mucous membranes Toxic shock syndrome Measles...

Bone spurs - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bone-spurs/symptoms-causes/syc-20370212

Oct 16th, 2019 - Overview Bone spurs are bony projections that develop along bone edges. Bone spurs (osteophytes) often form where bones meet each other — in your joints. They can also form on the bones of your spine. The main cause of bone spurs is the joint damage associated with osteoarthritis. Most bone spurs cause no symptoms and can go undetected for years. They might not require treatment. If treatment i...

Knee bursitis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/knee-bursitis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355506

Oct 10th, 2019 - Diagnosis Doctors often can make a diagnosis of knee bursitis with a medical history and physical exam. Your doctor will: Compare the condition of both knees, particularly if only one is painful Gently press on areas of your knee to detect warmth, swelling and the source of pain Inspect the skin over the tender area for redness or other signs of infection Carefully move your legs and knees to d...

Knee bursitis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/knee-bursitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20355501

Oct 10th, 2019 - Overview Knee bursae Knee bursae Bursae are small fluid-filled sacs (shown in blue) that reduce friction between moving parts in your body's joints. Knee bursitis is inflammation or irritation of one or more of the bursae in your knee. Knee bursitis is inflammation of a small fluid-filled sac (bursa) situated near your knee joint. Bursae reduce friction and cushion pressure points between your ...

Antiphospholipid syndrome - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/antiphospholipid-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355836

Oct 9th, 2019 - Diagnosis If you've had episodes of blood clots or pregnancy loss that aren't explained by known health conditions, your doctor can schedule blood tests to check for abnormal clotting and for the presence of antibodies to phospholipids. To confirm a diagnosis of antiphospholipid syndrome, the antibodies must appear in your blood at least twice, in tests conducted 12 or more weeks apart. You can...

Antiphospholipid syndrome - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/antiphospholipid-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20355831

Oct 9th, 2019 - Overview Antiphospholipid (AN-te-fos-fo-LIP-id) syndrome occurs when your immune system mistakenly creates antibodies that make your blood much more likely to clot. This can cause dangerous blood clots in the legs, kidneys, lungs and brain. In pregnant women, antiphospholipid syndrome also can result in miscarriage and stillbirth. There's no cure for antiphospholipid syndrome, but medications c...

Reactive arthritis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/reactive-arthritis/symptoms-causes/syc-20354838

Oct 1st, 2019 - Overview Reactive arthritis is joint pain and swelling triggered by an infection in another part of your body — most often your intestines, genitals or urinary tract. Reactive arthritis usually targets your knees and the joints of your ankles and feet. Inflammation also can affect your eyes, skin and urethra. Previously, reactive arthritis was sometimes called Reiter's syndrome, which was chara...

Reactive arthritis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/reactive-arthritis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354843

Oct 1st, 2019 - Diagnosis During the physical exam, your doctor is likely to check your joints for signs and symptoms of inflammation, such as swelling, warmth and tenderness, and test range of motion in your spine and affected joints. Your doctor might also check your eyes for inflammation and your skin for rashes. Blood tests Your doctor might recommend that a sample of your blood be tested for: Evidence of ...

Psoriatic arthritis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/psoriatic-arthritis/symptoms-causes/syc-20354076

Sep 20th, 2019 - Overview Psoriasis Psoriasis Psoriasis causes cells to build up rapidly on the surface of the skin, forming thick, silvery scales and itchy, dry, red patches that are sometimes painful. Psoriatic arthritis is a form of arthritis that affects some people who have psoriasis — a condition that features red patches of skin topped with silvery scales. Most people develop psoriasis first and are late...

Psoriatic arthritis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/psoriatic-arthritis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354081

Sep 20th, 2019 - Diagnosis During the exam, your doctor may: Closely examine your joints for signs of swelling or tenderness Check your fingernails for pitting, flaking and other abnormalities Press on the soles of your feet and around your heels to find tender areas No single test can confirm a diagnosis of psoriatic arthritis. But some types of tests can rule out other causes of joint pain, such as rheumatoid...

Churg-Strauss syndrome - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/churg-strauss-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20353760

Sep 20th, 2019 - Overview Churg-Strauss syndrome is a disorder marked by blood vessel inflammation. This inflammation can restrict blood flow to organs and tissues, sometimes permanently damaging them. This condition is also known as eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA). Asthma is the most common sign of Churg-Strauss syndrome. The disorder can also cause other problems, such as hay fever, rash,...

Churg-Strauss syndrome - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/churg-strauss-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353765

Sep 20th, 2019 - Diagnosis No specific test can confirm Churg-Strauss syndrome. Because signs and symptoms are similar to those of other diseases, it can be difficult to diagnose. The early signs and symptoms, such as asthma and sinusitis, tend to be fairly commonplace, so a diagnosis might not be made until the inflammation has caused serious damage to organs and nerves. The 6 criteria The American College of ...

Stress fractures - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/stress-fractures/symptoms-causes/syc-20354057

Sep 16th, 2019 - Overview Stress fracture Stress fracture Stress fractures are tiny cracks in a bone — most commonly, in the weight-bearing bones of the lower leg and foot. Stress fractures are tiny cracks in a bone. They're caused by repetitive force, often from overuse — such as repeatedly jumping up and down or running long distances. Stress fractures can also develop from normal use of a bone that's weakene...

Celiac disease - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/celiac-disease/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20352230

Sep 15th, 2019 - Celiac disease care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team At Mayo Clinic, doctors and dietitians work closely with you to help you learn to live gluten-free. Mayo dietitians help you find gluten-free substitutes and give advice on reading food labels and eating out safely. If you have dermatitis herpetiformis, your treatment team will include a dermatologist. Because celiac disease can caus...

Rosacea - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rosacea/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353820

Sep 5th, 2019 - Diagnosis No specific test is used to diagnosis rosacea. Instead, your doctor relies on the history of your symptoms and an examination of your skin. You may have tests to rule out other conditions, such as psoriasis, eczema or lupus. These conditions can sometimes cause signs and symptoms similar to those of rosacea. If your symptoms involve your eyes, your doctor may refer you to an eye speci...

Lupus nephritis - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/lupus-nephritis/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20354338

Aug 14th, 2019 - Lupus nephritis care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team A team of doctors from different specialties will manage your care, including those who focus on kidney disease (nephrologists). Your Mayo Clinic doctors can work closely with your local primary care doctor or kidney specialist to ensure that you're getting the right treatment and follow-up care. Caring for someone with lupus nephri...

Lupus nephritis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/lupus-nephritis/symptoms-causes/syc-20354335

Aug 14th, 2019 - Overview Kidney cross section Kidney cross section Blood enters your kidneys through your renal arteries. Your kidneys remove excess fluid and waste material from your blood through units called nephrons. Each nephron contains a filter (glomerulus) that has a network of tiny blood vessels called capillaries. The glomeruli filter waste products and substances your body needs — such as sodium, ph...

Lupus nephritis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/lupus-nephritis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20446438

Aug 14th, 2019 - Diagnosis Tests to diagnose lupus nephritis include: Blood and urine tests. In addition to standard blood and urine tests, you may be asked to collect your urine for an entire day. These tests measure how well your kidneys are working. Kidney biopsy. A biopsy — where your doctor removes a small section of kidney tissue for lab analysis — is the most definitive test for diagnosing lupus nephriti...

Henoch-Schonlein purpura - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/henoch-schonlein-purpura/symptoms-causes/syc-20354040

Jul 23rd, 2019 - Overview Henoch-Schonlein purpura Henoch-Schonlein purpura Henoch-Schonlein purpura is an inflammation of the small blood vessels of the skin, joints, bowels and kidneys. When blood vessels get inflamed, they can bleed into the skin, causing a reddish-purple rash (purpura). Henoch-Schonlein purpura (also known as IgA vasculitis) is a disorder that causes the small blood vessels in your skin, jo...

Arthritis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/arthritis/symptoms-causes/syc-20350772

Jul 18th, 2019 - Overview Rheumatoid arthritis vs. osteoarthritis Rheumatoid arthritis vs. osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis, the most common form of arthritis, involves the wearing away of the cartilage that caps the bones in your joints. With rheumatoid arthritis, the synovial membrane that protects and lubricates joints becomes inflamed, causing pain and swelling. Joint erosion may follow. Arthritis is the swell...

AL Amyloidosis (Amyloid Light chain)
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/15718-amyloidosis

Jul 16th, 2019 - Amyloid Fibrils Formation What is amyloidosis? Amyloidosis (am-uh-loy-doh-sis) is a protein disorder. In this disease, proteins change shape (misfold), then clump together and form amyloid fibrils which deposit in organs. As amyloid fibrils build up, the tissues and organs may not work as well as they should. Our bodies make several proteins that can cause amyloidosis. To choose the right treat...

AL Amyloidosis (Amyloid Light chain)
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/15718-al-amyloidosis-amyloid-light-chain

Jul 16th, 2019 - Amyloid Fibrils Formation What is amyloidosis? Amyloidosis (am-uh-loy-doh-sis) is a protein disorder. In this disease, proteins change shape (misfold), then clump together and form amyloid fibrils which deposit in organs. As amyloid fibrils build up, the tissues and organs may not work as well as they should. Our bodies make several proteins that can cause amyloidosis. To choose the right treat...

Lyme disease - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/lyme-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20374655

Jul 12th, 2019 - Diagnosis Many signs and symptoms of Lyme disease are often found in other conditions, so diagnosis can be difficult. What's more, ticks that transmit Lyme disease can also spread other diseases. If you don't have the characteristic Lyme disease rash, your doctor might ask about your medical history, including whether you've been outdoors in the summer where Lyme disease is common, and do a phy...

Lyme disease - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/lyme-disease/symptoms-causes/syc-20374651

Jul 12th, 2019 - Overview Lyme disease is caused by four main species of bacteria. Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia mayonii cause Lyme disease in the United States, while Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii are the leading causes in Europe and Asia. The most common tick-borne illness in these regions, Lyme disease is transmitted by the bite of an infected black-legged tick, commonly known as a deer tick. You...

Osteoporosis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteoporosis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351974

Jun 18th, 2019 - Diagnosis Your bone density can be measured by a machine that uses low levels of X-rays to determine the proportion of mineral in your bones. During this painless test, you lie on a padded table as a scanner passes over your body. In most cases, only a few bones are checked — usually in the hip and spine. More Information How osteoporosis is diagnosed Bone density test CT scan UltrasoundShow mo...

Osteoporosis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteoporosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20351968

Jun 18th, 2019 - Overview Osteoporosis causes bones to become weak and brittle — so brittle that a fall or even mild stresses such as bending over or coughing can cause a fracture. Osteoporosis-related fractures most commonly occur in the hip, wrist or spine. Bone is living tissue that is constantly being broken down and replaced. Osteoporosis occurs when the creation of new bone doesn't keep up with the loss o...

Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/nephrogenic-systemic-fibrosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20352299

Jun 7th, 2019 - Overview Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis is a rare disease that occurs mainly in people with advanced kidney failure with or without dialysis. Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis may resemble skin diseases, such as scleroderma and scleromyxedema, with thickening and darkening developing on large areas of the skin. Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis can also affect internal organs, such as the heart, kidneys...

Scleroderma - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/scleroderma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351957

May 17th, 2019 - Diagnosis Because scleroderma can take so many forms and affect so many different areas of the body, it can be difficult to diagnose. After a thorough physical exam, your doctor may suggest blood tests to check for elevated levels of certain antibodies produced by the immune system. He or she may also remove a small sample of your affected skin so that it can be examined in the laboratory. Your...

Scleroderma - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/scleroderma/symptoms-causes/syc-20351952

May 17th, 2019 - Overview Scleroderma (sklair-oh-DUR-muh) is a group of rare diseases that involve the hardening and tightening of the skin and connective tissues. Scleroderma affects women more often than men and most commonly occurs between the ages of 30 and 50. While there is no cure for scleroderma, a variety of treatments can ease symptoms and improve quality of life. There are many different types of scl...

Osteoarthritis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteoarthritis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351930

May 7th, 2019 - Diagnosis During the physical exam, your doctor will check your affected joint for tenderness, swelling, redness and flexibility. Imaging tests To get pictures of the affected joint, your doctor might recommend: X-rays. Cartilage doesn't show up on X-ray images, but cartilage loss is revealed by a narrowing of the space between the bones in your joint. An X-ray can also show bone spurs around a...

Osteoarthritis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteoarthritis/symptoms-causes/syc-20351925

May 7th, 2019 - Overview Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, affecting millions of people worldwide. It occurs when the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of your bones wears down over time. Although osteoarthritis can damage any joint, the disorder most commonly affects joints in your hands, knees, hips and spine. Osteoarthritis symptoms can usually be managed, although the damage to...

Chronic Myofascial Pain (CMP)
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/10437-myofascial-pain-syndrome-chronic-myofascial-pain

Mar 26th, 2019 - What is chronic myofascial pain (CMP)? Chronic myofascial pain (CMP), also called myofascial pain syndrome, is a painful condition that affects the muscles and the sheath of the tissue — called the fascia — that surround the muscles. CMP can involve a single muscle or a group of muscles. Is chronic myofascial pain (CMP) the same thing as fibromyalgia syndrome? No, but CMP may resemble fibromyal...

Psoriasis - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/psoriasis/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20355849

Mar 12th, 2019 - Psoriasis care at Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic's approach to psoriasis care Your Mayo Clinic care team personalizes your psoriasis care to ensure an accurate diagnosis, an effective treatment plan that works for you and the very best service. Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic doctors are very experienced in treating children and adults who have psoriasis. They treat all different types of psori...

Knee pain - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/knee-pain/symptoms-causes/syc-20350849

Mar 6th, 2019 - Overview Knee pain is a common complaint that affects people of all ages. Knee pain may be the result of an injury, such as a ruptured ligament or torn cartilage. Medical conditions — including arthritis, gout and infections — also can cause knee pain. Many types of minor knee pain respond well to self-care measures. Physical therapy and knee braces also can help relieve knee pain. In some case...

Takayasu's arteritis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/takayasus-arteritis/symptoms-causes/syc-20351335

Mar 5th, 2019 - Overview Large arteries Large arteries Takayasu's arteritis is a form of vasculitis — inflammation of the blood vessels — that damages the large arteries, especially the aorta. Chambers and valves of the heart Chambers and valves of the heart A normal heart has two upper and two lower chambers. The upper chambers, the right and left atria, receive incoming blood. The lower chambers, the more mu...

Gout - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gout/symptoms-causes/syc-20372897

Feb 28th, 2019 - Overview Gout is a common and complex form of arthritis that can affect anyone. It's characterized by sudden, severe attacks of pain, swelling, redness and tenderness in the joints, often the joint at the base of the big toe. An attack of gout can occur suddenly, often waking you up in the middle of the night with the sensation that your big toe is on fire. The affected joint is hot, swollen an...

Rheumatoid arthritis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rheumatoid-arthritis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353653

Feb 28th, 2019 - Diagnosis Rheumatoid arthritis can be difficult to diagnose in its early stages because the early signs and symptoms mimic those of many other diseases. There is no one blood test or physical finding to confirm the diagnosis. During the physical exam, your doctor will check your joints for swelling, redness and warmth. He or she may also check your reflexes and muscle strength. Blood tests Peop...

Gout - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gout/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20372903

Feb 28th, 2019 - Diagnosis Tests to help diagnose gout may include: Joint fluid test. Your doctor may use a needle to draw fluid from your affected joint. Urate crystals may be visible when the fluid is examined under a microscope. Blood test. Your doctor may recommend a blood test to measure the levels of uric acid and creatinine in your blood. Blood test results can be misleading, though. Some people have hig...

Rheumatoid arthritis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rheumatoid-arthritis/symptoms-causes/syc-20353648

Feb 28th, 2019 - Overview Rheumatoid arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis can cause pain, swelling and deformity. As the tissue that lines your joints (synovial membrane) becomes inflamed and thickened, fluid builds up and joints erode and degrade. Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder that can affect more than just your joints. In some people, the condition can damage a wide va...

Buerger's disease - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/buergers-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350664

Jan 31st, 2019 - Diagnosis While no tests can confirm whether you have Buerger's disease, your doctor will likely order tests to rule out other more common conditions or confirm suspicion of Buerger's disease brought on by your signs and symptoms. Tests may include: Blood tests Blood tests to look for certain substances can rule out other conditions that may cause similar signs and symptoms. For instance, blood...