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About 22,930 results
Predicting the Risk of Postoperative Pulmonary Complications
https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1015/p499.html
American Family Physician;

Oct 14th, 2019 - The incidence of pulmonary complications following major surgery is estimated to be 1% to 23%, with the risk varying based on patient factors and the type of surgery.1 Postoperative pulmonary complications include pneumonia, tracheobronchitis, pulmonary edema, pulmonary embolism, atelectasis, pleural effusion, pneumothorax, bronchospasm, aspiration, respiratory failure, and acute respiratory di...

GE Healthcare Receives FDA Clearance of First Artificial Intelligence Algorithms Embedded On-Device to Prioritize Critical Chest X-ray Review
https://www.genewsroom.com/press-releases/ge-healthcare-receives-fda-clearance-first-artificial-intelligence-algorithms

Sep 11th, 2019 - GE Healthcare today announced the Food and Drug Administration’s 510(k) clearance of Critical Care Suite, an industry-first collection of artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms embedded on a mobile X-ray device. Built in collaboration with UC San Francisco (UCSF), using GE Healthcare’s Edison platform, the AI algorithms help to reduce the turn-around time it can take for radiologists to review...

Taking the Air Out of Oxygen Supplementation in Individuals With Diabetes and Acute Coronary Syndromes
https://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/42/11/2019
Diabetes Care;

Aug 31st, 2019 - Oxygen supplementation has been a cornerstone in the initial treatment of individuals with acute coronary syndrome. While consensus for oxygen supplementation exists for patients with hypoxia, oxygen supplementation has also been routinely used in those presenting with acute myocardial infarction (MI) with normal oxygen saturations based on the rationale that oxygen therapy could improve oxygen...

Barotrauma - StatPearls
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK482348/
Battisti, A. et. al.

Mar 11th, 2019 - Barotrauma is physical tissue damage caused by a pressure difference between an unvented space inside the body and surrounding gas or fluid. The damage is due to shear or overstretching of tissues. As a gas-filled space expands or contracts, it can cause damage to the local tissue. Occasionally, tears in tissue can allow gas to enter the body through the initial trauma site. This causes potenti...

Nitroglycerin - StatPearls
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK482382/
Kim, K. et. al.

Mar 1st, 2019 - Nitroglycerin is a vasodilatory drug that is used primarily to provide relief from anginal chest pain. Nitroglycerin has been FDA approved since 2000 and was first sold by Pfizer under the brand name Nitrostat. It is currently FDA approved for the acute relief of an attack or acute prophylaxis of angina pectoris secondary to coronary artery disease. Off-label, non-FDA approved uses include trea...

ACR Appropriateness Criteria® : Chest Pain Suggestive of Acute Coronary Syndrome
https://acsearch.acr.org/docs/69403/Narrative/

Dec 31st, 2010 - Acute chest pain is a frequent presenting complaint in emergency departments. Along with other important disease entities such as aortic dissection and pulmonary embolus, such patient symptoms may question the possibility of acute myocardial ischemia. Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) include ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-STEMI (NSTEMI), and unstable angina (UA) [1]. B...

Invasive versus conservative strategy in patients aged 80 years or older with non-ST-el...
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(15)01166-6
Lancet (London, England); Tegn N, Abdelnoor M et. al.

Jan 22nd, 2016 - Non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and unstable angina pectoris are frequent causes of hospital admission in the elderly. However, clinical trials targeting this population are scarce, and these patients are less likely to receive treatment according to guidelines. We aimed to investigate whether this population would benefit from an early invasive strategy versus a conservative st...

CT-guided fine-needle aspiration and core needle biopsies of pulmonary lesions: a singl...
https://doi.org/10.2214/AJR.14.13151
AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology; Takeshita J, Masago K et. al.

Dec 29th, 2014 - CT-guided lung biopsy is a well-established diagnostic method for pulmonary lesions. The aim of our study was to evaluate the diagnostic outcomes and safety profile of conventional CT-guided lung biopsies. We retrospectively analyzed the results of CT-guided lung biopsies for 750 patients to determine the diagnostic accuracy, complication rates, and independent risk factors for diagnostic failu...

Early lung ultrasonography predicts the occurrence of acute respiratory distress syndro...
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00134-014-3382-9
Intensive Care Medicine; Leblanc D, Bouvet C et. al.

Jul 15th, 2014 - Extent of lung contusion on initial computed tomography (CT) scan predicts the occurrence of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in blunt chest trauma patients. We hypothesized that lung ultrasonography (LUS) on admission could also predict subsequent ARDS. Forty-five blunt trauma patients were prospectively studied. Clinical examination, chest radiography, and LUS were performed on arri...

Ambulatory management of large spontaneous pneumothorax with pigtail catheters.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2013.12.017
Annals of Emergency Medicine; Voisin F, Sohier L et. al.

Jan 20th, 2014 - There is no consensus about the management of large spontaneous pneumothoraces. Guidelines recommend either needle aspiration or chest tube drainage and most patients are hospitalized. We assess the efficiency of ambulatory management of large spontaneous pneumothoraces with pigtail catheters. From February 2007 to January 2011, all primary and secondary large spontaneous pneumothoraces from Lo...

Resting Heart Rate in Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0735109707018232
Journal of the American College of Cardiology;

Dec 11th, 2006 - The importance of resting heart rate (HR) as a prognostic factor and potential therapeutic target is not yet generally accepted. Recent large epidemiologic studies have confirmed earlier studies that showed resting HR to be an independent predictor of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in men and women with and without diagnosed cardiovascular disease. Clinical trial data suggest that HR re...

Rene Theophile Hyacinthe Laennec (1781–1826): The Man Behind the Stethoscope
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1570491/
Clinical Medical Research; Roguin, A.

Aug 30th, 2006 - Rene Theophile Hyacinthe Laënnec (1781–1826) was a French physician who, in 1816, invented the stethoscope. Using this new instrument, he investigated the sounds made by the heart and lungs and determined that his diagnoses were supported by the observations made during autopsies. Laënnec later published the first seminal work on the use of listening to body sounds, De L’auscultation Mediate (O...

Integrated Use of Conventional Chest Radiography Cannot Rule Out Acute Aortic Syndromes...
https://doi.org/10.1111/acem.13819
Academic Emergency Medicine : Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine; Nazerian P, Pivetta E et. al.

Jun 20th, 2019 - Guidelines recommend chest radiography (CR) in the workup of suspected acute aortic syndromes (AASs) if the pretest clinical probability is low. However, the diagnostic impact of CR integration for the rule-in and rule-out of AASs is unknown. We performed a secondary analysis of the ADvISED multicenter study. Emergency department outpatients were eligible if an AAS was clinically suspected. Cli...

Appropriate Needle Length for Emergent Pediatric Needle Thoracostomy Utilizing Computed...
https://doi.org/10.1080/10903127.2019.1566422
Prehospital Emergency Care : Official Journal of the National Association of EMS Physicians and the National Association of State EMS Directors; Mandt MJ, Hayes K et. al.

Jan 9th, 2019 - Objective: Needle thoracostomy is a life-saving procedure. Advanced Trauma Life Support guidelines recommend insertion of a 5 cm, 14-gauge needle for pneumothorax decompression. High-risk complications can arise if utilizing an inappropriate needle size. No study exist evaluating appropriate needle length in pediatric patients. Utilizing computed tomography (CT), we determined the needle length...

Pneumothorax and Hemothorax in the Era of Frequent Chest Computed Tomography for the Ev...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2018.08.423
Annals of Emergency Medicine; Rodriguez RM, Canseco K et. al.

Oct 5th, 2018 - Although traditional teachings in regard to pneumothorax and hemothorax generally recommend chest tube placement and hospital admission, the increasing use of chest computed tomography (CT) in blunt trauma evaluation may detect more minor pneumothorax and hemothorax that might indicate a need to modify these traditional practices. We determine the incidence of pneumothorax and hemothorax observ...

Is 18F-FDG PET/CT useful for the differential diagnosis of solitary pulmonary nodules i...
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12149-018-1273-9
Annals of Nuclear Medicine; Lee SH, Sung C et. al.

Jul 5th, 2018 - Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is associated with an increased incidence of lung cancer, but patients with IPF often have poor pulmonary function and are vulnerable to pneumothorax and so using an invasive procedure to diagnose a single nodule detected on chest CT risks a critical adverse outcome. 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) is...

Early and midterm outcomes of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for acute and...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5515739
Medicine Zhang MH, Du X et. al.

Jul 12th, 2017 - Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) in the current era has been chosen as a dominant and minimally invasive treatment for complicated aorta dissection. This study aimed to assess safety and feasibility of TEVAR in acute and chronic type B aortic dissection.Between January 2011 and December 2013, 85 patients with complicated type B aortic dissection undergoing TEVAR were divided into acu...

Percutaneous coronary angioplasty versus coronary artery bypass grafting in treatment o...
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(16)32052-9
Lancet (London, England); Mäkikallio T, Holm NR et. al.

Nov 4th, 2016 - Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the standard treatment for revascularisation in patients with left main coronary artery disease, but use of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for this indication is increasing. We aimed to compare PCI and CABG for treatment of left main coronary artery disease. In this prospective, randomised, open-label, non-inferiority trial, patients with left...

Effect of Statin Therapy on Mortality in Older Adults Hospitalized with Coronary Artery...
https://doi.org/10.1111/jgs.14207
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society; Rothschild DP, Novak E et. al.

Jun 13th, 2016 - To examine the effect of statins on long-term mortality in older adults hospitalized with coronary artery disease (CAD). Retrospective analysis. University teaching hospital. Individuals aged 80 and older (mean aged 85.2, 56% female) hospitalized from January 2006 to December 2010 with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), unstable angina pectoris, or chronic CAD and discharged alive (N = 1,262). ...

The bubble study: ultrasound confirmation of central venous catheter placement.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2014.10.010
The American Journal of Emergency Medicine; Duran-Gehring PE, Guirgis FW et. al.

Dec 31st, 2014 - The objective was to determine if ultrasound (US) can more rapidly confirm central venous catheter (CVC) position in comparison to chest radiography (CXR) in the emergency department. The study included a convenience sample of emergency department patients with supradiaphragmatic CVCs and a CXR for confirmation. Ultrasound was used for CVC confirmation by visualizing microbubble artifact in the...