About 880 results
Predicting the Risk of Postoperative Pulmonary Complications
American Family Physician;

Oct 14th, 2019 - The incidence of pulmonary complications following major surgery is estimated to be 1% to 23%, with the risk varying based on patient factors and the type of surgery.1 Postoperative pulmonary complications include pneumonia, tracheobronchitis, pulmonary edema, pulmonary embolism, atelectasis, pleural effusion, pneumothorax, bronchospasm, aspiration, respiratory failure, and acute respiratory di...

GE Healthcare Receives FDA Clearance of First Artificial Intelligence Algorithms Embedded On-Device to Prioritize Critical Chest X-ray Review

Sep 11th, 2019 - GE Healthcare today announced the Food and Drug Administration’s 510(k) clearance of Critical Care Suite, an industry-first collection of artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms embedded on a mobile X-ray device. Built in collaboration with UC San Francisco (UCSF), using GE Healthcare’s Edison platform, the AI algorithms help to reduce the turn-around time it can take for radiologists to review...

Taking the Air Out of Oxygen Supplementation in Individuals With Diabetes and Acute Coronary Syndromes
Diabetes Care;

Aug 31st, 2019 - Oxygen supplementation has been a cornerstone in the initial treatment of individuals with acute coronary syndrome. While consensus for oxygen supplementation exists for patients with hypoxia, oxygen supplementation has also been routinely used in those presenting with acute myocardial infarction (MI) with normal oxygen saturations based on the rationale that oxygen therapy could improve oxygen...

Barotrauma - StatPearls
Battisti, A. et. al.

Mar 11th, 2019 - Barotrauma is physical tissue damage caused by a pressure difference between an unvented space inside the body and surrounding gas or fluid. The damage is due to shear or overstretching of tissues. As a gas-filled space expands or contracts, it can cause damage to the local tissue. Occasionally, tears in tissue can allow gas to enter the body through the initial trauma site. This causes potenti...

Nitroglycerin - StatPearls
Kim, K. et. al.

Mar 1st, 2019 - Nitroglycerin is a vasodilatory drug that is used primarily to provide relief from anginal chest pain. Nitroglycerin has been FDA approved since 2000 and was first sold by Pfizer under the brand name Nitrostat. It is currently FDA approved for the acute relief of an attack or acute prophylaxis of angina pectoris secondary to coronary artery disease. Off-label, non-FDA approved uses include trea...

ACR Appropriateness Criteria® : Chest Pain Suggestive of Acute Coronary Syndrome

Dec 31st, 2010 - Acute chest pain is a frequent presenting complaint in emergency departments. Along with other important disease entities such as aortic dissection and pulmonary embolus, such patient symptoms may question the possibility of acute myocardial ischemia. Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) include ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-STEMI (NSTEMI), and unstable angina (UA) [1]. B...

Resting Heart Rate in Cardiovascular Disease
Journal of the American College of Cardiology;

Dec 11th, 2006 - The importance of resting heart rate (HR) as a prognostic factor and potential therapeutic target is not yet generally accepted. Recent large epidemiologic studies have confirmed earlier studies that showed resting HR to be an independent predictor of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in men and women with and without diagnosed cardiovascular disease. Clinical trial data suggest that HR re...

Rene Theophile Hyacinthe Laennec (1781–1826): The Man Behind the Stethoscope
Clinical Medical Research; Roguin, A.

Aug 30th, 2006 - Rene Theophile Hyacinthe Laënnec (1781–1826) was a French physician who, in 1816, invented the stethoscope. Using this new instrument, he investigated the sounds made by the heart and lungs and determined that his diagnoses were supported by the observations made during autopsies. Laënnec later published the first seminal work on the use of listening to body sounds, De L’auscultation Mediate (O...

KAPSPARGO SPRINKLE (metoprolol succinate)

Kapspargo Sprinkle™ extended-release capsules are for the treatment of hypertension, angina pectoris, and heart failure. Learn more here.

Winners: Abstract Awards


Study questions preemptive TEVAR for extended type A dissections
Richard Mark Kirkner, MDedge News

Oct 7th, 2019 - CHICAGO – The need for additional intervention after repair of the ascending aorta in extended type A aortic dissection has been thought to follow the practice for type B dissection and favor preemptive thoracic endovascular aortic repair. However, preemptive TEVAR may, at least in the midterm, provide no benefit in patients with extended type A dissections, according to results reported at the.

FDA Clears GE Healthcare's AI Triage Algorithm on X-Ray Device

Sep 11th, 2019 - The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has cleared an artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm from GE Healthcare that analyzes chest x-rays for pneumothorax and helps flag suspected cases for radiologists to prioritize reading, the company announced today. The algorithm, part of a set of other quality-assurance algorithms named the Critical Care Suite, was developed to run on a GE Healthcare ...

Is Diagnosis Up in the Air?
Nandan R. Hichkad, PA-C, MMSc

Aug 19th, 2019 - ANSWER The radiograph shows 3 abnormalities: (1) The endotracheal tube is in the right mainstem bronchus—a finding that in part leads to (2) A whiteout of the left lung; the latter is due partly to collapse and atelectasis and partly to a possible pneumothorax. (3) There is evidence of free air under the left hemidiaphragm, which is concerning for an intra-abdominal injury, such as a perforated.

When Coronary CTA Is Most Appropriate for Suspected Heart Disease

Jun 21st, 2019 - NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - New research helps zero in on which patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) will derive the most benefit from coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA). "Our results indicate that the accuracy of coronary CTA is highest for clinical decision making if probability of coronary disease is between 7% and 67%," lead authors Dr. Robert Haase and Dr Marc ...

Prophylactic rudeness, surgical barbecue, and MRI-ectomy

Jun 19th, 2019 - A bad case of heartburn BreakingTheWalls/iStock/Getty Images Plus You would think that your day couldn’t get much worse than having to undergo emergency surgery. That’s a pretty rough time, no matter what.

Cognitive Decline May Accelerate After Ischemic Events

Jun 18th, 2019 - After a diagnosis of myocardial infarction (MI) or angina pectoris, individuals enrolled in the English Longitudinal Study of Aging (ELSA) showed more accelerated cognitive decline than those who remained free of coronary heart disease (CHD). The findings, published in the June 25 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, also showed that the cognitive deterioration occurred n...

Israel's Zebra Medical gets FDA ok for brain bleeds product

Jun 17th, 2019 - TEL AVIV (Reuters) - Zebra Medical Vision, an Israel medical imaging analytics company, said on Monday it received its third clearance from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for its alert for intracranial hemorrhage, based on head CT scans. The latest cleared product uses artificial intelligence to automatically identify suspected internal brain bleeds based on head CTs. This can significan...

Structured Approach to Venous Access Associated with Zero Risk of Pneumothorax During Cardiac Device Implant Procedures
Benjamin Carmel, Indiresha R. Iyer, MD

Jun 4th, 2019 - Iatrogenic pneumothorax, an acute serious complication, is reported to occur in 0. 1% to 2% of permanent trans-venous cardiac device implant procedures.

Is chest radiography routinely needed after thoracentesis?

Jun 3rd, 2019 - WHAT MECHANISMS UNDERLIE POSTPROCEDURAL PNEUMOTHORAX? Major causes of pneumothorax in patients undergoing thoracentesis are direct puncture during needle or catheter insertion, the introduction of air through the needle or catheter into the pleural cavity, and the inability of the ipsilateral lung to fully expand after drainage of a large volume of fluid, known as pneumothorax ex vacuo. 5 Pneumo.

Excision of abdominal wall endometriosis
Chetna Arora, MD, Patricia J. Mattingly, MD et. al.

May 28th, 2019 - Endometriosis, defined by the ectopic growth of functioning endometrial glands and stroma,1,2 usually affects the peritoneal cavity. However, endometriosis has been identified in the pneumothorax, brain, and within the extraperitoneum, such as the abdominal wall.