Battisti, A. et. al.
Mar 11th, 2019 - Barotrauma is physical tissue damage caused by a pressure difference between an unvented space inside the body and surrounding gas or fluid. The damage is due to shear or overstretching of tissues. As a gas-filled space expands or contracts, it can cause damage to the local tissue. Occasionally, tears in tissue can allow gas to enter the body through the initial trauma site. This causes potenti...
Kim, K. et. al.
Mar 1st, 2019 - Nitroglycerin is a vasodilatory drug that is used primarily to provide relief from anginal chest pain. Nitroglycerin has been FDA approved since 2000 and was first sold by Pfizer under the brand name Nitrostat. It is currently FDA approved for the acute relief of an attack or acute prophylaxis of angina pectoris secondary to coronary artery disease. Off-label, non-FDA approved uses include trea...
Sep 30th, 2018 - Girls and women with Turner syndrome face a lifelong struggle with both congenital heart disease and acquired cardiovascular conditions. Bicuspid aortic valve is common, and many have left-sided heart obstructive disease of varying severity, from hypoplastic left-sided heart syndrome to minimal aortic stenosis or coarctation of the aorta.
Apr 30th, 2017 - Chylothorax is an uncommon but serious medical condition, which arises when intestinal lymphatic fluid leaks into the pleural space. Treatment strategies depend on the daily output and underlying etiology, which may be due to direct injury to lymphatic vessels or a nontraumatic disorder.
Dec 31st, 2010 - Acute chest pain is a frequent presenting complaint in emergency departments. Along with other important disease entities such as aortic dissection and pulmonary embolus, such patient symptoms may question the possibility of acute myocardial ischemia. Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) include ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-STEMI (NSTEMI), and unstable angina (UA) . B...
Lancet (London, England); Tegn N, Abdelnoor M et. al.
Jan 22nd, 2016 - Non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and unstable angina pectoris are frequent causes of hospital admission in the elderly. However, clinical trials targeting this population are scarce, and these patients are less likely to receive treatment according to guidelines. We aimed to investigate whether this population would benefit from an early invasive strategy versus a conservative st...
AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology; Takeshita J, Masago K et. al.
Dec 29th, 2014 - CT-guided lung biopsy is a well-established diagnostic method for pulmonary lesions. The aim of our study was to evaluate the diagnostic outcomes and safety profile of conventional CT-guided lung biopsies. We retrospectively analyzed the results of CT-guided lung biopsies for 750 patients to determine the diagnostic accuracy, complication rates, and independent risk factors for diagnostic failu...
Intensive Care Medicine; Leblanc D, Bouvet C et. al.
Jul 15th, 2014 - Extent of lung contusion on initial computed tomography (CT) scan predicts the occurrence of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in blunt chest trauma patients. We hypothesized that lung ultrasonography (LUS) on admission could also predict subsequent ARDS. Forty-five blunt trauma patients were prospectively studied. Clinical examination, chest radiography, and LUS were performed on arri...
Annals of Emergency Medicine; Voisin F, Sohier L et. al.
Jan 20th, 2014 - There is no consensus about the management of large spontaneous pneumothoraces. Guidelines recommend either needle aspiration or chest tube drainage and most patients are hospitalized. We assess the efficiency of ambulatory management of large spontaneous pneumothoraces with pigtail catheters. From February 2007 to January 2011, all primary and secondary large spontaneous pneumothoraces from Lo...
Journal of the American College of Cardiology;
Dec 11th, 2006 - The importance of resting heart rate (HR) as a prognostic factor and potential therapeutic target is not yet generally accepted. Recent large epidemiologic studies have confirmed earlier studies that showed resting HR to be an independent predictor of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in men and women with and without diagnosed cardiovascular disease. Clinical trial data suggest that HR re...
Clinical Medical Research; Roguin, A.
Aug 30th, 2006 - Rene Theophile Hyacinthe Laënnec (1781–1826) was a French physician who, in 1816, invented the stethoscope. Using this new instrument, he investigated the sounds made by the heart and lungs and determined that his diagnoses were supported by the observations made during autopsies. Laënnec later published the first seminal work on the use of listening to body sounds, De L’auscultation Mediate (O...
Academic Emergency Medicine : Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine; Nazerian P, Pivetta E et. al.
Jun 20th, 2019 - Guidelines recommend chest radiography (CR) in the workup of suspected acute aortic syndromes (AASs) if the pretest clinical probability is low. However, the diagnostic impact of CR integration for the rule-in and rule-out of AASs is unknown. We performed a secondary analysis of the ADvISED multicenter study. Emergency department outpatients were eligible if an AAS was clinically suspected. Cli...
CORGARD (nadolol) is available for oral administration as 20 mg, 40 mg, and 80 mg tablets.
KAPSPARGO Sprinkle is a beta1-selective adrenoceptor blocking agent indicated for the treatment of: Hypertension, to lower blood pressure. Lowering blood pressure reduces the risk of fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular events, primarily strokes and myocardial infarctions.
Official HCP website for Ranexa® (ranolazine). Learn about dosing, safety and side effects, benefits, and risks.
When discontinuing chronically administered TOPROL-XL, particularly in patients with ischemic heart disease, the dosage should be gradually reduced over a ...
Prehospital Emergency Care : Official Journal of the National Association of EMS Physicians and the National Association of State EMS Directors; Mandt MJ, Hayes K et. al.
Jan 9th, 2019 - Objective: Needle thoracostomy is a life-saving procedure. Advanced Trauma Life Support guidelines recommend insertion of a 5 cm, 14-gauge needle for pneumothorax decompression. High-risk complications can arise if utilizing an inappropriate needle size. No study exist evaluating appropriate needle length in pediatric patients. Utilizing computed tomography (CT), we determined the needle length...
Annals of Emergency Medicine; Rodriguez RM, Canseco K et. al.
Oct 5th, 2018 - Although traditional teachings in regard to pneumothorax and hemothorax generally recommend chest tube placement and hospital admission, the increasing use of chest computed tomography (CT) in blunt trauma evaluation may detect more minor pneumothorax and hemothorax that might indicate a need to modify these traditional practices. We determine the incidence of pneumothorax and hemothorax observ...
Annals of Nuclear Medicine; Lee SH, Sung C et. al.
Jul 5th, 2018 - Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is associated with an increased incidence of lung cancer, but patients with IPF often have poor pulmonary function and are vulnerable to pneumothorax and so using an invasive procedure to diagnose a single nodule detected on chest CT risks a critical adverse outcome. 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) is...
Circulation van Hagen IM, Thorne SA et. al.
Feb 20th, 2018 - Cardiac disease is 1 of the major causes of maternal mortality. We studied pregnancy outcomes in women with rheumatic mitral valve disease. The Registry of Pregnancy and Cardiac Disease is an international prospective registry, and consecutive pregnant women with cardiac disease were included. Pregnancy outcomes in all women with rheumatic mitral valve disease and no prepregnancy valve replacem...