JAMA , Curry SJ et. al.
Oct 25th, 2018 - Intimate partner violence (IPV) and abuse of older or vulnerable adults are common in the United States but often remain undetected. In addition to the immediate effects of IPV, such as injury and death, there are other health consequences, many with long-term effects, including development of mental health conditions such as depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety disorders, substan...
Mar 31st, 2019 - Sexual violence continues to be a major public health problem affecting millions of adults and children in the United States. Medical consequences of sexual assault include sexually transmitted infections; mental health conditions, including posttraumatic stress disorder; and risk of unintended pregnancy in reproductive-aged survivors of sexual assault. Obstetrician–gynecologists and other wom...
Mar 31st, 2019 - Sexual Assault Awareness Month is a campaign to raise public awareness about sexual violence and educate communities on how to prevent it. The campaign theme, I Ask, champions the message that asking for consent is a healthy, normal, and necessary part of everyday interactions.
Petty, J.,et al
Feb 14th, 2019 - Firearm injuries are the second most common cause of death in children who come to a trauma center, and pediatric surgeons provide crucial care for these patients. The American Pediatric Surgical Association (APSA) is committed to comprehensive pediatric trauma readiness, including firearm injury prevention.
Ordonez, M. et. al.
Feb 5th, 2019 - Ureteroscopy combined with laser stone fragmentation and basketing is a common approach for managing renal and ureteral stones. This procedure is associated with some degree of ureteral trauma. Ureteral trauma may lead to swelling, ureteral obstruction, and flank pain and may require subsequent interventions such as hospital admission or secondary ureteral stent placement. To prevent such issue...
Stein, M. et. al.
Jan 29th, 2019 - Question Who is at greatest risk for developing mental health problems such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or major depression after sustaining a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI)? Findings In this cohort study of 1155 patients with mTBI and 230 patients with orthopedic injuries not involving the head, patients with mTBI were more likely to report PTSD and/or major depressive sympto...
Dec 30th, 2018 - Have you ever injured yourself while trimming your pubic hair? You’re not alone. A study found that 1 in 4 people have injured themselves while grooming their privates. In this study, the most common injuries were deep cuts, burns, and rashes.
The AAOMS Committee on; Healthcare and Advocacy
Oct 31st, 2018 - The American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (AAOMS) recognizes the need to establish a specific method of evaluating permanent impairments of the maxillofacial region. The AAOMS Committee on Healthcare and Advocacy has established a methodology of measuring and assigning values for permanent impairment of this area.
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews; Lewis, S. et. al.
Aug 2nd, 2018 - Critically ill people may lose fluid because of serious conditions, infections (e.g. sepsis), trauma, or burns, and need additional fluids urgently to prevent dehydration or kidney failure. Colloid or crystalloid solutions may be used for this purpose. Crystalloids have small molecules, are cheap, easy to use, and provide immediate fluid resuscitation, but may increase oedema. Colloids have lar...
Jun 14th, 2018 - Nightmare disorder affects approximately 4% of adults, occurring in isolation or as part of other disorders such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and can significantly impair quality of life. This paper provides the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) position regarding various treatments of nightmare disorder in adults.
Mar 31st, 2018 - Lightning injuries include cardiac arrest, loss of consciousness, and temporary or permanent neurologic deficits; serious burns and internal tissue injury are rare. Diagnosis is clinical; evaluation requires ECG and cardiac monitoring. Treatment is supportive.
Alcohol Research; White, A. et. al.
Jan 1st, 2018 - he National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism defines binge drinking as a pattern of consumption that causes blood alcohol concentration to rise to .08%—the legal limit for adults ages 21 or older operating a motor vehicle—or more. This level typically occurs after a woman consumes four drinks or a man consumes five drinks—in about 2 hours. Research suggests that three out of four adole...
Nov 30th, 2017 - Trafficking of children for labor and sexual exploitation violates basic human rights and constitutes a major global public health problem. Pediatricians and other health care professionals may encounter victims who present with infections, injuries, posttraumatic stress disorder, suicidality, or a variety of other physical or behavioral health conditions.
Sep 30th, 2017 - Sexual abuse of children and adolescents is a gross violation of their rights and a global public health problem. It adversely affects the health of children and adolescents.
World Medical Association
Sep 30th, 2017 - Recognizing that persons who have undergone forced anal exams have described them as painful, humiliating, and amounting to sexual assault, the WMA: Calls on its members, and other medical professionals, to abstain from participation in forced anal examinations, Urges national medical associations (NMA’s) to issue written communications prohibiting their members from participating in such exami.
Jul 27th, 2017 - Recent findings from several clinical trials have demonstrated safety and a substantial reduction in the rate of HIV acquisition for men who have sex with men (MSM), men and women in heterosexual discordant couples, and heterosexual men and women recruited as individuals who were prescribed daily oral antiretroviral preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with a fixed-dose combination of tenofovir disop.
May 31st, 2017 - The guideline describes the critical decision points in the Management of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Acute Stress Reaction and provides clear and comprehensive evidence based recommendations incorporating current information and practices for practitioners throughout the DoD and VA Health Care systems. The guideline is intended to improve patient outcomes and local management of patients...
Neural Regeneration Research; Andrews, C. et. al.
Apr 30th, 2017 - Injuries from lightning and electrical injuries involve multiple systems of the body, however neurological symptoms are very widely reported. A disabling neuropsychological syndrome is also noted. This paper presents a comprehensive review of neurological and neuropsychological symptoms. Partial theories of causation for these injuries have been advanced, however, there is no convincing explana...
Allen F. Morey
Mar 31st, 2017 - The authors of this guideline reviewed the urologic trauma literature to guide clinicians in the appropriate methods of evaluation and management of genitourinary injuries.
American Psychological Association (APA)
Feb 23rd, 2017 - The American Psychological Association (APA) developed this guideline to provide recommendations on psychological and pharmacological treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults.