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About 20,032 results
Preparing for a colonoscopy
https://www.health.harvard.edu/diseases-and-conditions/preparing-for-a-colonoscopy

Aug 12th, 2019 - If you shudder at the thought of having a colonoscopy to check for hidden colon cancer, chances are it's the "prep" that's stoking your apprehension. It's certainly a major inconvenience: getting ready for the procedure takes much longer — an average of 16 hours, according to one study — than the three hours or so you'll spend at a medical center the day of your colonoscopy. But what's most off...

How to Prepare for Your Colonoscopy Using MiraLAX
https://www.mskcc.org/cancer-care/patient-education/how-prepare-your-colonoscopy-using-miralax

Aug 5th, 2019 - This information will help you get ready for your colonoscopy using polyethylene glycol (MiraLAX®). A colonoscopy is an exam of your colon (large intestine). Your doctor will use a colonoscope (flexible tube with a camera on the end) to see the inside of your colon on a video monitor. During your procedure, your doctor can:

A Patient’s Guide to Opioid Tapering
https://www.hss.edu/conditions_patient-guide-opioid-tapering.asp

May 20th, 2018 - Treating acute pain caused by orthopedic surgery has improved drastically over the past few years. This is due in part to the use of multimodal analgesic strategies (balancing the use of multiple non-opioid pain medications) and an increase in regional anesthesia in orthopedic procedures.

NCCN Quick Guide™ | Metastatic Breast Cancer
https://www.nccn.org/patients/guidelines/quick_guides/breast/stage_iv/index.html

Jan 1st, 2018 - NCCN QUICK GUIDE tm Breast Cancer – Metastatic, 2018 PAT-N-1075-0618 What are the treatment options? Hormone-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer „„ Chemotherapy may be given first if the cancer is quickly growing within internal organs

Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month
https://healthfinder.gov/NHO/MarchToolkit.aspx

Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in the United States and the second leading cause of death from cancers that affect both men and women. Colorectal cancer affects people in all racial and ethnic groups and is most common in people age 50 and older.

Resources for Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus & Caregivers | Talk SLE
http://www.talksle.com/resources/patients-caregivers.html

The need for healthcare providers to effectively engage with patients with SLE is ongoing and the stakes are high. Even when patients have no complaints and no visual signs of disease, organ damage can be occurring. We've developed these tools to help both you and your patients communicate and be vigilant.

Male hypogonadism - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/male-hypogonadism/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354886

Nov 4th, 2019 - Diagnosis Early detection in boys can help prevent problems from delayed puberty. Early diagnosis and treatment in men offer better protection against osteoporosis and other related conditions. Your doctor will conduct a physical exam and note whether your sexual development, such as your pubic hair, muscle mass and size of your testes, is consistent with your age. Your doctor will test your bl...

Migraine - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/migraine-headache/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20360215

Oct 31st, 2019 - Migraine care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team The doctors trained in nervous system disorders (neurologists) include internationally recognized researchers in the treatment and prevention of migraines. Teams of doctors work together to bring you the best possible treatment for your migraines. Your care team of experts collaborates to provide you with the benefit of each specialist's k...

Body dysmorphic disorder - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/body-dysmorphic-disorder/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353944

Oct 28th, 2019 - Diagnosis After a medical evaluation to help rule out other medical conditions, your primary care provider may make a referral to a mental health professional for further evaluation. Diagnosis of body dysmorphic disorder is typically based on: A psychological evaluation that assesses risk factors and thoughts, feelings, and behaviors related to negative self-image Personal, social, family and m...

Body dysmorphic disorder - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/body-dysmorphic-disorder/symptoms-causes/syc-20353938

Oct 28th, 2019 - Overview Body dysmorphic disorder is a mental health disorder in which you can't stop thinking about one or more perceived defects or flaws in your appearance — a flaw that appears minor or can't be seen by others. But you may feel so embarrassed, ashamed and anxious that you may avoid many social situations. When you have body dysmorphic disorder, you intensely focus on your appearance and bod...

HIV/AIDS - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hiv-aids/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20373531

Oct 24th, 2019 - Diagnosis HIV is most commonly diagnosed by testing your blood or saliva for antibodies to the virus. Unfortunately, it takes time for your body to develop these antibodies — usually up to 12 weeks. A quicker test checks for HIV antigen, a protein produced by the virus immediately after infection. It can confirm a diagnosis soon after infection and allow the person to take swifter steps to prev...

HIV/AIDS - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hiv-aids/symptoms-causes/syc-20373524

Oct 24th, 2019 - Overview Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a chronic, potentially life-threatening condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). By damaging your immune system, HIV interferes with your body's ability to fight the organisms that cause disease. HIV is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). It can also be spread by contact with infected blood or from mother to child duri...

Von Willebrand disease - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/von-willebrand-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354984

Oct 23rd, 2019 - Diagnosis Mild forms of von Willebrand disease can be difficult to diagnose because bleeding is common, and, for most people, doesn't indicate a disease. However, if your doctor suspects you have a bleeding disorder, he or she might refer you to a blood disorders specialist (hematologist). To evaluate you for von Willebrand disease, your doctor will likely ask you detailed questions about your ...

Guillain-Barré syndrome - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/guillain-barre-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20363006

Oct 23rd, 2019 - Diagnosis Guillain-Barré syndrome can be difficult to diagnose in its earliest stages. Its signs and symptoms are similar to those of other neurological disorders and may vary from person to person. Your doctor is likely to start with a medical history and thorough physical examination. Your doctor may then recommend: Spinal tap (lumbar puncture). A small amount of fluid is withdrawn from the s...

Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/fsgs/symptoms-causes/syc-20354693

Oct 23rd, 2019 - Overview Normal and Scarred Glomerulus Normal and Scarred Glomerulus Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) results from scarring of the glomeruli, the tiny structures within the kidney that filter impurities from the blood to create urine. As these scars accumulate, kidney function worsens. Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a disease in which scar tissue develops on the parts of ...

Von Willebrand disease - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/von-willebrand-disease/symptoms-causes/syc-20354978

Oct 23rd, 2019 - Overview Von Willebrand disease is a lifelong bleeding disorder in which your blood doesn't clot well. People with the disease have low levels of von Willebrand factor, a protein that helps blood clot, or the protein doesn't perform as it should. Most people with the disease are born with it, having inherited it from one or both parents. However, warning signs, such as heavy bleeding after a de...

Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/fsgs/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20354696

Oct 23rd, 2019 - Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team The large number of kidney specialists (nephrologists) at Mayo Clinic allows doctors to subspecialize in specific aspects of kidney medicine, including glomerular diseases such as focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). Depending on the situation, kidney specialists might work with other specialists to develop ...

Hiatal hernia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hiatal-hernia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20373385

Oct 22nd, 2019 - Diagnosis Endoscopy Endoscopy Endoscopy An endoscopy procedure involves inserting a long, flexible tube (endoscope) down your throat and into your esophagus. A tiny camera on the end of the endoscope lets your doctor examine your esophagus, stomach and the beginning of your small intestine (duodenum). A hiatal hernia is often discovered during a test or procedure to determine the cause of heart...

Nonulcer stomach pain - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/nonulcer-stomach-pain/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20375715

Oct 22nd, 2019 - Diagnosis Endoscopy Endoscopy Endoscopy An endoscopy procedure involves inserting a long, flexible tube (endoscope) down your throat and into your esophagus. A tiny camera on the end of the endoscope lets your doctor examine your esophagus, stomach and the beginning of your small intestine (duodenum). Your doctor will likely review your signs and symptoms and perform a physical examination. A n...

Zollinger-Ellison syndrome - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/zollinger-ellison-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20379046

Oct 22nd, 2019 - Diagnosis Your doctor will base a diagnosis on the following: Medical history. Your doctor will ask about your signs and symptoms and review your medical history. Blood tests. A sample of your blood is analyzed to see whether you have elevated gastrin levels. While elevated gastrin may indicate tumors in your pancreas or duodenum, it also can be caused by other conditions. For example, gastrin ...

Gastritis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gastritis/symptoms-causes/syc-20355807

Oct 22nd, 2019 - Overview Stomach and pyloric valve Stomach and pyloric valve Your stomach is a muscular sac about the size of a small melon that expands when you eat or drink to hold as much as a gallon of food or liquid. Once your stomach pulverizes the food, strong muscular contractions (peristaltic waves) push the food toward the pyloric valve, which leads to the upper portion of your small intestine (duode...

Chronic hives - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chronic-hives/symptoms-causes/syc-20352719

Oct 22nd, 2019 - Overview Hives on light skin Hives on light skin Hives may be accompanied by angioedema, which causes red, swollen welts. Hives on dark skin Hives on dark skin Hives, also known as urticaria, are reddened, itchy welts that may be triggered by exposure to certain foods, medications or other substances. Hives (urticaria) are red, itchy welts that result from a skin reaction. The welts vary in siz...

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gerd/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20362042

Oct 22nd, 2019 - GERD care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic's GERD care team includes doctors trained in digestive diseases (gastroenterologists) and chest (thoracic) surgeons who work together to provide exactly the care you need. Having all of this subspecialized expertise in a single place, focused on you, means that you're not just getting one opinion — care is discussed among the team,...

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gerd/symptoms-causes/syc-20361940

Oct 22nd, 2019 - Overview How heartburn and GERD occur How heartburn and GERD occur Acid reflux occurs when the sphincter muscle at the lower end of your esophagus relaxes at the wrong time, allowing stomach acid to back up into your esophagus. This can cause heartburn and other signs and symptoms. Frequent or constant reflux can lead to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Gastroesophageal reflux disease (G...

Microscopic colitis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/microscopic-colitis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351483

Oct 22nd, 2019 - Diagnosis A complete medical history and physical examination can help determine whether other conditions, such as celiac disease, may be contributing to your diarrhea. Your doctor will also ask about any medications you are taking — particularly aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others), naproxen sodium (Aleve), proton pump inhibitors, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) — ...

Zollinger-Ellison syndrome - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/zollinger-ellison-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20379042

Oct 22nd, 2019 - Overview Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is a rare condition in which one or more tumors form in your pancreas or the upper part of your small intestine (duodenum). These tumors, called gastrinomas, secrete large amounts of the hormone gastrin, which causes your stomach to produce too much acid. The excess acid then leads to peptic ulcers, as well as to diarrhea and other symptoms. Zollinger-Ellison...

Nonulcer stomach pain - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/nonulcer-stomach-pain/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20375721

Oct 22nd, 2019 - Nonulcer stomach pain care at Mayo Clinic Nonulcer stomach pain care at Mayo Clinic For decades, Mayo Clinic has been a world leader in providing comprehensive, state-of-the-art care for patients with digestive system complaints. Doctors across the three Mayo Clinic campuses treat more than 8,500 people with nonulcer dyspepsia each year. Your Mayo Clinic care team At Mayo Clinic, specialists in...

Esophagitis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/esophagitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20361224

Oct 22nd, 2019 - Overview Esophagitis (uh-sof-uh-JIE-tis) is inflammation that may damage tissues of the esophagus, the muscular tube that delivers food from your mouth to your stomach. Esophagitis can cause painful, difficult swallowing and chest pain. Causes of esophagitis include stomach acids backing up into the esophagus, infection, oral medications and allergies. Treatment for esophagitis depends on the u...

Esophagitis - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/esophagitis/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20361414

Oct 22nd, 2019 - Esophagitis care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic doctors from a number of specialties diagnose and treat esophagitis. Doctors trained in digestive diseases, allergies, and heart surgery work together as a team to provide coordinated, comprehensive care for people who have esophagitis. Virtually every test and treatment for esophagitis is available in one convenient locatio...

Swollen Lymph Nodes (Lymphadenopathy)
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/15219-swollen-lymph-nodes

Oct 22nd, 2019 - Swollen lymph nodes can occur in your armpits as well as in your neck and groin. What are swollen lymph nodes? When you’re not feeling so great, like you’re coming down with something, you may notice some swelling on the sides of your neck. Those lumps probably feel soft and tender to the touch — and may even hurt a little. Swollen lymph nodes (or what doctors call lymphadenopathy) are common a...

Hiatal hernia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hiatal-hernia/symptoms-causes/syc-20373379

Oct 22nd, 2019 - Overview Hiatal hernia Hiatal hernia A hiatal hernia occurs when the upper part of your stomach bulges through your diaphragm into your chest cavity. A hiatal hernia occurs when the upper part of your stomach bulges through the large muscle separating your abdomen and chest (diaphragm). Your diaphragm has a small opening (hiatus) through which your food tube (esophagus) passes before connecting...

Nonulcer stomach pain - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/nonulcer-stomach-pain/symptoms-causes/syc-20375709

Oct 22nd, 2019 - Overview Nonulcer stomach pain is a term for recurring signs and symptoms of indigestion that have no obvious cause. Nonulcer stomach pain is also called functional dyspepsia (dis-PEP-see-uh) or nonulcer dyspepsia. Nonulcer stomach pain is common and can be long lasting. The condition can cause signs and symptoms that resemble those of an ulcer, such as pain or discomfort in your upper abdomen,...

Microscopic colitis - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/microscopic-colitis/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20351486

Oct 22nd, 2019 - Microscopic colitis care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team. Depending on your needs, a wide array of specialists is available for you at Mayo Clinic. Experts in digestive diseases (gastroenterology), surgery, pathology, radiology and nutrition care work together to provide the care you need for microscopic colitis. Mayo's collaborative approach means that all of our specialists work wit...

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/4005-carpal-tunnel-syndrome

Oct 21st, 2019 - The carpal tunnel is a space in the wrist that holds tendons and your median nerve. This space is compressed in carpal tunnel syndrome. One symptom of carpal tunnel syndrome is numbness that spreads throughout the hand (see shaded blue area). What is carpal tunnel syndrome? Carpal tunnel syndrome is a common condition that causes pain, numbness, tingling, and weakness in the hand and wrist. It ...

Primary ovarian insufficiency - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/premature-ovarian-failure/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354688

Oct 21st, 2019 - Diagnosis Most women have few signs of primary ovarian insufficiency, but your doctor may suspect the condition if you have irregular periods or are having trouble conceiving. Diagnosis usually involves a physical exam, including a pelvic exam. Your doctor might ask questions about your menstrual cycle, exposure to toxins, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy, and previous ovarian surgery....

Bunions - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bunions/symptoms-causes/syc-20354799

Oct 21st, 2019 - Overview Bunion Bunion When you have a bunion, the tip of your big toe shifts towards the smaller toes, crowding them. This also forces the joint at the base of your big toe to stick out. Bunionette Bunionette Smaller bunions (bunionettes) can develop on the joint at the base of your little toe. A bunion is a bony bump that forms on the joint at the base of your big toe. It occurs when some of ...

Bunions - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bunions/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354805

Oct 21st, 2019 - Diagnosis Your doctor can identify a bunion by examining your foot. After the physical exam, an X-ray of your foot can help your doctor determine the best way to treat it. More Information X-ray Treatment Treatment options vary depending on the severity of your bunion and how much pain it causes. Conservative treatment Nonsurgical treatments that may relieve the pain and pressure of a bunion in...

Primary ovarian insufficiency - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/premature-ovarian-failure/symptoms-causes/syc-20354683

Oct 21st, 2019 - Overview Primary ovarian insufficiency — also called premature ovarian failure — occurs when the ovaries stop functioning normally before age 40. When this happens, your ovaries don't produce normal amounts of the hormone estrogen or release eggs regularly. This condition often leads to infertility. Primary ovarian insufficiency is sometimes confused with premature menopause, but these conditio...

Colon polyps - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/colon-polyps/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352881

Oct 18th, 2019 - Diagnosis Screening tests play a key role in detecting polyps before they become cancerous. These tests can also help find colorectal cancer in its early stages, when you have a good chance of recovery. Screening methods include: Colonoscopy, the most sensitive test for colorectal polyps and cancer. If polyps are found, your doctor may remove them immediately or take tissue samples (biopsies) f...

Colon polyps - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/colon-polyps/symptoms-causes/syc-20352875

Oct 18th, 2019 - Overview A colon polyp is a small clump of cells that forms on the lining of the colon. Most colon polyps are harmless. But over time, some colon polyps can develop into colon cancer, which is often fatal when found in its later stages. There are two main categories of polyps, non-neoplastic and neoplastic. Non-neoplastic polyps include hyperplastic polyps, inflammatory polyps and hamartomatous...

Iron deficiency anemia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/iron-deficiency-anemia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355040

Oct 17th, 2019 - Diagnosis To diagnose iron deficiency anemia, your doctor may run tests to look for: Red blood cell size and color. With iron deficiency anemia, red blood cells are smaller and paler in color than normal. Hematocrit. This is the percentage of your blood volume made up by red blood cells. Normal levels are generally between 35.5 and 44.9 percent for adult women and 38.3 to 48.6 percent for adult...

Iron deficiency anemia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/iron-deficiency-anemia/symptoms-causes/syc-20355034

Oct 17th, 2019 - Overview Iron deficiency anemia is a common type of anemia — a condition in which blood lacks adequate healthy red blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen to the body's tissues. As the name implies, iron deficiency anemia is due to insufficient iron. Without enough iron, your body can't produce enough of a substance in red blood cells that enables them to carry oxygen (hemoglobin). As a resul...

Dysphagia - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dysphagia/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20372039

Oct 16th, 2019 - Dysphagia care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team A team of specialists at Mayo Clinic work together to identify the appropriate treatment approach for each person. The team includes doctors who specialize in gastroenterology and hepatology, otorhinolaryngology, neurology, physical medicine and rehabilitation, and speech pathology. If you have esophageal cancer, specialists in thoracic s...

Bone spurs - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bone-spurs/symptoms-causes/syc-20370212

Oct 16th, 2019 - Overview Bone spurs are bony projections that develop along bone edges. Bone spurs (osteophytes) often form where bones meet each other — in your joints. They can also form on the bones of your spine. The main cause of bone spurs is the joint damage associated with osteoarthritis. Most bone spurs cause no symptoms and can go undetected for years. They might not require treatment. If treatment i...

Lymphoma - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/lymphoma/symptoms-causes/syc-20352638

Oct 16th, 2019 - Overview Lymphatic system Lymphatic system Your body's lymphatic system is part of your immune system, which protects you against infection and disease. The lymphatic system includes your spleen, thymus, lymph nodes and lymph channels, as well as your tonsils and adenoids. Lymph node clusters Lymph node clusters Lymph nodes are bean-sized collections of lymphocytes. About 600 of these nodes clu...

Lymphoma - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/lymphoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352642

Oct 16th, 2019 - Diagnosis Bone marrow biopsy Bone marrow biopsy Bone marrow biopsy In a bone marrow aspiration and biopsy, a doctor or nurse uses a thin needle to remove a small amount of liquid bone marrow, usually from a spot in the back of your hipbone (pelvis). The second part of the procedure removes a small piece of bone tissue and the enclosed marrow. Tests and procedures used to diagnose lymphoma inclu...

Dysphagia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dysphagia/symptoms-causes/syc-20372028

Oct 16th, 2019 - Overview Esophagus Esophagus The esophagus is a muscular tube that connects your mouth and your stomach. Rings of muscle (sphincters) in the upper and lower portions contract and relax to allow food and liquid to pass. Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia) means it takes more time and effort to move food or liquid from your mouth to your stomach. Dysphagia may also be associated with pain. In some ...

Dysphagia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dysphagia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20372033

Oct 16th, 2019 - Diagnosis Your doctor will likely perform a physical examination and may use a variety of tests to determine the cause of your swallowing problem. Tests may include: X-ray with a contrast material (barium X-ray). You drink a barium solution that coats your esophagus, allowing it to show up better on X-rays. Your doctor can then see changes in the shape of your esophagus and can assess the muscu...

Lymphoma - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/lymphoma/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20352645

Oct 16th, 2019 - Lymphoma care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic specialists provide expert, personalized care to people with lymphoma, including very rare types of the disease. Your care team might include: Hematologists Pathologists Radiation oncologists Radiologists Bone marrow transplant specialists Surgeons Dematologists If you have other health conditions that could be affected by canc...

Endometriosis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/endometriosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20354656

Oct 15th, 2019 - Overview Endometriosis Endometriosis Endometriosis occurs when bits of the tissue that lines the uterus (endometrium) grow on other pelvic organs, such as the ovaries or fallopian tubes. Outside the uterus, endometrial tissue thickens and bleeds, just as the normal endometrium does during the menstrual cycle. Endometriosis (en-doe-me-tree-O-sis) is an often painful disorder in which tissue simi...

Pectus carinatum - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pectus-carinatum/symptoms-causes/syc-20355531

Oct 15th, 2019 - Overview Pectus carinatum Pectus carinatum Pectus carinatum is an uncommon birth defect in which a child's breastbone protrudes outward abnormally. Pectus carinatum brace Pectus carinatum brace The preferred treatment for children whose bones are still growing is a brace to help flatten the chest. The brace is worn up to 23 hours a day and results can begin to be seen in just a few months. Pect...

Patellar tendinitis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/patellar-tendinitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20376113

Oct 15th, 2019 - Overview Patellar tendinitis is an injury to the tendon connecting your kneecap (patella) to your shinbone. The patellar tendon works with the muscles at the front of your thigh to extend your knee so that you can kick, run and jump. Patellar tendinitis, also known as jumper's knee, is most common in athletes whose sports involve frequent jumping — such as basketball and volleyball. However, ev...

Pectus carinatum - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pectus-carinatum/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20355534

Oct 15th, 2019 - Pectus carinatum care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team At Mayo Clinic, specialists from pulmonary medicine, cardiology, and physical medicine and rehabilitation work with surgeons to care for children and adults who have pectus carinatum. Advanced diagnosis and treatment Mayo Clinic's pediatric experts use ultrafast CT technology, so children receive minimal exposure to radiation. If s...

Carbon monoxide poisoning - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/carbon-monoxide/symptoms-causes/syc-20370642

Oct 15th, 2019 - Overview Carbon monoxide poisoning occurs when carbon monoxide builds up in your bloodstream. When too much carbon monoxide is in the air, your body replaces the oxygen in your red blood cells with carbon monoxide. This can lead to serious tissue damage, or even death. Carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas produced by burning gasoline, wood, propane, charcoal or other fuel. Im...

Pectus carinatum - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pectus-carinatum/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20449279

Oct 15th, 2019 - Diagnosis Doctors usually can diagnose pectus carinatum by examining the chest. Imaging tests like CT scans can help determine the severity of the disorder. Treatment Pectus carinatum can be treated with either a brace or surgery. If the child’s bones are still growing, a brace can help flatten the chest. The brace is worn up to 23 hours a day and symptoms usually begin improving in just a few ...

Patellar tendinitis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/patellar-tendinitis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20376118

Oct 15th, 2019 - Diagnosis During the exam, your doctor may apply pressure to parts of your knee to determine where you hurt. Usually, pain from patellar tendinitis is on the front part of your knee, just below your kneecap. Imaging tests Your doctor may suggest one or more of the following imaging tests: X-rays. X-rays help to exclude other bone problems that can cause knee pain. Ultrasound. This test uses sou...

Scarlet fever - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/scarlet-fever/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20377411

Oct 15th, 2019 - Diagnosis During the physical exam, your doctor will: Look at the condition of your child's throat, tonsils and tongue Feel your child's neck to determine if lymph nodes are enlarged Assess the appearance and texture of the rash Throat swab If your doctor suspects strep is the cause of your child's illness, he or she will also swab the tonsils and back of your child's throat to collect material...

Endometriosis - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/endometriosis/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20433743

Oct 15th, 2019 - Endometriosis care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team. At Mayo Clinic, gynecologists, radiologists and fertility specialists, along with others, work together to offer you options regarding endometriosis treatment — especially with managing the pain associated with this condition. Each year on average, Mayo Clinic doctors diagnose and treat more than 1,500 women with endometriosis or pel...

Endometriosis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/endometriosis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354661

Oct 15th, 2019 - Diagnosis Pelvic exam Pelvic exam During a pelvic exam, your doctor inserts two gloved fingers inside your vagina. While simultaneously pressing down on your abdomen, he or she can evaluate your uterus, ovaries and other pelvic organs. Transvaginal ultrasound Transvaginal ultrasound During a transvaginal ultrasound, your doctor or a medical technician inserts a wandlike device (transducer) into...

Carbon monoxide poisoning - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/carbon-monoxide/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20370646

Oct 15th, 2019 - Diagnosis If you're brought to an emergency room with suspected carbon monoxide poisoning, you may begin treatment immediately. To confirm your diagnosis, the doctor may test a sample of your blood for carbon monoxide. Treatment Individual (monoplace) hyperbaric oxygen unit Individual (monoplace) hyperbaric oxygen unit In an individual (monoplace) hyperbaric oxygen unit, treatment is administer...

Scarlet fever - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/scarlet-fever/symptoms-causes/syc-20377406

Oct 15th, 2019 - Overview Scarlet fever Scarlet fever The red rash of scarlet fever usually begins on the face or neck, later spreading to the chest, trunk, arms and legs. Scarlet fever is a bacterial illness that develops in some people who have strep throat. Also known as scarlatina, scarlet fever features a bright red rash that covers most of the body. Scarlet fever is almost always accompanied by a sore thr...

Blind loop syndrome - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/blind-loop-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20370168

Oct 14th, 2019 - Overview Blind loop syndrome occurs when part of the small intestine forms a loop that food bypasses during digestion. The presence of this "blind loop" means food may not move normally through the digestive tract. Slowly moving food and waste products become a breeding ground for bacteria. The result — bacterial overgrowth — often causes diarrhea and may cause weight loss and malnutrition. Som...

Toe walking - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/toe-walking/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20378414

Oct 14th, 2019 - Diagnosis Toe walking can be observed during a physical exam. In some cases, the doctor may do a gait analysis or an exam known as electromyography (EMG). During an EMG, a thin needle with an electrode is inserted into a muscle in the leg. The electrode measures the electrical activity in the affected nerve or muscle. If the doctor suspects a condition such as cerebral palsy or autism, he or sh...

Hepatopulmonary syndrome - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hepatopulmonary-syndrome/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20373359

Oct 14th, 2019 - Hepatopulmonary syndrome care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Although it's a rare condition, Mayo Clinic doctors are experienced in treating hepatopulmonary syndrome. Liver, lung and transplant specialists work closely together to diagnose and treat hepatopulmonary syndrome. Advanced technology and treatment Mayo Clinic is one of the nation's leading treatment and research centers fo...

Yips - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/yips/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20379024

Oct 14th, 2019 - Treatment Because the yips may be related to overuse of specific muscles, a change of technique or equipment may help. Possible strategies include: Change your grip. This technique works for many golfers, because it changes the muscles you use to make your putting stroke. Use a different putter. A longer putter allows you to use more of your arms and shoulders and less of your hands and wrists ...

Blind loop syndrome - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/blind-loop-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20370172

Oct 14th, 2019 - Diagnosis The first step in diagnosing blind loop syndrome is usually an imaging test, such as: Abdominal X-ray Abdominal CT scan You may have additional tests to check for bacterial overgrowth in your small intestine, poor fat absorption, or other problems that may be causing or contributing to your symptoms: Barium X-ray of the small intestine. This test uses a contrast solution (barium) to c...

Hepatopulmonary syndrome - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hepatopulmonary-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20373350

Oct 14th, 2019 - Overview Hepatopulmonary (hep-uh-toe-POOL-moe-nar-e) syndrome is an uncommon condition that affects the lungs of people with advanced liver disease. Hepatopulmonary syndrome is caused by blood vessels in the lungs expanding (dilating) and increasing in number, making it hard for red blood cells to properly absorb oxygen. This leaves the lungs unable to deliver adequate amounts of oxygen to the ...

Toe walking - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/toe-walking/symptoms-causes/syc-20378410

Oct 14th, 2019 - Overview Walking on the toes or the balls of the feet, also known as toe walking, is fairly common in children who are just beginning to walk. Most children outgrow it. Kids who continue toe walking beyond the toddler years often do so out of habit. As long as your child is growing and developing normally, toe walking is unlikely to be a cause for concern. Toe walking sometimes can result from ...

Sexual Dysfunction
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/9125-sexual-dysfunction-and-disease

Oct 13th, 2019 - What is sexual dysfunction? The term “sexual dysfunction” describes a set of conditions that affect your sex life. Among other problems, sexual dysfunction can reduce your desire for sex, or your ability to become sexually aroused. It may prevent you from achieving an orgasm, cause premature ejaculation, or it may cause pain during intercourse. Sexual dysfunction gets in the way of a pleasurabl...

Knee bursitis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/knee-bursitis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355506

Oct 10th, 2019 - Diagnosis Doctors often can make a diagnosis of knee bursitis with a medical history and physical exam. Your doctor will: Compare the condition of both knees, particularly if only one is painful Gently press on areas of your knee to detect warmth, swelling and the source of pain Inspect the skin over the tender area for redness or other signs of infection Carefully move your legs and knees to d...

Knee bursitis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/knee-bursitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20355501

Oct 10th, 2019 - Overview Knee bursae Knee bursae Bursae are small fluid-filled sacs (shown in blue) that reduce friction between moving parts in your body's joints. Knee bursitis is inflammation or irritation of one or more of the bursae in your knee. Knee bursitis is inflammation of a small fluid-filled sac (bursa) situated near your knee joint. Bursae reduce friction and cushion pressure points between your ...

Salmonella infection - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/salmonella/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355335

Oct 10th, 2019 - Diagnosis Salmonella infection can be detected by testing a sample of your stool. However, most people have recovered from their symptoms by the time the test results return. If your doctor suspects that you have a salmonella infection in your bloodstream, he or she may suggest testing a sample of your blood for the bacteria. Treatment Medications Because salmonella infection can be dehydrating...

Salmonella infection - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/salmonella/symptoms-causes/syc-20355329

Oct 10th, 2019 - Overview Salmonella infection (salmonellosis) is a common bacterial disease that affects the intestinal tract. Salmonella bacteria typically live in animal and human intestines and are shed through feces. Humans become infected most frequently through contaminated water or food. Typically, people with salmonella infection have no symptoms. Others develop diarrhea, fever and abdominal cramps wit...

Myofascial pain syndrome - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/myofascial-pain-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20375450

Oct 9th, 2019 - Diagnosis During the physical exam, your doctor may apply gentle finger pressure to the painful area, feeling for tense areas. Certain ways of pressing on the trigger point can elicit specific responses. For instance, you may experience a muscle twitch. Muscle pain has many possible causes. Your doctor may recommend other tests and procedures to rule out other causes of muscle pain. Treatment T...

Myofascial pain syndrome - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/myofascial-pain-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20375444

Oct 9th, 2019 - Overview Myofascial pain syndrome is a chronic pain disorder. In this condition, pressure on sensitive points in your muscles (trigger points) causes pain in the muscle and sometimes in seemingly unrelated parts of your body. This is called referred pain. This syndrome typically occurs after a muscle has been contracted repetitively. This can be caused by repetitive motions used in jobs or hobb...

Hodgkin's lymphoma (Hodgkin's disease) - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hodgkins-lymphoma/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20352654

Oct 9th, 2019 - Hodgkin's lymphoma care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Personalized care At Mayo Clinic, teams of experts work together to provide individualized care for people with Hodgkin's lymphoma. Mayo Clinic specialists provide expert, personalized care to those with Hodgkin's lymphoma, including very rare types of the disease. Your care team might include: Hematologists Pathologists Radiatio...

Antiphospholipid syndrome - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/antiphospholipid-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20355831

Oct 9th, 2019 - Overview Antiphospholipid (AN-te-fos-fo-LIP-id) syndrome occurs when your immune system mistakenly creates antibodies that make your blood much more likely to clot. This can cause dangerous blood clots in the legs, kidneys, lungs and brain. In pregnant women, antiphospholipid syndrome also can result in miscarriage and stillbirth. There's no cure for antiphospholipid syndrome, but medications c...

Hodgkin's lymphoma (Hodgkin's disease) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hodgkins-lymphoma/symptoms-causes/syc-20352646

Oct 9th, 2019 - Overview Lymphatic system Lymphatic system Your body's lymphatic system is part of your immune system, which protects you against infection and disease. The lymphatic system includes your spleen, thymus, lymph nodes and lymph channels, as well as your tonsils and adenoids. Lymph node clusters Lymph node clusters Lymph nodes are bean-sized collections of lymphocytes. About 600 of these nodes clu...

Rheumatic fever - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rheumatic-fever/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20354597

Oct 9th, 2019 - Rheumatic fever care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic cardiologists treat people with all types of heart conditions, including people with heart damage caused by rheumatic fever. Mayo doctors trained in pediatric cardiology, cardiovascular diseases, cardiovascular surgery and other areas collaborate as a multidisciplinary team to provide coordinated, comprehensive care. Thi...

Rheumatic fever - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rheumatic-fever/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354594

Oct 9th, 2019 - Diagnosis Although there's no single test for rheumatic fever, diagnosis is based on medical history, a physical exam and certain test results. Blood tests If your child was already diagnosed with a strep infection using a throat swab test, your doctor might not order additional tests for the bacteria. Sometimes, a blood test that can detect antibodies to the strep bacteria in the blood is done...

Antiphospholipid syndrome - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/antiphospholipid-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355836

Oct 9th, 2019 - Diagnosis If you've had episodes of blood clots or pregnancy loss that aren't explained by known health conditions, your doctor can schedule blood tests to check for abnormal clotting and for the presence of antibodies to phospholipids. To confirm a diagnosis of antiphospholipid syndrome, the antibodies must appear in your blood at least twice, in tests conducted 12 or more weeks apart. You can...

Rheumatic fever - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rheumatic-fever/symptoms-causes/syc-20354588

Oct 9th, 2019 - Overview Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory disease that can develop when strep throat or scarlet fever isn't properly treated. Strep throat and scarlet fever are caused by an infection with streptococcus (strep-toe-KOK-us) bacteria. Rheumatic fever most often affects children who are between 5 and 15 years old, though it can develop in younger children and adults. Although strep throat is comm...

Hodgkin's lymphoma (Hodgkin's disease) - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hodgkins-lymphoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352650

Oct 9th, 2019 - Diagnosis Bone marrow biopsy Bone marrow biopsy Bone marrow biopsy In a bone marrow aspiration and biopsy, a doctor or nurse uses a thin needle to remove a small amount of liquid bone marrow, usually from a spot in the back of your hipbone (pelvis). The second part of the procedure removes a small piece of bone tissue and the enclosed marrow. Your doctor will ask you about your personal and fam...

Addison's disease - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/addisons-disease/symptoms-causes/syc-20350293

Oct 8th, 2019 - Overview Addison's disease, also called adrenal insufficiency, is an uncommon disorder that occurs when your body doesn't produce enough of certain hormones. In Addison's disease, your adrenal glands, located just above your kidneys, produce too little cortisol and, often, too little aldosterone. Addison's disease occurs in all age groups and both sexes, and can be life-threatening. Treatment i...

Aspergillosis
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/14770-aspergillosis

Oct 8th, 2019 - What is aspergillosis? Aspergillosis is an infection or allergic reaction caused by various kinds of mold (a type of fungus). Mold is often found outdoors on plants, soil, or rotting vegetable matter. Mold can also grow indoors on household dust, food items such as ground spices, and building materials. Aspergillus fumigatus is the type of mold that is most likely to cause aspergillosis in cert...

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia/symptoms-causes/syc-20355205

Oct 8th, 2019 - Overview Adrenal glands Adrenal glands Perched atop each of your kidneys, your adrenal glands produce hormones that help regulate your metabolism, immune system, blood pressure and other essential functions. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a group of inherited genetic disorders that affect the adrenal glands, a pair of walnut-sized organs above your kidneys. A person with CAH lacks one ...

Neuroblastoma - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/neuroblastoma/symptoms-causes/syc-20351017

Oct 8th, 2019 - Overview Adrenal glands Adrenal glands Perched atop each of your kidneys, your adrenal glands produce hormones that help regulate your metabolism, immune system, blood pressure and other essential functions. Neuroblastoma is a cancer that develops from immature nerve cells found in several areas of the body. Neuroblastoma most commonly arises in and around the adrenal glands, which have similar...

Osgood-Schlatter disease - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osgood-schlatter-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354869

Oct 8th, 2019 - Diagnosis During the physical exam, your doctor will check your child's knee for tenderness, swelling, pain and redness. X-rays may be taken to look at the bones of the knee and leg and to more closely examine the area where the kneecap tendon attaches to the shinbone. More Information X-ray Treatment Osgood-Schlatter disease usually resolves without formal treatment. Symptoms typically disappe...

Rectal cancer - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rectal-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20352884

Oct 8th, 2019 - Overview Rectal cancer Rectal cancer The rectum is the last several inches of the large intestine. Rectal cancer starts in the lining of the rectum (rectal mucosa). The rectum is the last several inches of the large intestine. It starts at the end of the final segment of your colon and ends when it reaches the short, narrow passage leading to the anus. Cancer inside the rectum (rectal cancer) a...

Neuroblastoma - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/neuroblastoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351022

Oct 8th, 2019 - Diagnosis Tests and procedures used to diagnose neuroblastoma include: Physical exam. Your child's doctor conducts a physical exam to check out any signs and symptoms. The doctor will ask you questions about your child's habits and behaviors. Urine and blood tests. These may indicate the cause of any signs and symptoms your child is experiencing. Urine tests may be used to check for high levels...

Rectal cancer - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rectal-cancer/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20352891

Oct 8th, 2019 - Mayo Clinic's approach to rectal cancer care Your Mayo Clinic care team Specialists in medical oncology, colon and rectal surgery, and radiation oncology collaborate in planning and delivering your care. These experts work closely with other patient-care specialists, including pharmacists, nurses, educators and dietitians, to deliver high-quality care in a supportive environment. Your doctors w...

Primary aldosteronism - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/primary-aldosteronism/symptoms-causes/syc-20351803

Oct 8th, 2019 - Overview Adrenal glands Adrenal glands Perched atop each of your kidneys, your adrenal glands produce hormones that help regulate your metabolism, immune system, blood pressure and other essential functions. Primary aldosteronism (al-DOS-tuh-ro-niz-um) is a hormonal disorder that leads to high blood pressure. It occurs when your adrenal glands produce too much of a hormone called aldosterone. Y...

Addison's disease - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/addisons-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350296

Oct 8th, 2019 - Diagnosis Your doctor will talk to you first about your medical history and your signs and symptoms. You may undergo some of the following tests: Blood test. Tests can measure your blood levels of sodium, potassium, cortisol and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), which stimulates the adrenal cortex to produce its hormones. A blood test can also measure antibodies associated with autoimmune Add...

Primary aldosteronism - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/primary-aldosteronism/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351807

Oct 8th, 2019 - Diagnosis If your doctor suspects primary aldosteronism, you'll likely have a test to measure levels of aldosterone and renin in your blood. Renin is an enzyme released by your kidneys that helps control blood pressure. If your renin level is very low and your aldosterone level is high, you may have primary aldosteronism. Additional tests If the aldosterone-renin test suggests primary aldostero...

Adrenal cancer - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/adrenal-cancer/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20446405

Oct 8th, 2019 - Diagnosis Tests and procedures used to diagnose adrenal cancer include: Blood and urine tests. Laboratory tests of your blood and urine may reveal unusual levels of hormones produced by the adrenal glands, including cortisol, aldosterone and androgens. Imaging tests. Your doctor may recommend CT, MRI or positron emission tomography (PET) scans to better understand any growths on your adrenal gl...

Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injury - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pcl-injury/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354860

Oct 8th, 2019 - Diagnosis During the physical exam, your doctor might press on your knee to feel for injury, looseness or fluid in the joint from bleeding. He or she may move your knee, leg or foot in different directions and ask you to stand and walk. Your doctor will compare your injured leg with the healthy one to look for any sagging or abnormal movement in the knee or shinbone. In some cases, your doctor ...

Osgood-Schlatter disease - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osgood-schlatter-disease/symptoms-causes/syc-20354864

Oct 8th, 2019 - Overview Osgood-Schlatter disease can cause a painful, bony bump on the shinbone just below the knee. It usually occurs in children and adolescents experiencing growth spurts during puberty. Osgood-Schlatter disease occurs most often in children who participate in sports that involve running, jumping and swift changes of direction — such as soccer, basketball, figure skating and ballet. While t...

Ovarian Cyst
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/9133-ovarian-cysts

Oct 8th, 2019 - What is an ovarian cyst? An ovarian cyst is a sac filled with fluid or a semisolid material that forms on or within one of the ovaries. The ovaries are small organs in the pelvis that make female hormones and hold egg cells. There are different types of cysts, many of which are normal and harmless (benign). Functional cysts, which are not disease-related, occur as a result of ovulation (the rel...

Rectal cancer - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rectal-cancer/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352889

Oct 8th, 2019 - Diagnosis Colonoscopy Colonoscopy During a colonoscopy, the doctor inserts a colonoscope into your rectum to check for abnormalities in your entire colon. Rectal cancer is often diagnosed when a doctor orders tests to find the cause of rectal bleeding or iron deficiency anemia. A colonoscopy is the most accurate of these tests. In a colonoscopy, a doctor uses a thin, flexible, lighted tube with...

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355211

Oct 8th, 2019 - Diagnosis Diagnosis of congenital adrenal hyperplasia may include the following tests. Prenatal testing Tests to diagnose CAH in fetuses can be done when siblings have the disease or family members are known to carry the gene defect. One of these tests may be done: Amniocentesis. This procedure involves using a needle to withdraw a sample of amniotic fluid from the womb, and then examining the ...