Annals of Internal Medicine;
Sep 9th, 2019 - Background: Whether health outcomes of menopausal estrogen therapy differ between women with and without bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO) is unknown. Objective: To examine estrogen therapy outcomes by BSO status, with additional stratification by 10-year age groups. Design: Subgroup analyses of the randomized Women's Health Initiative Estrogen-Alone Trial. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT...
Porter, J. et. al.
Nov 14th, 2018 - Osteoporosis is defined as low bone mineral density caused by altered bone microstructure ultimately predisposing patients to low-impact, fragility fractures. Osteoporotic fractures lead to a significant decrease in quality of life, with an increased morbidity, mortality, and disability. Over 50% of postmenopausal Caucasian women will have an osteoporotic-related fracture. Only 33% of senior...
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Oct 22nd, 2019 - In one of the longest follow-up brain imaging studies in college athletes to date, investigators found specific adverse effects of concussion continue long after patients get medical clearance and return to play. Although activity and communication between brain regions appeared normal in concussed athletes vs uninjured controls, concussion was associated with lower blood flow and changes in wh...
Oct 16th, 2019 - Among athletes with concussion, the effects of the injury on brain physiology may persist when they return to play and 1 year later. MRI measures from 24 athletes with concussion significantly differed from those of controls at various time points and changed over time, according to a study published in Neurology.
Oct 15th, 2019 - (Reuters Health) - While concussion rates remain higher among U.S. high school students playing football than among those playing other sports, a new study also suggests these brain injuries are becoming less common in football practices and repeat concussions are happening less often in all sports. Researchers looked at injuries per athletic exposure (AE) for 20 high school sports during the 2...
Oct 15th, 2019 - The guidelines are well known and quite clear: Teens who experience a concussion should not be allowed to return to contact, collision, or any high-risk activities like vigorous sports until symptoms of the concussion have resolved. Subsymptom activity—activity that does not result in headache, dizziness, or other symptoms—is allowed. In fact, more recent research suggests that quickly returnin...
Oct 15th, 2019 - Recommendations for secondary fracture prevention Although there are gaps in osteoporosis treatment, there is still room to act, which the ASBMR aimed to accomplish in its Secondary Fracture Prevention Initiative, Douglas P. Kiel, MD, MPH, said in his presentation.
Aug 28th, 2019 - (Reuters Health) - Former professional U.S. football players with a history of concussions may be more likely to experience low testosterone and erectile dysfunction later in life, a recent study suggests. Researchers examined survey data collected from 3,409 mostly middle-aged former National Football League (NFL) players from 2015 to 2017. Overall, 18.3% of them had low testosterone and 22.7%...
Aug 27th, 2019 - Self-reported concussion symptoms in former US professional football players are linked to a greater likelihood of low testosterone levels and erectile dysfunction (ED), new research suggests. A large, retrospective study showed that approximately 1 in 5 former National Football League (NFL) players who experienced concussive symptoms reported low testosterone levels, or 18% of 3409 individuals...
Aug 27th, 2019 - In trauma patients with normal mental status, two blood biomarkers incrementally increase across three injury types, according to a study of more than 700 adult and pediatric patients. Levels of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCH-L1) are lowest in patients with nonconcussive body trauma, higher in patients with nonconcussive head trauma, and highes.
Aug 6th, 2019 - In patients with chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), dementia likely results from neuropathologic changes associated with repetitive head impact (e. g.
Jul 25th, 2019 - As National Football League (NFL) training camps begin in earnest this week, the conversation will undoubtedly turn to the long-term health of players and the debilitating brain disorder, chronic traumatic encephalopathy. Now, research suggests these elite athletes also may be at increased risk for atrial fibrillation (AF) and conduction abnormalities decades after leaving the sport. Former NFL...
Dimitry Belogorodsky, DO, Susan Fidler, MD et. al.
Jul 25th, 2019 - An estimated 1-1. 8 million sport-related concussions (SRC) occur per year in patients younger than 18 years of age.
Jul 21st, 2019 - NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - For osteoporosis patients on bisphosphonates for more than a year, switching to teriparatide rather than denosumab should be done with caution, especially for those at high risk of hip fracture, although denosumab has risks of its own, researchers say. "Currently, we have a dilemma in the management of osteoporosis for this very vulnerable population who do not achie...
Jul 10th, 2019 - Levels of serum inflammatory markers may be useful in identifying which athletes are more likely to require a longer recovery time after a sport-related concussion (SRC), new research shows. Results of a prospective study examining inflammatory markers in high school and college football players shows two serum biomarkers, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA), wer...
Jul 4th, 2019 - (Reuters Health) - In season-long tests, soccer headgear didn’t reduce the overall number or severity of concussions experienced by high school players, U.S. researchers say. Some of the five headgear models used in the trial, however, may have been better at reducing impact forces that lead to concussions, particularly among female players, the study authors report in the British Journal of Sp...
Jul 3rd, 2019 - Serum biomarkers of inflammation may help identify which athletes will take longer to recover after a sport-related concussion, research suggests. Levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA) are significantly elevated 6 hours after concussion, and higher IL-6 levels are associated with slower recovery, according to a study of 41 high school and college football players.
Jul 2nd, 2019 - Nearly 6% the general population may have chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), new research suggests. Results from the largest and broadest study of CTE to date show that although the highest rates of the disease are in athletes, a significant number of nonathletes have the neurodegenerative disorder. "While frequency of this disorder is not as high in amateur athletes compared to profession...
Jun 17th, 2019 - Frail, very elderly women with osteoporosis may benefit the most from osteoporosis drugs, according to a study published online yesterday in JAMA Internal Medicine. Women older than 80 years with osteoporosis and multiple medical problems or poor prognosis had more than triple the risk for hip fracture in the next 5 years, compared with women in the same age group who had increased fracture ris...