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About 708 results
Varicocele - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/varicocele/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20378772

Jan 15th, 2020 - Diagnosis Your doctor will conduct a physical exam, which might reveal a nontender mass above your testicle that feels like a bag of worms. If it's large enough, your doctor will be able to feel it. If you have a smaller varicocele, your doctor might ask you to stand, take a deep breath and hold it while you bear down (Valsalva maneuver). This helps your doctor detect abnormal enlargement of th...

Varicocele - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/varicocele/symptoms-causes/syc-20378771

Jan 15th, 2020 - Overview Varicocele Varicocele A varicocele is an enlargement of the veins that transport oxygen-depleted blood away from the testicle. A varicocele (VAR-ih-koe-seel) is an enlargement of the veins within the loose bag of skin that holds your testicles (scrotum). A varicocele is similar to a varicose vein you might see in your leg. Varicoceles are a common cause of low sperm production and decr...

Varicocele - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/varicocele/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20378776

Jan 15th, 2020 - Varicocele care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic reproductive endocrinologists and male fertility experts are fellowship trained and leaders in their field. They will work directly with you to improve your chances for fertility and successful conception — whether by medication, surgery, in vitro fertilization (IVF) or another method. Each year, Mayo Clinic doctors diagnose ...

Vesicoureteral reflux - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/vesicoureteral-reflux/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20378828

Jan 14th, 2020 - Vesicoureteral reflux care at Mayo Clinic At Mayo Clinic, vesicoureteral reflux care encompasses: A team approach, tailored to your child's needs. Your child will receive care from a board-certified pediatric urology surgeon. Working as a team, medical professionals from various specialties communicate with you to set goals and develop a customized evaluation and treatment plan for your child. ...

Vesicoureteral reflux - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/vesicoureteral-reflux/symptoms-causes/syc-20378819

Jan 14th, 2020 - Overview Female urinary system Female urinary system Your urinary system — which includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra — is responsible for removing waste from your body through urine. Your kidneys, located toward the back in your upper abdomen, produce urine by filtering waste and fluid from your blood. That urine then travels through your ureters to your bladder, where the urine ...

Hydronephrosis - Overview - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hydronephrosis/cdc-20397563

Jan 14th, 2020 - Hydronephrosis Hydronephrosis Hydronephrosis Hydronephrosis occurs when a kidney has an excess of fluid due to a backup of urine, often caused by an obstruction in the upper part of the urinary tract. Kidney swelling can result, causing the part of the kidney called the renal pelvis to bulge (distend), leading to possible kidney scarring and impaired kidney function. Hydronephrosis is swelling ...

Vesicoureteral reflux - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/vesicoureteral-reflux/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20378824

Jan 14th, 2020 - Diagnosis A urine test can reveal whether your child has a UTI. Other tests may be necessary, including: Kidney and bladder ultrasound. This imaging method uses high-frequency sound waves to produce images of the kidney and bladder. Ultrasound can detect structural abnormalities. This same technology, often used during pregnancy to monitor fetal development, may also reveal swollen kidneys in t...

Gonorrhea - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gonorrhea/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351780

Dec 5th, 2019 - Diagnosis To determine whether you have gonorrhea, your doctor will analyze a sample of cells. Samples can be collected by: Urine test. This can help identify bacteria in your urethra. Swab of affected area. A swab of your throat, urethra, vagina or rectum can collect bacteria that can be identified in a lab. For women, home test kits are available for gonorrhea. They include vaginal swabs for ...

Gonorrhea - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gonorrhea/symptoms-causes/syc-20351774

Dec 5th, 2019 - Overview Gonorrhea is an infection caused by a sexually transmitted bacterium that infects both males and females. Gonorrhea most often affects the urethra, rectum or throat. In females, gonorrhea can also infect the cervix. Gonorrhea is most commonly spread during vaginal, oral or anal sex. But babies of infected mothers can be infected during childbirth. In babies, gonorrhea most commonly aff...

Retrograde ejaculation - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/retrograde-ejaculation/symptoms-causes/syc-20354890

Nov 27th, 2019 - Overview Retrograde ejaculation occurs when semen enters the bladder instead of emerging through the penis during orgasm. Although you still reach sexual climax, you might ejaculate very little or no semen. This is sometimes called a dry orgasm. Retrograde ejaculation isn't harmful, but it can cause male infertility. Treatment for retrograde ejaculation is generally only needed to restore ferti...

Peyronie's disease - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/peyronies-disease/symptoms-causes/syc-20353468

Nov 22nd, 2019 - Overview Peyronie's (pay-roe-NEEZ) disease is a noncancerous condition resulting from fibrous scar tissue that develops on the penis and causes curved, painful erections. Penises vary in shape and size, and having a curved erection isn't necessarily a cause for concern. But Peyronie's disease causes a significant bend or pain in some men. This can prevent you from having sex or might make it di...

Genital warts - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/genital-warts/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355240

Nov 19th, 2019 - Diagnosis Genital warts are often diagnosed by appearance. Sometimes a biopsy might be necessary. Pap tests Pap test Pap test In a Pap test, your doctor uses a vaginal speculum to hold your vaginal walls apart and to see the cervix. Next, a sample of cells from your cervix is collected using a small cone-shaped brush and a tiny plastic spatula (1 and 2). Your doctor then rinses the brush and sp...

Genital warts - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/genital-warts/symptoms-causes/syc-20355234

Nov 19th, 2019 - Overview Genital warts are one of the most common types of sexually transmitted infections. Nearly all sexually active people will become infected with at least one type of human papillomavirus (HPV), the virus that causes genital warts, at some point during their lives. Genital warts affect the moist tissues of the genital area. They can look like small, flesh-colored bumps or have a cauliflow...

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sexually-transmitted-diseases-stds/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351246

Oct 28th, 2019 - Diagnosis Tests If your sexual history and current signs and symptoms suggest that you have a sexually transmitted disease (STD) or a sexually transmitted infection (STI), laboratory tests can identify the cause and detect coinfections you might also have. Blood tests. Blood tests can confirm the diagnosis of HIV or later stages of syphilis. Urine samples. Some STIs can be confirmed with a urin...

Neuroblastoma - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/neuroblastoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351022

Oct 8th, 2019 - Diagnosis Tests and procedures used to diagnose neuroblastoma include: Physical exam. Your child's doctor conducts a physical exam to check out any signs and symptoms. The doctor will ask you questions about your child's habits and behaviors. Urine and blood tests. These may indicate the cause of any signs and symptoms your child is experiencing. Urine tests may be used to check for high levels...

Neuroblastoma - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/neuroblastoma/symptoms-causes/syc-20351017

Oct 8th, 2019 - Overview Adrenal glands Adrenal glands Perched atop each of your kidneys, your adrenal glands produce hormones that help regulate your metabolism, immune system, blood pressure and other essential functions. Neuroblastoma is a cancer that develops from immature nerve cells found in several areas of the body. Neuroblastoma most commonly arises in and around the adrenal glands, which have similar...

Neuroblastoma - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/neuroblastoma/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20351025

Oct 8th, 2019 - Neuroblastoma care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team At Mayo Clinic Children's Center, you can expect the best care for your child from our multispecialty team of pediatric experts. Pediatric oncologists, radiation oncologists, pathologists and surgeons work as a multidisciplinary team to care for children with neuroblastoma. Other providers are included as needed. Advanced diagnosis an...

Syphilis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/syphilis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351762

Sep 18th, 2019 - Diagnosis Tests Syphilis can be diagnosed by testing samples of: Blood. Blood tests can confirm the presence of antibodies that the body produces to fight infection. The antibodies to the syphilis-causing bacteria remain in your body for years, so the test can be used to determine a current or past infection. Cerebrospinal fluid. If it's suspected that you have nervous system complications of s...

Syphilis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/syphilis/symptoms-causes/syc-20351756

Sep 18th, 2019 - Overview Syphilis is a bacterial infection usually spread by sexual contact. The disease starts as a painless sore — typically on your genitals, rectum or mouth. Syphilis spreads from person to person via skin or mucous membrane contact with these sores. After the initial infection, the syphilis bacteria can remain inactive (dormant) in your body for decades before becoming active again. Early ...

Interstitial cystitis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/interstitial-cystitis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354362

Sep 13th, 2019 - Diagnosis The following may be helpful in diagnosing interstitial cystitis: Medical history and bladder diary. Your doctor will ask you to describe your symptoms and may ask you to keep a bladder diary, recording the volume of fluids you drink and the volume of urine you pass. Pelvic exam. During a pelvic exam, your doctor examines your external genitals, vagina and cervix and feels your abdome...

Interstitial cystitis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/interstitial-cystitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20354357

Sep 13th, 2019 - Overview Interstitial cystitis Interstitial cystitis Your bladder, kidneys, ureters and urethra make up your urinary system. When you have interstitial cystitis, the walls of your bladder become irritated and inflamed (shown right), compared with those of a normal bladder (shown top). Interstitial cystitis (in-tur-STISH-ul sis-TIE-tis) is a chronic condition causing bladder pressure, bladder pa...

HPV infection - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hpv-infection/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351602

Aug 29th, 2019 - Diagnosis Your doctor might be able to diagnose HPV infection by looking at your warts. If genital warts aren't visible, you'll need one or more of the following tests: Vinegar (acetic acid) solution test. A vinegar solution applied to HPV-infected genital areas turns them white. This may help in identifying difficult-to-see flat lesions. Pap test. Your doctor collects a sample of cells from yo...

Bladder stones - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bladder-stones/symptoms-causes/syc-20354339

Aug 15th, 2019 - Overview Bladder stones are hard masses of minerals in your bladder. They develop when the minerals in concentrated urine crystallize and form stones. This often happens when you have trouble completely emptying your bladder. Small bladder stones may pass without treatment, but sometimes bladder stones need medications or surgery. Left untreated, bladder stones may lead to infections and other ...

Bladder stones - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bladder-stones/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354345

Aug 15th, 2019 - Diagnosis Diagnosing bladder stones may involve: A physical exam. Your doctor will likely feel your lower abdomen to see if your bladder is enlarged (distended) or may perform a rectal exam to determine whether your prostate is enlarged. You'll also discuss any urinary signs or symptoms that you're having. A urine test. A sample of your urine may be collected and examined for microscopic amount...

Female infertility - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/female-infertility/symptoms-causes/syc-20354308

Jul 26th, 2019 - Overview Infertility is defined as trying to get pregnant (with frequent intercourse) for at least a year with no success. Female infertility, male infertility or a combination of the two affects millions of couples in the United States. An estimated 10 to 18 percent of couples have trouble getting pregnant or having a successful delivery. Infertility results from female factors about one-third...

Epididymitis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/epididymitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20363853

Jul 10th, 2019 - Overview Scrotum, testicle and epididymis Scrotum, testicle and epididymis Epididymitis is an inflammation of the small, coiled tube at the back of the testicle (epididymis). Epididymitis (ep-ih-did-uh-MY-tis) is an inflammation of the coiled tube (epididymis) at the back of the testicle that stores and carries sperm. Males of any age can get epididymitis. Epididymitis is most often caused by a...

Epididymitis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/epididymitis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20363854

Jul 10th, 2019 - Diagnosis Your doctor will check for enlarged lymph nodes in your groin and an enlarged testicle on the affected side. Your doctor might also do a rectal examination to check for prostate enlargement or tenderness. Tests your doctor might recommend include: STI screening. A narrow swab is inserted into the end of your penis to obtain a sample of discharge from your urethra. The sample is checke...

Priapism - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/priapism/symptoms-causes/syc-20352005

Jun 14th, 2019 - Overview Priapism is a prolonged erection of the penis. The persistent erection continues hours beyond or isn't caused by sexual stimulation. Priapism is usually painful. Although priapism is an uncommon condition overall, it occurs commonly in certain groups, such as people who have sickle cell anemia. Prompt treatment for priapism is usually needed to prevent tissue damage that could result i...

Priapism - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/priapism/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352010

Jun 14th, 2019 - Diagnosis If you have an erection lasting more than four hours, you need emergency care. The emergency room doctor will determine whether you have ischemic priapism or nonischemic priapism. This is necessary because the treatment for each is different, and treatment for ischemic priapism needs to be done as soon as possible. Medical history and exam To determine what type of priapism you have, ...

Germ cell tumors - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/germ-cell-tumors/symptoms-causes/syc-20352493

May 24th, 2019 - Overview Germ cell tumors are growths that form from reproductive cells. Tumors may be cancerous or noncancerous. Most germ cell tumors that are cancerous occur as cancer of the testicles (testicular cancer) or cancer of the ovaries (ovarian cancer). Some germ cell tumors occur in other areas of the body, such as the abdomen, brain and chest, though it's not clear why. Germ cell tumors that occ...

Germ cell tumors - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/germ-cell-tumors/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20352496

May 24th, 2019 - Germ cell tumors care at Mayo Clinic Germ cell tumors care at Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic doctors have extensive experience diagnosing and treating germ cell tumors, including ovarian cancer and testicular cancer. They draw on this knowledge to provide you with a personalized treatment plan that provides you with exactly the care you need. Your Mayo Clinic care team At Mayo Clinic, specialists in u...

Undescended testicle - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/undescended-testicle/symptoms-causes/syc-20351995

Apr 18th, 2019 - Overview An undescended testicle (cryptorchidism) is a testicle that hasn't moved into its proper position in the bag of skin hanging below the penis (scrotum) before birth. Usually just one testicle is affected, but about 10 percent of the time both testicles are undescended. An undescended testicle is uncommon in general, but common among baby boys born prematurely. The vast majority of the t...

Prostate cancer - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/prostate-cancer/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20353097

Apr 16th, 2019 - Prostate cancer care at Mayo Clinic Mayo physicians collaborate on prostate cancer care Mayo Clinic oncologists, surgeons and staff collaborate to provide comprehensive care for men with prostate cancer. At Mayo Clinic, a multidisciplinary team of doctors works together to care for men with prostate cancer and related issues. Your Mayo Clinic care team Expertise across all disciplines. Mayo Cli...

Prostate cancer - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/prostate-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20353087

Apr 16th, 2019 - Overview Prostate cancer Prostate cancer Prostate cancer occurs in the prostate gland, which is located just below a male's bladder and surrounds the top portion of the tube that drains urine from the bladder (urethra). This illustration shows a normal prostate gland and a prostate with a tumor. Prostate cancer is cancer that occurs in the prostate — a small walnut-shaped gland in men that prod...

Prostate cancer - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/prostate-cancer/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353093

Apr 16th, 2019 - Diagnosis Patient consult on prostate diagnosis A Mayo Clinic physician consults with a patient. Screening for prostate cancer Digital rectal exam Digital rectal exam During a digital rectal exam, your doctor inserts a gloved, lubricated finger into your rectum and feels the back wall of the prostate gland for enlargement, tenderness, lumps or hard spots. Whether to test healthy men with no sym...

Urinary incontinence - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/urinary-incontinence/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352814

Apr 12th, 2019 - Diagnosis It's important to determine the type of urinary incontinence that you have, and your symptoms often tell your doctor which type you have. That information will guide treatment decisions. Your doctor is likely to start with a thorough history and physical exam. You may then be asked to do a simple maneuver that can demonstrate incontinence, such as coughing. After that, your doctor wil...

Urinary incontinence - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/urinary-incontinence/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20352819

Apr 12th, 2019 - Urinary incontinence care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic has doctors with extra training in bladder and urinary function. They specialize in diagnosing and treating urinary incontinence and have experience treating people who have had previous, unsuccessful treatment. Extensive experience Each year, Mayo Clinic specialists treat nearly 10,000 people with urinary incontine...

Urinary incontinence - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/urinary-incontinence/symptoms-causes/syc-20352808

Apr 12th, 2019 - Overview Urinary incontinence — the loss of bladder control — is a common and often embarrassing problem. The severity ranges from occasionally leaking urine when you cough or sneeze to having an urge to urinate that's so sudden and strong you don't get to a toilet in time. Though it occurs more often as people get older, urinary incontinence isn't an inevitable consequence of aging. If urinary...

Dural arteriovenous fistulas - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dural-arteriovenous-fistulas/diagnosis-treatment/syc-20364281

Mar 15th, 2019 - Diagnosis Neurology consultation A Mayo Clinic neurologist converses with a woman about her diagnosis. If you have signs or symptoms of a dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF), your doctor may recommend that you undergo diagnostic tests, including: Initial imaging Initial evaluation typically includes cross-sectional imagery from noncontrast head computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance...

Hyperoxaluria and oxalosis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hyperoxaluria/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352258

Mar 15th, 2019 - Diagnosis Your doctor will conduct a thorough physical exam, including a medical history and discussion of your diet. Tests to diagnose hyperoxaluria may include: Urine tests, to measure oxalate and other metabolite levels in the urine Blood tests, to show kidney function as well as oxalate levels in the blood Stone analysis, to determine the composition of kidney stones passed or surgically re...

Hyperoxaluria and oxalosis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hyperoxaluria/symptoms-causes/syc-20352254

Mar 15th, 2019 - Overview Hyperoxaluria occurs when you have too much oxalate in your urine. Oxalate is a natural chemical in your body, and it's also found in certain types of food. But too much oxalate in your urine can cause serious problems. Hyperoxaluria can be caused by inherited (genetic) disorders, an intestinal disease or eating too many oxalate-rich foods. The long-term health of your kidneys depends ...

Hyperoxaluria and oxalosis - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hyperoxaluria/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20352260

Mar 15th, 2019 - Hyperoxaluria and oxalosis care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team The Mayo Clinic Hyperoxaluria Center in Minnesota brings together doctors from many specialties to design a personalized treatment plan, based on the type and severity of hyperoxaluria and any related conditions. Mayo Clinic coordinates your testing and doctor appointments to speed the process of diagnosis and treatment. ...

Dural arteriovenous fistulas - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dural-arteriovenous-fistulas/symptoms-causes/syc-20364280

Mar 15th, 2019 - Overview Dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF) Dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF) Dural arteriovenous fistulas are abnormal connections that form between an artery and a vein in the tough covering over the brain or spinal cord. Dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs) are abnormal connections between an artery and a vein in the tough covering over the brain or spinal cord (dura mater). Abnormal passag...

Dural arteriovenous fistulas - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dural-arteriovenous-fistulas/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20364283

Mar 15th, 2019 - Dural arteriovenous fistula care care at Mayo Clinic Expert care for dural arteriovenous fistulas Mayo Clinic doctors bring extensive diagnostic and surgical expertise to dAVF diagnosis and treatment. Team approach Doctors trained in neurology, neurosurgery and neuroradiology work together to treat people who have dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs). Children who have dAVFs see doctors trained...

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/benign-prostatic-hyperplasia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20370093

Mar 1st, 2019 - Diagnosis Your doctor will start by asking detailed questions about your symptoms and doing a physical exam. This initial exam is likely to include: Digital rectal exam. The doctor inserts a finger into the rectum to check your prostate for enlargement. Urine test. Analyzing a sample of your urine can help rule out an infection or other conditions that can cause similar symptoms. Blood test. Th...

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/benign-prostatic-hyperplasia/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20370099

Mar 1st, 2019 - Benign prostatic hyperplasia care at Mayo Clinic Advanced treatment options Mayo Clinic specialists are trained in state-of-the-art technology to treat enlarged prostates. You have access to the latest noninvasive laser treatments, including HoLEP and PVP lasers, which usually offer quick relief from symptoms and generally don't have serious side effects. Many of these techniques, including PVP...

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/benign-prostatic-hyperplasia/symptoms-causes/syc-20370087

Mar 1st, 2019 - Overview Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) — also called prostate gland enlargement — is a common condition as men get older. An enlarged prostate gland can cause uncomfortable urinary symptoms, such as blocking the flow of urine out of the bladder. It can also cause bladder, urinary tract or kidney problems. There are several effective treatments for prostate gland enlargement, including medi...

Stage 4 prostate cancer - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/stage-4-prostate-cancer/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20377978

Feb 13th, 2019 - Stage 4 prostate cancer care at Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic doctors draw on their extensive experience caring for people with advanced prostate cancers in order to provide you with a personalized treatment plan that takes all of your concerns into account. Your Mayo Clinic care team At Mayo Clinic, experts from many specialties work together to create a treatment plan that considers all of your nee...

Stage 4 prostate cancer - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/stage-4-prostate-cancer/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20377972

Feb 13th, 2019 - Diagnosis If your doctor suspects you may have prostate cancer, tests and procedures may include: Imaging tests. Imaging tests may help your doctor understand the size and extent of your prostate cancer. Tests may include ultrasound, MRI, CT, positron emission tomography (PET) and bone scans. Which tests you undergo depends on your situation, such as whether you're experiencing signs and sympto...

Stage 4 prostate cancer - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/stage-4-prostate-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20377966

Feb 13th, 2019 - Overview Stage 4 prostate cancer is cancer that begins in the prostate and spreads to nearby lymph nodes or to other areas of the body. Stage 4 prostate cancer is an uncommon diagnosis. Most often, prostate cancer is diagnosed at an earlier stage, when the cancer is confined to the prostate. Treatments may slow or shrink an advanced prostate cancer, but for most men, stage 4 prostate cancer isn...

Kidney stones - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/kidney-stones/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20355761

Feb 7th, 2019 - Kidney stone care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic specialists from several areas work as a team to diagnose and treat your kidney stone disease. Mayo Clinic urologists and urologic surgeons work closely with doctors in nephrology, radiology and nutrition to ensure that you receive the most comprehensive care possible. Advanced diagnosis Mayo Clinic has the expertise and te...

Kidney stones - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/kidney-stones/symptoms-causes/syc-20355755

Feb 7th, 2019 - Overview Kidney stones Kidney stones Kidney stones form in your kidneys. As stones move into your ureters — the thin tubes that allow urine to pass from your kidneys to your bladder — signs and symptoms can result. Signs and symptoms of kidney stones can include severe pain, nausea, vomiting, fever, chills and blood in your urine. Female urinary system Female urinary system Your urinary system ...

Kidney stones - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/kidney-stones/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355759

Feb 7th, 2019 - Diagnosis If your doctor suspects you have a kidney stone, you may have diagnostic tests and procedures, such as: Blood testing. Blood tests may reveal too much calcium or uric acid in your blood. Blood test results help monitor the health of your kidneys and may lead your doctor to check for other medical conditions. Urine testing. The 24-hour urine collection test may show that you're excreti...

Esthesioneuroblastoma - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/esthesioneuroblastoma/symptoms-causes/syc-20351075

Feb 7th, 2019 - Overview Esthesioneuroblastoma (es-thee-zee-o-noo-row-blas-TOE-muh) is a rare type of cancer that begins in the upper portion of the nasal cavity. The area where esthesioneuroblastoma begins is separated from the brain by a bone that contains tiny holes that allow the nerves that control smell (olfactory nerves) to pass through. Esthesioneuroblastoma is also called olfactory neuroblastoma. Esth...

Urinary tract infection (UTI) - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/urinary-tract-infection/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20353457

Jan 29th, 2019 - Urinary tract infection care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Depending on your condition, your team at Mayo Clinic may include specialists in urology, kidney disease, obstetrics and gynecology, and infectious disease who work closely together to diagnose and treat your problem. Having all this expertise in a single place means that your care is discussed among the team, test results a...

Urinary tract infection (UTI) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/urinary-tract-infection/symptoms-causes/syc-20353447

Jan 29th, 2019 - Overview Female urinary system Female urinary system Your urinary system — which includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra — is responsible for removing waste from your body through urine. Your kidneys, located toward the back in your upper abdomen, produce urine by filtering waste and fluid from your blood. That urine then travels through your ureters to your bladder, where the urine ...

Urinary tract infection (UTI) - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/urinary-tract-infection/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353453

Jan 29th, 2019 - Diagnosis Female cystoscopy Female cystoscopy During a cystoscopy exam, your doctor inserts a thin, flexible device called a cystoscope through the urethra into the bladder. Cystoscopy allows your doctor to view your lower urinary tract to look for abnormalities in the urethra and bladder. Surgical tools can be passed through the cystoscope, if needed, to treat some conditions. Male cystoscopy ...

Bone metastasis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bone-metastasis/symptoms-causes/syc-20370191

Nov 27th, 2018 - Overview Bone metastasis occurs when cancer cells spread from their original site to a bone. Nearly all types of cancer can spread (metastasize) to the bones. But some types of cancer are particularly likely to spread to bone, including breast cancer and prostate cancer. Bone metastasis can occur in any bone but more commonly occurs in the spine, pelvis and thigh. Bone metastasis may be the fir...

Orchitis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/orchitis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20375865

Oct 9th, 2018 - Diagnosis Your doctor is likely to start with your medical history and a physical exam to check for enlarged lymph nodes in your groin and an enlarged testicle on the affected side. Your doctor might also do a rectal examination to check for prostate enlargement or tenderness. Your doctor might recommend: STI screen. If you have discharge from your urethra, a narrow swab is inserted into the en...

Orchitis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/orchitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20375860

Oct 9th, 2018 - Overview Orchitis (or-KIE-tis) is an inflammation of one or both testicles. Bacterial or viral infections can cause orchitis, or the cause can be unknown. Orchitis is most often the result of a bacterial infection, such as a sexually transmitted infection (STI). In some cases, the mumps virus can cause orchitis. Bacterial orchitis might be associated with epididymitis — an inflammation of the c...

Male infertility - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/male-infertility/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20374786

Sep 19th, 2018 - Male infertility care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team At Mayo Clinic's campus in Minnesota, a team of doctors trained in reproductive endocrinology and urology will treat you and your partner for infertility problems. Having all of this subspecialized expertise in a single place, focused on you, means that you're not just getting one opinion — your care is discussed among the team, yo...

Male infertility - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/male-infertility/symptoms-causes/syc-20374773

Sep 19th, 2018 - Overview Up to 15 percent of couples are infertile. This means they aren't able to conceive a child, even though they've had frequent, unprotected sexual intercourse for a year or longer. In over a third of these couples, male infertility plays a role. Male infertility is due to low sperm production, abnormal sperm function or blockages that prevent the delivery of sperm. Illnesses, injuries, c...

Male infertility - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/male-infertility/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20374780

Sep 19th, 2018 - Diagnosis Many infertile couples have more than one cause of infertility, so it's likely you will both need to see a doctor. It might take a number of tests to determine the cause of infertility. In some cases, a cause is never identified. Infertility tests can be expensive and might not be covered by insurance — find out what your medical plan covers ahead of time. Diagnosing male infertility ...

Premature ejaculation - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/premature-ejaculation/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354905

May 15th, 2018 - Diagnosis In addition to asking about your sex life, your doctor will ask about your health history and might do a physical exam. If you have both premature ejaculation and trouble getting or maintaining an erection, your doctor might order blood tests to check your male hormone (testosterone) levels or other tests. In some cases, your doctor might suggest that you go to a urologist or a mental...

Premature ejaculation - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/premature-ejaculation/symptoms-causes/syc-20354900

May 15th, 2018 - Overview Premature ejaculation occurs when a man ejaculates sooner during sexual intercourse than he or his partner would like. Premature ejaculation is a common sexual complaint. Estimates vary, but as many as 1 out of 3 men say they experience this problem at some time. As long as it happens infrequently, it's not cause for concern. However, you might be diagnosed with premature ejaculation i...

Cystitis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cystitis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20371311

May 14th, 2018 - Diagnosis Female cystoscopy Female cystoscopy During a cystoscopy exam, your doctor inserts a thin, flexible device called a cystoscope through the urethra into the bladder. Cystoscopy allows your doctor to view your lower urinary tract to look for abnormalities in the urethra and bladder. Surgical tools can be passed through the cystoscope, if needed, to treat some conditions. Male cystoscopy ...

Cystitis - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cystitis/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20371315

May 14th, 2018 - Locations, travel and lodging Mayo Clinic has major campuses in Phoenix and Scottsdale, Arizona; Jacksonville, Florida; and Rochester, Minnesota. The Mayo Clinic Health System has dozens of locations in several states. For more information on visiting Mayo Clinic, choose your location below: Mayo Clinic's campus in Arizona Mayo Clinic's campus in Florida Mayo Clinic's campus in Minnesota Mayo C...

Cystitis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cystitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20371306

May 14th, 2018 - Overview Cystitis (sis-TIE-tis) is the medical term for inflammation of the bladder. Most of the time, the inflammation is caused by a bacterial infection, and it's called a urinary tract infection (UTI). A bladder infection can be painful and annoying, and it can become a serious health problem if the infection spreads to your kidneys. Less commonly, cystitis may occur as a reaction to certain...

Testicular torsion - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/testicular-torsion/symptoms-causes/syc-20378270

May 4th, 2018 - Overview Testicular torsion occurs when a testicle rotates, twisting the spermatic cord that brings blood to the scrotum. The reduced blood flow causes sudden and often severe pain and swelling. Testicular torsion is most common between ages 12 and 18, but it can occur at any age, even before birth. Testicular torsion usually requires emergency surgery. If treated quickly, the testicle can usua...

Testicular torsion - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/testicular-torsion/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20378274

May 4th, 2018 - Diagnosis Your doctor will ask you questions to verify whether your signs and symptoms are caused by testicular torsion or something else. Doctors often diagnose testicular torsion with a physical exam of the scrotum, testicles, abdomen and groin. Your doctor might also test your reflexes by lightly rubbing or pinching the inside of your thigh on the affected side. Normally, this causes the tes...

Testicular cancer - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/testicular-cancer-care/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20352994

Apr 25th, 2018 - Testicular cancer care at Mayo Clinic Deep experience and wide expertise Doctors at Mayo Clinic evaluate and treat more than 400 boys and men each year with testicular cancer. Mayo specialists are deeply experienced not just in one specific aspect of the disease, but across all the specialties involved in testicular cancer care. Mayo Clinic urologic surgeons have advanced training in urologic c...

Testicular cancer - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/testicular-cancer-care/symptoms-causes/syc-20352986

Apr 25th, 2018 - Overview Male reproductive system Male reproductive system The male reproductive system makes, stores and moves sperm. The testicles produce sperm. Fluid from the seminal vesicles and prostate gland combines with sperm to make semen. The penis ejaculates semen during sexual intercourse. Testicular cancer occurs in the testicles (testes), which are located inside the scrotum, a loose bag of skin...

Testicular cancer - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/testicular-cancer-care/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352991

Apr 25th, 2018 - Diagnosis In some cases men discover testicular cancer themselves, either unintentionally or while doing a testicular self-examination to check for lumps. In other cases, your doctor may detect a lump during a routine physical exam. To determine whether a lump is testicular cancer, your doctor may recommend: Ultrasound. A testicular ultrasound test uses sound waves to create an image of the scr...

Liver problems - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/liver-problems/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20374513

Mar 12th, 2018 - Liver disease care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team. At Mayo Clinic, a multidisciplinary team of specialists work together to evaluate and treat each individual. Specialists in gastroenterology and hepatology and liver transplant at Mayo Clinic diagnose and treat adults with liver disease. The Hepatobiliary Clinic and specialists in the Liver Transplant Interest Group help coordinate c...

Overactive bladder - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/overactive-bladder/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355721

Mar 9th, 2018 - Diagnosis If you have an abnormal urge to urinate, your doctor will check to make sure that you don't have an infection or blood in your urine. Your doctor may also want to make sure that you're emptying your bladder completely when you urinate. Your doctor will look for clues that might also indicate contributing factors. The work-up will likely include a: Medical history Physical exam, focusi...

Overactive bladder - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/overactive-bladder/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20355726

Mar 9th, 2018 - Overactive bladder care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic has doctors who specialize in overactive bladder; they have extra training in bladder and urinary function and, in many cases, see only people with overactive bladder. As a result, they have extensive expertise in treating overactive bladder, including fixing treatments done elsewhere that have failed. Each year, Mayo...

Overactive bladder - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/overactive-bladder/symptoms-causes/syc-20355715

Mar 9th, 2018 - Overview Overactive bladder causes a sudden urge to urinate. The urge may be difficult to stop, and overactive bladder may lead to the involuntary loss of urine (urge incontinence). If you have an overactive bladder, you may feel embarrassed, isolate yourself, or limit your work and social life. The good news is that a brief evaluation can determine whether there's a specific cause for your ove...

Erectile dysfunction - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/erectile-dysfunction/symptoms-causes/syc-20355776

Mar 8th, 2018 - Overview Flaccid and erect penis Flaccid and erect penis The penis contains two cylindrical, spongelike structures (corpora cavernosa). When a male becomes sexually aroused, nerve impulses increase blood flow to both cylinders. This sudden influx of blood causes an erection by expanding, straightening and stiffening the penis. Erectile dysfunction (impotence) is the inability to get and keep an...

Erectile dysfunction - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/erectile-dysfunction/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20355786

Mar 8th, 2018 - Erectile dysfunction care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team. Erectile dysfunction has many possible causes. At Mayo Clinic, specialists from endocrinology, cardiovascular diseases, neurology, urology, and psychiatry and psychology services work together as a multidisciplinary team to evaluate and treat each individual. This means that you're not getting just one opinion — you benefit fr...

Erectile dysfunction - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/erectile-dysfunction/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355782

Mar 8th, 2018 - Diagnosis For many men, a physical exam and answering questions (medical history) are all that's needed for a doctor to diagnose erectile dysfunction and recommend a treatment. If you have chronic health conditions or your doctor suspects that an underlying condition might be involved, you might need further tests or a consultation with a specialist. Tests for underlying conditions might includ...

Hydrocele - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hydrocele/symptoms-causes/syc-20363969

Mar 7th, 2018 - Overview A hydrocele (HI-droe-seel) is a type of swelling in the scrotum that occurs when fluid collects in the thin sheath surrounding a testicle. Hydrocele is common in newborns and usually disappears without treatment by age 1. Older boys and adult men can develop a hydrocele due to inflammation or injury within the scrotum. A hydrocele usually isn't painful or harmful and might not need any...

Hydrocele - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hydrocele/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20363971

Mar 7th, 2018 - Diagnosis Your doctor will start with a physical exam. It's likely to include: Checking for tenderness in an enlarged scrotum. Applying pressure to the abdomen and scrotum to check for inguinal hernia. Shining a light through the scrotum (transillumination). If you or your child has a hydrocele, transillumination will show clear fluid surrounding the testicle. After that, your doctor might reco...

Spermatocele - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/spermatocele/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20377833

Feb 6th, 2018 - Diagnosis To diagnose a spermatocele, you'll need a physical exam. Although a spermatocele generally isn't painful, you might feel discomfort when your doctor examines (palpates) the mass. You might also undergo the following diagnostic tests: Transillumination. Your doctor might shine a light through your scrotum. With a spermatocele, the light will indicate that the mass is fluid-filled rathe...

Spermatocele - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/spermatocele/symptoms-causes/syc-20377829

Feb 6th, 2018 - Overview Spermatocele Spermatocele A spermatocele, also known as a spermatic cyst, is a typically painless, noncancerous (benign), fluid-filled sac that grows near the top of a testicle. A spermatocele (SPUR-muh-toe-seel) is an abnormal sac (cyst) that develops in the epididymis — the small, coiled tube located on the upper testicle that collects and transports sperm. Noncancerous and generally...

Bladder cancer - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bladder-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20356104

Dec 21st, 2017 - Overview Female urinary system Female urinary system Your urinary system — which includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra — is responsible for removing waste from your body through urine. Your kidneys, located toward the back in your upper abdomen, produce urine by filtering waste and fluid from your blood. That urine then travels through your ureters to your bladder, where the urine ...

Bladder cancer - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bladder-cancer/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20356109

Dec 21st, 2017 - Diagnosis Diagnosing bladder cancer Female cystoscopy Female cystoscopy During a cystoscopy exam, your doctor inserts a thin, flexible device called a cystoscope through the urethra into the bladder. Cystoscopy allows your doctor to view your lower urinary tract to look for abnormalities in the urethra and bladder. Surgical tools can be passed through the cystoscope, if needed, to treat some co...

Bladder cancer - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bladder-cancer/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20356112

Dec 21st, 2017 - Bladder cancer care at Mayo Clinic Bladder cancer is 3x more common in men than women. Click here for an infographic to learn more At Mayo Clinic, you have access to: Surgeons who are specially trained to treat bladder cancers. Mayo Clinic urologists that treat bladder cancer have additional training and specialize in this area of surgery. This expertise and specialization assures that you rece...

Stress incontinence - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/stress-incontinence/symptoms-causes/syc-20355727

Nov 17th, 2017 - Overview Urinary incontinence is the unintentional loss of urine. Stress incontinence happens when physical movement or activity — such as coughing, sneezing, running or heavy lifting — puts pressure (stress) on your bladder. Stress incontinence is not related to psychological stress. Stress incontinence differs from urge incontinence, which is the unintentional loss of urine caused by the blad...

Stress incontinence - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/stress-incontinence/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20355736

Nov 17th, 2017 - Stress incontinence care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Urologists and urogynecologists at Mayo Clinic provide expert care for female patients of all ages who experience problems of the urinary tract. Urologists also provide specialized treatment for men of all ages who have incontinence. Advanced diagnosis and treatment Mayo Clinic doctors are leaders in clinical research, allowing ...

Blood in urine (hematuria) - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/blood-in-urine/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353436

Aug 16th, 2017 - Diagnosis Female cystoscopy Female cystoscopy During a cystoscopy exam, your doctor inserts a thin, flexible device called a cystoscope through the urethra into the bladder. Cystoscopy allows your doctor to view your lower urinary tract to look for abnormalities in the urethra and bladder. Surgical tools can be passed through the cystoscope, if needed, to treat some conditions. Male cystoscopy ...

Vaginal fistula - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/vaginal-fistulas/symptoms-causes/syc-20355762

Aug 15th, 2017 - Overview A vaginal fistula is an abnormal opening that connects your vagina to another organ, such as your bladder, colon or rectum. Your doctor might describe the condition as a hole in your vagina that allows stool or urine to pass through your vagina. Vaginal fistulas can develop as a result of an injury, a surgery, an infection or radiation treatment. Whatever the cause of your fistula, you...

Adult Hydrocele
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/16294-adult-hydrocele

Jun 1st, 2017 - What is adult hydrocele? A hydrocele occurs in males when fluid fills the scrotum, which is the sac under the penis that contains the testicles. Fluid can surround one or both testicles, causing swelling in the scrotum. Although the condition is much more common in baby boys, it may also occur in adult men. Normal Scrotal Anatomy (left). Scrotal Anatomy with Hydrocele (right) How common is adul...

Prostate Cancer
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/8634-prostate-cancer-basics

Jul 23rd, 2015 - What is prostate cancer? Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men, and the second leading cause of cancer death among men in the U.S. More than 180,000 men in the U.S. will be diagnosed with prostate cancer this year, and more than 40,000 will die of the disease. Eighty percent of men who reach age 80 have prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is a malignant (cancerous) tumor that usually be...

Kidney Stones
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/15604-kidney-stones-

Jan 27th, 2015 - Kidney Stone Treatments What is a kidney stone? A kidney stone is a solid mass formed from substances in the urine. These substances are normally found in the urine, but become highly concentrated when there are not enough liquids to flush them out of the body in the urine. These stone-forming substances are: Calcium Oxalate Urate Cysteine Xanthine Phosphate These and other chemicals are the “w...

Enlarged Prostate (BPH)
https://medlineplus.gov/enlargedprostatebph.html

Jun 2nd, 2014 - The prostate is a gland in men. It helps make semen, the fluid that contains sperm. The prostate surrounds the tube that carries urine out of the body. As men age, their prostate grows bigger. If it gets too large, it can cause problems. An enlarged prostate is also called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Most men will get BPH as they get older. Symptoms often start after age 50. BPH is not ...

Overactive Bladder
https://medlineplus.gov/overactivebladder.html

May 19th, 2013 - Overactive bladder is a condition in which the bladder squeezes urine out at the wrong time. You may have overactive bladder if you have two or more of these symptoms: You urinate eight or more times a day or two or more times at night You have the sudden, strong need to urinate immediately You leak urine after a sudden, strong urge to urinate You also may have incontinence, a loss of bladder c...

Male Infertility
https://medlineplus.gov/maleinfertility.html

Oct 5th, 2010 - Infertility is a term doctors use if a man hasn't been able to get a woman pregnant after at least one year of trying. Causes of male infertility include Physical problems with the testicles Blockages in the ducts that carry sperm Hormone problems A history of high fevers or mumps Genetic disorders Lifestyle or environmental factors About a third of the time, infertility is because of a problem...

Sexual Problems in Men
https://medlineplus.gov/sexualproblemsinmen.html

Jul 27th, 2010 - Many men have sexual problems. They become more common as men age. Problems can include Erectile dysfunction Reduced or lost interest in sex Problems with ejaculation Low testosterone Stress, illness, medicines, or emotional problems may also be factors. Occasional problems with sexual function are common. If problems last more than a few months or cause distress for you or your partner, you sh...

Urethral Disorders
https://medlineplus.gov/urethraldisorders.html

Jan 5th, 2010 - The urethra is the tube that allows urine to pass out of the body. In men, it's a long tube that runs through the penis. It also carries semen in men. In women, it's short and is just above the vagina. Urethral problems may happen due to aging, illness, or injury. They include Urethral cancer - a rare cancer that happens more often in men Urethral stricture - a narrowing of the opening of the u...

Endoscopy
https://medlineplus.gov/endoscopy.html

Aug 15th, 2007 - Endoscopy is a procedure that lets your doctor look inside your body. It uses an instrument called an endoscope, or scope for short. Scopes have a tiny camera attached to a long, thin tube. The doctor moves it through a body passageway or opening to see inside an organ. Sometimes scopes are used for surgery, such as for removing polyps from the colon. There are many different kinds of endoscopy...