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Ureteral stent versus no ureteral stent for ureteroscopy in the management of renal and ureteral calculi
https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD012703.pub2/full
Ordonez, M. et. al.

Feb 5th, 2019 - Ureteroscopy combined with laser stone fragmentation and basketing is a common approach for managing renal and ureteral stones. This procedure is associated with some degree of ureteral trauma. Ureteral trauma may lead to swelling, ureteral obstruction, and flank pain and may require subsequent interventions such as hospital admission or secondary ureteral stent placement. To prevent such issue...

UROTRAUMA: AUA GUIDELINE
http://www.auanet.org/guidelines/urotrauma-(2014-amended-2017)
Allen F. Morey

Mar 31st, 2017 - The authors of this guideline reviewed the urologic trauma literature to guide clinicians in the appropriate methods of evaluation and management of genitourinary injuries.

AAGL Practice Report: Practice Guidelines for Intraoperative Cystoscopy in Laparoscopic Hyst...
https://www.aagl.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/aagl-Practice-Guidelines-for-Intraoperative-Cystoscopy-in-Laparoscopic-Hysterectomy.pdf
American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists

May 1st, 2012 - Lower urinary tract injuries are a serious potential complication of laparoscopic hysterectomy. The risk of such injuries may be as high as 3%, and most, but not all, are detected at intraoperative cystoscopy.

2015 William Hunter Harridge lecture: how did we go from operating on nearly all injure...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2016.01.001
American Journal of Surgery; Santucci RA

Jan 23rd, 2016 - The 2015 William H. Harridge lecture of the 2015 Midwest Surgical Association concentrated on the evolution and performance characteristics of nonoperative management of even severe renal injury. One of the first mentions of nonoperative renal trauma occurs after World War II. Since that time through the early 2000s, only 1 or fewer papers per year appeared in the literature. The mid-2000s had ...

Readmission after treatment of Grade 3 and 4 renal injuries at a Level I trauma center:...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4767588
The Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery; Winters B, Wessells H et. al.

Dec 29th, 2015 - One criticism of the existing renal trauma research is the limited outpatient follow-up after index hospitalization. We assessed readmission rates following treatment for American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) Grade 3 and 4 renal injury using the Comprehensive Hospital Abstract Reporting System (CHARS). We evaluated all patients with AAST Grade 3 and 4 renal injuries admitted to ...

Sonographic findings of typical and atypical scrotal trauma.
https://doi.org/10.1097/RUQ.0000000000000082
Ultrasound Quarterly; Sommers DN, Jensen J

May 23rd, 2015 - This review article illustrates sonographic findings in the setting of accidental and nonaccidental scrotal trauma. Although sonographic findings may be irrespective of the type of trauma, the goals of sonographic evaluation are similar in both atypical and typical mechanisms of scrotal injury. Familiarity with findings such as disruption of testicular integrity or vascularity facilitates promp...

JOURNAL CLUB: Incidence of Urinary Leak and Diagnostic Yield of Excretory Phase CT in t...
https://doi.org/10.2214/AJR.14.13643
AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology; Fischer W, Wanaselja A et. al.

May 22nd, 2015 - The purpose of this article is to calculate the incidence of urinary leak, at both admission and delayed presentation, in the setting of blunt or penetrating renal trauma, and to determine the diagnostic yield of 5-minute excretory phase images on admission CT. Renal injuries were retrospectively identified from the trauma registry at an urban level I trauma center over a 6-year period. Follow-...

Imaging of traumatic injuries to the scrotum and penis.
https://doi.org/10.2214/AJR.13.11676
AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology; Nicola R, Carson N et. al.

May 22nd, 2014 - The purpose of this article is to review scrotal and penile anatomy, the role of ultrasound in evaluating scrotal and penile trauma, and the vast spectrum of sonographic manifestations of scrotal and penile trauma. Scrotal and penile trauma is an uncommon type of trauma injury. However, knowledge of scrotal and penile anatomy and the appropriate imaging findings associated with acute traumatic ...

Prevalence of idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4001197
Neurology Jaraj D, Rabiei K et. al.

Mar 31st, 2014 - The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) in elderly persons in a large population-based sample using radiologic and clinical examinations. We examined representative elderly populations aged 70 years and older that had undergone neuropsychiatric evaluations and CT of the brain between 1986 and 2000 (n = 1,238). Gait was evaluated b...

Effect of renal angioembolization on post-traumatic acute kidney injury after high-grad...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2013.11.030
Injury Saour M, Charbit J et. al.

Jan 24th, 2014 - Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with unfavourable outcomes and higher mortality after trauma. Renal angioembolization (RAE) has proved efficiency in the management of high-grade renal trauma (HGRT), but inevitably expose to unavoidable ischaemic areas or contrast medium nephrotoxicity which may impair renal function in the following hours. The aim of this study was to assess the potenti...

Contemporary trends in the immediate surgical management of renal trauma using a nation...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3825181
The Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery; McClung CD, Hotaling JM et. al.

Sep 25th, 2013 - The National Trauma Data Bank was used to analyze open surgical management of renal trauma during the first 24 hours of hospital admission, excluding those who were treated with conservative measures. A descriptive analysis of initial management trends following renal trauma was also performed as a secondary analysis. With the use of the National Trauma Data Bank, patients with renal injuries w...

Bedside ultrasound in a case of blunt scrotal trauma.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3628458
The Western Journal of Emergency Medicine; Cannis M, Mailhot T et. al.

Apr 19th, 2013 - This case study describes a patient who suffered blunt force trauma to the scrotum. Use of bedside emergency ultrasound facilitated early diagnosis of a ruptured testicle and allowed for prompt urological consultation and timely surgical repair. The utility of bedside emergency ultrasound in the evaluation of testicular trauma, as well as the outcome of our case, is discussed here.

Computed tomographic imaging in determining the need of embolization for high-grade blu...
https://doi.org/10.1097/TA.0b013e318270e156
The Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery; Lin WC, Lin CH et. al.

Dec 28th, 2012 - It is well documented that transarterial embolization (TAE) can successfully stop bleeding in renal trauma patients and reduce the failure rate of conservation treatment. However, there is no consensus on the indications for TAE. The aim of this study was to evaluate the criteria for computed tomography (CT) to predict the need for TAE for patients with high-grade blunt renal trauma. Of the 137...

High grade renal injuries: application of Parkland Hospital predictors of intervention ...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2012.11.172
The Journal of Urology; Hardee MJ, Lowrance W et. al.

Dec 11th, 2012 - Investigators from Parkland Hospital proposed substratification of the AAST (American Association for the Surgery of Trauma) grading scale based on 3 risk factors, including active vascular extravasation, a medial laceration and a perinephric hematoma of greater than 3.5 cm. We hypothesized that these characteristics would also be associated with intervention for renal hemorrhage in our large t...

AAGL Practice Report: Practice guidelines for intraoperative cystoscopy in laparoscopic...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmig.2012.05.001
Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology;

Jul 3rd, 2012 - Lower urinary tract injuries are a serious potential complication of laparoscopic hysterectomy. The risk of such injuries may be as high as 3%, and most, but not all, are detected at intraoperative cystoscopy. High-quality published data suggest a sensitivity of 80% to 90% for ureteral trauma. Among the injuries that may be missed are those related to the use of energy-based surgical tools that...

Contemporary management of renal trauma: differences between urologists and trauma surg...
https://doi.org/10.1097/TA.0b013e31823e29f6
The Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery; Yeung LL, Brandes SB

Feb 8th, 2012 - The purpose of this study was to evaluate the contemporary practice patterns of urologists (UR) and trauma surgeons (TS) regarding controversial topics in the management of renal trauma (RT). We conducted a national survey of all Society of Genitourinary Reconstructive Surgeons members and a random sampling of American Association for the Surgery of Trauma members between October and November 2...

Penile emergencies.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.emc.2011.04.006
Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America; Dubin J, Davis JE

Jul 25th, 2011 - The penis is a very sensitive organ and even minor injury or discomfort may cause a patient to seek emergency evaluation. Emergency practitioners must be most concerned with the entities that, if left untreated, can result in ischemia and necrosis of the penis, namely ischemic priapism, paraphimosis, and entrapment injury. Any penile trauma should be considered an emergency until proven otherwi...

Analysis of diagnostic angiography and angioembolization in the acute management of ren...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3464000
The Journal of Urology; Hotaling JM, Sorensen MD et. al.

Feb 21st, 2011 - To our knowledge data on diagnostic angiography and angioembolization after renal trauma have been limited to single institution series with small numbers. We used the National Trauma Data Bank® to investigate national patterns of diagnostic angiography and angioembolization after blunt and penetrating renal trauma. All renal injuries treated between 2002 and 2007 were identified in the Nationa...

A conservative approach to testicular rupture in adolescent boys.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2010.03.114
The Journal of Urology; Cubillos J, Reda EF et. al.

Aug 23rd, 2010 - Management for blunt trauma with breach of the renal capsule or bladder (extraperitoneal) has largely become nonsurgical since a conservative approach proved to be effective and safe. Currently the recommendation for managing testicular rupture is surgical exploration and débridement or orchiectomy. We report outcomes in boys diagnosed with testicular rupture and treated without surgical interv...

Assessing the usefulness of delayed imaging in routine followup for renal trauma.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2010.04.070
The Journal of Urology; Davis P, Bultitude MF et. al.

Jul 20th, 2010 - Renal trauma is often managed conservatively. Repeat imaging within 48 hours of injury is recommended but to our knowledge the value of further delayed imaging is unknown. We determined the usefulness of routine followup imaging beyond 48 hours in cases of conservatively managed renal trauma. Of 377 patients who presented to our institution with renal injury in the last 8 years we identified 13...