Battisti, A. et. al.
Mar 11th, 2019 - Barotrauma is physical tissue damage caused by a pressure difference between an unvented space inside the body and surrounding gas or fluid. The damage is due to shear or overstretching of tissues. As a gas-filled space expands or contracts, it can cause damage to the local tissue. Occasionally, tears in tissue can allow gas to enter the body through the initial trauma site. This causes potenti...
Kim, K. et. al.
Mar 1st, 2019 - Nitroglycerin is a vasodilatory drug that is used primarily to provide relief from anginal chest pain. Nitroglycerin has been FDA approved since 2000 and was first sold by Pfizer under the brand name Nitrostat. It is currently FDA approved for the acute relief of an attack or acute prophylaxis of angina pectoris secondary to coronary artery disease. Off-label, non-FDA approved uses include trea...
Sep 30th, 2018 - Girls and women with Turner syndrome face a lifelong struggle with both congenital heart disease and acquired cardiovascular conditions. Bicuspid aortic valve is common, and many have left-sided heart obstructive disease of varying severity, from hypoplastic left-sided heart syndrome to minimal aortic stenosis or coarctation of the aorta.
Apr 30th, 2017 - Chylothorax is an uncommon but serious medical condition, which arises when intestinal lymphatic fluid leaks into the pleural space. Treatment strategies depend on the daily output and underlying etiology, which may be due to direct injury to lymphatic vessels or a nontraumatic disorder.
Dec 31st, 2010 - Acute chest pain is a frequent presenting complaint in emergency departments. Along with other important disease entities such as aortic dissection and pulmonary embolus, such patient symptoms may question the possibility of acute myocardial ischemia. Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) include ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-STEMI (NSTEMI), and unstable angina (UA) . B...
Journal of the American College of Cardiology;
Dec 11th, 2006 - The importance of resting heart rate (HR) as a prognostic factor and potential therapeutic target is not yet generally accepted. Recent large epidemiologic studies have confirmed earlier studies that showed resting HR to be an independent predictor of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in men and women with and without diagnosed cardiovascular disease. Clinical trial data suggest that HR re...
Clinical Medical Research; Roguin, A.
Aug 30th, 2006 - Rene Theophile Hyacinthe Laënnec (1781–1826) was a French physician who, in 1816, invented the stethoscope. Using this new instrument, he investigated the sounds made by the heart and lungs and determined that his diagnoses were supported by the observations made during autopsies. Laënnec later published the first seminal work on the use of listening to body sounds, De L’auscultation Mediate (O...
Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR; , Majdalany BS et. al.
May 5th, 2017 - Chylothorax is an uncommon but serious medical condition, which arises when intestinal lymphatic fluid leaks into the pleural space. Treatment strategies depend on the daily output and underlying etiology, which may be due to direct injury to lymphatic vessels or a nontraumatic disorder. Chest radiographs confirm the presence of pleural fluid and lateralize the process. In the setting of direct...
Journal of the American College of Cardiology; Hiratzka LF, Creager MA et. al.
Dec 14th, 2015 - Two guidelines from the American College of Cardiology (ACC), the American Heart Association (AHA), and collaborating societies address the risk of aortic dissection in patients with bicuspid aortic valves and severe aortic enlargement: the "2010 ACCF/AHA/AATS/ACR/ASA/SCA/SCAI/SIR/STS/SVM Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Patients With Thoracic Aortic Disease" (J Am Coll Cardiol 20...
Journal of Thoracic Imaging; , Henry TS et. al.
Oct 23rd, 2014 - Rib fracture is the most common thoracic injury, present in 10% of all traumatic injuries and almost 40% of patients who sustain severe nonpenetrating trauma. Although rib fractures can produce significant morbidity, the diagnosis of associated complications (such as pneumothorax, hemothorax, pulmonary contusion, atelectasis, flail chest, cardiovascular injury, and injuries to solid and hollow ...
Emergency Radiology; Demehri S, Rybicki FJ et. al.
Mar 19th, 2012 - The purpose of these guidelines is to recommend appropriate imaging for patients with blunt chest trauma. These patients are most often imaged in the emergency room, and thus emergency radiologists play a substantial role in prompt, accurate diagnoses that, in turn, can lead to life-saving interventions. The ACR Appropriateness Criteria® are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical condi...
Thorax MacDuff A, Arnold A et. al.
Aug 27th, 2010 - Management of spontaneous pneumothorax: British Thoracic Society Pleural Disease Guideline 2010.|2010|MacDuff A,Arnold A,Harvey J, ,|complications,methods,complications,complications,methods,diagnostic imaging,etiology,therapy,therapy,methods,methods,methods,
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine; Flume PA, Mogayzel PJ et. al.
Aug 2nd, 2010 - Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a recessive genetic disease characterized by dehydration of the airway surface liquid and impaired mucociliary clearance. As a result, individuals with the disease have difficulty clearing pathogens from the lung and experience chronic pulmonary infections and inflammation. There may be intermittent pulmonary exacerbations or acute worsening of infection and obstruction,...
Annals of Oncology : Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology; Oberg K, Jelic S et. al.
May 8th, 2008 - Neuroendocrine bronchial and thymic tumors: ESMO clinical recommendation for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up.|2008|Oberg K,Jelic S, ,|diagnosis,epidemiology,pathology,therapy,diagnosis,epidemiology,pathology,therapy,diagnosis,epidemiology,pathology,therapy,
Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases; Schnell J, Beer M et. al.
Jul 24th, 2018 - In Germany, 10,000 cases of spontaneous pneumothorax are treated inpatient every year. The German Society for Thoracic Surgery, in co-operation with the German Society for Pulmonology, the German Radiological Society, and the German Society of Internal Medicine has developed an S3 guideline on spontaneous pneumothorax and post-interventional pneumothorax moderated by the German Association of S...
Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR; , Bennett SJ et. al.
May 4th, 2018 - Although the incidence of thoracic aortic aneurysm is on the rise, initial imaging diagnosis can present a challenge for many clinicians. Providers are faced with many imaging choices as part of the initial workup. Considering level of invasiveness, relative radiation level, and quality of associated diagnostic data, CT angiography and MR angiography are believed to be the most appropriate opti...
Journal of Intensive Care Medicine; Senussi MH, Kantamneni PC et. al.
Mar 31st, 2017 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines for the prevention of catheter-related bloodstream infections suggest using "a subclavian site, rather than an internal jugular or a femoral site, in adult patients." This recommendation is based on evidence of lower rates of thrombosis and catheter-related bloodstream infections in patients with subclavian central venous catheters (CVCs...
The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery; , Hiratzka LF et. al.
Mar 20th, 2016 - Two guidelines from the American College of Cardiology (ACC), the American Heart Association (AHA), and collaborating societies address the risk of aortic dissection in patients with bicuspid aortic valves and severe aortic enlargement: The "2010 ACCF/AHA/AATS/ACR/ASA/SCA/SCAI/SIR/STS/SVM Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Patients With Thoracic Aortic Disease" (J Am Coll Cardiol. 2...
The Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon; ,
Jan 5th, 2016 - This document defines fundamental structures of congenital cardiac surgery departments in Germany. It has been developed by the executive boards of the German Society for Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (GSTCVS) and the German Society of Pediatric Cardiology (GSPC) in collaboration with the working group for Congenital and Pediatric Heart Surgery of the GSTCVS.This updated consensus paper i...
The Canadian Journal of Cardiology; Bradley TJ, Alvarez NA et. al.
Jan 2nd, 2016 - Physicians and surgeons faced with patients with thoracic aortic disease (TAD) need to determine the underlying diagnosis to facilitate decisions regarding appropriate investigations as well as which other specialists to involve, when to start medical therapy, when to refer for surgery, and how to plan follow-up and family screening. Increased understanding of conditions predisposing to thoraci...