About 76,408 results
Screening for Intimate Partner Violence, Elder Abuse, and Abuse of Vulnerable Adults: U...
JAMA , Curry SJ et. al.

Oct 25th, 2018 - Intimate partner violence (IPV) and abuse of older or vulnerable adults are common in the United States but often remain undetected. In addition to the immediate effects of IPV, such as injury and death, there are other health consequences, many with long-term effects, including development of mental health conditions such as depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety disorders, substan...

Protecting Patients from Elder Abuse Scams
American Family Physician;

Sep 30th, 2019 - Living on my own continues to be very important to me, even though I'm getting older and am sometimes forgetful. I manage pretty well with the help of my son, who visits me weekly, and my family doctor, who I see monthly for my hypertension, stomach reflux problems, prediabetes, and high cholesterol. I try to manage my forgetfulness with the help of a pill box so that I remember to take my medi...

Essential tremor - Genetics Home Reference - NIH

Jul 15th, 2019 - Essential tremor is a movement disorder that causes involuntary, rhythmic shaking (tremor), especially in the hands. It is distinguished from tremor that results from other disorders or known causes, such as Parkinson disease or head trauma. Essential tremor usually occurs alone, without other neurological signs or symptoms. However, some experts think that essential tremor can include addition...

ACOG: Sexual Assault

Mar 31st, 2019 - Sexual violence continues to be a major public health problem affecting millions of adults and children in the United States. Medical consequences of sexual assault include sexually transmitted infections; mental health conditions, including posttraumatic stress disorder; and risk of unintended pregnancy in reproductive-aged survivors of sexual assault. Obstetrician–gynecologists and other wom...

National Child Abuse Prevention Month 2019

Mar 31st, 2019 - The Children's Bureau, within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, funds the National Child Abuse Prevention Month initiative each April on the Child Welfare Information Gateway website.

Sexual Assault Awareness Month - I Ask

Mar 31st, 2019 - Sexual Assault Awareness Month is a campaign to raise public awareness about sexual violence and educate communities on how to prevent it. The campaign theme, I Ask, champions the message that asking for consent is a healthy, normal, and necessary part of everyday interactions.

Firearm Injuries and Children: Position Statement of the American Pediatric Surgical Associa...
Petty, J.,et al

Feb 14th, 2019 - Firearm injuries are the second most common cause of death in children who come to a trauma center, and pediatric surgeons provide crucial care for these patients. The American Pediatric Surgical Association (APSA) is committed to comprehensive pediatric trauma readiness, including firearm injury prevention.

Ureteral stent versus no ureteral stent for ureteroscopy in the management of renal and ureteral calculi
Ordonez, M. et. al.

Feb 5th, 2019 - Ureteroscopy combined with laser stone fragmentation and basketing is a common approach for managing renal and ureteral stones. This procedure is associated with some degree of ureteral trauma. Ureteral trauma may lead to swelling, ureteral obstruction, and flank pain and may require subsequent interventions such as hospital admission or secondary ureteral stent placement. To prevent such issue...

Risk of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Major Depression in Civilian Patients After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury
Stein, M. et. al.

Jan 29th, 2019 - Question Who is at greatest risk for developing mental health problems such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or major depression after sustaining a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI)? Findings In this cohort study of 1155 patients with mTBI and 230 patients with orthopedic injuries not involving the head, patients with mTBI were more likely to report PTSD and/or major depressive sympto...

See, and then stop, elderly abuse

Dec 31st, 2018 - Elder abuse is a crime, of course, but it often presents as a medical condition.

7 ways to prevent injuries while trimming pubic hair

Dec 30th, 2018 - Have you ever injured yourself while trimming your pubic hair? You’re not alone. A study found that 1 in 4 people have injured themselves while grooming their privates. In this study, the most common injuries were deep cuts, burns, and rashes.

The Swedish shaken baby syndrome report and review: what does the latest knowledge tell us?
Acta Paediatrica; Cohen, M.

Dec 11th, 2018 - It is almost fifty years since Norman Guthkelch first introduced the hypothesis that the whiplash injury produced through shaking a baby causes subdural haematoma (SDH), retinal haemorrhages (RH) and encephalopathy, referred to as ‘the triad’ 1. The topic has never ceased generating heated controversy and acrimonious debates. At the core of the dispute is not whether shaking can cause devastat...

ISTSS Guidelines Position Paper on Complex PTSD in Adults
Berliner, L.

Nov 13th, 2018 - For the past two decades, there has been substantial debate about whether there are qualitatively different symptom profiles that can develop from different experiences of traumatic events. It has been proposed that more complex symptom profiles, called “complex PTSD,” can emerge from events that involve multiple, chronic or repeated types of traumas that are of an interpersonal nature and from.

Improving Emergency Department Care for Pediatric Victims of Sexual Abuse.
Pediatrics Hoehn EF, Overmann KM et. al.

Nov 10th, 2018 - Evidence-based medical care of sexual abuse victims who present to the pediatric emergency department (PED) is necessary to facilitate forensic evidence collection and prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. Adherence to testing and treatment guidelines remains low in PEDs, despite recommendations from the American Academy of Pediatrics and Centers for Disease Control and Prevent...

Guidelines to the Evaluation of Impairment of the Oral and Maxillofacial Region
The AAOMS Committee on; Healthcare and Advocacy

Oct 31st, 2018 - The American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (AAOMS) recognizes the need to establish a specific method of evaluating permanent impairments of the maxillofacial region. The AAOMS Committee on Healthcare and Advocacy has established a methodology of measuring and assigning values for permanent impairment of this area.

Intimate Partner Violence, Elder Abuse, and Abuse of Vulnerable Adults: Screening

Oct 23rd, 2018 - The USPSTF recommends that clinicians screen for intimate partner violence (IPV) in women of reproductive age and provide or refer women who screen positive to ongoing support services.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Guideline on the Diagnosis and Management of Mild...
Lumba-Brown, A.

Sep 3rd, 2018 - Clinical guidance for health care professionals is critical to improving health and safety of this vulnerable population, the recommendations represent current best practices and comprise the first evidence-based clinical guideline to date for diagnosing and managing pediatric mTBI in the United States.

Colloids versus crystalloids for fluid resuscitation in critically ill people
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews; Lewis, S. et. al.

Aug 2nd, 2018 - Critically ill people may lose fluid because of serious conditions, infections (e.g. sepsis), trauma, or burns, and need additional fluids urgently to prevent dehydration or kidney failure. Colloid or crystalloid solutions may be used for this purpose. Crystalloids have small molecules, are cheap, easy to use, and provide immediate fluid resuscitation, but may increase oedema. Colloids have lar...

Position Paper for the Treatment of Nightmare Disorder in Adults: An American Academy of Sle...
Morgenthaler, T.

Jun 14th, 2018 - Nightmare disorder affects approximately 4% of adults, occurring in isolation or as part of other disorders such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and can significantly impair quality of life. This paper provides the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) position regarding various treatments of nightmare disorder in adults.

Elder abuse - WHO

Jun 7th, 2018 - Elder abuse is a single or repeated act, or lack of appropriate action, occurring within any relationship where there is an expectation of trust, which causes harm or distress to an older person. This type of violence constitutes a violation of human rights and includes physical, sexual, psychological, and emotional abuse; financial and material abuse; abandonment; neglect; and serious loss of ...

Lightning Injuries

Mar 31st, 2018 - Lightning injuries include cardiac arrest, loss of consciousness, and temporary or permanent neurologic deficits; serious burns and internal tissue injury are rare. Diagnosis is clinical; evaluation requires ECG and cardiac monitoring. Treatment is supportive.

Child Abuse and the Pediatric Surgeon: A Position Statement from the Trauma Committee, the B...

Mar 20th, 2018 - The pediatric surgeon is in a unique position to assess, stabilize, and manage a victim of child physical abuse (formerly nonaccidental trauma [NAT]) in the setting of a formal trauma system. The American Pediatric Surgical Association (APSA) endorses the concept of child physical abuse as a traumatic disease that justifies the resource utilization of a trauma system to appropriately evaluate a.

Fully Fund TBI Programs by Coordinating Federal Resources: BIAUSA Guideline
Brain Injury Association of America (BIAUSA)

Jan 31st, 2018 - BIAUSA recommends supporting HHS in carrying out its mandate to develop a plan for coordinating Federal activities impacting TBI service delivery, increase funding for TBI.

Increase Access to Care: BIAUSA Guideline
Brain Injury Association of America (BIAUSA)

Jan 31st, 2018 - BIAUSA recommends increasing access to care for individuals with brain injury.

Expand the Congressional Brain Injury Task Force: BIAUSA Guideline
Brain Injury Association of America (BIAUSA)

Jan 31st, 2018 - BIAUSA recommends expanding the Congressional Brain Injury Task Force.

Binge Drinking: Predictors, Patterns, and Consequences
Alcohol Research; White, A. et. al.

Jan 1st, 2018 - he National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism defines binge drinking as a pattern of consumption that causes blood alcohol concentration to rise to .08%—the legal limit for adults ages 21 or older operating a motor vehicle—or more. This level typically occurs after a woman consumes four drinks or a man consumes five drinks—in about 2 hours. Research suggests that three out of four adole...

Global Human Trafficking and Child Victimization
Jordan Greenbaum

Nov 30th, 2017 - Trafficking of children for labor and sexual exploitation violates basic human rights and constitutes a major global public health problem. Pediatricians and other health care professionals may encounter victims who present with infections, injuries, posttraumatic stress disorder, suicidality, or a variety of other physical or behavioral health conditions.

ACR Appropriateness Criteria Penetrating Neck Injury
Schroeder, J.

Oct 31st, 2017 - In patients with penetrating neck injuries with clinical soft injury signs, and patients with hard signs of injury who do not require immediate surgery, CT angiography of the neck is the preferred imaging procedure to evaluate extent of injury. Other modalities, such as radiography and fluoroscopy, catheter-based angiography, ultrasound, and MR angiography have their place in the evaluation of.

Improving Medicare Post–Acute Care Transformation Act (IMPACT Act)?: BIAUSA Guideline
Brain Injury Association of America (BIAUSA)

Sep 30th, 2017 - The Improving Medicare Post-Acute Care Transformation Act of 2014 (HR 4994), commonly called the IMPACT Act, was signed by President Barack Obama as Public Law 113-185 on October 6, 2014. The legislation was designed to create a standardized platform to assess the efficacy of the treatment methods, quality measures, and health outcomes achieved by post-acute care (PAC) providers.

Responding to children and adolescents who have been sexually abused: WHO clinical guidelines

Sep 30th, 2017 - Sexual abuse of children and adolescents is a gross violation of their rights and a global public health problem. It adversely affects the health of children and adolescents.

WMA Resolution on Prohibition of Forced Anal Examinations to Substantiate Same-Sex Sexual Ac...
World Medical Association

Sep 30th, 2017 - Recognizing that persons who have undergone forced anal exams have described them as painful, humiliating, and amounting to sexual assault, the WMA: Calls on its members, and other medical professionals, to abstain from participation in forced anal examinations, Urges national medical associations (NMA’s) to issue written communications prohibiting their members from participating in such exami.

Protect the Affordable Care Act: BIAUSA Guideline
Brain Injury Association of America (BIAUSA)

Jul 31st, 2017 - Since the beginning of the 115th Congress, there has been significant attention focused on the repeal and replacement of the Affordable Care Act. The following is a summary of key developments.

Preexposure Prophylaxis For The Prevention Of HIV Infection In The United States– 2017 Updat...

Jul 27th, 2017 - Recent findings from several clinical trials have demonstrated safety and a substantial reduction in the rate of HIV acquisition for men who have sex with men (MSM), men and women in heterosexual discordant couples, and heterosexual men and women recruited as individuals who were prescribed daily oral antiretroviral preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with a fixed-dose combination of tenofovir disop.

Management of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Acute Stress Reaction 2017

May 31st, 2017 - The guideline describes the critical decision points in the Management of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Acute Stress Reaction and provides clear and comprehensive evidence based recommendations incorporating current information and practices for practitioners throughout the DoD and VA Health Care systems. The guideline is intended to improve patient outcomes and local management of patients...

Neurological and neuropsychological consequences of electrical and lightning shock: review and theories of causation
Neural Regeneration Research; Andrews, C. et. al.

Apr 30th, 2017 - Injuries from lightning and electrical injuries involve multiple systems of the body, however neurological symptoms are very widely reported. A disabling neuropsychological syndrome is also noted. This paper presents a comprehensive review of neurological and neuropsychological symptoms. Partial theories of causation for these injuries have been advanced, however, there is no convincing explana...

ACR Appropriateness Criteria Suspected Physical Abuse—Child
Wootton-Gorges, S.

Apr 30th, 2017 - The youngest children, particularly in the first year of life, are the most vulnerable to physical abuse. Skeletal survey is the universal screening examination in children 24 months of age and younger.

Allen F. Morey

Mar 31st, 2017 - The authors of this guideline reviewed the urologic trauma literature to guide clinicians in the appropriate methods of evaluation and management of genitourinary injuries.

2017 Infectious Diseases Society of America’s Clinical Practice Guidelines for Healthcare-As...
Allan R. Tunkel

Mar 14th, 2017 - Summarized below are recommendations for the evaluation, diagnosis, and management of healthcare-associated ventriculitis and meningitis, specifically addressing the approach to infections associated with cerebrospinal fluid shunts, cerebrospinal fluid drains, intrathecal drug (eg, baclofen) therapy, deep brain stimulation hardware, and neurosurgery and head trauma.

Clinical Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Adults
American Psychological Association (APA)

Feb 23rd, 2017 - The American Psychological Association (APA) developed this guideline to provide recommendations on psychological and pharmacological treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults.

Elder Abuse

Dec 28th, 2016 - Abuse can happen to anyone—no matter the person's age, sex, race, religion, or ethnic or cultural background. Each year, hundreds of thousands of adults over the age of 60 are abused, neglected, or financially exploited. This is called elder abuse.

Special Needs Trust Fairness Act: BIAUSA Guideline
Brain Injury Association of America (BIAUSA)

Nov 30th, 2016 - The Special Needs Trust Fairness Act amends Title XIX of the Social Security Act to allow individuals with disabilities to establish their own special needs trusts. Formerly such trusts could only be established by parents, grandparents, legal guardians, or a court.

Updated guidelines for antiretroviral postexposure prophylaxis after sexual, injection drug ...

Apr 17th, 2016 - The purpose of these guidelines is to provide health care providers in the United States with updated guidelinesto the 2005 U. S.

The role of endoscopy in the diagnosis and treatment of inflammatory pancreatic fluid collec...
V. Raman Muthusamy

Jan 11th, 2016 - Inflammatory pancreatic fluid collections (PFCs) arise as an adverse event of acute and chronic pancreatitis, pancreatic trauma, and pancreatic surgery. Due to similarities in their radiographic appearance, pancreatic cystic neoplasms frequently are misclassified as inflammatory PFCs.

Risk Assessment and Prevention of Pressure Ulcers: A Clinical Practice Guideline From the Am...
Amir Qaseem

Mar 2nd, 2015 - The American College of Physicians (ACP) developed this guideline to present the evidence and provide clinical recommendations based on the comparative effectiveness of risk assessment scales and preventive interventions for pressure ulcers.

Treatment of Pressure Ulcers: A Clinical Practice Guideline From the American College of Phy...
Amir Qaseem

Mar 2nd, 2015 - The American College of Physicians (ACP) developed this guideline to present the evidence and provide clinical recommendations based on the comparative effectiveness of treatments of pressure ulcers.

Management of venous leg ulcers: clinical practice guidelines of the Society for Vascular Su...
O'Donnell, T.

Jul 31st, 2014 - Guidelines present a synthesis of evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of a specific medical condition. The value of a guideline is that it provides consistency among treatment protocols given to patients, resulting in improved efficacy and the quality of care and reduced cost.

Position Paper on the Sex Trafficking of Women and Girls in the United States
Suzanne Leonard Harrison

Apr 30th, 2014 - The American Medical Women’s Association (AMWA) condemns human trafficking and considers it an egregious human rights violation. While human trafficking is a global issue, this AMWA Position Paper addresses the problem of the trafficking of women and girls for commercial sex exploitation in the United States (US) in an effort to provide information and recommendations for physicians and other h.

Responding to intimate partner violence and sexual violence against women

Oct 31st, 2013 - Women who have been subjected to violence often seek health care, including for their injuries, even if they do not disclose the associated abuse or violence. A health-care provider is likely to be the first professional contact for survivors of intimate partner violence or sexual assault. Statistics show that abused women use health-care services more than non-abused women do. They als...

Elder Abuse and Women's Health

Jun 30th, 2013 - Elder abuse, a violation of human rights, is defined as a single or repeated act, or lack of appropriate actions, which causes harm, risk of harm, or distress to an individual 60 years or older. As many as 1 in 10 older adults have been victims of elder abuse. Most cases of abuse occur in women. The U.S. Census predicts that by 2030, the segment of the population that is older than 65 years wil...

Guidelines for Psychological Evaluations in Child Protection Matters
American Psychological Association (APA)

Dec 31st, 2012 - The problems of abused and neglected children are epidemic in our society (U. S.